Text of 111 Con E 221 Review graded exams on Monday Review presentation guideline for term papers Finalize...
111 Con E 221 Review graded exams on Monday Review presentation guideline for term papers Finalize presentation schedule on Monday
22 Construction Engineering 221 Contract Surety Bonds
333 RPQ 1. A surety bond is a type of insurance. A. TrueB. False 2. Approximately ___________ of all construction firms in operation today will be out of business in seven years. A. One-third B. One-halfC. Two-thirds 3. Surety bonds are required by law on public as well as private construction jobs. A. TrueB. False
444 RPQ #1 1. A surety bond is a type of insurance. A. TrueB. False Correct Answer is: B. False
555 RPQ #2 2. Approximately ___________ of all construction firms in operation today will be out of business in seven years. A. One-third B. One-halfC. Two-thirds Correct Answer is: B. One-half
666 RPQ #3 3. Surety bonds are required by law on public as well as private construction jobs. A. TrueB. False Correct Answer is: B. False
777 What is a Surety?
888 Surety a party that assumes liability for the debt, default or failure in duty of another. Surety Bond a contract that outlines the conditions of the assumed liability by a Surety.
999 Surety Bond Remember A surety bond is not an insurance policy Insurance protects from risk of loss Surety Bond guarantees the performance of a defined contractual duty. Surety Bond an extension of credit that serves as an endorsement to a contractual relationship
10 Parties to a Surety Bond Obligee Owner Principle Prime Contractor Gen. Contractor Surety entity providing the surety bond Lending Institution organization that provides financial loan to obligee for construction and long term (mortgage)
11 Surety Bonds More Definition Contract Surety Bonds = Surety Bonds = Contract Bonds = Construction Contract Bonds Surety agrees to indemnify the Obligee (Owner), against any default or failure in duty of the Principle (Gen. Contractor)
12 What does indemnify mean? To secure against hurt, loss, or damage To make compensation to for incurred hurt, loss, or damage (hold harmless)
13 Failure in Duty Failure in duty = breach of contract i.e. Non-payment of labor (wages, benefits, payroll taxes), stops work through no fault of the owner, non-payment of subcontractors and suppliers after being paid by the owner
14 Surety Bonds More Definition Contact Bond Three-party agreement Guarantees Work completed in accordance with contract documents (plans, specifications) All construction costs will be paid Labor, benefits, payroll taxes Materials Subcontractors
15 Surety Coverage? Regardless of the reason, if the prime contractor fails to fulfill its contractual obligations, the surety must assume the obligations of the contractor and see that the contract is completed, paying all costs up to the face amount of the bond. (in the book) Not just provide money to get the project completed but actually responsible for finishing the contract.
16 Why Surety? Approximately one half of all construction contracting firms in operation today will not be in business seven years from now. Why Surety? Because construction is a very risky business. A risk that some owners are not prepared or able to assume.
17 Other Info Bond can not be invoked until the contractor is in formal breach of the contract Contract bonds are always written documents Obligations of the bond = provisions of the contract Required on public projects by law Not required by law on private projects owners call The dollar amount in which the bond is written for is called the penalty amount
18 Prime Contractors Three Principle Responsibilities What are they?
19 Prime Contractors Three Principle Responsibilities Prime Contractors three principle responsibilities Honor its bid and sign all contract documents if awarded the contract To perform the objectives of the contract Pay all cost associated with the work
20 Con E 221 Revised Schedule Monday, Nov. 4 th Change for presentations: Must use Power Point Presentation Surety Bonds (continued) Tuesday, Nov. 5 th Return EXAM 3 Presentation Schedule Power Point Presentation guidelines and tips Wednesday, Nov. 6 th Construction Insurance Thursday, Nov. 7 th Term Papers are due at beginning of class at 11:00 AM Construction Insurance Monday, Nov. 11 th First day of term paper presentations Split classes 11 AM and 4 PM
21 Three Types of Bonds A Surety covers these responsibilities through Bid Bond Performance Bond Payment Bond Public separate bonds Private sometimes Performance & Payment bond are combined into one contract bond
22 Bid Bond Guarantees the owner that the contractor will honor it bid and will sign all contract documents if awarded the contact. Owner is the Obligee Obligee may sue principal (prime contractor) and surety to enforce the bond What happens if principal refuses to honor its bid?
23 Contractor Does Not Honor Their Bid Principal and surety are liable on the bond for any additional costs the owner incurs in reletting the contract. This usually is the difference in dollar amount between the low bid and the second low bid. The penalty sum of a bid bond often is ten to twenty percent of the bid amount.
24 Performance Bond Guarantees: Contract performed Owner receives its structure Build in accordance with contract Covers warranty period (normally one year) Premium includes warranty period coverage If the principal defaults what are the options for the surety?
25 Three Choices If principal defaults, or is terminated for default by the owner the surety has three choices: Complete the contract itself through a completion contractor Select a new contractor to contract directly with the owner Allow the owner to complete the work with the surety paying the costs
26 Payment Bond Protection of third parties to contract Guarantees payment of labor and materials used or supplied in the performance of construction Not required on privately financed work few state statutes Protects against liens What are liens?
27 What are liens? Right created by law to secure payment for work performed and material furnished in the improvement of land A lien is recorded (with county recorders office) against the title or deed for a property (land and/or building) A Title to your new car will have a lien holder, your bank, if you have a car loan
28 Statutory vs Common Law Bonds Payment Bonds are either statutory or common- law Public statutory (prescribed by law) Private common law (the bond instrument) Bond Forms Public standard by federal government written in accordance with Miller Act Private AIA form
29 The Miller Act Enacted in 1935 All federal projects greater than $25,000 performance and payment bond required 100 percent of the contract amount Protects first and second tier subcontractors only Cannot sue on the payment bond until 90 days after the last day labor was performed on job
30 Bond Premiums To compute contract bond premiums construction contracts are divided up into four classifications: (see pg 183) A-1 A B Miscellaneous More than one classification high premium rate controls
31 The Surety Subject to public regulation same as insurance industry Approved by the U.S. Treasury Department for government projects Approved by the U.S. Treasury Department A. M. Best Insurance Reports financial ratings for insurance and surety companies Owners can require a minimum Best Rating for the surety
32 A.M. Bests Ratings of Surety http://www.ambest.com/ Secure Bests Ratings A++ and A+ (Superior) A and A- (Excellent) B++ and B+ (Very Good) Vulnerable Bests Ratings B and B- (Fair) C++ and C+ (Marginal) C and C- (Weak) D (Poor) E (Under Regulatory Supervision) F (In Liquidation) S (Rating Suspended) The rating symbols "A++", "A+", "A", "A-", "B++", and "B+" are registered certification marks of the A.M. Best Company, Inc.
33 The Surety Owners may name the surety company for the contractor to use NOT RECOMMENDED PRACTICE, but is LEGAL for private work Contractor typically have one surety (bonding company) that has pre-approved contractor Surety pre-approval takes time and involves a review of audited financial statements and other records Co-sureties large project one surety does not have the financial capacity for large risks
34 Indemnity of Surety Surety indemnifies the owner against default by the contractor Contractor indemnifies the surety against claims and damages due to contractors failure to perform Surety is not legally obligated to provide payment and performance bond if they provided bid bond but always do