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1 1. Contestant profile Contestant name: Arabadzhi Lyudmila Contestant occupation: PhD student, department of botany University / Organisation Melitopol state pedagogical university named by Bohdan Khmelnitsky E-mail: Phone (incl. country code): Number of people in your team: 5 2. Project overview Title: Educational tourism for youth Contest: The Quarry Life Award national, international Quarry name: Rybal’skyi Prize category: (select all appropriate) Education and Raising Awareness Habitat and Species Research Biodiversity Management Student Project Beyond Quarry Borders

1. Contestant profile › download-final... · 1 1. Contestant profile Contestant name: Arabadzhi Lyudmila Contestant occupation: PhD student, department of botany University / Organisation

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    1. Contestant profile

    Contestant name: Arabadzhi Lyudmila

    Contestant occupation: PhD student, department of botany

    University / Organisation Melitopol state pedagogical university named by Bohdan Khmelnitsky

    E-mail:

    Phone (incl. country code):

    Number of people in your team: 5

    2. Project overview

    Title: Educational tourism for youth

    Contest: The Quarry Life Award – national, international

    Quarry name: Rybal’skyi

    Prize category: (select all appropriate)

    Education and Raising Awareness

    ☐ Habitat and Species Research

    ☐ Biodiversity Management

    ☐ Student Project

    ☐ Beyond Quarry Borders

    mailto:[email protected]

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    Abstract

    The project is implemented according to the requirements of the competition «The Quarry Life Award»,

    and guided by the information that was presented at the official website http://www.quarrylifeaward.com.ua.

    According to the themes of the competition our project was carried out in line with the theme «Education and

    Raising Awareness», however, in the implementation of our project we’ve also partially covered another theme –

    «Beyond Quarry Borders» The project presents the results of the youth educational tourism in the Rybal’skyi

    granite quarry and the encourage of the school and college-age youth for tourism in quarries with methods of

    ecological education, with informational and educative activities outside the quarry.

    Our team developed a logo and, in our opinion, it is fully represents the subject, the main content and

    purpose of our project. Namely wind rose in the center indicates our desire to travel, to learn new places,

    characters around mean major components of our project: nature, science, research and tourism.

    For the realization of our project was prepared printed material in the form of a booklet «Youth cognitive

    tourism» and three posters «HeidelbergСement», «Rybal’skyi quarry», «Youth cognitive tourism in Rybal’skyi

    quarry» For a wide range of young people was prepared presentation of tourist oriented "Quarrys in life." In order

    to popularize tourism in quarries, we conducted a series of performances and tours for youth outside quarry. Our

    team has developed three tour routes on the territory of the Rybal’skyi quarry on three themes: «Wonderful world

    of plants and animals of the Rybal’skyi quarry», «Excursion route to the technology of granite extraction and

    dating the geological past of the planet» «Touch the era of antiquity. Paleontological findings (Mandrikivka

    layers) of the Rybal’skyi quarry». For students of the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Geography of the Melitopol

    State Pedagogical University named after Bohdan Khmelnytsky we’ve carried out a one-day visit to the quarry,

    we’ve made the camp and we’ve walked along 3 excursions. Materials of the paleontological finds from the

    quarry transferred to the museum of paleontology (Natural Geography Department). There our team was created

    the stand dedicated to Rybal’skyi quarry. As a result of our work we’ve developed a program of youth

    educational tourism in quarries; we’ve provided the guidelines for quest with elements of orienteering in the

    Rybal’skyi quarry «Walking along the paths of the quarry. Nature of the present days and secrets of the past»,

    and also provided methodological advice for organization and necessary equipment for the implementation of

    youth tourism in Rybal’skyi granite quarry.

    The project is presented on the 10 pages (main part) and 41 pages – appendices (working part of the

    project).

    http://www.quarrylifeaward.com.ua/

  • 3

    Introduction Since ancient times, mankind has sought to journey to get new knowledge and experience. Now we know

    about Herodotus, Aristotle, and Strabo, whose thirst for knowledge led through distant lands.

    The history of tourism in our country is about 150 years. However, only in 1980 for the first time appears

    the term «scientific tourism». Today, anyone can quench their thirst during the tourist expeditions, where you can

    be a scientist to know many interesting things.

    Unfortunately, in Ukraine quarries are not widely used in the recreational branch. Basing on the already

    completed projects of Quarry Life Award we marked the rich nature and plenty of places that can be explored in

    educational tourism in the areas of the used quarries of HeidelbergCement.

    Cognitive tourism is promising kind of tourism in our country and abroad due to the needs of modern

    society in getting the new experiences, knowledge and skills. Tourists are engaged in studying living and

    inanimate nature of certain areas, research their place on the planet, get the skills of roaming safely and get

    «survival» skills in the wild nature. Cognitive tourism allows you to explore the nature in company of the

    experienced specialists and scientists. So such sensational discoveries and findings are very often today.

    In our opinion, quarries or their certain parts can serve as a convenient place for tourism. Tourists can find

    new places which they previously have not visited.

    One of such quarries with suitable conditions for successful of tourism is Rybal’skyi quarry

    (HeidelbergCement). It is located in the Dnipropetrovs’k region. We aim to organize tourist camp in the used part

    of the quarry and verify our expectations. Tourist camp life will include a variety of educational and creative

    activities for children and students to highlight the possibility of using quarries in the tourism.

    Our aim: organization and implementation of youth tourism in the Rybal’skyi quarry and beyond it. To

    achieve this goal it was necessary to perform the following tasks:

    • an initial survey of the quarry;

    • development of the educational excursions in the quarry;

    • to design the informational booklets and posters about the tourism in the quarries;

    • creation of the informative presentation about quarry;

    • to conduct the environmental, educational and informational activities for the youth to make popular the

    tourism opportunities of the Rybal’skyi quarry;

    • to build a campground in the quarry as a model of youth tourism;

    • to conduct the excursions in the Rybal’skyi quarry;

    • to make similar trips for elementary school children outside the quarry with ecological and educational

    activities in the Rybal’skyi quarry;

    • to highlight the activities in the Rybal’skyi quarry in local mass media and official websites of

    organizations;

    • to make a collection of interesting paleontological finds in the university;

    • to develop a program of youth educational tourism in the quarries;

    • to male the guidelines for the quest with elements of orienteering in the Rybal’skyi quarry;

    • to develop methodological advices and list of necessary equipment in the Rybal’skyi quarry.

  • 4

    General Information

    Rybal’skyi gransite quarry is located in the Dnipro city on the left bank of the river Dnipro, Tomska

    Street, 283; coordinates: 26'58" 08'42"E. Quarry specializes in production of granite migmatite, which

    is processed at different fractional scree and which is used in the building industry. Open area of the quarry is

    40.89 ha. Width reaches 700 meters and maximum depth is about 102 m. The quarry is a part of

    HeidelbergCement since 2005. Granite mining process is processed at the bottom of quarry. The used part at

    the periphery of quarry remains unused and now is represented by territory with green grass, shrubs and trees.

    Combination of bare rocks landscapes and green plants creates an extraordinary feeling of being in the

    mountains. It is not a typical landscape of steppe and forest-steppe physiographic zones Ukraine and it attracts

    everyone to travel through the paths of quarry. Tourism in the quarry has been carried out in the paths of the

    northern, eastern and southern parts of this territory in the beauty of plants and diversity of animals. The total

    length of all routes is 2.5 km. The campground has been set in a safe part of the quarry, under the cover of the

    forest and far from dangerous ledges, steep slopes and vertical cliffs. The camp was protected from the wind

    from the all sides that creates comfortable conditions and brings a special feeling of unity with nature.

    To attract attention to the quarry mining ands youth tourism in the Rybal’skyi quarry our team conducted

    a series of ecological and educational activities for young people in the schools of Melitopol. Our aims – raising

    awareness among young people about Rybal’skyi quarry, its’ features and importance of its’ working, as well as

    obtaining new and interesting data and information about it. Our team is interested in attracting young people to

    the environment studying. It will allow young people to strengthen their health and make possible the enhancing

    of personality formation of the individual features (expanding the outlook, respect and love of nature, friendship

    and team spirit).

    Methods

    Ecological education and informational work about youth cognitive tourism in the quarries was held by

    the methods of performances, namely: thematic papers, games, quests, tours, brain-rings, educational and field

    practice with students. Presentation «The Quarries in the Life of Mankind» was prepared for our performances

    (22 slides). For our presentation we’ve used laptop Samsung R528 and multimedia projector Optoma ES526.

    We’ve designed the posters «Heidelbergcement», «Rybal’skyi quarry», «Youth cognitive tourism in

    Rybal’skyi quarry» (format A1) and informational and educational booklet about tourism in the Rybal’skyi quarry

    «Rybal’skyi quarry. Youth cognitive tourism» (Appendix B).

    Students’ bus travel to the Rybal’skyi quarry from Melitopol and backward has been organized with

    minibus Mercedes Sprinter. Tourist camp has been made accordingly methodical recommendations and safety

    rules.

    Excursions in the quarry have been conducted by guidelines and requirements (Letter of the Ministry of

    Education and Science №1 / 9-61 from 06.02.2008). Due to these guidelines we’ve identified objects of speech,

    time and distance of the route considering the age of the tourism participants.

    Search of the paleontological remains has been carried out using soil sieve with apertures’ diameter

    about 3-5 mm and with travel shovels. Identification of flora and fauna species performed by common botanical

    and zoological methods and identification books.

  • 5

    Results

    So for our project, we have implemented a series of activities in the Rybal’skyi quarry and outside it. On

    the 12th of May this year our team has gone to the quarry to assess its’ tourism potential (Appendix A). The main

    goal of our visit was planning and organization of tour routes with interesting objects for speech (mining activity

    of the quarry, its’ unique flora and fauna, the might of geological ages and ancient biota fossils). We’ve analyzed

    flora and fauna in the quarry and have been planed 3 excursions with a total length of 2.5 km. Then we’ve

    marked the location of camp. Thus, after the first survey of the quarry we have collected the original material for

    the youth tourism implementation in the Rybal’skyi quarry. The quarry has a high tourism potential and it has

    prerequisites for organizing and conducting tourism with elements of ecological education of youth. Collected

    material served to organize and conduct ecological and educational activities among youth to promote the

    mining process in the quarries of «HeidelbergCement» and tourism development in them with the example of the

    Rybal’skyi quarry. Also, collected material was the basis for the creation of informational posters and booklets

    company «HeidelbergCement» and tourism in Rybal’skyi quarry (Appendix B).

    Our team conducted a series of ecological and educational activities among youth of different age from

    10 to 20 years old (Appendix B). Students of the chemical and biological and natural geographical faculties of

    the Melitopol State Pedagogical University named after Bohdan Khmelnytsky (MSPU) was the report

    presentation «The quarries in the life of mankind». Quiz game has been held for the students of Minor Academy

    of Sciences about the mining in the quarries - all the teams received diplomas in various categories. For pupils of

    Lyceum of creativity and youth the informative excursion has been held in the agrobiological complex of MSPU.

    Pupils have learned about plant in the quarry and outside it. Our team also visited the children's summer camp

    "Space", which is located on the Azov sea shore. Boys and girls were willing to know more about the world of

    plants and animals that surrounds us, about competition «The Quarry Life Award» and about our participation in

    it. We’ve had the excursion along the coast of the Azov sea, where we’ve talked about the plants and animals of

    the Rybal’skyi quarry where they have found the shelter. After this activity we’ve showed the prepared a

    presentation about mining «The quarries in the life of mankind». The youth learned about the activity of the

    Rybal’skyi quarry, about its’ amazing flora and fauna and geological history of the planet, which can be traced on

    the vertical profiles of stone quarry.

    Also for children from the health center sanatorium «Forest Song» informative excursion was held along

    the zoological reserve of national importance "Altahyr forest." During which children learned about the

    competition «The Quarry Life Award», flora and fauna, and our participation in the project. During the tour we

    have demonstrated species of plants and animals that also were found in Rybal’skyi quarry. On the botany,

    zoology, geodesy and cartography field practice classes students of chemical and biological and natural and

    geographical faculty of the MSPU has gone to compete in the quiz «Brain-Ring» which was organized by the

    members of our team on the field practice camp «Daisy». During the competition students learned a lot about

    the nature of the quarries, about «Heidelbergcement» and competition «The Quarry Life Award». Upcoming

    naturalists broadened their outlook about animals and plants life in the quarries, about tourism in these

    extremely interesting places and about the mining industry.

    Overall, our performances have covered about 350 participants of all ages. All presentations and

    excursions accompanied by the presentation, booklets and posters. After all the speeches printed materials have

    been given to participants (Appendix B).

  • 6

    Primal data which was collected in Rybal’skyi quarry by us helped to develop and make three mapped of

    three excursions with different subjects, namely: route №1 «Wonderful world of plants and animals of the

    Rybal’skyi quarry», route №2 « Excursion route to the technology of granite extraction and dating the geological

    past of the planet», route №3 «Touch the era of antiquity. Paleontological findings (Mandrikivka layers) of the

    Rybal’skyi quarry» (Appendix D). We’ve developed a «Program of youth educational tourism in the quarries

    (Rybal’skyi granite quarry) » for tourism and guidelines for quest with elements of orienteering in the Rybal’skyi

    quarry «Walking along the paths of the quarry. Nature of the present days and secrets of the past», list of

    necessary equipment is shown there and methodological advices for tourism in quarries organization are

    provided (Appendices H and I).

    Therefore, after careful preparation for tourism in the Rybal’skyi quarry, we have gone to it with the

    second-year students of the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Geography (Appendix E). There is a progress of

    tourism in Rybal’skyi quarry below.

    So having overcome 200 kilometers from our hometown of cherry and honey (Melitopol), we’ve arrived

    in the morning to the quarry and immediately introduced to our young scientists (students) history of the

    Rybal’skyi quarry. After a briefing about safety rules we’ve taken a tent, a pot, a guitar carpets and other

    necessary things in tourism and followed along the quarry paths to build the tourist camp. Students have set up

    the tents at first in their life but this experience in the future will be useful for them. After the campground

    building, we’ve defined our aims. First of all – to get some pleasant impressions of our excursions, to learn more

    about the plants and animals in the quarry, to touch paleontological findings of Mandrikivka layers, to learn about

    the geological past of our planet by the profile of the used granite slopes and to see mining technology and

    granite fractional dividing process. Having no time to waste we’ve immediately departed to our excursion routes.

    Route №1 «Wonderful world of plants and animals of the Rybal’skyi quarry»

    The length of the route is 900 m. During the route there were about 78 plant species (fungi, lichens,

    algae, vascular plants including 15 trees) and 46 animal species (insects, snails, reptiles, birds, mammals).

    We’ve shown the wonderful world of plants and animals by the «green» paths and the quarry has become the

    shelter for these living organisms. We’ve seen the colorful flowering plants that change the stereotype about the

    quarries as a gray and lifeless object. Such plants were: lucernes, vetches, common thistle milkvetch and others.

    There were mainly such trees as locust, poplar, silverberry, buckthorn and sea buckthorn, apricot, plum. Trees

    form a special microclimate favorable for many species existence. Animal population was amazing too. Vertical

    sand terraces was chosen by the coastal swallows as place of their colony. They’ve pierced the slopes and their

    holes looks like bees’ cells. Also, we were able to see the largest vulturine bird in Europe – white-tailed eagle

    (Red Book of Ukraine) and it was flying over swallows’ nests. During the excursion we were accompanied by

    snails, beetles, lizards and various insects. It was possible to see a wasp Scolia, which is also listed in the Red

    Book of Ukraine. So students learned a lot about new secret world of nature in the Rybal’skyi quarry during the

    the tour route (Appendix E).

    Route №2 « Excursion route to the technology of extraction of granite and dating the geological past of

    the planet»

    After getting acquainted with amazing biodiversity of the Rybal’skyi quarry we’ve gone to the «heart» of

    the mining industry of the quarry, namely its’ technological part. The route is 780 m in length. The participants

    have been introduced to the geological past of the planet which is clearly seen in the granite. Exceptional

  • 7

    scientific and educational value have the features of the geological structure of a quarry as diverse petrographic

    composition, character of the relationships and age of Precambrian crystalline rocks, outputs of the Mandrikivka

    layers, a wonderful section of Quaternary sediments.

    The oldest formations in the quarry are crystalline rocks of the Dnipro infracrustal ultrametamorfic complex

    of the Mesoarchean (azoviy) with an absolute age 3,4-3,2 billion years. It is a complex of gray and light gray

    granite combinations and migmatites with mainly tonalite and trondemite structure, dark gray (to black) or gneiss

    massive amphibole-biotite crystals with massive amphibolites or slightly slatered with numerous veins and aplite

    and pegmatoid microcline granites, streaked tremolites, actinolites, biotites. In the quarry ledges and along them

    you can see the evolution of complex material composition due to repeated deformation and folded multi-phase

    formation of various components. Widely distributed palingenetic and injection metasomatic migmatites with a

    large variety of textural varieties and numerous relict fragments of the supracrustal substrate. A large area of

    artificial outcrops and the rock decay absence in the lower bench give an opportunity to watch structures’

    changing and rocks’ textures, the nature of the contact zones, developed processes of biotitization, chloritization,

    silicification and epidotization, to set the existing fracturing systems and to identify the elements of their

    occurrence.

    Along the route we’ve seen migmatites that have light and dark layers. Light layers are represented by

    melanosomes (amphibolites, schists, gneisses), dark layers leucosoma which is represented by quartz and

    feldspar with low ferrous minerals. Then we’ve gone down to the lower road to see the panorama of mining

    technology. We saw a very impressive sight of granite extraction and its’ subsequent processing. The resulting

    fractional gravel is used in various engineering structures (bridges, buildings, houses, roads) and other branches

    building. Development of these branches for very useful for mankind (Appendix E).

    Route №3 «Touch the era of antiquity. Paleontological findings (Mandrikivka layers) » The quarry is a

    complex geological monument of nature conservation and deserves preservation in paleontology and

    stratigraphy. Today it is the only European location of so-called «Mandrikivka layers» with unique fossil fauna

    represented by a variety of shellfish, numulites, foraminifera, ostracods, remains of corals, bryozoans, teeth of

    sharks and spines of sea urchins inhabiting the warm coastal waters of subtropical upper eocene basin 35

    million years ago.

    The route is 750 m in length. Taking with the shovels, sieves and other necessary equipment, we’ve gone

    to search well-known among the geologists and paleontologists Mandrikivka layers. We’ve found that Rybal’slyi

    quarry has a very high importance about history and geological past of the planet. Many scientists and

    researchers have been studying this unique quarry. Their works were highlighted in scientific journals and

    dissertations (V.L. Stefanskyy, A.V. Bratishko, V.V. Manyuk, A.A. Veselov, V.V. Korallova, P.G. Nesterenko,

    M.F. Nosovskyy, M.I. Udovychenko etc.). According to data of these authors, the site of modern Dnipro was an

    ancient ocean which was equal to the size microplate Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.

    About 33 million years ago (middle Paleogene) on this territory the North Atlantic water entered for the

    first time and it was called «Mandrikivka sea». At the end of the last century in the village Mandrikivka

    (Peremoga block today) near the present Dnipro Institute of Physical Education in the manor of German

    A.A. Oswald the well has been dug. There were rare mollusk fauna discovered in it and it was fundamentally

    different from the Dnipro fauna. It was studied primarily by researcher V.O. Domger in 1882 and then described

    by geologist M. O. Sokolov. The name of the strata where this fauna has been found received from Mandrikivka

  • 8

    village and soon became known as the «Mandrikivka» almost everywhere, especially among European

    researchers. Comparison of fossil fauna from the Mandrikivka layers according to professor A. Muller, who has

    visited Rybal’skyi quarry reveals the extraordinary similarity of even-aged layers in northern Germany.

    So we also wanted to dive into the era of antiquity. Students with great pleasure started to work and

    result was amazing. We’ve found the remains of shellfish and corals from that time and ofcourse everyone

    wanted to touch the remains of the ancient era that existed long time before the days of humanity. (Appendix E).

    After all the passed excursions we’ve returned to our camp. There is no tourism without porridge in a pot

    on the fire. Tired and hungry, we’ve rested and refreshed ourselves with porridge in tents. After the resting and

    gaining a little strength we’ve started to demount our cognitive campground. That's all – it’s time to go back

    home! However, after the time we’ve spent in the Rybal’skyi quarry, we’ve come back with wonderful pleasant

    impressions of our tour. Tired and happy we’re going back home (Appendix E).

    Our team has prepared the collected material in Rybal’skyi quarry. Fossil mollusks and corals

    (Mandrikivka layers) joined the collection natural and geographical faculty of Melitopol State Pedagogical

    University named after Bohdan Khmelnytsky. The collected material can serve as an object of research that

    could be conducted in the educational process of students, namely, writing term papers and dissertations. Our

    team hopes that presented material of the Mandrikivka layers from the Rybal’skyi quarry will be useful in the

    educational process of students. Due to «The Quarry Life Award» teaching staff and students from many parts of

    our country will know about the tourism potential of the Rybal’skyi quarry and a lot about the history of our planet

    (Appendix F).

    The implementation of our project have been highlighted in the in the local newspaper «Melitopol News»

    and on the official website of the Pryazov National Natural Park (Appendix G).

    Discussion

    The project makes possible to examine quarries as a potential objects of tourist business. Quarries have

    a unique landscape with special flora and fauna and individual historical value. Today young people have the

    thirst to their individual isolation with a «smartphone in a hand». We can see the rapid decrease of the tourism

    knowledge among youth. But our project can bring them to travel in a new unknown place. Children and

    teenagers can get amazing and enjoyable experience for all life during such trips. Tourism in the quarries – is

    fundamentally new, previously unknown phenomenon of human’s imagination which is already implemented in

    practice. We’ve get through the organizing of the youth educational tourism in the Rybal’skyi quarry and

    participants of this tourism asking even now: «When we’ll go to the quarries again?».

    Importance of the project

    Our project changes the way people thought about a quarry in which minerals are mined. Therefore,

    quarries can be used also in tourism. After a series of activities we’ve conducted we’ve achieved tourism

    potential of the Rybal’skyi quarry. We have developed a program of tourism in Rybal’skyi quarry and guidelines

    for the quest with elements of orienteering, prepared methodical recommendations for organization and list of

    necessary equipment for implementation of tourism (Appendices H and I). Our project and prepared methodical

    material can be used by the guides, professors, schools teacher, in travel agencies for the day off tours in the

    quarry. This kind of recreation is a cheap variant in today's social and economic difficulties.

  • 9

    Summary

    Thus materials of our project can be included in educational programs of educational establishments:

    schools, grammar schools, gymnasiums, lyceums, universities. These materials can be used excursions, field

    practices and quests in Rybal’skyi quarry. Quarries can become another one tourism object in the travel

    agencies as leisure time rest on the weekend. The activities we are proposing can make enable to expand the

    youth’s outlook about the quarries and to enhance tourism activities on the regional and national levels.

    To be kept and filled in at the end of your report

    Project tags (select all appropriate):

    This will be use to classify your project in the project archive (that is also available online)

    Project focus:

    ☐Education and Raising awareness

    ☐Scientific research Flora:

    ☐Flowering plants

    ☐Fungi

    Fauna:

    ☐Birds

    ☐Dragonflies & Butterflies

    ☐Mammals

    ☐Reptiles

    ☐Other insects

    ☐Other species

    Habitat:

    ☐Cliffs

    ☐Forest

    ☐Open areas of rocky grounds

    ☐Shrubs & groves

    Stakeholders:

    ☐Authorities

    ☐Local community

    ☐NGOs

    ☐Schools

    ☐Universities

  • 10

    Appendix A

    The first acquaintance with Rybal’skyi quarry

    Safety training

    Our team

    Studying the technology of granite extraction Planning of our work

    Planning the excursion routes

    Walking through the paths of the quarry

    Getting acquainted with flora and fauna

    Camp location

  • 11

    Appendix B Printed material for educational-tourism among young people outside the Rybal’skyi quarry

    Overview of the company «HeidelbergCement» (poster A1)

    Touristic potential of the Rybal’skyi quarry (poster A1)

  • 12

    Map of the tour route in the Rybal’skyi quarry (poster A1)

    Youth educational tourism in the Rybal’skyi quarry (1st page of booklet)

  • 13

    Youth educational tourism in the Rybal’skyi quarry (2nd page of booklet)

    For the youth tourism popularization in the Rybal’skyi quarry we’ve developed a presentation about the «The Quarry Life Award»б about the «HeidelbergCement» and about life of quarries

    (22 slides).

  • 14

    Slides from the presentation

  • 15

  • 16

    Appendix C

    Implementation of educational and informational activities between youth educational tourism in the Rybal’skyi quarry

    Minor Academy of Sciences (Melitopol)

  • 17

    Pupils of the Melitopol ecological and naturalistic center of creativity during regional eco-camp "Prostir-2016"

    Melitopol State Pedagogical University named after Bohdan Khmelnytsky (presentation for students of biology, III course)

  • 18

    Children's Health Center-sanatorium "Forest Song"

    Lyceum of creativity and youth (Melitopol)

    Students of the Melitopol State Pedagogical University named after Bohdan Khmelnytsky on field practice (Bogatyr forest near Molochnyi estuary). Our team members has held a touristic quiz

    "Brain- Rings"-"Tourism in the Rybal’skyi quarry"

  • 19

    Appendix D

    Map of the excursion routes in the Rybal’skyi quarry

    Getting acquainted with Rybal’skyi qurry. Excursion route to the technological part of granite extraction and geochronology knowledge of our planet (780 m). The wonderful world of plants and animals (900 m). Touch the era of antiquity. Paleontological findings (Mandrikivka layers)of the Rybalskyi quarry (750 m). Campground

    Protecting tapes all over the route for a safety of youth tourism participants.

    1

    2

    3

  • 20

    Appendix E Implementation of tourism in the Rybal’skyi quarry

    Stage 1 - introduction to the Rybal’skyi quarry and building the camp

    Safety training

    Getting acquainted with quarry by the informational posters

    Learning to set up the tents

    The camp is ready We are ready! Where to go?

  • 21

    The first excursion, route №1 Wonderful world of plants and animals of the Rybal’skyi quarry

    Walking through the paths of the route Is there so many flowers in the quarries?

    Bright colors of vetchlings Bug rose chafer

    Slugs guard their quarry Birds’ paradise (swallows)

  • 22

    Beetles are also on the excursion

    Quarry is uniting the hearts The world of mushrooms

    Bright colors of broom Multivitamin fruits of buckthorn

  • 23

    Route №2 Excursion route to the technology of granite extraction and dating the geological past of the

    planet

    Vertical granite ledges of the quarry show us the ancient era of our planet

    Magma 3.5 billion years old (Archean era)

    Migmatites with layered structure. Light layers are represented by melanosomes (amphibolites, schists, gneisses), dark layers are represented by leucosoma with quartz and feldspar with low

    ferrous minerals.

  • 24

    That's granite mined in quarries Technology of granite extraction

    Quarry affects by the mining activities We are waiting for the next interesting route

    The process of granite crushing in different fractions

    Final product. Aggregates of various fractions

  • 25

    It's time to relax After two tours we’ve returned to our camp

    The road to camp Our camp

    Finally-dinner! We have buckwheat porridge for lunch

    Porridge is tastier outdoor

    It’s very good to rest after the meal

  • 26

    Route №3 Touch the era of antiquity. Paleontological findings (Mandrikivka layers) of the

    Rybal’skyi quarry

    Road to the fossils

    Trying to find the artifacts of ancient times

    The search process - sifting soil through the sieves

  • 27

    The collection of mollusk and coral fossils that we’ve found in the Rybal’skyi quarry

    Finally! We’ve found! еоцену

  • 28

    That's all! It's time to go home!

    Tired but happy

    Thanks to the contest «The Quarry Life Award» for opportunity to walk through the paths of quarry

  • 29

    Appendix F Fossil remains of mollusk and corals from the Rybal’skyi quarry in paleontology museum of

    natural- geographical faculty of MGPU named by Bohdan Khmelnytsky

    Museum replenished with mollusks and corals fossils from the Mandrikivka layers of the

    Rybal’skyi quarry. Such material may be useful for the students and lectors in research work.

  • 30

    Appendix G

    Local mass-media

  • 31

    The implementation of our project was highlighted on the official website of Priazov national natural park

  • 32

    Appendix H

    Melitopol State Pedagogical University named after Bohdan Khmelnitsky

    PROGRAM

    of youth educational tourism in the quarries

    (Rybal’skyi granite quarry)

    Authors:

    Yarovyi S.O.

    Bren О.G.

    Arabadzhi L.I.

    Melitopol – 2016

  • 33

    The program produced exclusively for the Rybal’skyi granite quarry.

    Address: Ukraine , Dnipro region, Dnipro, Toms’ka str. 283, «Heidelbergcement», Ukraine.

    1. Transport

    Dnipro City is situated at the crossroads of central highways and railways that connect all corners

    of our country together. You can reach Dnipro on a car or on a train. Everyone who wish to enrich

    impressions about amazing landscapes of the Rybal’skyi quarry can reach the quarry without any

    difficulties.

    Map of the railways in Ukraine

    Map of the route from the bus station and the railway station «Dnipro» to the Rybal’skyi quarry

    However, transport can only be used by a group of adult young people. The children of school age

    and students must be organized by their leaders (teachers, educators, teachers) and travel to the quarry

    by buses and minibuses.

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    It should be noted that the cognitive tourism can be conducted as 1 day tour and as a 3 days camp

    (3 days and 2 nights).

    2. Arrival to quarry

    The best time to visit the quarry - 10:00 – 12:00.

    The 1st

    day

    10:00 – Arrival to the entrance gate of the quarry (checkpoint).

    Plan of getting acquainted with quarry

    10:00 – 10:30 – Meeting with administration of the quarry, safety training (responsible quarry

    employee conducts it), the issuance of protective helmets and vests.

    Leader announces the time and place of stay in the quarry. Exchange of the cell phone numbers.

    Leader will inform the administration daily (in the morning and evening) about their staying in the quarry.

    10:30 – 11:00 – The observation point. Excursion on the top part of the quarry (introduction to

    quarry). This activity is must be carried out by the team leader (or by the quarry employee if possible).

    11:00 – 11:20 – Safety training (additionally holds by the team leader ).

    11:20 – 11:50 – Walking to the place of camp building.

    11:50 – 12:20 – Overview of location, camp planning, subject to certain zones such as: the

    location of tents, a place reserved for the fire according to the rules of fire safety, storage location of

    food and drinking water, location of toilets (female, male ), place of water morning procedures, location

    of sites for informative and entertaining games.

    Participants of the youth tourism of 5 to 9 form pupils are required for assistant for cooking and for

    someone to be on duty in the camp during the tour. In the older age groups regular schedule of persons

    to be on duty in the camp is required. Their duties include cooking (breakfast, dinner or supper) and

  • 35

    washing dishes after cooking, guarding at the camp during the tour, keeping the fire burns, to maintain

    order in the camp.

    12:20 – 13:00 – Lunch and rest.

    13:00 – 15:00 – Setting up the tourist tent camp by the planned actions. Setting informative posters

    about Rybalskyi quarry and about the planned excursions. The whole camp must be fenced with special

    fencing tapes.

    15:00 – 16:30 – Making places of sleep in the tents, sleep hours (rest).

    16:30 – 17:00 – Reveille. Preparation for the first excursion. Leader reminds once again about the

    rules of safety in the quarries. Recalls about comfortable shoes, hat and clothes, presence of drinking

    water with participants of excursion. The head resembles that throughout the route there is stretched

    fencing tape, outstepping of it is prohibited. There is dangerous slope behind it. Leader must carry a first

    aid kit.

    Then organizer introduces the planned route (time spent, objects that need to pay attention, and

    interesting facts).

    17:00 – 18:30 – The first excursion "The world of plants and animals of the Rybal’skyi quarry." The

    route from camp and backward is approximately 1800 m. The team leader focuses on the plant

    communities, some interesting findings of plants and animals, shows the numerous population of

    swallows and other birds. Demonstrates the forest which was formed in the exhaust part of a quarry.

    Interesting research and practical facts adduces about certain plants and animals species of the

    Rybal’skyi quarry. Throughout the route guide and tour participants ask each other questions about the

    subject.

    18:30 – 19:00 – Lunch (tea with bun).

    19:00 – 20:00 – Free time.

    20:00 – 20:30 – Supper.

    20:30 – 22:00 – Informative and entertaining games about flora and fauna of the quarries.

    22:00 – 22:20 – evening water procedures.

    22:20 – 22:30 – Leader provides the rollcall of tourism participants, asks about impressions of the

    day, about the mood and health of participants. Recalls about anti - mosquitoes and anti - ticks means.

    22:30 –Good night, everybody!

    After the retreat, the team leader should wait for silence, to make sure that everyone is asleep and

    only then relax.

    The 2nd

    day

    7:00 – Reveille of the leader. Camp overview. Breakfast Cooking.

    8:00 – Reveille of other tourism participants.

    8:15 – 8:30 – Morning exercises. Team leader held it on the place for informative and entertaining

    games.

    8:30 – 8:45 - Morning water procedures.

    8:45 – 9:10 – Breakfast

    9:10 – 9:30 - Preparations for the second excursion. Leader reminds once again about the rules of

    safety in the quarries. Recalls about the shoes, hat and clothing, about the presence of drinking water.

    The manager must have a first aid kit.

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    Then the head introduces the planned route (spent time, objects that need to pay attention, and

    interesting facts). It is a need to take binoculars on the route (2-3 per group).

    9:30 – 11:30 – The second excursion "Granite mining technology and geochronology of our

    planet". The route from camp and backward is about 3 500 m. The route runs along the path of already

    traversed yesterday excursion. So the group members mention plants and animals they have seen

    yesterday and find some new. With binoculars, we again watch the swallows’ colony and their behavior in

    nature.

    After yesterday excursion huge granite rocks reflects a long geological history of our planet starting

    from the Archean eon (4-2.5 billion years ago).

    The head of the group talks about geochronology of our planet in granite rock profiles and focuses

    on the age of the rocks. Then on the right there is a view on the granite mining process on the industrial

    scale. Leader talks about the production process from start to finish and shows the processing of granite

    with the use of large machines. At the end leader gives some examples of where and how to use

    different-fractional rubble, and about the role played of mining quarries for a humanity. Then everybody

    goes back to camp the same route.

    11:30 – 13:00 – Free time in the camp

    13:00 – 13:30 – Dinner.

    13:30 – 15:30 –Hours of sleep (rest).

    15:30 – 15:45 – Reveille

    15:45 – 18:00 – Sport and educational activities on the territory of a quarry, namely within the first

    and second tour route. The group forms a teams and use the tips to perform the tasks. Title of the activity

    - "Sport orienteering". More details about the activity are described in the guidelines developed by our

    team exclusively for the Rybal’skyi quarry.

    18:00 – 19:00 – Supper.

    19:00 – 21:00 – Entertainment quiz conducting by the tourism participants.

    21:00 – 22:30 – Tea by the fire with a guitar songs, interesting stories, jokes and games.

    22:30 – 22:50 – Evening water procedures.

    22:50 – 23:00 - Leader provides the rollcall and holds the day flashback. Recalls about anti -

    mosquitoes and anti - ticks means.

    23:00 – It’s time to sleep!

    After the retreat, the team leader should wait for silence, to make sure that everyone is asleep and

    only then relax.

    The 3rd

    day

    7:00 – Reveille of the team leader and the duty ones in the camp. Camp overview. Breakfast

    cooking.

    8:00 – Reveille of tourism participants.

    8:15 – 8:30 – Morning exercises. Team leader held it on the place for informative and entertaining

    games.

    8:30 – 8:45 - Morning water procedures.

    8:45 – 9:10 – Breakfast

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    9:10 – 9:30 - Preparations for the third excursion. Leader reminds once again about the rules of

    safety in the quarries. Recalls about the shoes, hat and clothing, about the presence of drinking water.

    The manager must have a first aid kit.

    Then head to the course introduces the planned route (spent time, objects that need to pay

    attention, and interesting facts). It’s necessary to take the equipment small shovels (3-4), the sieve for

    sifting the soil (3-4), plastic bags (3-4).

    9:30 – 11:00 – The third excursion "Touch the era of antiquity. Paleontological findings

    (Mandrikivka layers) Rybal’skyi quarry. "The route from camp and backward is about 1500 m. It goes in

    the opposite direction of the previous two routes and it is represented by the path of the forest plants that

    goes to the quarry dumps. So the head of a group is looking for the plants and animals that they’ve met

    and recall their names.

    Before the dumps leader starts the story about the uniqueness of this area, about the old days

    when the ocean covered the land. And a result of the turbulent life of the ancient ocean can be seen in

    the remains of shellfishes, corals and sharks that prevailed there 25-30 million years ago.

    So we may touch the ancient remains of the area. And these preserved horizons with unique

    palaeontological findings are called Mandrikivka layers. These layers attract a lot of scientists around the

    world. The result of their discoveries are numerous thesis and many research papers by a world

    scientists: V.L. Stefanskyy, A.V. Bratishko, V.V. Manyuk , A.A. Veselov, V.V. Korallova, P.G.

    Nesterenko, M.F. Nosovskyy, M.I. Udovychenko and others.

    Then the team leader divides participants into 3 groups which to become a paleontologists and to

    help to conduct searches of old eras. Participants removes a layer of soil by the shovels and sift it through

    a sieve. Each found item is examined, marked and placed in plastic bags.

    11:00 – 12:00 – In the camp. Participants examine the gathered fossils and share with each other.

    All the collected remains are putting on a large paper (format A1) with a marked collection date, place,

    name and surname of all the participants of the youth tourism and the city they’ve arrived from. Taking

    photos of all participants.

    12:00 – 12:30 – Dinner.

    12:30 – 13:30 – Leisure time.

    13:30 – 15:30 – Rollcall. Commemorative photo in the youth educational tourism camp. Disassembling

    the camp and cleaning up everything. Members of the journey taking the last food and water with them

    (sandwiches, cookies, baked potatos, etc.)

    15:30 – 16:00 – Visit to the quarry administration. With words of gratitude, sharing the experiences

    and of events in the Rybal’skyi quarry. Memorable photos with quarry employees. The return of protective

    vests and helmets. And in memory we make a little present- found fossils (probably for the following

    members of the youth tourism which did not find remnants of ancient times in this region).

    16:00 – Departure to the home. There is a stop near a garbage can to keep there our three-day

    garbage.

    The last day regime may vary depending on the distance of travel by bus from the quarry to the

    home town. So the last day was designed at a distance of 200 km (about 4 - 4.5 hours of travel by bus).

    20:30 – Homecoming.

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    During the youth educational tourism, bus or taxi must be near the camp for contingency situations

    (bad weather or health problems).

    The way for bus to the camp is missing but there is a place to park it in 400 m from the camp. This

    way allows not to interfere the functional activity of a quarry. This essential coexistence of youth tourism

    is very important with mining in the quarry.

    Plan of the bus entrance to the camp of the youth educational tourism

    Camp is marked on the map, bus parking and red line – bus way to the quarry.

    Place of the bus stop

    Depending on the age group of participants the program can be adjusted.

  • 39

    Guidelines and application for organization and holding the youth tourism in the Rybalskyi quarry

    MELITOPOL STATE PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY

    NAMED BY BOHDAN KHMELNITSKY

    QUEST WITH ELEMENTS OF ORIENTEERING IN THE RYBAL’SKYI QUARRY

    "WALKING ALONG THE PATHS OF THE QUARRY. NATURE OF THE PRESENT DAYS AND SECRETS OF THE PAST"

    Authors: Bren O.G. Arabadji L.I. Yarovyi S.O.

    Melitopol - 2016

  • 40

    Quest with elements of orienteering in the Rybal’skyi quarry "Walking through the paths of the quarry.

    Nature of the present days and secrets of the past": O.G. Bren, L.I. Arabadji, S.O. Yarovyi. – Melitopol,

    2016. – 10 p.

    The script can be used as a model for quests and orienteering events in the quarries during the

    sessions of youth tourism. The event is designed for pupils and students.

    In the scenario presented features of the event, the approximate age of the participants and the rules

    of the participation, employed persons. The following event is created for Rybal’skyi quarry (Dnipro

    region), the characteristics of the landscape are given downwards, safety, natural attractions and tourist

    areas.

    Developed during the realization of the project "Educational tourism for youth " for participation in the

    contest «Quarry Life Award – 2016».

  • 41

    The form of the event: the quest with elements of orienteering

    Topic: "Walking through the paths of the quarry. Nature of the present days and secrets of the past"

    Objective: To provide the understanding of harmonious unity of mining and nature through sports,gaming

    and cognitive tourism event for modern youth.

    Tasks:

    • education of children and youth in the paradigm of modern human and the environment ;

    • formation of ecological culture and ecological thinking;

    • to promote healthy lifestyle, physical culture and sports among the younger generation ;

    • getting tourism skills, erudition development and making outlook wider;

    • studying the nature of native land (plants, animals and fossils).

    Place of activity: Rybal’skyi quarry, Dnipro region.

    Time of activity: 1 -1.5 hours

    The start of the quest is carried out by the organizer. He gives the opening speech of the event, about the

    Rybal’skyi quarry, some special feature of mining and nature here. The event is expedient after primary

    studying of the participants with the territory of the quarry during the tour or travel review.

    Mandatory are briefing of the participants abut the safety and organizers’ support during the event: 2

    observers per 10 participants. Observers shouldn’t help in the tasks but watch the safety of participants.

    Further participants are asked to choose a team’s captain, to call their own team and to choose a motto.

    Then captain loudly pronounces a motto and the name of his team. Later organizer tells the participants

    the rules of the quest.

    Rules of the quest

    1. In the event may participate a team of two or three to ten members.

    2. Participants should follow the rules of the quest.

    3. The game has a controlling time and results. In situations where full quest not executed and the time is

    out – the team considered as a loser.

    4. The participants themselves determine their actions in order to perform tasks.

    5. Participation is voluntary.

    6. Control over the execution of all tasks carried out by the organizers.

    7. Time of quest is fixed by the organizers at the last checkpoint, and the time to complete the quest is

    chosen by the organizers depending on the age group of participants. Time can very from 1 to 1.5 hours.

    8. The next checkpoint can be reached only after the previous checkpoint.

    After meeting each team gets a package on checkpoint with documents that led to another logical chain,

    and a piece of quarry’s map.

    Safety during the quest

    1. All the participants of tourism in the quarry must wear protective gear - helmet and vest. Shoes

    should be comfortable on a soft sole and completely close the foot.

    2. The movement should be only in group. The last in the group has to go the organizer. Do not allow

    the group’s distribution. Shoes should be comfortable on a soft sole and completely close the foot.

    3. Moving is allowed only on trails fenced with a red and white or black and yellow ribbon (Fig. 1).

  • 42

    4. It is unacceptable to go on a quest in a bad weather conditions.

    5. You can not move in a fog or in the dark.

    6. You can not cut the way breaking the safety.

    7. Be sure to slow down the speed of movement on the rise of the slopes, and be focused on the

    weakest physical abilities of the participants.

    8. Not quit the route unnecessarily. Regularly verifies the direction of movement on the map and

    compass.

    9. The rate of traffic and frequency of the stops should match the level of the participants, terrain and

    weather.

    10. It is not allowed to descend the steep slopes.

    11. Notify the team leader about the injuries.

    12. Do not panic in an emergency; strengthen the discipline and act organized.

    Fig. 1. Example of the usage of protecting tape rolls with offered colors.

  • 43

    Scheme of the quest Quest runs on two trails of the Rybal’skyi quarry which are located on the north and northeast sides of the quarry. Route includes 8 checkpoints, including the first point – "Start" and the last one – "Finish" (Fig. 2).

    Fig. 2. Scheme of the quest in the Rybal’skyi quarry. Circles with numbers - checkpoints. Route of the quest is marked by the arrow.

    Start

    Finish

  • 44

    Legend of the quest Participants are encouraged to go on adventure trails in the Rybal’skyi quarry. Performing various tasks they collect fragments of a lost map of the quarry (Fig. 3). At the last station participants receive sweet gifts as a fee for the map.

    Fig. 3. Rybal’skyi quarry map divided into parts for the participants. The red line is the cut-line for dividing into fragments.

  • 45

    Checkpoint 1, "Start".

    Equipment: first and second pieces of the Rybal’skyi quarry map, adhesive tape, a brief

    explanatory note and compass.

    The first checkpoint is at the beginning of the route at the fork between the technological path and

    trail up to the forested areas.

    First team goal is to follow the route to the checkpoint 2 by the piece of the Rybal’skyi quarry map

    and with explanatory note. Fragment of map is a path through the technological way from the start to the

    second point. Participants get the compass for orientation on the start.

    Hint:

    You should go down right through the path below.

    Don’t be in a hurry, be patient and slow.

    Go to the end of the path

    Look around and you’ll have the success.

    Checkpoint 2

    Equipment: a list of questions, a tip in the envelope, the third piece of Rybal’skyi quarry map

    The second checkpoint is almost at the end of the technological paths. At the second checkpoint

    zaproponovuyetsya list of questions about mining and fishing granite quarry . If a team of five provides

    the right answers , the organizer gives a hint to find a hiding place along the same path. To solve each

    puzzle is given 20 seconds.

    Questions

    1. How does the people use the granite? (Buildings, roads, monuments, etc.).

    2. What colors of granite do you know? (Gray, red, black, blue, silver, gold, etc.)

    3. What is the cheapest method of granite extraction? (With explosions)

    4. Granite has endogenous or exogenous origin? (Endogenous)

    5. What is the resulting production of the Rybal’skyi quarry? (mountain stone / crushed stone / gravel

    for construction )

    7. What was the name of the sea, which was located on the territory of the Rybal’skyi quarry?

    (Mandrikivka sea)

    8. What archaeological findings can we watch in the Mandrikivka layers? ( Stoned seashells, corals ,

    sponges, fish bones etc.)

    9. How old are Mandrikovka layers? (33-35 mln. years)

    10. What is the year of the start of «HeidelbergCement» work in Ukraine? (2001)

    11. What river flows near the Rybal’skyi quarry? (Samara)

    Hint:

    The pole is standing on the turn

    Go back to it and be wise.

    On the turn under the pole

    You will find advice.

    Checkpoint 3

    Equipment: envelope with the explanations and the fourth piece of Rybal’skyi quarry map, touristic

    GPS-navigator.

  • 46

    The third point is near the pole on the back of technological path. There is a task under the pole in

    the envelope: "Find the coordinates of the next checkpoint by sending SMS on number ___". After

    sending SMS another one SMS backing to sender with coordinates of the next checkpoint: 48°27'8.82"N

    35°8'26.84"S. Participants can follow to the checkpoint with a help of GPS-navigator or by fragments of

    theRybal’skyi quarry map.

    Checkpoint 4

    The fourth control point is a border with granite boulders on the upper trail.

    Equipment : photo of the next checkpoint in an envelope, chalk, fifth piece of Rybal’skyi quarry

    map.

    Objective: to find the envelope among the stones. One of the stones must be signed by visible

    symbol, which is drawn by chalk. Photo of the next checkpoint is in the envelope (Fig. 4).

    Fig. 4. Photo with checkpoint 5 on it

    Checkpoint 5

    Equipment: the fifth piece of Rybal’skyi quarry map

    The fifth point is the control boulder behind a barrier of striped color (migmatite). A creative task is given

    here. Participants must sing some touristic song. After that, the team takes the following piece of map.

    The next checkpoint is marked on the map. Also participants get on the 5th checkpoint the advice on the

    photo ( Fig. 5).

  • 47

    Fig. 5. Photo with checkpoint 6 on it

    Checkpoint 6

    Sixth checkpoint presents an open area overview (marked on the excursion route as «observation

    point №1»). Along the upper trail and on one side a panorama on the quarry is offered and the on other

    side swallows’ nests on the rocks. Riddles about animals and plants that live in the quarry are offered to

    participants. The team receives prompt to move to the next checkpoint after the five correct answers.

    I can often be found sitting up in a tree. I am made of grass, sticks or

    mud. I love families. What am I? (Nest)

    I give off moisture and oxygen into the air. When things start to get

    cold, I change my colours. When it freezes, I usually fall down, even if

    it's not slippery. What am I? (Leaf)

    You bury me when I’m alive,

    And dig me up only when I die.

    What am I? (Plant)

    What bird is always with you at every meal? (A swallow)

    Every part of my plant is edible:

    the root, stem, leaves and flowers.

    I am a very useful plant.

    Some children make a wish

    and if all my seeds fly off,

  • 48

    they believe their wish will come true.

    Who am I? (Dandelion)

    Everybody loves me.

    I’m pretty and smell sweet

    Look down and you will

    Find me near your feet. (Flowers)

    Checkpoint 7

    Equipment: staff to make touristic rope bridge, the last fragment of the quarry map printed hint on a

    paper.

    Seventh checkpoint is a tourist rope bridge stretched between the trees, located in the bushes in

    the middle of the upper path.

    For the last fragment of the map and a hint on which marked the place of reward receiving for a

    quest completing and gathering all fragments of map participants should cross the rope bridge in

    compliance of all requirements of safety (Fig. 6).

    Fig. 6. Example of the rope bridge between the trees

    Hint

    You’ve passed through the long way

    And now you have a map.

    So now you are ready,

    To go back to the camp.

    Checkpoint 8. «Finish».

    Equipment: stopwatch, winners’ diplomas, sweet gifts, camera for memorable photos.

    Last finish checkpoint is in the camp.

  • 49

    Guidelines for the youth tourism in quarries

    Term of staying. Depends on the age group, weather conditions and can vary from one day excursion to

    the optimum 3 days - 2 nights.

    Age groups of participants: 8-10, 10-12, 13-16 years old (students), 16-20, 21-24 years old (students).

    The optimum number of participants in the camp: 12-14 participants.

    The first activities in the quarry.

    1. Conduct safety training for participants.

    2. Exchange the telephone numbers of the responsible in the camp and administration of quarry

    3. Election of the camp headman.

    4. Setting up the tent camp.

    5. Creating central collection points of garbage.

    6. Building the toilet and place for morning water procedures.

    7. Setting the food storage, the kitchen and the bonfire in the camp.

    8. Developing the duty schedule for the camp.

    Safety rules

    13. All the participants of tourism in the quarry must wear protective gear - helmet and vest. Shoes

    should be comfortable on a soft sole and completely close the foot.

    14. The movement should be only in group. The last in the group has to go the organizer. Do not allow

    the group’s distribution. Shoes should be comfortable on a soft sole and completely close the foot.

    15. Moving is allowed only on trails fenced with a red and white or black and yellow ribbon (Fig. 1).

    16. It is unacceptable to go on a quest in a bad weather conditions.

    17. You can not move in a fog or in the dark.

    18. You can not cut the way breaking the safety.

    19. Be sure to slow down the speed of movement on the rise of the slopes, and be focused on the

    weakest physical abilities of the participants.

    20. Not quit the route unnecessarily. Regularly verifies the direction of movement on the map and

    compass.

    21. The rate of traffic and frequency of the stops should match the level of the participants, terrain and

    weather.

    22. It is not allowed to descend the steep slopes.

    23. Notify the team leader about the injuries.

    24. Do not panic in an emergency; strengthen the discipline and act organized.

    Warning tape: along the route near steep slopes and dumps warning tape must be stretched.

    Setting up the tents

    1. The camp should be no closer than 100 meters from power lines and 50 meters from the carriageways

    of roads.

  • 50

    2. The optimum distance between tents is about 1-2 meters. It is important to have enough space for

    proper tension of the stretch laces that holding the tent and all the participants will move in the camp

    freely.

    3. Setting up o the tent must be done on the flat ground with no insects, humps or holes. If you stand on a

    small hill, it is necessary to arrange the tent in way when the head is above the feet during sleeping.

    Sleeping in a tent. It is necessary to have the inflatable mattresses and inflatable pillows, sleeping bags,

    touristic carpets, blankets. It is very important to dress clothes in several layers to store body heat.

    Garbage collecting and recycling in the camp

    1. Food waste should be dug in the hole at a distance of more than 25 meters away from the tents. It is

    advisable to make no deeper than one meter. At least twice a day this place must be disinfected with

    bonfire ashes or soil.

    2. Paper waste can be burnt.

    3. The cans must burn from all sides, flattened and buried at the end of stay in the camp. Burnt tin

    decomposes in 3-5 years and not burnt in 100 years.

    4. Plastic should be taken with participants and be thrown in a special container for plastic.

    5. The glass is taking to the municipal waste or can be dug deep into the ground.

    6. Сollect the garbage in plastic bags.

    Toilet organization in the tent camp

    1. Toilet should be placed at a distance of at least 50 meters from the source of drinking water and 25

    meters - from food and tents. Dig the hole in the ground 25-30 cm in width and 30-50 cm in depth or

    equip a wooden toilet.

    2. It is advisable to stretch the fencing strip and to place along it the solar-powered lights from the camp

    to the toilet.

    3. You can pull over the toilet with polyethylene film to protect from the rain and to make the walls of it.

    4. You can hang a flag in 5 meters to the toilet which signals if there is someone.

    5. After the each use of the toilet it must be sprinkled with ground.

    6. The toilet should be disinfected at least twice a day.

    Place for washing. It is advisable to arrange a water dispenser in the camp, attaching it to the tree at an

    accessible height (not exceeding 1.5 meters). This place should be disinfected twice a day by soda.

    Food storing

    1. Keep the food in a camp near the kitchen preferably in the shade, for example, in the separate tent.

    2. It is necessary to put all the food in special bags or containers before leaving to the quarry. Most

    products require waterproof packaging.

    3. Do not take the food to the camp with expired consumption period.

    4. It is advisable to bring canned food and food in the sealed package.

    5. It is convenient to have products that can be cooked quickly and easy.

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    Bonfire

    1. Before you light the fire you should remove the grass, dry leaves around.

    2. If the soil is fireplace can be organized on the thin poles with a layer of soil and stones.

    3. it is better to make a bonfire in the ground in little dimple if there is a strong wind.

    4. Be sure to build stone wall around the bonfire.

    5. You need a fuel, brushwood and matches to make a fire.

    The kitchen in the camp

    1. It is necessary to have a cook for pupils need to cook the food. Students can cook with themselves by

    the schedule.

    2. Place for the kitchen should be selected near the bonfire and at least in 5 meters from the tents.

    3. High above the kitchen you can pull a special awning that will protect the flame from the rain. It is also

    necessary to tilt the wood. Cooking place should be laid with stones.

    4. Dinnerware must be plastic or die-cast metal.

    5. Wash the dishes with soda and water.

    6. It is necessary to have a fire extinguisher in the accessible place of camp. You can also use the old

    bags to extinguish the fire.

    According to different circumstances (bad weather, bad health of members) administration should know

    about the tourists and everyone should be able to go away from the camp.

    Entrance to the tent camp should always be open.

    Other: cognitive and entertainment games, songs (preferably printed), guitar, radio, flashlights on solar

    batteries, first aid kit, products of personal hygiene, anti-insect and anti-mite means.

    Thanks for the contest «The quarry life award – 2016»

    Team’s emblem

    Our teams. From left to right: Sergey Yarovoy, Anatoliy Solonenko, Luidmila Arabadzhy, Alexandr Bren, Denys Tipenko.