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Sigmund Freud Main Point Id, Ego, Superego Personality Development

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  • Slide 1
  • Sigmund Freud Main Point Id, Ego, Superego Personality Development
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  • What is at stake in all these attacks?...The real object of attackfor which Freud is only a stalking-horseis the very idea that humans have unconscious motivation. A battle may be fought over Freud, but the war is over our cultures image of the human soul. Are we to see humans as having depthas complex psychological organisms who generate layers of meaning which lie beneath the surface of their own understanding? Or are we to take ourselves as transparent to ourselves? Jonathan Lear, Open Minded The principal Freudian concept on which everything turns holds that mental illness is a result of defense against anxiety. Peter Madison
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  • In one of his Introductory Lectures, Freud told the following story: I was once a guest of a young married couple and heard the young woman laughingly describe her latest experience. The day after her return from her honeymoon she had gone shopping with her unmarried younger sister while her husband went to his business. Suddenly she noticed a gentleman on the other side of the street, and nudging her sister had cried: Look, there goes Herr L. She had forgotten that this gentleman had been her husband for some weeks. I shuddered as I heard the story, but I did not dare to draw the inference. The little incident only occurred to my mind some years later when the marriage had come to a most unhappy end.
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  • Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Father of Psychoanalytic Theory Psychodynamic Theory focuses on the inner person Defined: Much of behavior is motivated by inner forces, memories, and conflicts of which a person has little awareness or control. They stem from ones childhood and influence behavior throughout the lifespan.
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  • Unconscious forces act to determine both: PersonalityBehavior Part of everyones personality. We are unaware of it. Though it strongly influences our behavior.
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  • Conscious Preconscious Unconscious
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  • Genetic Dead End? ThanatosLibido Death Drive Sexual Instinct Life Instinct
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  • Raw, unorganized, inborn part of personality Primitive desires of hunger, sex, and aggression Pleasure Principle Satisfaction is the ultimate goal
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  • Rational and reasonable Reality Principle: Instinctual energy (ID) is restrained in order to maintain the safety of the individual and keep him/her within societies norms
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  • Right and wrong Develops at age 5 or 6 Learned from others Moral Ideals and Conscience Guides us toward socially acceptable behavior through the use of guilt and anxiety The cost of advanced civilization is the sense of guilt. Sigmund Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents
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  • Child in grocery store check-out lane: To take the candy or not to take the candy, that is the question!
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  • Key Features Consists of stages Focused on particular biological functions If children are unable to gratify themselves sufficiently during a particular stage or receive too much of it: Fixation will occur
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  • Oral: Anal: Phallic: (Birth to 12-18 months) (12-18 m to 3 years) (3 to 5-6 years) Latency: Genital: (5-6 years to adolescence) (Adolescence to adulthood) It is astonishing that the human race could have for so long clung to the belief that children were asexual beings. Sigmund Freud, Introductory Lectures