PHYSICAL THERAPY( AIM AND SCOPE )
Presented By :Suman Shaikh ( 2nd year DPT, )
PHYSICAL THERAPY Physical therapy is a treatment which remediates
impairments, promotes mobility and function and improves quality of life.
IT IS NEEDED WHEN: Health
problems make it hard to move and do daily activities.
It can relieve painImprove/restore physical function
• Help restore movement and normal body function in cases of illness, injury and disability.
AIM OF PHYSIOTHERAPY
ILLNESS is a disease or period of sicknessIt may be : infectious autoimmune viral, bacterial etc. Abnormal immune response e.g. influenza, Typhoid e.g. rheumatoid arthritis
INJURY Damage due to accidentse.g. • Bone fracture• Joint dislocation• Muscle damage• Skin rupture• Brain or spine injury
DISABILITY o Disadvantageo Limiting a person’s mental or physical abilities.e.g.• Stroke• Multiple sclerosis• Parkinson’s disease• Huntington's disease• Rheumatoid arthritis
Who is a Physical Therapist ??
A Physiotherapist is a health care professional who treats problem related to movement and function.
A physiotherapist may also help in suggesting ways to improve general health. By :
Regular exerciseHealthy weight
A Physiotherapist might help with :Maintaining muscle tone.
Maintaining circulation of an area/limb.
Maintain joint range (movement).
Teach patients to use special appliances like sticks, crutches etc.
When do people visit a physiotherapist…. Pain
Inability to move a limbAbnormal posture
“ Extent of an area or subject ”
Synonyms :• Range• reach• freedom
What is “Scope” ?
SCOPE OF PHYSIOTHERAPY
It means various fields where physiotherapy can be required.
1. General musculoskeletal disorders
3. Post operative rehabilitation
2. Sports physiotherapy
SCOPE OF PHYSIOTHERAPY
5. Pediatric physiotherapy
SCOPE OF PHYSIOTHERAPY 4. Chest
Who Needs Physiotherapy ?
Physical therapy can be required in many places.
It might be helpful to patients who have :
1. Cardiovascular disease ( e.g. stroke )2. Pulmonary disease (e.g. COPD, emphysema,
pneumonia) 3. Posture problems ( e.g. flat neck, scoliosis )4. Degenerative diseases ( e.g. Alzheimer's disease )5. Bone and joint problems (e.g. Osteoporosis,
arthritis )6. Spinal cord disorders /injuries ( e.g. disc slip,