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WORLD BANK GROUP

LOGISTICS PERFORMANCE INDEXCONNECTING TO COMPETE 2010

Monica Alina MustraTrade Facilitation and Logistics Specialist INTERNATIONAL TRADE DEPARTMENTUNESCAP Regional Forum and Chief Executives Meeting June 23 24, 2011

Early Bank Projectsbullet train in Japan

hydroelectric in Chile6/29/2011 2

Where We Work

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THE WORLD BANK ANNUAL REPORT 2010

Fiscal Year Highlights

Focus Areas for the World BankBorder management Trade Infrastructure Logistics services Regional Improvement in border management in a broad sense: integration of customs, product standards, tax, rules of origin, etc. Improvement in the management of key trade related infrastructure, especially gateways and multimodal facilities Improvement of the quality/professionalism of private logistics services, through technical/economic regulation and capacity building Regional trade facilitation including transit systems Performance monitoring and indicators: e.g., data on time, cost, and reliability along corridors Development and implementation of comprehensive action plan addressing all of the above

Indicators

Action plan

PartnershipsUN Regional Banks WCO WTO Strategic Alliances WEF FIATA GEA MNCs ACADEMIA

A Changing TF AgendaNew agendaCross-cutting issues: Making transit work Collaborative border management Trade Related infrastructure Roads Ports Railways Quality and efficiency of service providers Freight forwarders Customs brokers Truckers Customs reform and modernization Fiscal focus IT orientation

Old agenda7 Both the old and new agendas needed

A Changing TF Agenda

Historically trade facilitation reform focused on Customs reform and infrastructure development Reflected in donor support Customs reform increasingly seen as only one element of the problem Customs only responsible for a third of delays New data available time, cost and reliability all important for competitiveness Increased focus on performance measurement Driving a new and more comprehensive agenda Much demand for Single Window, One Stop Border Posts, and wider trade and transport logistics improvement Regional integration high on the new agenda8

Agenda

1. LPI 2010 1. LPI 2010 2. LPI Data EAP countries 2. LPI Data EAP countries 3. Want to learn more? 3. Want to learn more?

Data.worldbank.org

1. LPI 2010 1. LPI 2010

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Key messages Trade logistics is an important element of national competitiveness A countrys performance is only as good as its weakest link The LPI dataset can be used to identify key bottlenecks in your own country and therefore Help frame your needs and priorities in the trade facilitation and logistics area reform12

LPI 2010www.worldbank.org/lpiBroad indication of where problems are Awareness raising to stimulate public-private dialogue on priorities for reform Trigger fresh impetus for reforms Monitor progress over time

Most comprehensive data on country performance

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Partnership with the private sector Built on: more than 5,000 country assessments by over 1000 logistics professionals worldwide Primary data gathered for 155 countries

Role of LPI Most comprehensive data on country performance Broad indication of where problems are Awareness raising to stimulate public-private dialogue on priorities for reform Trigger fresh impetus for reforms Monitor progress over time

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Logistics broadly defined matters mostEffects of convergence by low income countries to middle income average Indicator/policy area Increase in trade (%) Logistics Performance Index Doing Business, cost of trading Tariffs for low income countries reduced to 5% All trade barriers for low income countries reduced to 10% 15.2 7.4 5.7 8.4

Note: LPI = Logistics Performance Index; Tariffs = TTRI = Trade Restrictiveness Index; All barriers = OTRI = Overall Trade Restrictiveness Index.

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LPI Questionnaire StructureInternational LPIEvaluate 8 overseas markets

Domestic LPIEvaluate Country of work

General module

International Qualitative Performance

Domestic Qualitative Performance

Domestic Quantitative Performance

Anonymous, web-based questionnaire, in 5 languages with input from logistics professionals Questionnaire available from worldbank.org/lpi

How it works?Country 1 Country 2 Country 3 Country A Country 4 Country 5 Country 6 Country 7 Country 818

International LPI International LPI

Evaluate 8 overseas markets

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What are efficient logistics? The LPI measures six dimensions of country performance:Efficiency of the clearance process Quality of trade and transport infrastructure Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments Logistics competence and quality of logistics services Ability to track and trace consignments Timeliness of shipment delivery

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LPI 2010 performance varies around the world

Logistics unfriendly Partial performers Consistent performers Logistics friendly No data

Countries are improving around the world 21

Customs ahead of other border agencies70% Customs 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Logisticsfriendly Consistent performers Partialperformers Logisticsunfriendly22

Otherborderagencies

Percentage of respondents indicating the quality and competence of customs and other border agencies is high or very high

More than income: the logistics gap

With the right investment and policies, lower income countries can also be high performers

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Overperformers and underperformers

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LPI 2010 Ranks

TOP 10 COUNTRIES UPPER MIDDLE INCOME Country South Africa Malaysia Poland Lebanon Latvia Turkey Brazil Lithuania Argentina Chile LPI Rank 28 29 30 33 37 39 41 45 48 49

TOP 10 COUNTRIES LOWER MIDDLE INCOME Country China Thailand Philippines India Tunisia Honduras Ecuador Indonesia Paraguay Syrian Arab Republic LPI Rank 27 35 44 47 61 70 71 75 76 80

TOP 10 COUNTRIES LOW INCOME Country Vietnam Senegal Uganda Uzbekistan Benin Bangladesh Congo, Dem. Rep. Madagascar Kyrgyz Republic Tanzania LPI Rank 53 58 66 68 69 79 85 88 91 95

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25 countries achieved significant improvement in LPI

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25 countries achieved significant improvement in LPI25 countries improved between 2007 and 2010

LICs: Afghanistan, Chad, Haiti, Myanmar, Niger, Tajikistan, Tanzania, and Uzbekistan LMICs: China, Djibouti, Honduras, Philippines, and Syria UMICs: Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Mexico, Poland, Russian Federation, and Uruguay HICs: Saudi Arabia and the Czech RepublicSource: Logistics performance survey data, 2010 and 2007

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LPI DataLPI 2010Rank Score % of highest performer Rank

LPI 2007Score % of highest performer

Singapore Japan Korea, Rep. China Malaysia Thailand Philippines Vietnam Indonesia Lao PDR Cambodia Myanmar

2 7 23 27 29 35 44 53 75 118 129 133

4.09 3.97 3.64 3.49 3.44 3.29 3.14 2.96 2.76 2.46 2.37 2.33

99.2 95.2 84.7 79.9 78.4 73.6 68.8 63.1 56.5 47.0 44.0 42.7

1 6 25 30 27 31 65 53 43 117 81 147

4.19 4.02 3.52 3.32 3.48 3.31 2.69 2.89 3.01 2.25 2.50 1.86

100.0 94.8 79.0 72.8 77.7 72.5 52.9 59.2 63.0 39.3 47.0 27.0 28

% of the highest performer

LPI 2010 Highest performer Lowest performer Germany Somalia 100% 11% 29

East Asia & Pacific

APEC & ASEAN

ASEAN Average

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6 LPI International Components

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Key Policy ImplicationsExpand the traditional reform agenda beyond customs reform and infrastructure development Improve the quality of logistics services and increase border agency coordination Embark on comprehensive reformprocesses, services, and infrastructurewith broad public and private support Transit corridors: regional coordination and cooperation is vital for landlocked developing countries Infrastructure remains high on the agenda Tailor reform to each countrys circumstances34

Domestic LPI Domestic LPI

Evaluate Country of work

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Domestic LPI measuresLogistics environment Trade infrastructure Service providers and Processes Core logistics processes Customs and border management institutions Border procedures Time and cost data for import and export transactions

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In-country logistics: main findingsBroadly positive trends in customs, ICTs, and private logistics services Other border agencies often lag behind customs in terms of efficiencyImporters in low performing countries face nearly twice as many border agencies and documents as in high performing countries Uncertainty of clearance procedures and quality problems impact supply chain reliability and performance

Inefficient regulation of core logistics services increases prices and reduces quality Physical infrastructure remains a major constraint in many countries37

Positive trends in logistics performance since 2005

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Clearance Times

Infrastructure quality

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Services Quality

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Efficiency of processes

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Time and Cost Indicators

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Lead TimesAPEC Best lead time Median lead time Cost Best lead time Median lead time Cost 1.9 2.8 $849 ASEAN 2 2.8 $651 High income 1.7 2.7 $980

Export

1.9 2.9 $884

6.9 8.3 $858

2.3 3.3 $1,024

Import

Typology of countries

LPI 2010 ProductsConnecting to Compete 2010World Bank website

Logistics Performance Index 2010: The Asia-Pacific RegionElectronic copies available

Logistics Performance Index 2010: IndonesiaWorld Bank website

Additional Contacts Web site with data www.worldba