Principles and Purpose of EditingThe purpose of editing is to continue or illuminate significance to a scene or story . It is also referenced as creating different moods and atmosphere, this could be done through pace of shots, three way colour correction, fades, and other editing techniques.
Continuing the StoryEditing uses cuts, fades, and dissolves etc., to continue a story.
Cuts and Transitions progress the Story, it does this through alternating between scenes in a comprehensive narrative structure.
To catch the Audiences Attention
Pace and duration editing can effect the difference between the audience feeling chills and a boredom from the continuous pace of the film. Pace also expresses the genre of film as with the Matrix there are fast movements and rapid cuts, and for the audience to grasp the concept of he characters reflex's and strength slow motion is used to show and invigorate the audience with editing.
Indent significanceBy highlighting a scene with color or decreasing the pace to linger on a shot of a item, person, or thing.
Contrast short film, color editing I added to the sequence to indent significance to the unkempt actions of the character which will inevitably contrast with the other character.
To follow the Action.Editing is used to cut between scenes to follow the action for example in a car chase the scenes commonly rapidly cut between different angles and camera shots of different clip sequence to follow and implore the intensity of the chase.
Illustrates Points of ViewA sequence may be cut into ascertain way illustrating a particular characters point of view. Then usually through a close up of another character, that characters point of view of the same situation is seen through another angle and another variety of editing techniques. In Life of the American Fireman, first we see the point of view of those inside the burning building, then of those outside observing the chaos.
Life of an American Fireman
Conveying a Genre When editing different genres of film, they use individual techniques and styles to illustrate this genre. The way they edit these genre's changes the way we think about the story and our emotions change to the techniques used, it captures the audience and draws them in scary movies usually use fast paced editing, romantic genre slow motion, like when dancing, comedy uses both forms of editing.
Leonard in Slow Motion: Vice Short
Match CutAlso called a graphic match, is a scene between two or more objects, persons, or places in which an object in the two shots graphically match or correlate, often helping to establish strong continuity of action and linking two sots metaphorically.
The Birth of a Nation1915
Flash CuttingWhen the duration of scenes are short and swift on screen. Also referred to as a short cut. This could ideally be used to increase the pace of a scene or create excitement. Typical in horror films.
Subliminal CutRapid cuts which are so swift in succession that the viewer is only subconsciously aware of the scenes.
The World dies Screaming
Terror in the Haunted House19641958
Cross CuttingEditing that occurs to show two or more things happing at the exact same time, alternating between scenes in different locations and with different subjects.
Life of a American FiremanInception1903
Discontinuity EditingAny alternative of joining shots together using means otherwise un acceptable within continuity editing principles . This includes spatial relations, mismatching of temporal, violations of axis of action, and concentration on graphic relations.
The Man wo knew too much19601956
Elliptical EditingTransitioning shots that omit parts of a event, causing ellipsis in plot and story duration.
http://www.slideshare.net/kscraps88/editing-techniques-15915736Hotel BelvedereLady be Good19431943?
Jump cutA cut which involves turning of the camera mid scene, and turning it back on with a new item, persons, or setting to create a illusion it is also used to pass time as it can be used a skip, which shortens a scene by cutting to a future shot of a scenes kipping the in between.
Overlapping EditingCuts that repeat part of an action again, expanding its viewing time and plot duration.
Invisible EditingEditing which is undetected in film that audiences become oblivious and do not notice the individual cuts, because there so engrossed in the film.
Split EditThis is editing in which the audio and video begin at different times, either video or audio is delayed. Split cutis video editing term for overlap, also referred to as a L cut and delayed edit.