Political History of Pakistan
Politics in PakistanPak-Studies: Group Presentation
Group Members:M. Saad HussainM. Seerat NawazMirza Waqar BaigTayyab HussainSyed Daud Wasti
History - TimelineSyed Daud Wasti
After Dead of Quaid, Sep 11, 1948.After Dead of Liaquat Ali Khan, Oct 16, 1951 and Nazimuddin became the next Prime Minister.The dismissal of Sir Khawaja, the Prime Minister, by the Governor-General, Ghulam Muhammad, signaled a troubling trend in Pakistani political history.Major General (Retd.) Iskandar Mirza who forced Mohammad Ali Bogra to resign in 1955.
After Ch. Muhammad Ali resign in 1956.Hussein Shaheed Suhrawardy resigned from his Premiership in 1957Iskander Mirza exploited the differences between the parties and thus made Ismail an easy victim as he remained Prime Minister for only two months and therefore could not give any practical shape to his program.
1st General ElectionElection Date: Oct, 1970Total Seats: 300Turnout: 63%
2nd General ElectionElection Date: 7 Mar, 1977Total Seats: 200Turnout: 63%PPP won but Marshal law was Imposed.
PPP wonPML-N wonPPP won
PML-N won4th General ElectionTotal Seats: 237Turnout: 43%5th General ElectionTotal Seats: 237Turnout: 45.5%6th General ElectionTotal Seats: 237Turnout: 41%7th General ElectionTotal Seats: 237Turnout: 35%After Dead of Zai ul Haq.After Farooq Leghari's resignation in 1997
President02 Dec - ResignFarooq Leghari
PML-Q Won but still Musharaf was PresidentPPPP won8th General ElectionTotal Seats: 237Turnout: 41%9th General ElectionTotal Seats: 342Turnout: 63%
Constitution of 1956British Empires divided British India into two Pakistan and India.Adopted on 29 February 1956Enforced on 23 March 1956Contained 234 Articles divided into thirteen parts and six an schedules.Governor General Iskander Mirza was assumed as a President of Pakistan.
The Objectives Resolution, the preamble of the Constitution.Country was declared an Islamic Republic of PakistanPresident must be Muslim of at least 40 years of age.The Constitution of 1956 provided unicameral legislature.National Assembly was to consist of 300 members.Minimum age of 21 was allowed to vote in the elections.Urdu and Bengali, State Language and English, Official Language for first 25 years
Constitution of 1962Shahabuddin Commission, 17 Feb 1960.Promulgated by President Ayyub on 1st March, 1962.Came into effect on 8th June, 1962.Contained 250 articles divided into 12 parts and 5 Schedules.
Pakistan was renamed as "Republic of Pakistan".The President was to be a Muslim not less than 35 years of age and could , not held more than two consecutive teams.The National Assembly was to consist of 156 members, later increased to 218 members.The system of indirect presidential elections was presented.President owned the "Right of Veto".The President had the power to dissolve the National Assembly..
Constitution of 1973"Constitution accord" 17 Oct 1972.The National Assembly approved the Constitution on April 10th, 1973.Came into effect on 14th August 1973.Contained 280 articles divided into 12 parts and 7 schedules.
The Constitution named Pakistan as Islamic Republic of Pakistan.Islam as the religion of the country. The President was to be Muslim at least 45 years of age.The 1973 Constitution set up a bicameral legislature.Independence of JudiciaryMethod of Election
Major PartiesTayyab Hussain
Pakistan People Party
Political Party of Pakistan.Founded on Nov 30, 1967 by Z.A Bhutto.Chairperson:Bilawal BhuttoContest elections on the slogan of "ROTI, KAPRA AUR MAKAN".Basic Principles of PPP:Islam is our FaithDemocracy is our PoliticsSocialism is our EconomyAll Power to the PeopleWon Election in 1970, 1977, 1988, 1993 , 2008.
Pakistan Muslim League - NFamous Political Party of Pakistan.Founded on 1993 by Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif.Chairperson:Mian Muhammad Nawaz SharifBasic Principles of PML-NDemocracy is our PoliticsIndependent Judiciary and the Rule of Law.Improvement in Education SystemIndustry and Trade (Economical Improvement)Won Election in 1990, 1997 and 2013.
Pakistan Muslim League - Q
Political Party of Pakistan.Founded on 2002 by Mian AzharChairperson:Ch. Shujat HussainBasic Principles of PML-QLive and Let Live.Tolerance and harmony.Ensuring justice and freedom of expression.Dignity of the common citizenProtection and promotion of the rights of Women.Protection of the rights of minorities.Won Election in 2002.
Muhajir Qaumi Movement
Founded on 1984 by Altaf Hussain.In 1997, MQM became Muthidda Qaumi Movement instead of Muhajir Qaumi Movement.Chairperson:Altaf HusainBasic Principles of MQMImprovement in EducationReduce Poverty and UnemploymentAgricultural reformsHealthcare system is a right of every Pakistani regardless of his/her income level and social status.
Pakistan Tehreek-e-InsafFounded on 1996 by Imran Khan.PTI is one of the three major political parties of Pakistan, along with PPP and PML-N. Motto : Insaf, Insaniyat aur khud itmadiChairperson:Imran KhanBasic Principles of PTIGovernment with Merit.Resources of the country belong to the people of the country and will be used for their progress and development.Primary Health care for the poor and elderly will be free.
Problems of Pakistani PoliticsMirza Waqar Baig
Issue Based Politics
Personality vs. Issues = Personality wins!!!
PAKISTAN is a nation desperately in need of heroes. Our politicians dissimulate, our cricketers disappoint, and our celebrities self-destruct.Core issues were always neglectedNon-existence of proactive policies to solve the basic problemsLack of responsibility showed by the political parties.
FeudalismGarbage In = Garbage Out
Majority of the Politicians belong to this categoryLack of Interaction with the common manLeads to lack of development in rural areasAbsence of a complete constitution, allowed the peoples with power to manipulate the political and constitutional institution, as they wanted.
Feudalismwas a combination of legal and military customs.25
Military takeoverAn Ever Itching Palm
Marshal law is a major factor of political destabilization.It always leaves an uneven ground for the politicians.Sometime, It is war done in the name of democracy against democracy.
AccountabilitySelective or wholistic???
Has always been biased throughout the historyIndependent NAB non-existent.Pakistan is not going to change until every man in power take responsibility for his action.And Heavy regulation, poor security that creates an unfavorable environment for foreign investment.
Biased: unfairly prejudiced for or against someone or something. NAB: National Accountability Bureau27
Democracy vs. Dictatorship in PakistanSeerat Nawaz
Democracy!!!People Elect their own Government.They are ruled by the people of their own choice.A common person is considered as the Primary source of the elected Government.Not One Man Show.Dictatorship !!!A type of government in which the whole governing body is controlled by a single individual or a single group of people.Government in which a single personality govern all the authorities.It has been proved unfriendly.One Man show.
Merits and Demerits Of DemocracyMeritsLocal Body Government in which people are free to choose their rulers.People have liberty of Speech.Public Questions are decided by the will of majority.People get the chance to change the governing bodies.Legal form of Government.People have the freedom to choose their Head by the General Elections.
DemeritsAccording to Napoleon, "Nine people out of ten are fool".This cause the election of some illegible persons.Corruption and bribery.Illiterate people sometimes choose the people on caste and creed basis.Expensive mode of government.
Merits and Demerits Of Dictatorship MeritsMore Stable GovernmentLess room for Corruption.More efficient during emergencies.Less crime rates.Things happening very quickly.More stronger economy than democratic government.No politics ever.DemeritsThe most unfriendly type of government.People sometimes have not the freedom to speak and express their views against the government.People have to just follow the orders.Military dictatorship is worst type of government.
In Pakistan, Democracy or the Dictatorship ???From the inception of Pakistan, there has been the conflictions between the military and civil leadershipFor about 30 years in history, we have dictator leadership.As Musharraf once said,Democracy is an ineffective system for Pakistan as there are no checks and balances in the system and to counter such failures army has to act because people of Pakistan expected too much good from military.But Pakistan is still a democratic country.
Dictatorial leadership in PakistanAyub Khan's Rule (1958 - 1969)His regime is said to be Industrial and Reforms Era.Most developed decade in the History of PakistanCapital was raised to Rs. 4.7 Billion and GDP was raised to 6.8%His Dictatorial behavior rose rage of people against himselfHe tried to overcome it by the use of power, that leads to the separation of East Pakistan.Constitution of 1962 was launched by Ayub Khan in which all the supreme authorities was owned by him.After the resignation, he handed the government to General Yahiya Khan.Yahiya's policies against the East Pakistanis were the formation of Bangladesh.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of consumption (C), investment (I), government spending (G) and net exports (X M).33
Zia-ul-Haq's leadership(1977 - 1988)Islamic Shariaah was enforced is his era.This was the era of cold war against USSR in which Pakist