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1. 2 Objectives Describe how ethanol may help improve public health Describe the benefits of ethanol to the environment Explain how ethanol may

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3  Domestically produced and renewable  Nontoxic, biodegradable, sulfur-free  May produce cleaner tailpipe emissions Why Consider Ethanol? Figure 1: Emission reductions by type. Source: DOE Biomass program.

Text of 1. 2 Objectives Describe how ethanol may help improve public health Describe the benefits of...

Slide 1Tips for the Instructor:
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Describe how ethanol may help improve public health
Describe the benefits of ethanol to the environment
Explain how ethanol may help stimulate the economy
Describe what energy security is and how using ethanol can help attain it
Explain the future of ethanol
Explain the suggested actions to support ethanol
These are the main objectives of the Awareness and Outreach Seminar. This is telling the audience what the presentation will tell them.
Why Consider Ethanol?
A…first bullet
It is blended with gasoline as a transportation fuel as E10 which is up to 10% ethanol with E15% up to 15% ethanol recently approved as a fuel for most cars
And is available as E85 which can be up to 85% ethanol for use in flexible fuel vehicles or FFVs
Pure ethanol is….second bullet
And its use in vehicles…third bullet
After the last bullet
The image is for average reductions in GHGs, CO2
It can be seen that corn ethanol which is currently the most popular feedstock for ethanol in the U.S. has the potential to reduce GHG emissions by about 19% and future ethanol production from other biomass that is currently being research has the potential to reduce CO2 emissions even more
Promotes U.S. agricultural sector
Ethanol is used in various blends as a fuel for spark ignited or gasoline engines
When used as a fuel in these engines for vehicle propulsion it has many advantages compared to conventional petroleum based gasoline
For example,
Ethanol can help the country with…first bullet
While creating jobs within the U.S. since it can be domestically produced
And many of these jobs …third bullet
And it has the potential for…last bullet…which can help clear the air compared to gasoline use
This is a pros and cons type comparison so that everyone can make an informed decision
Lets actually focus on the advantages or benefits of using ethanol
There are many benefits of using ethanol to fuel vehicles:
Betterment of health and environment
Benefits to the U.S. economy
National energy security
Ethanol Benefits
This is a general PRT slide that most lesson one and awareness and out reach PPTs have just to introduce some areas of benefits from the various technologies and strategies, specific slides follow
Carbon monoxide emissions are responsible for up to 20% of smog formation
Smog can negatively affect the respiratory systems of those with preexisting conditions, the young, and elderly
Ethanol/ethanol blends burn more completely, produce fewer carbon monoxide emissions
Health Benefits
So lets start off by looking at the health benefits of the use of ethanol
As mentioned earlier ethanol is a high octane oxygenated fuel that can reduce emissions which is important to human health
For example…first bullet
Plants used to create
And very similar to health benefits are environmental benefits which are due to the properties of the fuel
In the case of pure ethanol…first bullet…which means it has less negative impacts in the case of spills
Since ethanol is a high octane and oxygenated fuel…it has the potential to reduce harmful emissions and greenhouse gases…or carbon dioxide
Focusing on the carbon dioxide or CO2…third bullet which decreases its impact and relationship to global warming
And also…last bullet…and sulfur in fuels can contribute to emissions that lead to acid rain
Growth within U.S. agricultural sector
In 2011, ethanol industry added more than $42 billion to U.S. GDP, supported more than 400,000 jobs
Economic Benefits
Switching gears to the economic benefits of ethanol use
The increased use of ethanol can lead to the….first bullet
And these jobs can provide…second bullet
For example…last bullet…so as research and use continues to grow…the economic benefits of ethanol use will grow
About half of U.S. oil used in 2010 was imported
Ethanol can be produced from domestic resources
Domestic production lessens dependence on foreign oil
Energy Security Benefits
Now, when looking at energy security benefits…lets remember that…first bullet and ….second bullet
Since E85 a common blend of ethanol is anywhere from 51-83% ethanol…it can be combined with domestically produced petroleum for a completely domestic fuel for our vehicles
Especially since ethanol itself….third bullet
So the combination has the potential to reduce dependence of foreign oil
Renewable Benefits
And finally on the benefits front we can look at…slide title…of ethanol use.
As with biodiesel…ethanol has renewable benefits since it can be produced from organic plants and feedstocks as opposed to being refined from limited fossil fuels
In the past it was thought that ethanol production was a net negative…but with recent research and new harvesting and production techniques…ethanol has a positive energy balance. That means you can get more energy from it as a fuel than the energy that went into its production. For example we can look at ethanol this way…for every gallon of ethanol produced…it has the potential to displace up to 1.34 gallons of petroleum based fuels
Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS)
9 billion gallons in 2008 – 36 billion gallons by 2022
Nearly all gasoline sold in the U.S. contains ethanol
Ethanol – Today and Tomorrow
Now when we look at where ethanol use is today and tomorrow we can see that the government…with the…first bullet…has established the…second bullet
Through these standards…it can be seen that there were…9 billion gallons of ethanol used in 2008 and the standard is set to increase use to 36 billion gallons by 2022…so the future for increase ethanol use is bright
In fact, ethanol is added to nearly all gasoline sold in the U.S. due to its octane properties…so by no means is ethanol a new fuel…it is very common and proven as a vehicle fuel
Over 75% of gasoline contains some ethanol
Common blend is E10. This is 10% ethanol and 90% gasoline
Government looking to increase allowable blend to E15
Plans to produce different FFVs seem a viable option
Figure 3: Domestically grown sugar beet. Source: NAFTC.
So now that we are aware of the benefits and status of ethanol…what are some suggested actions that we can be aware of…well lets start off by using it…as…first bullet
Also…second bullet and third bullet
Stations are not located everywhere, but be aware if you vehicle has FFV capabilities and use E85 whenever possible
Do not believe myths about gasoline that contains up to 10% ethanol or more
Increasing number of E85 stations across the U.S.
And as you leave this seminar educate consumers and everyone about the benefits of ethanol and dispel any negative myths about using ethanol…and if that doesn’t get everyone’s attention then check out the local prices and show them that prices may be cheaper when purchasing a cleaner domestic fuel
And everyone should check out alternative fuel data centers station locator since…last bullet
And as a part of being aware…check not only your cap on the previous page but also be aware of tags on vehicles and if you are in the market for new vehicles…be aware of tags like these, check the fuel cap and ask the dealer about any flex fuel vehicle options
Special Note:
And as we wrap, let us point out that the Renewable Fuels Standard and the…read first sentence of note… but to ease the negative impacts on everyone who likes to buy cheap corn for eating or feeding animals…there are limits on corn based ethanol production…read last two sentences
So corn isn't the only way to produce ethanol…and as we continue to invest in ethanol…we will see additional benefits
Describe how ethanol may help improve public health?
Explain how ethanol may help stimulate the economy?
Describe the benefits to the environment?
Explain the future of ethanol?
Describe what energy security is and how using ethanol can help attain it?
Explain the suggested actions to support ethanol?
These are restatements of the objectives in question form. These topics can be reviewed to ensure that the seminar was adequately presented to the seminar audience.
List four characteristics of ethanol as a fuel.
True or False: Ethanol made from corn today results in a GHG emission reduction of 10% compared to conventional gasoline.
True or False: Ethanol production has a positive energy balance.
True or False: Nearly all gasoline used in the U.S. contains some ethanol.
Test Your Knowledge
During the presentation, the location of information that may help answer the test your knowledge has been hyperlinked to a hidden box next to each number. When the pointer slides over the number it will give you the option to click the hyperlink which will take you to the appropriate slide. To return, right click your mouse and go to Last Viewed to the test your knowledge section. It should also be noted that information in the workbook has also been marked in the margins with PowerPoint slide numbers. More information about each slide and question can be found in the text.
Nontoxic, biodegradable, sulfur-free, renewable
False – ethanol made from corn can reduce GHG emission by up to about 19-20%