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ธัญพืช ( Cereal Crops )

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ธัญพืช ( Cereal Crops ). สุวัฒน์ ธีระพงษ์ธนากร คณะเกษตรศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยอุบลราชธานี. ธัญพืช (cereal crops). พืชตระกูลหญ้า ข้าว (rice) Oryza sativa L. ขาวโพด (corn) Zea mays L. ข้าวฟ่าง ( s orghum ) Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench ขาวสาลี wheat Tritricum aestivum L. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of ธัญพืช ( Cereal Crops )

  • (Cereal Crops)

  • (cereal crops) (rice) Oryza sativa L. (corn) Zea mays L. (sorghum) Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench wheat Tritricum aestivum L. (barley) Hordeum vulgare L. (oats) Avena sativa L.

  • (Oryza sativa L.)

  • (USDA) 2551/52 986.19 680 2552/53 976.19 675 2554 2553/54 990.56 ( 1.47) 682 ( 7 1.04)

  • 2551/52 448.07 2552/53 440.35 2554 2553/54 450.68 0.84 0.19 2553/54 10.33 2.35

  • 2552/53 440.353 ( 31.01) ( 20.24) ( 8.26) ( 7.04) ( 5.67) ( 4.60) ( 2.41) ( 2.22)

  • 2553/54 2554 450.681 2552/53 10.328 2.35

  • 2552/53 438.027 2551/52 436.873 1.154 0.26 2554 2553/54 447.399 2552/53 9.372 2.14

  • 2553 ( 2552/53) 31.263 2552 ( 2551/52) 29.253 2.010 6.87 2554 ( 2553/54) 2554 30.145 ( 31.263 ) 1.118 3.58

  • 2553 ( 2552/53) 1 2554 2554 30.145 2553 ( 31.263 ) 1.118 3.58 1

  • 2548 24.2 13.6 9.2 6.1 67,914

  • : , 2552

  • : , 2552

  • : , 2552

  • : , 2552

  • 2552/2553 32.116 ( 21.197 ) 23.253 ( 15.347 ) 8.863 ( 5.850 ) 2553 9.05 5,345 591 2552 5.36 6.35 1.03 1.80 7.6

  • / 2554 2553 2553/54 31.693 ( 20.917 ) 22.177 (14.637 ) 9.516 (6.280 )

  • (, 2554)

  • www.oae.go.th

  • www.oae.go.th

  • www.oae.go.th

  • www.oae.go.th

  • () 2548 - 2551 5,602-5,971 4,612-5,070 2551/52 651 1,430

  • (Good Agriculture Practice : GAP)

  • () (WTO)

  • 50 105 6 105 500 - 600 /

  • () (GAP) WTO

  • (Japonica rice) (Indica rice)

  • (: www.irri.org)1. (vegetative: germination to panicle initiation);2. (reproductive: panicle initiation to flowering) 3. (ripening: flowering to mature grain)

  • () ()

  • (non-glutinous rice) - - amylose 64-92 % amylopectin 8-36 % (glutinous rice or waxy rice) - - amylose 0-8 % amylopectin 92-100 %

  • Amylose amylopectinhttp://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/biology/bio4fv/page/starch.html

  • (amylose) 70-300 (helix) (amylopectin)

  • - 17-30% - 1% - 18% - 26%

  • www.stec.sc.su.ac.th/index.php?sel=8&click=15

  • 1. (upland rice) 2. (lowland rice) 3. (floating rice)

  • (upland rice) 10

  • (lowland rice) 80

  • (floating rice) 1 10

  • (Deepwater rice in Thailand)

  • 1. 90-100 2. 100-120 3. 120

  • 90-100 100-120 120

  • 1. - - 2. - -

  • 1. ()- - 2. - - -

  • 1 1

    www.seasite.niu.edu/.../rice/rice1.htm

  • 1.65 10 15 20

  • 25-30

  • 5-10 3-5 25

  • 30-35

  • 3-5

  • 4 1. (White Rice)2. (Cargo Rice)3. (White Glutinous Rice)4. (Parboiled Rice)

  • http://www.goldenrice.org/image/silver+gold.jpg

  • (germinated brown rice GABA-rice)

  • 4 1 1 (Long grain class 1) 7.0 2 2 (Long grain class 2) 6.6 - 7.0 3. 3 (Long grain class 3) 6.2 - 6.6 4. (Short grain) 6.2

  • . 4000-2546 8 1. 100 12. 100 2 3. 100 34. 5 5. 10 6. 15 7. 8.

  • 6 1. 100 12. 100 23. 100 34. 5 5. 10 6. 15

  • (Brown plant hopper)http://agserver.kku.ac.th/e-learning/100221/E-Learning100221/detail/insect/rice1.jpg

  • (http://www.ipmthailand.org/)(http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/NE/brown_lacewing.html) Predators: A predator is an organism that attacks, kills, and feeds on several to many other individuals (its prey) in its lifetime Insect parasites (parasitoids): Larval stages of insect parasites parasitize other insects, killing their hosts just as they mature. Adults are free-living wasps or flies.

  • (3 P)(http://www.ipmthailand.org/)(http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/NE/brown_lacewing.html)1. (Predators) 2. (Parasites) 3. (Pathogen)

  • (Predators)

  • (Bigeyed bugs, Geocoris spp)(Photo by Jack Kelly Clark)

  • (Photo by Jack Kelly Clark)

  • (Photo by Jack Kelly Clark)

  • Aphid midge larva ( Aphidoletes aphidimyza)(Photo by Jack Kelly Clark.)

  • (Green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea) (Photo by Jack Kelly Clark)

  • (Assassin bugs)(http://www.ipmthailand.org/)

  • (spider)

  • (Parasite)

  • (Egg parasite: Trichogramma spp)(Photo by Jack Kelly Clark)(Photo by Jack Kelly Clark)

  • (http://www.ipmthailand.org/)

  • (Tachinid fly)(Photo by Jack Kelly Clark)

  • (Lysiphlebus testaceipes) (Photo by Jack Kelly Clark)

  • (Bracon spp)(Photo by Jack Kelly Clark)

  • (Pathogen) Bacillus thuringiensis Trichoderma sp

  • http://www.jyi.org/articleimages/208/originals/img0.jpg

  • The amazing rice terraces of Central Luzon - traditional highland rice cultivationhttp://www.stacey.peak-media.co.uk/Year10/A3EconomicWorld/A3-3Economc Agric-Rice/1880900104.jpg

  • http://www.rainforestours.com/pictures/flowering%20rice.jpg

  • Wild rice grains (Zizania palustris L.), with (top) and without lemma and palea (bottom).

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