9.2 Warm Up Warm Up Lesson Quiz Lesson Quiz Lesson Presentation Lesson Presentation Use Properties of Matrices

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9.2 Example 1 Write a matrix to represent the point or polygon. a. Point A SOLUTION a. Point matrix for A x-coordinate y-coordinate –4 0

Text of 9.2 Warm Up Warm Up Lesson Quiz Lesson Quiz Lesson Presentation Lesson Presentation Use Properties...

9.2 Warm Up Warm Up Lesson Quiz Lesson Quiz Lesson Presentation Lesson Presentation Use Properties of Matrices Write the component form of the vector that translates ABC to ABC. Warm-Up 6, 1 ANSWER 2. If P(8, 4) is translated by (x, y) (x + 6, y + 1), what is the image of P ? ANSWER (2, 5) 9.2 Example 1 Write a matrix to represent the point or polygon. a. Point A SOLUTION a. Point matrix for A x-coordinate y-coordinate 4 0 9.2 Example 1 Write a matrix to represent the point or polygon. b. Quadrilateral ABCD SOLUTION b. Polygon matrix for ABCD x-coordinates y-coordinates 4 1 A B C D 9.2 Guided Practice 1. Write a matrix to represent ABC with vertices A(3, 5), B(6, 7) and C(7, 3). 2. How many rows and columns are in a matrix for a hexagon? A B C ANSWER 2 rows, 6 columnsANSWER 9.2 Example 2 6 1 9 10 = 5 3 6 4 + a. = 6 + (4) 9.2 Example 4 = 6 1 8 (7) 5 0 4 4 9 ( 2) 1 3 = 1 1 7 0 4 2 3 b. 9.2 Example 3 The matrix represents ABC. Find the image 1 matrix that represents the translation of ABC 1 unit left and 3 units up. Then graph ABC and its image. SOLUTION The translation matrix is. 1 1 9.2 Example 3 Add this to the polygon matrix for the preimage to find the image matrix. 1 1 Translation matrix 1 Polygon matrix A B C = Image matrix A B C 9.2 Guided Practice In Exercises 3 and 4, add or subtract. 3. [ 3 7 ] + [ 2 5] 4. 1 4 3 5 [1 2 ] ANSWER 1 7 4 13 ANSWER 9.2 Guided Practice The matrix represents quadrilateral JKLM. Write the translation matrix and the image matrix that represents the translation of JKLM 4 units right and 2 units down. Then graph JKLM and its image. ANSWER 2 2 J K L M 3 1 1 9.2 Example Multiply 2 3 1 8. SOLUTION The matrices are both 2 2, so their product is defined. Use the following steps to find the elements of the product matrix. 9.2 Example 4 STEP 1Multiply the numbers in the first row of the first matrix by the numbers in the first column of the second matrix. Put the result in the first row, first column of the product matrix 3 1 8 1(2) + 0(1) ? = ? ? STEP 2Multiply the numbers in the first row of the first matrix by the numbers in the second column of the second matrix. Put the result in the first row, second column of the product matrix 3 1 8 1(2) + 0(1) 1(3) + 0(8) = ? ? 9.2 Example 4 STEP 3Multiply the numbers in the second row of the first matrix by the numbers in the first column of the second matrix. Put the result in the second row, first column of the product matrix. 1(2) + 0(1) 1(3) + 0(8) = 4(2) + 5(1) ? 1 8 2 3 STEP 4Multiply the numbers in the second row of the first matrix by the numbers in the second column of the second matrix. Put the result in the second row, second column of the product matrix. = 4(2) + 5(1) 4(3) + 5(8) 1(2) + 0(1) 1(3) + 0(8) 3 1 8 9.2 Example 4 STEP 5Simplify the product matrix. 2 = 4(2) + 5(1) 4(3) + 5(8) 1(2) + 0(1) 1(3) + 0(8) 9.2 Example 5 SOFTBALL Two softball teams submit equipment lists for the season. A bat costs $20, a ball costs $5, and a uniform costs $40. Use matrix multiplication to find the total cost of equipment for each team. 9.2 Example 5 First, write the equipment lists and the costs per item in matrix form. You will use matrix multiplication, so you need to set up the matrices so that the number of columns of the equipment matrix matches the number of rows of the cost per item matrix. SOLUTION EQUIPMENT COST TOTAL COST Bats Balls UniformsDollars Women Men Uniforms Bats Balls Women Men ? ? = = 9.2 Example 5 You can find the total cost of equipment for each team by multiplying the equipment matrix by the cost per item matrix. The equipment matrix is 2 3 and the cost per item matrix is 3 1, so their product is a 2 1 matrix (20) + 42(5) + 16(40) = 15(20) + 45(5) + 18(40) = The total cost of equipment for the womens team is $1110, and the total cost for the mens team is $1245. 9.2 Guided Practice Use the matrices below. Is the product defined? Explain. 3 4 A = B= [2 1] C = AB Yes; the number of columns in A is equal to the number of rows in B. ANSWER 9.2 Guided Practice Use the matrices below. Is the product defined? Explain. 3 4 A = B= [2 1] C = BA ANSWER Yes; the number of columns in B is equal to the number of rows in A. 9.2 Guided Practice Use the matrices below. Is the product defined? Explain. 3 4 A = B= [2 1] C = AC ANSWER No; the number of columns in A is not equal to the number of rows in C. 9.2 Guided Practice Multiply 4 7 ANSWER 10. 3 2 [5 1] ANSWER [ 17 ] 1 2 4 5 1 ANSWER 15 19 3 5 9.2 Guided Practice 12. WHAT IF? In Example 5, find the total cost for each team if a bat costs $25, a ball costs $4, and a uniform costs $35. women: $1053 ; men: $1185 ANSWER 9.2 Lesson Quiz Add or subtract. 1. [2.8 9.2] + [ ] [6.3 3.1] ANSWER 4 5 2 3 5 7 9.2 Lesson Quiz 3. Triangle ABC has vertices A(2, 1 ), B(1, 3), and C(2, 2). Write a matrix equation that shows how to find the image matrix that represents the translation of ABC 4 units left and 5 units up. ANSWER 4 4 2 1 3 2 = 2 3 9.2 Lesson Quiz 4. Multiply 2 1 3 2 3 8 6 1 ANSWER

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