High Performance Collaboration – The Jump to Light Speed

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  1. 1. High Performance Collaboration The Jump to Light Speed " Invited Talk National Center for Supercomputing Applications University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Urbana, IL May 4, 2006 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology; Harry E. Gruber Professor,Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD
  2. 2. Abstract NCSA has been a leader in innovation of new modes of networked collaboration for over fifteen years.The vision painted in the 1989 Science by Satellite demonstration at Siggraph in which distance becomes eliminated is finally nearing reality.I will review highlights of NCSA's pioneering work and then describe some recent experiments that Calit2 has been involved in.With the emergence of dedicated 10 gigabit/s optical backplanes on a planetary scale, the notion of shared telepresence is becoming achievable.
  3. 3.
    • Televisualization:
      • Telepresence
      • Remote Interactive Visual Supercomputing
      • Multi-disciplinary Scientific Visualization
    Long-Term Goal: Dedicated Fiber Optic InfrastructureUsing Analog Communications to Prototype the Digital Future Were using satellite technologyto demo what It might be like to have high-speedfiber-optic links between advancedcomputers in two different geographic locations. Al Gore, Senator Chair, US Senate Subcommittee on Science, Technology and Space Illinois Boston SIGGRAPH 1989 ATT &Sun What we really have to do is eliminate distance between individuals who want to interact with other people and with other computers. Larry Smarr, Director, NCSA
  4. 4. NCSA Collage-a Cross PlatformDesktop Collaboration Tool-Led to Mosaic Source: Susan Hardin
  5. 5. The Move to a Single Software Platform Collaboration Tool Habanero TMwas written to facilitate the use of real-timemulti-user software tools in education and the sciences.Unlike earlier projects(such as NCSA Telnet, NCSA Collage, NCSA Mosaic),where different source code was usedfor each supported hardware platform,the Habanero framework supports multiple hardware platformsby virtue of implementation in the Java programming language from Sun Microsystems.
  6. 6. Supercomputing 95 I-WAY Project First Working Prototype of a National-Scale Science Grid
    • 60 National & Grand ChallengeComputing Applications
    • I-Way Featured:
      • IP over ATM with an OC-3(155Mbps) Backbone
      • Large-Scale Immersive Displays
      • I-Soft Programming Environment
        • Led Directly to Globus
    UIC http://archive.ncsa.uiuc.edu/General/Training/SC95/GII.HPCC.html CitySpace Cellular Semiotics Source: Larry Smarr, Rick Stevens, Tom DeFanti
  7. 7. PACI is Prototyping Americas 21st CenturyInformation Infrastructure The PACI Grid Testbed 1997 National Computational Science
  8. 8. Layered Software Approach toBuilding the Planetary Grid Edited by Ian Foster and Carl Kesselman www.mkp.com/grids A source book for the history of the future -- Vint Cerf 1998 Science Portals & Workbenches Twenty-First Century Applications Computational Services P e r f o r m a n c e Networking, Devices and Systems Grid Services (resource independent ) Grid Fabric (resource dependent) Access Services & Technology AccessGrid ComputationalGrid
  9. 9. From Telephone Conference Calls toAccess Grid International IP Multicast Access Grid Lead-Argonne NSF STARTAP Lead-UICs Elec. Vis. Lab 1999 National Computational Science
  10. 10. Alliance 1997: Collaborative Video Production via Tele-Immersion and Virtual Director Alliance Project Linking CAVE, ImmersaDesk,Power Wall, and Workstation UIC Donna Cox, Robert Patterson, Stuart Levy, NCSA Virtual Director Team Glenn Wheless, Old Dominion Univ. Alliance Application Technologies Environmental Hydrology Team
  11. 11. NCSA and Industrial Partner CaterpillarPrototypingGlobal Virtual Manufacturing Customer Manufacturing Facility Supplier Designer ATM Network Source: Kem Ahlers, Caterpillar 1997
  12. 12. Hyper Computi Cations a Joint Project of NCSA/Motorola/ TRECC Mirage II concept Source: Gerry Labedz, Motorola 2003
  13. 13. Two New Calit2 Buildings ProvideNew Laboratories for Living in the Future
    • Over 1000 Researchers in Two Buildings
      • Linked via Dedicated Optical Networks
      • International Conferences and Testbeds
    • New Laboratories
      • Nanotechnology
      • Virtual Reality, Digital Cinema
    UC Irvine www.calit2.net Preparing for a World in WhichDistance is Eliminated UC San Diego
  14. 14. Calit2 is Experimenting with Open ReconfigurableWork Spaces to Enhance Collaboration Photos by John Durant;Barbara Haynor, Calit2 Over Two Dozen Departmentsin the Building
  15. 15. The Calit2@UCSD Building is Designed for Prototyping Extremely High Bandwidth Applications 1.8 Million Feet of Cat6 Ethernet Cabling 150 Fiber Strands to Building; Experimental Roof Radio Antenna Farm Ubiquitous WiFi Photo: Tim Beach, Calit2 Over 10,000 Individual1 Gbps Drops in the Building ~10G per PersonUCSD is OnlyUC Campus with 10G CENIC Connection for ~30,000 Users 24 Fiber Pairsto Each Lab
  16. 16. From SupercomputerCentricto Supernetwork-Centric Cyberinfrastructure Megabit/s Gigabit/s Terabit/s Network Data Source: Timothy Lance, President, NYSERNet 32x10Gb Lambdas 1 GFLOP Cray2 60 TFLOP Altix Bandwidth of NYSERNetResearch Network Backbones T1 Optical WAN Research BandwidthHas Grown Much Faster ThanSupercomputer Speed! Computing Speed (GFLOPS)
  17. 17. National Lambda Rail (NLR) and TeraGrid ProvidesCyberinfrastructure Backbone for U.S. Researchers NLR 4 x 10Gb Lambdas Initially Capable of 40 x 10Gb wavelengths at Buildout Links Two Dozen State and Regional Optical Networks DOE, NSF, & NASA Using NLRSan Francisco Pittsburgh Cleveland San Diego Los Angeles Portland Seattle Pensacola Baton Rouge Houston San Antonio Las Cruces / El Paso Phoenix New York City Washington, DC Raleigh Jacksonville Dallas Tulsa Atlanta Kansas City Denver Ogden/ Salt Lake City Boise Albuquerque UC-TeraGrid UIC/NW-Starlight Chicago InternationalCollaborators NSFs TeraGrid Has 4 x 10GbLambda Backbone
  18. 18. States are Acquiring Their Own Dark Fiber Networks -- Illinoiss I-WIRE and Indianas I-LIGHT Source: Larry Smarr, Rick Stevens, Tom DeFanti, Charlie Catlett Today Two Dozen State and Regional Optical Networks 1999
  19. 19. The OptIPuter Project Linking Global Scale Science Projects to Users Linux Clusters
    • NSF Large Information Technology Research Proposal
      • Calit2 (UCSD, UCI) and UIC Lead CampusesLarry Smarr PI
      • Partnering Campuses: USC, SDSU, NCSA, NW, TA&M, UvA, SARA, NASA Goddard, KISTI, AIST
    • Industrial Partners
      • IBM, Sun, Telcordia, Chiaro, Calient, Glimmerglass, Lucent
    • $13.5 Million Over Five Years
    NIH Biomedical Informatics NSF EarthScope and ORION Research Network
  20. 20. What is theOptIPuter?
    • Applications DriversInteractive Analysis of Large Data Sets
    • OptIPuter NodesScalable PC Clusters with Graphics Cards
    • IP over Lambda Connectivity Predictable Backplane
    • Open Source LambdaGrid Middleware Network is Reservable
    • Data Retrieval and MiningLambda Attached Data Servers
    • High Defn. Vis., Collab. SWHigh Performance Collaboratory
    See Nov 2003 Communications of the ACMfor Articles on OptIPuter Technologies www.optiputer.net
  21. 21. End User Device:Tiled Wall Driven byOptIPuter Graphics Cluster
  22. 22.
    • September 26-30, 2005
    • Calit2 @ University of California, San Diego
    • California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology
    Borderless Collaboration Between Global University Research Centers at 10Gbps T H EG L O B A LL A M B D AI N T E G R A T E DF A C I L I T Y Maxine Brown, Tom DeFanti, Co-Chairs www.igrid2005.org 100Gb of Bandwidth into the Calit2@UCSD Building More than 150Gb GLIF Transoceanic Bandwidth! 450 Attendees, 130 Participating Organizations 20 Countries Driving 49 Demonstrations 1- or 10- GbpsPer Demo i Grid2005
  23. 23. Building a Global Collaboratorium Sony Digital Cinema Projector 24 Channel Digital Sound Gigabit/sec Each Seat
  24. 24. First Trans-Pacific Super High Definition Telepresence Meeting in New Calit2 Digital Cinema Auditorium Lays Technical Basis for Global Digital Cinema SonyNTTSGI Keio UniversityPresident Anzai UCSDChancellor Fox
  25. 25. Using Digital Cinema Projectors To Create the Next Generation of Virtual Reality 4KAVE24 Megapixel Virtual Reality Design: Greg Dawe, Calit2
  26. 26. iGrid Lambda Visualization Services: 3D Videophones Are Here!The Personal Varrier Autostereo Display
    • Varrier is a Head-Tracked Autostereo Virtual Reality Display
      • 30 LCD Widescreen Display with 2560x1600 Native Resolution
      • A Photographic Film Barrier Screen Affixed to a Glass Panel
        • The Barrier Screen Reduces the Horizontal Resolution To 640 Lines
    • Cameras Track Face with Neural Net to Locate Eyes
    • The Display Eliminates the Need to Wear Special Glasses
    Source: Daniel Sandin, Thomas DeFanti, Jinghua Ge, Javier Girado, Robert Kooima, Tom Peterka