Wjp rule of law index 2010 2 0

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Role of Law Index 2010

Text of Wjp rule of law index 2010 2 0

  • 1. A multidisciplinary, multinational movement to advance the rule of law for communities of opportunity and equity The World Justice Project Rule of Law Index 2010Mark David AgrastJuan Carlos BoteroAlejandro PonceThe World Justice Project
  • 2. The World Justice Project Rule of Law Index 2010Mark David AgrastJuan Carlos BoteroAlejandro PonceWith the collaboration of:Chantal V. Bright, Joel Martinez, and Christine S. PrattThe World Justice Project
  • 3. The WJP Rule of Law Index was made possible by generous support from:The Neukom Family FoundationThe Bill & Melinda Gates FoundationGE FoundationThe Ewing Marion Kauffman FoundationLexisNexisThe World Justice ProjectBoard of Directors: Emil Constantinescu, Ashraf Ghani, William C. Hubbard, William H. Neukom, Ellen Gracie Northfleet,James R. Silkenat.Officers: William C. Hubbard, Chairman of the Board; William H. Neukom, President and Chief Executive Off icer; DeborahEnix-Ross, Vice President; Suzanne E. Gilbert, Vice President; James R. Silkenat, Vice President; Lawrence B. Bailey, Secretary;Roderick B. Mathews, Treasurer; Gerold W. Libby, General Counsel.Executive Director: Hongxia Liu.Rule of Law Index 2010 Team: Mark David Agrast, Chair; Juan Carlos Botero, Director; Alejandro Ponce, Senior Economist;Chantal V. Bright; Joel Martinez; Christine S. Pratt; Katrina Moore; Oussama Bouchebti; Se Hwan Kim; Ivan Batishchev;Kate Coffey; Kristina Fridman; Juan Manuel Botero; Nathan Menon. Consultants: Jose Caballero, Patricia Ruiz de Vergara.ISBN (print): 978-0-615-40781-4Copyright 2010 by the World Justice Project. The WJP Rule of Law Index and The World Justice Project Rule of LawIndex are trademarks of the World Justice Project. All rights reserved. Requests to reproduce this document should be sentto Juan C. Botero, the World Justice Project, 740 Fifteenth Street, N.W. Suite 200, Washington, D.C. 20005 U.S.A. E-mail:boteroj@wjpnet.orgGraphic design: Nathaniel Kerksick and Joshua Steele.Suggested citation: Agrast, M., Botero, J., Ponce, A. 2010. WJP Rule of Law Index. Washington, D.C.: The World JusticeProject.
  • 4. ContentsExecutive Summary ..........................................................................1Part I: Constructing the WJP Rule of Law Index ..........................5Part II: The rule of law around the world .........................................17 Regional Highlights .......................................................... 18 Country Profiles ............................................................. 23 1. Groups by Income Level .................................................. 94 2. Groups by Region ......................................................... 100 Data Notes ................................................................... 107The Joint Research Centre audit on the WJP Rule of Law Index ......113Contributing Experts .......................................................................123Acknowledgements ..........................................................................133About The World Justice Project .....................................................135
  • 5. WJP Rule of Law Index 2010 The WJP Rule of Law IndexExecutive The WJP Rule of Law Index presents a comprehensive set of new indicators on the rule of law from the perspectiveSummary of the ordinary person. It examines practical situations 1 in which a rule of law deficit may affect the daily lives of ordinary people. For instance, the Index evaluates whether citizens can access public services without the need toThe rule of law is the foundation for communitiesof opportunity and equityit is the predicate for bribe a government officer; whether a basic disputethe eradication of poverty, violence, corruption, among neighbors or companies can be peacefully and pandemics, and other threats to civil society. cost-effectively resolved by an independent adjudicator; or William H. Neukom, Founder, President and whether people can conduct their daily activities without CEO of the World Justice Project fear of crime or police abuse. The Index provides new data on the following 10 dimensions of the rule of law:Advancing the rule of law around the world is thecentral goal of the World Justice Project. Establishing Limited government powers Executive Summarythe rule of law is fundamental to achieving communities Absence of corruptionof opportunity and equitycommunities that offersustainable economic development, accountable Clear, publicized and stable lawsgovernment, and respect for fundamental rights. Without Order and securitythe rule of law, medicines do not reach health facilitiesdue to corruption; women in rural areas remain unaware Fundamental rightsof their rights; people are killed in criminal violence; and Open governmentfirms costs increase because of expropriation risk. Therule of law is the cornerstone to improving public health, Regulatory enforcementsafeguarding participation, ensuring security, and fighting Access to civil justicepoverty. Effective criminal justiceThis report introduces the WJP Rule of Law Indexanew quantitative assessment tool designed to offer a Informal justicecomprehensive picture of the extent to which countriesadhere to the rule of law in practice. These 10 factors are further disaggregated into 49 sub- factors. The scores of these sub-factors are built from overIndices and indicators are very useful tools. The systematic 700 variables drawn from assessments of the general publictracking of infant mortality rates, for instance, has greatly (1,000 respondents per country) and local legal experts.contributed to improving health outcomes around The outcome of this exercise is one of the worlds mostthe globe. In a similar fashion, the WJP Rule of Law comprehensive data sets measuring the extent to whichIndex monitors the health of a countrys institutional countries adhere to the rule of law-- not in theory but inenvironmentsuch as whether government officials are practice.accountable under the law, and whether legal institutionsprotect fundamental rights and allow ordinary peopleaccess to justice.1 This report was made possible by the generous engagement of over 900 academicsand practitioners around the world who contributed their time and expertise, and the35,000 individuals who participated in the general population poll. 1
  • 6. The World Justice Project Defining the rule of law New data. The Index findings are based entirely on new data collected by the WJP As used by the World Justice Project, the rule of law from independent sources. This contrasts