Part 3 Scouting For Youth With Disabilities

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<ul><li>1.Scouting for Youth With Disabilities Part IX F-IUnderstanding Categories of Disabilities and Best MethodsPresentation prepared by Lindsay FosterDoctoral Dissertation Candidate 2011Longhorn Council, Boy Scouts of America</li></ul><p>2. Emotional /Behavioral / SocialImpairments 3. OverviewThe Boy Scouts of America wants to include youth who haveemotional and behavior disorders. Many units have welcomedyouth who have emotional difficulties. Scouting units havealso been organized at treatment centers and hospitals andhave become meaningful parts of the treatment program.Many young people with emotional difficulties have benefittedfrom Scouting. 4. The Unseen DisabilityEmotional disorders are thought by some to be unseendisabilities. They cannot readily be seen as canblindness, mental illness, or a physical disability. So, sincesometimes there is no warning of a behavioral episode, adultscan be startled by the actions of a child who finds it hard tocope with his inner feelings. 5. Why?For theseBehavioryouth, misbehavior isproblems an outwardcan stemexpression of anfrom: Conflicting LearningEmotionsDifficultiesinward emotionalproblem.Learned ImproperLife Patterns Behaviors Coping Skillsfrom Home 6. ReactionsYoung people have their own ways of overcoming barriersand having their needs met:Some withdraw and say they do not care.Some daydream or fail to pay attention.Some give up since they see no point incontinuing to strive when needs are nevermet. 7. Additional ReactionsViolent behaviors such as: Reckless property damage Physical attacks on others Malicious mischiefNon-violent behaviors suchas:LyingStealingSetting firesRefusing to learnOvereating 8. Language of BehaviorThe way a child is treated determines in part how he seeslife and how he regards himself. The world can be viewedas safe and nurturing, or it can be seen as dangerous andfrightening. If a child is cared for, loved, and accepted, hecan see himself as worthwhile and loveable. If a child canaccomplish and achieve, he can see himself as competent. 9. TrustFacets of Trust Trust in the environment Trust in people Trust in the future Trust in oneselfBe Aware Of making promises that may not be fulfilled Of responsibility to follow through on promises 10. Why Scouting for Youth With Emotional Disabilities Youth want a sense of belonging.Youth want to achieve. Youth want to be recognized for achievement. 11. Planning Activities for Disability-Specific Youth WithEmotional Disabilities 12. Special Leadership NeedsCompetitive activities should be avoided unless a memberunless a member can compete against his own pastachievement rather than the achievement or skill of others.The leader should always remember that the level ofinterest and participation of members will vary greatly fromactivity to activity.The Scouting leader and unit committee must be veryactive in helping to plan and evaluate the program activities.The goals of Scouting must be understood, and theplanning process and activities adapted to fit the abilities ofthe members in the unit.Members may need individualized help with reading orother requirements. 13. Special Leadership Needs continued 14. Special Leadership Needs Plan For Success1. Keep precise and accurate records, especially of advancement.2. Use official Scouting equipment. It is the best available. (It is especially important that members have official BSA uniforms.)3. Seek advice from leaders presently working in Scouting with youth with emotional disabilities.4. Follow the program guidelines in the Troop Program Features, Cub Scout Program Helps, and the Webelos Leader Guide.5. Develop and use the patrol method (see the Scoutmaster Handbook).6. Keep the outing in Scouting. 15. A Community Unit Many community units have members with behavioral or emotional problems. The leaders attitude toward a child with emotional disabilities is most important. If the leader shows acceptance, if he show that he considers the child as much a participating member as any other, if se shows he expects the same participation (with some support), then the other members are likely to react similarly. Although the unit leader must set the example and be accepting of a member with a disability and be enthusiastic about helping him, he must, at the same time, fully appreciate the special demands that will be made on his patience, understanding, and skill. 16. Emotional / Behavioral / SocialDisabilitiesWhat You Should Know About Youth withEmotional Disabilities 17. Scouting OpportunitiesAdvancement should be guided according to the individual ability of each boy.Scouting for emotionally disabled youth should not be watered-down Scouting.Rather than lower the standards, more leaders should be recruited to increasethe individual help each child receives as his needs require. 18. The Outdoor Program 19. The Outdoor Program 2Fresh air and exercise are obviousbenefits of a good outdoor program, butother benefits are: An opportunity to take An external orientation A variety of successA method to help the Situation in which advantage of athat can provideoriented activities thatMany opportunities boys feel a part of the structure can promoteA cohesive programnumber of task- alternatives tocan be chosenand program ideas for world at large, ratherfeelings of security in that can build feelingsoriented activities toanxieties, disorderedaccording to individualoff-ground activities than just residents ofa non-institutional of self-esteembuild cooperation and thinking, and feelingsneeds an agencysetting other social skills in aof self-defeat group setting. 20. Leadership Development 21. Personal Growth 22. PhysicalDisabilities 23. Physical DisabilitiesTypes of Physical Disabilities 24. Some Types of Physical Disabilities Cerebral Palsy DefinitionCharacteristics Additional Information A condition caused by Spastic stiff and difficult Nearly all will have speech damage to themovement&amp; language difficulties brain, usually occurring Athetoid disturbed More complex trouble before, during, or shortly sense of balancerelated to injury of the following birth Combination speech formation centers Neither progressive nor Characterized by an in the brain communicable inability to fully control May also have difficulty Not curablemotor functionwith drooling Not a disease About 2/3 have visual Ranges from mild tohandicaps severe Usually take ananticonvulsant during theday About 2/3 have somedegree of mental disability 25. Some Types of Physical Disabilities ProgressiveMuscular DystrophyAdditional DefinitionCharacteristics Information Encompasses a Should not be Youth with thisgroup ofpermitted tocondition should notprogressive become tired buttake part in anymuscular diseases should have someScout activities that Characterized byexerciseresult in excessiveprogressive Begins betweenfatiguedeterioration ofages of 2 and 10skeletal(most commonmuscles, causetype)unknown Progresses fromlower trunk, hipsand legs up thetrunk 26. Some Types of Physical Disabilities ProgressiveMuscularAtrophy AdditionalDefinition CharacteristicsInformation Covers a number Widespreadof poorlymuscle weaknessunderstoodneurologicaldiseases Characterized byeither failure todevelop or theprogressivedegeneration ofcertain cells in thespinal cord 27. Some Types of Physical Disabilities Spina BifidaDefinitionCharacteristicsAdditional Information Birth defect 1 type may only be Urinary problems are characterized by detected by x-rays common failure of several and causes no vertebrae to develop disability and enclose the 2 out of every 1000 spinal cordlive births results in Results in two small spina bifida minifesta spines, one on either Skin of lower limbs is side of the midline of not sensitive to the back, rather thanpain, touch, or heat one running down the center 28. Some Types of Physical Disabilities Heart DefectsInformation Form 1Form 2 Pumps 103, 680 Developmental Flaws in thetimes per day indefect whichvalves, usuallythe average 12diverts the from rheumaticyear oldbloodstream fever Otherwise either into wrongappears to be channels ornormalcreates unusual Heart disease inresistance tochildrenblood flow with agenerally takes correspondingone of two forms: increase in thehearts workload 29. Some Types of Physical Disabilities Limb Deformities Information Amputations Birth deformities are Caused by surgery orrareserious accident Usually involves the While similar to aabsence or partialScout with a birthdevelopment of onedeformity, may have aor more bones of thestronger emotionallimbreaction duringadjustment to hisdisability 30. Some Types of Physical Disabilities Epilepsy Definition Characteristics Types What to Do A physical condition Blackouts or periods of Generalized (all brain Gently move him to a that occurs when thereconfused memorycells) side-lying position is a sudden, brief Episodes of staring or Convulsions with Do not restrain his change in how the brain unexplained periods of complete loss of movements works unresponsiveness consciousness Do not douse him with Brain cells are not Involuntary movement Brief period of fixedwater or slap him working properlyof arms and legs staring Do not place a finger or resulting in a loss of Fainting spells with Partial (some brainobject between his consciousness, alteredincontinence orcells) teeth movement or altered followed by excessive Periods of automatic Remove nearby objects actionfatiguebehavior and altered that might injure him if Odd sounds, distortedconsciousnesshe should hit them perceptions, or episodic Grand Mal feelings of feat that Focal cannot be explained Petit Mal Psychomotor 31. Some Types of Physical Disabilities Brain DamageCharacteristics Additional Information Outwardly appears normal, may have seizures or May have coordination problems that limit convulsions as children with cerebral palsy do functional abilities May be difficulty in comprehension, learning, behavior, speech, and hearing Often is hyperactive, nervous, restless, and moves compulsively with no apparent purpose 32. Some Types of Physical Disabilities Down SyndromeHealth RelatedDefinitionIncidence CharacteristicsProblems The most common 1 in every 800 to Poor muscle tone Lowered immune and readily 1000 live births in Slanting eyes with system identifiablethe U.S.folds of skin at the Visual problems chromosomal Occurrence is inner corners Hearing problems condition higher in Hyper flexibility Speech difficulty associated with a pregnancy for Short broad hands Heart defects mental disability women over 35 with a single(approximately Most common crease across the1/3) forms do not occurpalm on one or Atalanntoaxial in a family moreboth hands instability than once Broad feet with Obesity short toes Mental disabilitie Flat bridge of the nose Short, low-set ears Small head Small oral cavity Short, high pitched cries in infancy 33. Some Types of Physical Disabilities Diabetes DefinitionTypesQuestions to Ask A disorder in which the Type I Does the Scout body fails to make May be controlled byadminister insulin proper use of diethimself? sugar, and so the sugar Given Will Scout adhere to accumulates in themedication, insulin, by diabetic diet, particularly blood and often passesinjection on camping trips? in the urine What is the Scouts Type II May be controlled bymedication schedule? diet What should be done for insulin shock? What are the symptoms of insulin reaction? 34. Scouting For a Youth in a Special UnitThe fact that Scouting is Scouting is based upon Scouting is geared to thea worldwide movementthe high ideals and abiding interests of gives breadth and depthpurposes that areyouth.to belonging to a Scoutnecessary to rich living in group. a social world. Scouting permits children with disabilities Scouting has a strongto work closely with otherdedication in service toboys and girls toward others and to community. common goals andideals. 35. Needs of Youth with Disabilities 36. Emotional ProblemsPhysically disabled youth do not come in a singlemold, any more than other youth do.Youth with disabilities may have more difficulty adjusting tosociety.Youth with disabilities may sense feelings of pity orrejection by others, and they may respond to them by: developing feelings of inferiority, becoming more timid, or overcompensating and becoming more aggressive. 37. The Physical Benefits of Scouting One of the Scouting movements principal goals is mental and physicalfitness, and disabled youth derive at least as much physical benefit from Scouting as do other youth. As leaders are not physicians ortherapists, the Scout leader should plan a full agenda of Scouting activities withno regard to therapy; the physicalbenefits will follow. 38. Placing Youth in Scouting Youth with a Vernon disabilityMallinson inshouldNone Can BeCalledWill thebecome aDeformed Scout doScout inasserts thatwhateverchildren with better intype of unit isdisabilities should, if a specialavailable or is possible, soci unit? most alize with nondisabled appropriate.children. 39. Why Scouting for Youth With Physical Disabilities?The disabled child has a right to grow up in a world whichdoes not set him apart, which looks at him not with scorn or pity or ridicule but which welcomes him, exactly as itwelcomes every child, which offers him identical privilegesand identical responsibilities.~ White House Conference on Child Health and Protection 40. What You Should Know About the Youths Disability Problems could include: Transportation for hikes and campouts Involving all youth in games and contests Acceptance of the youth by the other members as just another Scout. 41. When a Disabled Youth Joins 42. Helping Cub Scouts, Boy Scouts, &amp;Venturers WithPhysical Disabilities 43. Physical DisabilitiesDiscussion Topics 44. Will He Hold Us Back? - DISCUSSION DISCUSSION TOPIC: By definition, a physically disabled youth is one who hassome disability that makes it difficult or impossible for him to do some things that Scouts normally do. Unit leaders mightoccasionally face the question of whether to hold back the otheryouth to allow the disabled youthto keep up or let him work at hisown pace while the others proceed at a faster pace.Whats the right answer? 45. Games and Contests - DISCUSSION When an individual with physically disabilities isunable to compete onequal terms, how may he participate in active games? 46. Helping the Guy Next To You - DISCUSSION 47. The Youth in a Unit With Scouts With DisabilitiesThis is essentially the same as in anyother unit. The way the activities arecarried out may be differentdepending upon the needs of theScouts.A special unit might include:Youth with a single disabling condition in a hospital orresidential facilityYouth with a variety of disabling conditions in a childrenshospital or long-term rehabilitation facilityYouth with a variety of disabling conditions in a unit outsidean institution 48. Running Your Program The need to The level ofThe need toex...</p>

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