Text of Sigmund Freud Main Point Id, Ego, Superego Personality Development
Sigmund Freud Main Point Id, Ego, Superego Personality
What is at stake in all these attacks?...The real object of
attackfor which Freud is only a stalking-horseis the very idea that
humans have unconscious motivation. A battle may be fought over
Freud, but the war is over our cultures image of the human soul.
Are we to see humans as having depthas complex psychological
organisms who generate layers of meaning which lie beneath the
surface of their own understanding? Or are we to take ourselves as
transparent to ourselves? Jonathan Lear, Open Minded The principal
Freudian concept on which everything turns holds that mental
illness is a result of defense against anxiety. Peter Madison
In one of his Introductory Lectures, Freud told the following
story: I was once a guest of a young married couple and heard the
young woman laughingly describe her latest experience. The day
after her return from her honeymoon she had gone shopping with her
unmarried younger sister while her husband went to his business.
Suddenly she noticed a gentleman on the other side of the street,
and nudging her sister had cried: Look, there goes Herr L. She had
forgotten that this gentleman had been her husband for some weeks.
I shuddered as I heard the story, but I did not dare to draw the
inference. The little incident only occurred to my mind some years
later when the marriage had come to a most unhappy end.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Father of Psychoanalytic Theory
Psychodynamic Theory focuses on the inner person Defined: Much of
behavior is motivated by inner forces, memories, and conflicts of
which a person has little awareness or control. They stem from ones
childhood and influence behavior throughout the lifespan.
Unconscious forces act to determine both: PersonalityBehavior
Part of everyones personality. We are unaware of it. Though it
strongly influences our behavior.
Conscious Preconscious Unconscious
Genetic Dead End? ThanatosLibido Death Drive Sexual Instinct
Raw, unorganized, inborn part of personality Primitive desires
of hunger, sex, and aggression Pleasure Principle Satisfaction is
the ultimate goal
Rational and reasonable Reality Principle: Instinctual energy
(ID) is restrained in order to maintain the safety of the
individual and keep him/her within societies norms
Right and wrong Develops at age 5 or 6 Learned from others
Moral Ideals and Conscience Guides us toward socially acceptable
behavior through the use of guilt and anxiety The cost of advanced
civilization is the sense of guilt. Sigmund Freud, Civilization and
Child in grocery store check-out lane: To take the candy or not
to take the candy, that is the question!
Key Features Consists of stages Focused on particular
biological functions If children are unable to gratify themselves
sufficiently during a particular stage or receive too much of it:
Fixation will occur
Oral: Anal: Phallic: (Birth to 12-18 months) (12-18 m to 3
years) (3 to 5-6 years) Latency: Genital: (5-6 years to
adolescence) (Adolescence to adulthood) It is astonishing that the
human race could have for so long clung to the belief that children
were asexual beings. Sigmund Freud, Introductory Lectures