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  • TECHNICAL REPORT Volume 1

    ITTO PO 396/06 Rev.2 (F) "Strategy For Developing Plantation Forest: 'A Conflict Resolution Approach In Indonesia"

    Output 1.1 Development of a Strategy, Legal Framework and Institutional Arrangement of Collaborative Plantation Forest are Accepted by all Concerned Stakeholder

    National Expert/Project Management Unit (PMU)

    1. Project Coordinator 2. Project Secretary

    Address:

    ITTO PO 396/06/Rev.2 (F)

    : Ir. Bambang Hendiarto, MSi. : Richma Wahyuni

    Gd. Manggala Wanabakti Block IV 7th floor Room 709A JI.Gatot Subroto-Senayan Jakarta 10270 Phone :+62215703246

    Email Address:ittopd396@gmail.com

    National Consultants

    1. Prof. Or. Elias 2. Or. Ir. Bambang Widyantoro, MMAgr.

    Executing Agency

    Directorate of Plantation Forest Development Phone :+62215700236 Facsimile : +6221 5730258

  • FOREWORD

    Government of Indonesia has issued utilisation management permits to the concessions

    of PT WKS and PT AYI that recently facing land use conflicts in managing their plantation

    forest areas. There are many efforts had done in curbing their conflicts, such as giving

    opportunity to work as labours, developing partnerships schemes or allowance for certain

    cases. Some of them successfully done but the others are futile, because of the rapid

    changing of the conditions and the community needs to overcome their daily needs.

    Recently jeopardizing with palm oil and rubber price booming, make the community prefer

    palm oil, rubber tree and other estate crops to forestry plants that empirically proven have

    more instant economical value.

    On this circumstances the collaborations ideas to resolve of social disputes must adhere

    also with the consent of the board of management of the forest concessions. It is a

    learning process to homage the sovereignty of the rights issuance. Otherwise government

    could be sued as to legalize the land encroachment or illegally occupied of the forest land

    by the community.

    With ITTO supporting the PD 396/06 Rev.2 (F) has developed a strategy to resolve the

    conflicts, emphasizing to study the local legal framework community and mechanism to

    collaborative management. The process must be cautious handling because of the

    sensitive issues concerning belligerently and community resistance. As the consequences

    the execution of project is rather slow.

    We congratulate, convey best regards and words of thank are due to the all of every party

    and consultants who contributing ideas, developing strategy for developing collaborative

    management of forest plantation and facilitating to resolute social problems among

    stakeholders. Many thanks also to PT WKS and PT A YI the forestry company on their

    consent and in deeply understanding. Finally the best regards convey to ITTO and PD

    396/06 Rev.2 (F) for the recently execution of the Projects.

    We hope this reports will achieve their missions and useful for further actions.

    Director or F

    -

  • Brief Information of the Project

    The Project of ITTO PD 396/06 Rev.2 (F) "Strategy for Developing Plantation Forest: 'A Conflict Resolution Approach in Indonesia" is aimed to achieve sustainable management of plantation forest in Indonesia through development of the strategy for collaborative plantation forest management which is emphasizing on a confllict resolution approach. It derives from the result of PPD 56/02 (F). Strengthening central and sub national institutions to enhance plantation forest development in Jambi and South Kalimantan and discussion among multi stakeholder from two workshops conducted in accordance to activities of PPD 56/02 (F) in Indonesia 2004 - 2005.

    The development objective of the project is to achieve sustainable management of plantation forest through developing a strategy of collaborative plantation forest management. Therefore, the project will focus on creation of enabling conditions for the local community around the forest areas (a) to access the forest resources; (b) to participate in plantation foresst development and management; (c) to use an adaptive and community based approach to develop collaborative forest management, emphasizing environmental, economic and social values; (d) to utilize improved, appropriate and practical ecological, silvicultural knowledge technique and efficient management practices.

    Overall, the project consists of eight outputs, which will be achieved completely after 36 months. Basically, to achieved each of the final output, the activities will be breakdown into 3 consecutive years. For the first year of the project, activity will focus on to hold training, to perform mutual understanding and agreement, and to strengthen local institution through participative process. The major outputs will be: (1) documents on the development of a strategy for collaborative plantation forest management in Jambi and South Kalimantan and its implementation; (2) a practical mechanism of plantation forest through collaborative forest management; (3) trained personnel on collaborative plantation forest management and on plantation forest establishment; (4) Institutional setting that encourages local communities and industrial commercial plantation forest companies to rehabilitate degraded forest and lands through collaborative plantation forest management; (5) Collaborative plantation forest development in the form of local community and company partnership and production sharing.

    The demplot site of project, each 50 Ha are located at the area of Industrial Commercial Plantation Forest Company (HTI) owned by PT. Wira Karya Sakti (WKS) at Pematang Rahim Village, Sub District of Mendahara Ulu, District of East Tanjung Jabung, Jambi Province and PT. Aya Yayang Indonesia (AYI) at Panaan Village, Sub District of Bintang Ara, District of Tabalong, South Kalimantan Province.

    Stakeholders of a collaboration of plantation forest, consist of Ministry of Forestry c.q. Directorate of Forest Plantation Development, ITTO Project PD 396/06 Rev.2 (F)., PT WKS and PT. AYI, Forestry Provincial Office at Jambi and South Kalimantan, Forestry District Office at East Tanjung Jabung Timur (Jambi) and Tabalong (South Kalimantan), Sub District and Village Administrative Office, community and local farmer group around forest area of WKS (Pematang Rahim Village) and AYI (Panaan Village).

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Forewords

    Brief Information of The Project

    Table of Contents

    The Development Of A Strategy For Collaborative Forest Plantation Management In Jambi Province And South Kalimantan Province

    Drafting Of The Legal Framework For The Conflict Resolution Approach In Jambi Province And South Kalimantan Province In Indonesia

    Develop Practical Mechanism Of Collaborative Plantation Forest Based On Relevant Legislative Framework

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  • THE DEVELOPMENT OF A STRATEGY FOR THE COLLABORATIVE PLANTATION FOREST MANAGEMENT

    IN JAMBI PROVINCE AND SOUTH KALlMANTAN PROVINCE

    by:

    El i as

    (National Consultant of ITTO Project: PO 396/06 Rev.2 (F) "Strategy for Developing Plantation Forest: 'A Conflict Resolution Approach in Indonesia '~

  • The Development Of A Strategy For The Collaborative Plantation Forest Management In Jambi Province And South Kalimantan Province

    1 INTRODUCTION

    1.1 Background Many changes in Indonesia's forestry have occurred during this last decade. The Indonesian economic crisis was beginning in 1997 and then the decentralization of government has resulted in huge losses of natural forests; and is still diminishing until now, which are caused by over exploitation of natural forests to supply raw materials of wood-based industries, illegal logging, and clearing away forest in need of farmland. As a result of these conditions a significant decrease in the potentiality of many plant species as a raw material source of wood-based industries and a vanishing biodiversity and water resources crises in the country.

    At present, Indonesia's natural forests can only produce smaller diameter logs, less volume per hectare of a given species and timber of lower quality than those harvested in the past. On the other hand, it is feasible to establish forest plantation to support the wood-based industries. And in this way protect the natural forests, which its timber volumes have been shrinkaged. The forest plantations have some advantages such as greater log volumes per hectare of uniform wood, and shorter felling rotation. Therefore, since the late 1980s the Government of Indonesia has endorsed the establishment of industrial forest plantations.

    But until now, establishing industrial plantations forest by the plantation forest holders (IUPHHKHTI) in Indonesia is not up to expectations. From the 10.12 million hectares of author