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11 x21verbos irregulares y regulares

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  1. 1. VERBOS IRREGULARES Infinitive Past Past participle Traduccin Abide Abode Abode Habitar, soportar Arise Arose Arisen despertar Awake Awoke Awaked Levantar Be Was/were Been Ser, estar Bear Bore Bore/Born Llevar, soportar, dar a luz (to be born = nacer) Beat Beat Beaten Golpear, vencer Become Became Become Llegar a ser, convertirse en Begin Began Begun Empezar, comenzar Bend Bent Bent Doblar, curvarse Bereave Bereft/Bereav ed Bereft/Bereave d Privar Beseech Besought Besought Suplicar (literario) Bet Bet Bet Apostar Bid Babde Bidden Decir, rogar Bid Bid Bid Pujar, ofertar Bind Bound Bound Atar, unir, encuadernar Bite Bit Bitten Morder Bleed Bled Bled Sangrar Blow Blew Blown Soplar Break Broke Broken Romper Bring Brought Brought Traer Build Built Built Construir Burn Burnt/Burned Burnt/Burned Quemar
  2. 2. Burst Burst Burst Estallar Buy Bought Bought Comprar Cast Cast Cast Tirar Catch Caught Caught Coger, agarrar Chide Chid Chidden/chid Reprender Choose Chose Chosen Elegir Cleave Cleft kleft Hender Cling Clung Clung Adherirse Come Came Come Venir Cost Cost Cost Costar Creep Crept Crept Arrastrarse Cut Cut Cut Cortar Deal Dealt Dealt Tratar Dig Dug Dug Cavar Dive Dove Dived Sumergirse, zambullirse Do Did Done Hacer Draw Drew Drawn Dibujar Dream Dreamt/Drea med Deamt/Dreame d Soar Drink Drank Drunk Beber Drive Drove Driven Conducir Dwell Dwelt Dwelt Residir Eat Ate Eaten Comer Fall Fell Fallen Caerse Feed Fed Fed Alimentar Feel Felt Felt Sentir Fight Fought Fought Luchar Find Found Found Encontrar Flee Fled Fled Huir Fling Flung Flung Lanzar
  3. 3. Fly Flew Flown Volar Forbid Forbad/Forba de Forbidden Prohibir Forget Forgot Forgotten Olvidar Forgive Forgave Forgiven Perdonar Freeze Froze Frozen Congelar Get Got Gotten Conseguir Give Gave Given Dar Go Went Gone Ir Grind Ground Ground Moler, triturar Grow Grew Grown Crecer Hang Hung Hung Colgar Have Had Had Tener Hear Heard Heard Oir Hew Hewed Hewn Picar, labrar piedra (raro) Hide Hid Hidden Esconder Hit Hit Hit Golpear Hold Held Held Sujetar Hurt Hurt Hurt Herir Keep Kept Kept Guardar Kneel Knelt Knelt Arrodillarse Knit Knit Knit Hacer punto Know Knew Known Saber, conocer Lade Laded Laden Cargar (raro, excepto participio) Lay Laid Laid Poner, extender Lead Led Led Dirigir Lead Led Led Guiar Lean Leant Leant Apoyar(se) Leap Leapt Leapt Saltar
  4. 4. Learn Learnt Learnt Aprender Leave Left Left Dejar, abandonar Lend Lent Lent Prestar Let Let Let Permitir Lie Lay Lain Tumbarse Lie Lied Lied Mentir Light Lit Lit Iluminar Lose Lost Lost Perder Make Made Made Construir Mean Meant Meant Significar Meet Met Met Encontrase con alguien Melt Melted Molten/Melted Derretir (metales) Mow Mowed Mown Segar painted painted pintar Pay Paid Paid Pagar Put Put Put Poner Quit Quit Quit Dejar, irse Read Read Read Leer Rend Rent Rent Partir, despedazar Rid Rid Rid Librar Ride Rode Ridden Montar Ring Rang Rung Sonar, tocar el timbre Rise Rose Risen Elevar, alzarse Run Ran Run Correr Saw Sawed Sawn Serrar Say Said Said Decir See Saw Seen Ver
  5. 5. Seek Sought Sought Buscar Sell Sold Sold Vender Send Sent Sent Enviar Set Set Set Colocar Sew Sewed Sewn Coser Shake Shook Shaken Sacudir, agitar Shear Shore Shorn Esquilar Shed Shed Shed Brillar Shine Shone Shone Brillar Shoe Shod Shod Herrar Shoot Shot Shot Disparar Show Showed Shown Mostrar Shrink Shrank Shrunk/Shrunk en Encoger, rehuir Shut Shut Shut Cerrar Sing Sang Sung Cantar Sink Sank Sunk Hundir(se) Sit Sat Sat Sentarse Slay Slew Slain Matar(literario) Sleep Slept Slept Dormir Slide Slid Slid Deslizarse, resbalar Sling Slung Slung Tirar (con honda) Slink Slunk Slunk Escabullirse Slit Slit Slit Rajar Smell Smelt Smelt Oler Smite Smote Smitten Golpear Sow Sowed Sown Sembrar Speak Spoke Spoken Hablar Speed Sped Sped Acelerar Spell Spelt Spelt Deletrear
  6. 6. Spend Spent Spent Gastar, emplear Spill Spilt Spilt Derramar Spin Spun Spun Hilar, girar Spit Spat Spat Escupir Split Split Split Partir, hender Spoil Spoilt Spoilt Estropear, mimar Spread Spread Spread Esparcir Spring Sprang Sprung Brotar, saltar Stand Stood Stood Estar o ponerse de pie Steal Stole Stolen Robar Stick Stuck Stuck Pejar, fijar Sting Stung Stung Picar (avispa) (ojos), pinchar Stink Stank Stunk Apestar Strew Strewed Strewn Esparcir, rociar Stride Strode Stridden Andar a zancadas Strike Struck Struck/Striken Golpear, atacar, dar las horas, pegar String Strung Strung Encordar, templar un instrumento musical Strive Strove Striven Esforzarse, ingenirselas Swear Swore Sworn Jurar Sweep Swept Swept Barrer, deshollinar Swell Swelled swelled /Swollen Hincharse, inflamarse Swim Swam Swum Nadar
  7. 7. Swing Swung Swung Balancearse, columpiarse Take Took Taken Coger, tomar llevar algo o alguien a un Teach Taught Taught Ensear, educar Tear Tore Torn Rasgar, romper (papel, tela), despedazar Tell Told Told Contar, decir, explicar Think Thought Thought Pensar, creer Thive Throve Thriven Florecer, prosperar Throw Threw Thrown Arrojar, tirar, lanzar Thrust Thrust Thrust Meter, empujar, introducir Tread Trod Trodden Pisar, holler Understand Understood Understood Comprender, entender Wake (up) Woke (up) Woken (up) Despertarse (se) Wear Wore Worn Llevar puesto, usar Weave Wove/weave d Woven/weaved Tejer Weep Wept Wept Sollozar, llorar Win Won Won Ganar (premio, carrera, partido, batalla),vencer (en batalla, juegos Wind Wound Wound Dar cuerda, enrollar Withhold Withheld Withheld Retener Wring Wrung Wrung Retorcer
  8. 8. Write Wrote Written Escribir VERBOS REGULARES EJEMPLO PRESENT PAST PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING Accept Accepted Accepted Aceptar A accept: aceptar ache: doler add: aadir, sumar admire: admirar admit: admitir advertise: avisar, anunciar advise: aconsejar agree: acordar, concretar allow: permitir, consentir amuse: entretener, distraer answer: responder arrive: llegar ask: preguntar, pedir attack: atacar attend: asistir abandon: abandonar abbreviate: abreviar absorb: absorber abuse: abusar accompany: acompaar accomplish: efectuar, llevar a cabo accord: conceder account: considerar accuse: acusar acknowledge:quiero miar acquire: adquirir adjoin: juntar, unir, lindar advance: avanzar affirm: afirmar affix: fijar, pegar afford: poder soportar agitate: agitar aid: ayudar allot: repartir, distribuir amass: acumular amaze: asombrar amend: reformarse, corregirse amount: importar (un precio) anger: enfandar, enfurecer announce: anunciar annoy: molestar, enojar appeal: llamar, apelar apply: aplicar, acomodar appoint: sealar, asignar appreciate: apreciar approach: acercarse, aproximarse approve: aprobar, consentir argue: discutir, alegar arouse: despertar, mover assail: asaltar, acometer assure: asegurar, afirmar attach: pegar, juntar
  9. 9. attain: alcanzar attemp: intentar authorize: autorizar avoid: evitar, salvar await: aguardar B bake: cocer (en horno) bathe: baar, lavar believe: creer, entender belong: pertenecer boil: hervir breathe: respirar brush: cepillar beam: destellar, fulgurar beautify: hermosear(se) befool: engaar, burlarse beg: mendigar, rogar beseech: suplicar, rogar bet: apostar betray: traicionar blast: marchitar, secar, volar bless: bendecir blind: cegar, deslumbrar bloom: florecer blossom: florecer breakfast: desayunar bury: enterrar C call: llamar, visitar carry: llevar change: cambiar chat: charlar clean: limpiar clear: aclarar,despejar climb: trepar, escalar complain: lamentarse, quejarse cook: cocinar cool: enfriar cough: toser count: contar (numerales) course: perseguir, correr cover: cubrir crawl: arrastrarse cross: cruzar cry: gritar, llorar care: cuidar caress: acariciar cause: causar certify: atestiguar charge: cargar charm: embelesar, encantar chase: perseguir chew: masticar claim: reclamar, demandar close: cerrar coil: enrollar comb: peinar commence: comenzar compel: obligar, apremiar compound: componer, arreglar conceal: esconder, desmentir connect: conectar contend: disputar content: contentar, satisfacer contrive: inventar, imaginar corn: curar, sanar covet: codiciar, apetecer crash: fracasar, romper, estallar
  10. 10. crush: aplastar curl: rizar D dance: bailar darn: zurcir date: datar, fijar fecha deceive: engaar decide: decidir decrease: decrecer, reducir defeat: derrotar, vencer defy: desafiar, provocar delay: retardar, diferir deny: negar develop: desenvolver, desarrollar die: morir dine: cenar dirty: ensuciar disagree: estar en desacuerdo discover: descubrir dislike: disgustar (no gustar) dive: bucear, zambullirse drop: gotear, dejar caer dry: secar dye: teir damage: daar damn: condenar dare: atreverse, osar, desafiar, provocar dash: arrojar, rociar dawn: amanecer deafen: ensordecer debit: cargar, adeudar decease: morir, fallecer deepen: profundizar defer: diferir deflect: desviar delight: deleitar, agradar deliver: entregar desire: desear destroy: destruir detach: destacar, despegar detain: detener detest: odiar dice: jugar a los dados disguise: disfrazar distress: angustiar, afligir disturb: disturbar, molestar doubt: dudar drag: arrastrar drizzle: lloviznar E earn: ganar (dinero) employ: usar, emplear empty: vaciar enjoy: disfrutar escape: huir, escapar excuse: dispensar explain: explicar elope: fugarse, escaparse (con un amante) embrace: abrazar embroider: bordar encourage: animar end: acabar enervate: enervar engage: comprometer enter: entrar, ingresar enterprise: emprender envelop: envolver, cubrir erase: borrar expel: arrojar, despedir expend: expender, emplear
  11. 11. F fail: engaar, quebrar, fallar fear: temer finish: acabar fish: pescar fit: ajustar, acomodar follow: seguir, proseguir fry: frer fill: llenar, henchir fire: encender, disparar flatter: adular, halagar free: libertar furnish: surtir, proveer G gamble: jugarse (el dinero) grease: engrasar, untar greet: felicitar, saludar guess: adivinar, acertar gain: ganar gaze: contemplar, encandilarse glance: mirar de soslayo glare: mirar con ojos penetrantes glue: encolar, pegar grasp: agarrar groan: gemir, suspirar grope: andar a tientas, palpar H hang: ahorcar happen: acontecer, ocurrir haste(n): darse prisa hate: odiar heat: calentar help: ayudar, socorrer hire: alquilar hurry: acelerar, apresurar, apurarse hail: aclamar, vivar halt: mandar hacer alto hand: dar, alargar (a la mano) harm: daar, agraviar hash: picar, desmenuzar hearten: animar, alentar hint: apuntar, sugerir hunt: cazar I import: importar improve: mejorar, perfeccionarse increase: aumentar inquire: preguntar, averiguar insure: asegurar, garantizar iron: planchar join: juntar, unir joke: bromear judge: juzgar jump: saltar idle: haraganear issue: editar, lanzar joint: reunir, agregar K kill: matar
  12. 12. kiss: besar knock: golpear, llamar (con los puos) kick: patear, dar coces kidnap: secuestrar knoll: doblar las campanas knot: anudar, enmaraar L land: desembarcar, pisar tierra last: durar, subsistir laugh: rer lie: mentir lift: alzar, elevar like: gustar, agradar listen: escuchar live: vivir load: cargar lock: cerrar, encerrar lodge: alojar, hospedar look: mirar, buscar, parecerse love: amar label: clasificar, rotular lack: carecer lash: azotar lengthen: alargar, extender lighten: iluminar, alumbrar, aliviar limp: cojear loose: desatar, desprender lynch: linchar M manage: manejar, dirigir marry: casar, casarse mend: componer, reparar milk: ordear mince: desmenuzar, pronunciar con afectacin mind: reparar, observar mix: mezclar move: mover murder: matar, asesinar match: igualar, emparejar mesh: enredar, tomar con red mill: moler miscall: difamar miss: perder (el tren, etc.), echar de menos mist: empaar moan: lamentar moisten: humedecer mope: dormitar, estar pensativo mother: prohijar, adoptar hijos pequeos motion: hacer seas (moviendose) mutter: murmurar, rezongar N nail: clavar name: nombrar need: necesitar neglect: descuidar, omitir nod: cabecear, inclinar la cabeza (asintiendo) O
  13. 13. obey: obedecer obtain: obtener, adquirir occupy: ocupar, estar en (habitar) offer: ofrecer open: abrir, destapar oppose: oponer, resistir order: ordenar, encargar, mandar owe: deber, estar obligado a P pack: empaquetar paint: pintar pardon: perdonar, excusar pass: pasar, exceder pick: escoger, entresacar, picar place: colocar, poner, situar play: jugar, ejecutar msica please: deleitar, agradar plough: arar point: apuntar, sealar posses: poseer post: anunciar por carteles, echar al correo pour: verter, escanciar pray: rogar, pedir, rezar pretend: aparentar, pretender print: imprimir produce: producir prove: probar, justificar provide: proveer pull: tirar de (hacia s), arrancar punish: castigar push: empujar parcel: partir, dividir perform: ejecutar, poner por obra pet: mimar pierce: penetrar, acribillar plunge: zambullirse praise: celebrar, alabar present: regalar, presentar press: prensar, apremiar pride: jactarse, enorgullecerse prize: apreciar, estimar proceed: proceder, proseguir puzzle: embrollar, enredar, confundir Q quarrel: reir, disputar quicken: vivificar, acelerar R rain: llover reach: alcanzar, llegar a refer: referir, remitir regret: sentir, lamentar remain: permanecer, persistir remember: recordar, tener presente remind: acordar, hacer presente remove: remover, cambiar de sitio rent: alquilar rest: descansar, dormir return: regresar, devolver
  14. 14. reward: premiar, recompensar rinse: enjuagar, aclarar con agua ripen: madurar roast: asar, tostar raise: levantar, alzar rate: tasar, fijar precio ravish: atraer, seducir reap: cosechar record: registrar, inscribir, fijar en la memoria recover: recuperar, rescatar recruit: reclutar, alistar rejoice: regocijar, alegrar release: soltar, desprender relieve: socorrer, redimir relish: saborear, paladear remark: observar, advertir request: rogar, suplicar rescue: librar, rescatar research: investigar S sail: navegar save: salvar, ahorrar scratch: rascar, araar seem: parecer serve: servir, convenir shake: sacudir, agitar sharpen: afilar, amolar ship: embarcar shop: ir de compras show: mostrar, presentar shut: cerrar sin: pecar slip: resbalar smile: sonrer smoke: fumar, humear sneeze: estornudar sound: sonar, tocar, pulsar spoil: estropear, despojar, mimar start: iniciar, empezar a moverse stay: quedarse, pararse stop: detener, parar study: estudiar suceed: suceder, tiunfar, salir a delante suffer: sufrir supply: suplir, suministrar switch: conmutar (la luz) scatter: esparcir, derramar search: buscar season: sazonar, condimentar seat: asentar, establecer seed: sementar, granar shame: avergonzar shape: modelar, dar forma share: distribuir, repartir, compartir shatter: romperse, destrozar shiver: tiritar, tener escalofros shock: chocar, conmocionar sicken: enfermar, dar asco sigh: suspirar sight: divisar, avistar a lo lejos skate: patinar sketch: abocetar, disear
  15. 15. slake: extinguir, apagar, moderar smack: hacer ruido chupando, chasquear un beso smash: aplastar smooth: alisar, pulir snore: roncar soak: remojar, empapar soap: enjabonar soften: ablandar, suavizar soil: ensuciar, manchar sorrow: afligirse, entristecerse span: medir a palmos, extenderse sobre splash: salpicar, enlodar, rociar squat: agazaparse, ocupar un lugar sin derecho stain: manchar steady: sostener, fijar, afirmar step: andar (paso a paso) stoop: agacharse store: surtir, proveer, amontonar stray: descarriarse, desviarse del deber stream: correr, manar, fluir strengthen: fortalecer, confortar strecht: extender struggle: luchar, bregar stumble: tropezar subdue: sojuzgar, subyugar submit: someterse, rendirse surrender: entregarse, renunciar, rendirse swab: fregar, limpiar swallow: tragar, engullir T talk: hablar taste: gustar, probar thank: agradecer threaten: amenazar tie: atar, anudar toast: brindar, tostar touch: tocar trade: comerciar, negociar translate: traducir travel: viajar, navegar trust: confiar, dar crdito turn: volver, convertir tame: domar, amansar tap: golpear ligeramente test: expirementar, poner a prueba thieve: robar, hurtar thread: enhebrar, ensartar thrill: emocionar thunder: tronar tire: cansar trail: seguir el rastro treat: tratar, convidar tremble: temblar trick: engaar trim: componer, ataviar trip: tropezar, echar la zancadilla try: ensayar, probar twist: torcer, trenzar
  16. 16. U use: usar, emplear unbolt: descerrojar underline: subrayar unfasten: desatar, soltar unite: unir, concordar V visit: visitar, ir a ver value:' valuar, tasar vanish: desvanecerse, desaparecer vary: cambiar, mudar verify: verificar, comprobar vex: vejar, molestar, inquietar view: mirar, ver, examinar void: anular, vaciar, viciar W wait: esperar, aguardar walk: andar, caminar, pasearse wabble: balancearse, oscilar wander: vagar, errar water: regar, humedecer wax: encerar weaken: debilitar wed: desposar, casar, contraer matrimonio wheel: hacer rodar, rodar whisper: susurrar, cuchichear wonder: desear sabr, extraar, maravillarse wound: herir, lastimar, ofender wrangle: reir, disputar wrinkle: arrugar want: necesitar, carecer de warn: avisar, prevenir wash: lavar, baar waste: malgastar, derrochar watch: velar, vigilar weigh: pesar, examinar wet: mojar whistle: silbar wish: desear, querer work: trabajar worry: acosar, molestar, inquietarse Y yawn: bostezar, anhelar yearn: ambicionar, suspirar por yell: vociferar, decir a gritos yoke: unir, sojuzgar, apadrinar