Text of Learning about Nutrition (Carla - guest speaker)
All about the study of food and how our bodies use food as fuel for growth and daily activities.
The macronutrients, or "big" nutrients include proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. The micronutrients, or "little" nutrients are the vitamins and minerals that we need to be healthy.
Includessugar ,starch , andfiber .
Sugars and starches are needed for the energy that your body needs to function.
Extra carbohydrates are converted to fat.
Necessary for building the tissues in your body including all of the muscles, organs, skin and the parts of the immune system.
Your body can use extra protein for energy or can convert it to fat.
Needed for the membranes that surround all the cells in your body, for normal brain and nerve function and for signalling hormones.
Just like protein, the extra fat can be used as fuel for the body or can be stored as fat.
12 vitamins and 13 minerals that we need every day
Vitamins are grouped as water-soluble or fat-soluble depending on whether they can dissolve in fat or water.
Major minerals include calcium, phosphorus, chloride, magnesium, potassium and sodium.
These minerals are particularly important for healthy bones, teeth, muscles and fluid balance in the body
The trace minerals are chromium, copper, fluoride, iodine, iron, selenium and zinc.
Your body needs all of these minerals for a variety of processes to keep it working.
"Phyto" refers to plants. Many differentphytonutrientsare found only in plants.
Many of these natural chemicals are found in the colorful skins and flesh of fruits and vegetables.
Phytonutrients have a variety of functions in the body. Some of them may function asantioxidantsthat protect the cells in our bodies fromfree radical damage .
We don't know exactly how many of these different phytonutrients we need, however a healthy diet including at leastfiveservings of fruits and colorful vegetables every day will supply your body with lots of phytonutrients.
16. When taken in correct amounts and regularly, vitamins are responsible for good health and vitality, energy, growth, and longevity. 17.
Provides the required stimulation for vision in the retina
Also required for growth, reproduction, and the maintenance of life.