Open Data and Linked Data

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  • Open Data and Linked Datathe what and how of linked open data

    James G. Boram KimLiST Inc.

    JGKim@LiSTInc.kr

    March 5th, 2016

  • Prologue

  • Photography: Jason Madara, WIRED UK 02:13, 2013.

    Tim OReillyFounder and CEO, OReilly Media

  • Data is the Next Intel Inside.

    Photography: Jason Madara, WIRED UK 02:13, 2013.

    Tim OReillyFounder and CEO, OReilly Media

    Every significant Internet application to date has been backed by a specialized database. [] Much as the rise of proprietary software led to the Free Software movement, we expect the rise of proprietary databases to result in a Free Data movement within the next decade. What is Web 2.0, Sep. 2005.

  • Tim OReillyFounder and CEO, OReilly Media

    John BattelleCEO, Co-founder, and Chairman,

    NewCo

    Photography: James Duncan Davidson, Web 2.0 Summit, 2010.

  • Data is the Intel Inside of the Next Generation of Applications

    Tim OReillyFounder and CEO, OReilly Media

    John Battelle CEO, Co-founder, and Chairman,

    NewCo

    Photography: James Duncan Davidson, Web 2.0 Summit, 2010.

    Collective intelligence applications depend on managing, understanding, and responding to massive amounts of user-generated data in real-time. The subsystems of the emerging Internet operating system are increasingly data subsystems: location, identity (of people, products, and places), and the skeins of meaning that tie them together. This leads to new levers of competitive advantage: Data is the Intel Inside of the next generation of computer applications. Web Squared: Web 2.0 Five Years On, Oct. 2010.

  • Infographic: visually, http://visual.ly/open-data-movement, 2011.

    http://visual.ly/open-data-movement

  • Barack Obama44th President of the United States

    Photography: Kevin S. OBrien, U.S. Navy, 2009.

  • Open Government

    Barack Obama44th President of the United States

    Photography: Kevin S. OBrien, U.S. Navy, 2009.

    My administration is committed to creating an unprecedented level of openness in Government. We will work together to ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration. Openness will strengthen our democracy and promote efficiency and effectiveness in Government. Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies, Transparency and Open Government, Jan. 2009.

  • Tim OReillyFounder and CEO, OReilly Media

    Photography: Eric Laycock, Esri, 2011.

  • Government as a Platform

    Tim OReillyFounder and CEO, OReilly Media

    Photography: Eric Laycock, Esri, 2011.

    This is the right way to frame the question of Government 2.0. How does government itself become an open platform that allows people inside and outside government to innovate? How do you design a system in which all of the outcomes arent specified beforehand, but instead evolve through interactions between the technology provider and its user community? [] Thats Government 2.0: technology helping build the kind of government the nations founders intended: of, for and by the people. Gov 2.0: The Promise of Innovation, Forbes, Aug. 2009.

  • Todd Park2nd United States Chief Technology Officer

    Photography: U.S. Department of Labor, 2012.

  • Open Data Policy

    Todd Park2nd United States Chief Technology Officer

    Photography: U.S. Department of Labor, 2012.

    Making information resources accessible, discoverable, and usable by the public can help fuel entrepreneurship, innovation, and scientific discovery all of which improve Americans lives and contribute significantly to job creation. Sylvia M. Burwell, Steven VanRoekel, Todd Park, and Dominic J. Mancini, Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies, Open Data Policy Managing Information as an Asset, May. 2013.

  • Joel GurinPresident and Founder,

    Center for Open Data Enterprise

    Photography: Techonomy, 2014.

  • Open Data Movement

    Joel GurinPresident and Founder,

    Center for Open Data Enterprise

    Photography: Techonomy, 2014.

    The Open Data movement began with democratic goals, fuelled by the idea that governments should make the data they collect available to the taxpayers whove paid to collect it. But in addition to its social benefits, Open Data has created tremendous new business opportunities. Open Data Now, McGraw-Hill Education, 2014.

  • Why Open Data? Open Data and Social Impact

    Sketchnote: Open Government Partnership, 2013.

  • Why Open Data? Driving Growth, Ingenuity, and Innovation

    Sketchnote: Open Government Partnership, 2013.

    Data is the new capital of the global economy, and as organisations seek renewed growth, stronger performance and more meaningful customer engagement, the pressure to exploit data is immense. [] As a result, we foresee that open data, and not simply big data, will be a vital driver for growth, ingenuity and innovation in the UK economy. There are four key aspects to our vision:

    1. Every business wil have a strategy to exploit the rapidly growing estate of open data. 2. Businesses will increasingly open up their data to revolutionise the way they compete. 3. Businesses will use open data to inspire customer engagement. 4. Businesses will work with the Government to establish a new paradigm in data

    responsibility and privacy. Open data: Driving growth, ingenuity and innovation, Deloitte, 2012.

  • Why Open Data? Large Amount of Economic Value

    Making data more liquid (open, widely available, and in shareable formats) has the potential to unlock large amount of economic value (approx. $3 trillion annually), by improving the efficiency and effectiveness of existing processes; making possible new products, services, and markets; and creating value for individual consumers and citizens. Open data: Unlocking innovation and performance with liquid information, McKinsey Global Institute, Oct. 2013.

    McKinsey & CompanyMcKinsey Global Institute

    More open data for more users . . .

    40+Number of countries with government open data platforms*

    90,000+Data sets on data.gov (US site)*

    1.4 millionPage views for the UK open data site in the summer of 2013

    102Cities that participated in 2013 International Open Data Hackathon Day

    1 million+Data sets made open by governments worldwide

    * As of 2013

  • Why Open Data? Large Amount of Economic Value

    While sources differ in their precise estimates of the economic potential of Open Data, all are agreed that it is potentially very large. In countries which were early movers in Open Data, there is already evidence of significant businesses having developed to exploit that potential. Leading governments have recognised that their role is not simply to publish data they are supporting the whole value chain of the use of data []. Open Data for Economic Growth, The World Bank, Jun. 2014.

    The World BankIBRD IDA

  • Screenshot: Open Data 500, http://www.opendata500.com/.

    http://www.opendata500.com/

  • Screenshot: Open Data 500, http://www.opendata500.com/.

    http://www.opendata500.com/

  • Screenshot: Open Data 500, http://www.opendata500.com/.

    http://www.opendata500.com/

  • Joel GurinPresident and Founder,

    Center for Open Data Enterprise

    Photography: The GovLab, 2013.

  • Joel GurinPresident and Founder,

    Center for Open Data Enterprise

    Defining Data Categories

    OPEN DATABusiness Reporting And

    Other Business Data(e.g., ESG data and comsumer complaints)

    BIG DATA OPEN GOV

    Non-Public Data

    for marketing, business analysis, national security

    CitizenEngagement

    Programsnot based on

    data (e.g., petition

    websites)

    Large Datasetsfrom scientific research, social media, or other non-government

    sources

    Public Datafrom state, local,

    federal government (e.g., budget

    data)Large Public Government

    Datasets(e.g., weather, GPS, Census,

    SEC, healthcare)

    Photography: The GovLab, 2013.Diagram: From Joel Gurin, Open Data Now, McGraw-Hill Education, 2014.

  • Definition

  • Rufus PollockPresident and Co-Founder

    Open Knowledge (Foundation)

    Photography: Sebastiaan ter Burg, http://www.flickr.com/photos/31013861@N00/14860905785/, 2014.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/31013861@N00/14860905785/

  • Rufus PollockPresident and Co-Founder

    Open Knowledge (Foundation)

    Photography: Sebastiaan ter Burg, http://www.flickr.com/photos/31013861@N00/14860905785/, 2014.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/31013861@N00/14860905785/

  • Rufus PollockPresident and Co-Founder

    Open Knowledge (Foundation)

    Photography: Sebastiaan ter Burg, http://www.flickr.com/photos/31013861@N00/14860905785/, 2014.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/31013861@N00/14860905785/

  • Rufus PollockPresident and Co-Founder

    Open Knowledge (Foundation)

    Photography: Sebastiaan ter Burg, http://www.flickr.com/photos/31013861@N00/14860905785/, 2014.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/31013861@N00/14860905785/

  • Open Definition

    Rufus PollockPresident and Co-Founder

    Open Knowledge (Foundation)

    Photography: Sebastiaan ter Burg, http://www.flickr.com/photos/31013861@N00/14860905785/, 2014.Source: Open Definition 2.1, http://opendefinition.org/od/2.1/, 2015.

    Knowledge is

    OPENif ANYONE is

    FREE to ACCESS, USE,MODIFY, and SHARE it subject, at most, to measures that preserve

    PROVENANCE and OPENNESS.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/31013861@N00/14860905785/http: