9.5 Warm Up Warm Up Lesson Quiz Lesson Quiz Lesson Presentation Lesson Presentation Apply Compositions of Transformations

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9.5 Warm-Up Find the image of (2, 3) under each transformation. 3. reflection in the line y = 6 ANSWER (2, 9) ANSWER (–3, 2) 4. rotation 90º about the origin

Text of 9.5 Warm Up Warm Up Lesson Quiz Lesson Quiz Lesson Presentation Lesson Presentation Apply...

9.5 Warm Up Warm Up Lesson Quiz Lesson Quiz Lesson Presentation Lesson Presentation Apply Compositions of Transformations 9.5 Warm-Up 1. translation (x, y) (x 6, y 2) 2. reection in the y -axis Find the image of (2, 3) under each transformation. ANSWER (4, 1) ANSWER (2, 3) 9.5 Warm-Up Find the image of (2, 3) under each transformation. 3. reection in the line y = 6 ANSWER (2, 9) ANSWER (3, 2) 4. rotation 90 about the origin 9.5 Example 1 SOLUTION The vertices of ABC are A(3, 2), B(6, 3), and C(7, 1). Find the image of ABC after the glide reflection. Translation : (x, y) Reflection: in the x -axis (x 12, y) Begin by graphing ABC. Then graph A B C after a translation 12 units left. Finally, graph A B C after a reflection in the x -axis. 9.5 Guided Practice 1. Suppose ABC in Example 1 is translated 4 units down, then reflected in the y -axis. What are the coordinates of the vertices of the image? ANSWER A(3, 2), B(6, 1), C(7, 3) 2. In Example 1, describe a glide reflection from A B C to ABC. ANSWER (x, y) (x + 12, y) followed by a reflection in x. 9.5 Example 2 SOLUTION Reflection: in the y -axis Rotation: 90 about the origin STEP 1 Graph RS. Reflect RS in the y -axis. RS has endpoints R(1, 3) and S(2, 6). STEP 2 The endpoints of RS are R(1, 3) and S(2, 6). Graph the image of RS after the composition. STEP 3 Rotate RS 90 about the origin. RS has endpoints R(3, 1) and S(6, 2). 9.5 Example 3 In the diagram, a reflection in line k maps GH to GH. A reflection in line m maps GH to GH. Also, HB = 9 and DH = 4. a. Name any segments congruent to each segment: HG, HB, and GA SOLUTION a. HG HG, and HG HG. HB HB. GA GA. ~ ~ ~~ 9.5 Example 3 In the diagram, a reflection in line k maps GH to GH. A reflection in line m maps GH to GH. Also, HB = 9 and DH = 4. SOLUTION b. Yes, AC = BD because GG and HH are perpendicular to both k and m,so BD and AC are opposite sides of a rectangle. b. Does AC = BD ? Explain. 9.5 Example 3 In the diagram, a reflection in line k maps GH to GH. A reflection in line m maps GH to GH. Also, HB = 9 and DH = 4. SOLUTION c. What is the length of GG ? c. By the properties of reflections, HB = 9 and HD = 4. Theorem 9.5 implies that GG = HH = 2 BD, so the length of GG is 2(9 + 4), or 26 units. 9.5 Guided Practice 3. Graph RS from Example 2. Do the rotation first, followed by the reflection. Does the order of the transformations matter? Explain. ANSWER Yes; the resulting segment R S is not the same. 9.5 Guided Practice 4. In Example 3, part (c), explain how you know that GG = HH. They are opposite sides of a parallelogram. ANSWER 9.5 Guided Practice Use the figure below for Exercises 5 and 6. The distance between line k and line m is 1.6 centimeters. 5. The preimage is reflected in line k, then in line m. Describe a single transformation that maps the blue figure to the green figure. ANSWERTranslation 9.5 Guided Practice Use the figure below for Exercises 5 and 6. The distance between line k and line m is 1.6 centimeters. ANSWER 3.2 cm; They are perpendicular. 6. What is the distance between P and P ? If you draw PP, what is its relationship with line k ? Explain. 9.5 Example 4 In the diagram, the figure is reflected in line k.The image is then reflected in line m. Describe a single transformation that maps F to F. You can check that this is correct by tracing lines k and m and point F, then rotating the point 140. SOLUTION The measure of the acute angle formed between lines k and m is 70. So, by Theorem 9.6, a single transformation that maps F to F is a 140 rotation about point P. 9.5 Guided Practice 7. In the diagram at the right, the preimage is reflected in line k, then in line m. Describe a single transformation that maps the blue figure onto the green figure. A rotation of 160 about point P ANSWER 9.5 Guided Practice 8. A rotation of 76 maps C to C. To map C to C using two reflections, what is the angle formed by the intersecting lines of reflection? ANSWER 38 9.5 Lesson Quiz 1. The endpoints of AB are A(3, 2) and B(1,4). Graph the image AB after the glide reflection. Reflection: in the line x = 1 Translation: (x, y) (x, y 2) ANSWER 9.5 Lesson Quiz 2. The vertices of MNK are M(1, 1), N(2, 3), are K(0, 2 ). Graph the image of MNK after the composition of the reflection followed by the rotation. Reflection: in the y-axis Rotation: 180 about the origin. ANSWER

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