E-learning and Use of Technology in Education, Skill Enhancement TrainingIntroductionTechnology is having a major impact on the delivery of Education, training programs
Using technology for Education, training requires collaboration among the areas of:traininginformation technology managementStudents, TeachersUse of New Technology in Training (1 of 3)24 percent of companies have a separate technology-based training budget18 percent of companies have full-time trainers who are paid from the information technology departments budgetThe most frequently used technology in training is the Internet / intranet / extranet(54 percent of companies)Use of New Technology in Training (2 of 3)Training delivered by the computer:60 percent is not instructor-led and is done through self-paced Web courses32 percent uses CD-ROM / DVD / diskettes
34 percent of online learning follows the blended learning modeli.e., connects trainees with an instructor or other studentsUse of New Technology in Training (3 of 3)80 percent of companies who use e-learning are creating the content of these programs
Of those companies who use e-learning:56 percent offer it to all employees45 percent offer it to select groups of employees26 percent offer it to customersWhere is the Future?Leaders, Students need to manage the changing role of education, life long learningThe future is NOWNeed of the HourTeachers Mentors
Educational Institutions Integrated Infrastructure Fit the need of the student
Leaders,Students,Teachers as change agentsTechnologies Influence on Education, Training and Learning:New technologies have made it possible to:Reduce the costs associated with delivering trainingIncrease the effectiveness of the learning environmentHelp training contribute to goals
New technologies include:MultimediaCyber learningExpert systemsElectronic support systemsTraining software applicationsTechnology has made several benefits possible: (1 of 2)Students, Employees can gain control over when and where they receive trainingStudents, Professionals can access knowledge and expert systems on an as-needed basisStudents, Employees , Trainers can choose the type of media (print, audio, video) they want in a training programTechnology has made several benefits possible: (2 of 2)Course enrollment, testing, and training records can be handled electronically,reducing the paperwork and time needed for administrative activitiesStudents accomplishments in education, training in progress can be monitoredTraditional training methods can be delivered to trainees at their place rather than requiring them to come to a central training locationTechnology allows digital collaboration to occur: (1 of 2)Digital collaboration - the use of technology to enhance and extend students, employees abilities to work together regardless of their geographic proximity
Digital collaboration includes:electronic messaging systemselectronic meeting systemsonline communities of learningDigital Collaboration (2 of 2)Digital collaboration can be:Synchronous trainers, experts, and learners interacting with each other live and in real time; just like face-to-face classroom instruction
Asynchronous non-real-time interactions; learners can access information resources when they desire themImpact of new technology on the learning environment:Prior to the introduction of new technology:
Learning was a very linear processInstructors presented information to the learnersPractice and applications occurred after instructionInstructor/trainer and learner were only ones involvedCommunication was one way from instructor to traineeTrainee played passive role in learningThe E-force E-learning is one of several ways in which technology is changing the face of education. Over the past 10 years, schools, colleges have transformed from building centered places where students learned basic skills, to convenient venues where students interact using multiple modalities.
One of the most difficult challenges facing educational as an institution today is in trying to predict and prepare for the ways that teaching and learning will evolve over the next decade. Classroom Learning EnvironmentLearnerLearnerLearnerExpertsResource MaterialsTrainer / Instructor Delivery ContentImpact of new technology on the learning environment: (continued)Technology has allowed learning to become a more dynamic processThe learning environment has expanded to include greater interaction between learners and the training contentThere is greater interaction between learners and the instructorInstruction is primarily delivered to the learners online using the internetInstructor is more of a coach and resource person Impact of new technology on the learning environment: (continued)Learning occurs through:communicating with other learnersworking on virtual team projectsexchanging ideasinteracting with expertsdiscovering ideas and applicationsExperts and resource materials are part of the learning environmentTechnological Learning EnvironmentLearnerLearnerLearnerResource MaterialsWebsitesDelivery Mechanism ContentExpertsTrainer / InstructorBlended Learning EnvironmentLearnerLearnerLearnerResource MaterialsWebsitesOnline LearningExperts Trainer / Instructor Delivery ContentMultimedia TrainingMultimedia training combines audiovisual training methods with computer-based trainingThese programs integrate text, graphics, animation, audio, and videoBecause this training is computer-based, the trainee can interact with the contentCan be delivered using interactive video, the Internet or intranetsAdvantages and Challenges of Multimedia Training:AdvantagesSelf-pacedInteractiveConsistency of contentConsistency of deliveryUnlimited geographic accessibilityImmediate feedbackBuilt-in guidance systemAppeals to multiple sensesCan test and certify masteryPrivacy
ChallengesComparatively Expensive to developTrainee comfort with using technologyRegular updatesNeed Learner effort on effectiveness
Cyber LearningCyber learning is used by geographically dispersed companies to provide information about new products, policies, procedures, and skills training and expert lectures to field locationsFeatures two-way communications between peopleInvolves two types of technology:teleconferencingindividualized, personal-computer-based trainingComputer-Based TrainingComputer-based training (CBT) is an interactive training experience in which:the computer provides the learning stimulus,the trainee must respond, andthe computer analyzes the responses and provides feedback to the traineeCD-ROM, DVD,Laser DiscInteractive VideoThe Internet,Web-BasedTraining, andE-LearningVirtual RealityComputer-Based Training244Small organizations having limited work forceFactsDifficult and expensive to send officers off siteDisrupts productivity Takes away irreplaceable work-hoursConsequenceOrganizations limits training to employeesRemedyWeb-based training programs offered through web portals
25Cyber Learning ProgramsReputed academic institutions are situated around two or three major citiesConsequenceStudents, Teachers from all over the state, country have to rush to these citiesEducation becomes expensive, concentratedMany cannot make itSolutionWeb-based cyber education programs can ensure quality education for everyone at better commercials for all stake holders
26Adult EducationFinancial crisis forces many to give up of education earlyAt later time they wish to continue with what they had left behindProblemImpossible to attend regular programsDifficult to attend programs run after office hoursSolutionAsynchronous web-based degree programs Can participate at any time convenient for themCommercially affordableStudents should take add-on courses ( value-add) which are job-ready to increase job market potential 27Levels of internet-based training:Level123456CommunicationsOnline ReferencingTesting AssessmentDistribution of Computer-Based Training & MultimediaBlended LearningElectronic Performance Support SystemsCharacteristics of E-LearningContent Text Video Graphics SoundCollaboration and Sharing Communities of Practice Peers Other Trainees Experts Mentors and AdvisorsLearner Control Practice Pacing Feedback Content AccessibilityDelivery Internet / Intranet Web Distance Learning CD - ROMAdministration Enrollment Monitoring Progress AssessmentLink to Resources Other Training Materials Other Web-Based Training Link to Electronic Performance Support SystemsWho Uses E-Learning?
Cyber education provided the base for e-learning's development. E-learning can be "on demand". It overcomes timing, attendance and travel difficulties.
Many higher education institutions, now offer on-line classes and value added job-ready programs for specific sectors.
Private institutions may become more involved with on-line presentations as the cost of instituting such a system decreases. Properly trained staff must also be hired to work with students on-line. These staff members need to understand the content area, and also be highly trained in the use of the computer and Internet.
Online education is rapidly increasing, and online doctoral programs have even developed at leading research universities.
30Advantages of E-learning (1 of 3)It supports organization strategy and objectivesIt is accessible at any time and any placeThe audience can include students, employees and managers as well as alumni, vendors, customers, and clientsTraining can be delivered to geographically dispersed students, alumni, teachers, employeesAdvantages of E-Learning (2 of 3)Training can be delivered faster and to more students, employees in a shorter period of time
Updating is easy
Practice, feedback, objectives, assessment, and other positive features of a learning environment can be built into the programAdvantages of E-learning (3 of 3)Learning is enhanced through use of multiple media and trainee interaction
Paperwork related to education, training management can be reduced
It can link learners to other content, experts, and peersChallenging Factors in E-LearningInitial CostLack of motivation of students, employees to learn onlineLack of management buy-inLack of intranet accessUnderstanding return on investmentContent for all types of courses Intelligent Tutoring SystemsIntelligent tutoring systems (ITS) - instructional systems using artificial intelligenceThere are three types of ITS:tutoringcoachingempowering environmentsTutoring is a structured attempt to increase trainee understanding of a content domainCharacteristics of Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS):ITS has the ability to match instruction to individual student needsITS can communicate and respond to the studentITS can model the trainees learning processITS can decide, on the basis of a trainees previous performance, what information to provideITS can make decisions about the trainees level of understandingITS can complete a self-assessment resulting in a modification of its teaching processTraining Support Technologies:Expert Systems Expert systems have three elements:A knowledge base that contains facts, figures, and rules about a specific subjectA decision making capability that draws conclusions from those facts and figures to solve problems and answer questionsA user interface that gathers and gives information to the person using the systemTraining Support Technologies:Electronic Performance Support SystemsAn electronic performance support system (EPSS) is an electronic infrastructure that:captures, stores, and distributes individual and organization knowledge assets throughout an organization, to enable individuals to achieve required levels of performance in the fastest possible time and with a minimum of support from other peopleContent ProvidersE-learning WebsiteUniversity ResearchersLearnersCommunity MembersE-learning DevelopersUniversity students39FamiliarComfortableWithUsingNot comfortableWith using Making wikisMaking podcastsUsing podcastsSubmittingAssignmentsonline
Instant messagingAdministrative materials online
Text messageadmin updatesUnfamiliarUsing existing online socialnetworks to discuss course workEmailing tutorsCourse specificMaterials onlineUsing social networkssuch as Facebook asa formal part of the courseBlended learning approachCommunity OutreachFace to FaceResearchMentoringExperientialLearning
E-learning e.g. LMS, Blog , Quiz, Wiki, Email, Chat, multimedia etc.
Career AcademiesAccredited Blended programs for students in high school, Colleges, Universities with a career focus.Offer a rigorous academic curriculumOffer certificationOffer concurrent enrollmentOffer paid internshipsHave trade associations, advisory boardsPaid InternshipsProvide students with a real world context for their classroom learningEnhance opportunities for employment after graduation