Pune’s Trash Solution: A Zero Waste City (by Kunal Kumar, Municipal Commissioner, Pune Municipal Corporation)

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  1. 1. NitiAayogCentreForPolicyResearchOpenSeminar Series Conceptualising Zero-Waste in India under Swachh Bharat: Possibilities & Challenges Monday,29th June 2015,15:0016:30 hrs Room 122 Niti Aayog,Sansad Marg,New Delhi 110001
  2. 2. PunesTrashSolutionAZeroWasteCity KUNAL KUMAR Municipal Commissioner, Pune Municipal Corporation
  3. 3. PUNECITY Pune is the 8th largest city in India and the 2nd largest in the state of Maharashtra. Population ; about 4 million Households ; nearly 1 million Area of city is 250 sq. kms. 4 Zones ; 15 Administrative Ward Offices ; 76 Prabhags
  4. 4. BACKGROUND Rapidurbanization Changingconsumerhabits Spaceconstraintsforprocessing Changeinqualityand compositionofwastegenerated Innovativeandsustainable solutions Segregationatsourceand decentralisedprocessingof waste
  5. 5. -5- 6% 5% 3% 5% 33% 1% 25% 22% Paper Plastic Metal Glass Organic Leather/Rubber InertMaterials Miscellaneous SN Sourceofgeneration Quantity( MT) %oftotal 1 Household 950 69.1 2 Streetsweeping& drainagecleaning 140 10.2 3 Hotels&restaurants 150 10.9 4 Markets/commercial area 50 3.6 5 CandDWaste 75 5.5 6 Fruit,vegetable,Vish meatmarketwaste 7.5 0.5 7 Biomedicalwaste 1.8 0.1 SourcesandCompositionofMSW Description Percentage OrganicMatter 45to50 Recyclablesfrom Residential& Commercial 35to40 InertMaterial 10to15 OtherParameters Density GCV C/N 437Kg/m3 937Kcal/Kg 22.85
  6. 6. INTEGRATEDSOLIDWASTEMANAGEMENT Nos. TipperTrucks 158 Compactors 12 HotelTrucks 23 Tractors 10 DumperPlacers 89 BulkRefuseCarrier(B.R.C.) 65 Year Population WasteGeneration (TPD) 2011 3,115,431 1374 2021 4,487,573 2677 2031 6,211,404 4125 2041 8,597,417 6071
  7. 7. OVERVIEWOFWASTEMANAGEMENT Punegeneratesaround1600tonsofsolidwasteperday. 160truckscollectwastedoor-to-door,collectingan averageof198tonsperday. 847containersand116compactorbucketsdispersed aroundPune. Wardwiseaverage-350to750gmspercapitaperday Constructionanddemolitionwastegeneration80-90 TPD Gardenwastegeneration50-60TPD Biomedicalwaste3TPD
  8. 8. ServiceLevel Benchmarking -8-Source:SWMDepartmentPuneMunicipalCorporation Door-to-doorcollectionofwasteis only60%whichneedstobetargetedfor 100%infuture. Extentofsegregationofwasteis 44%. ThereisnoMechanismfordisposalof C&Dprocessingwaste. Issues of scientiVic disposal and Treatmentofe-waste. PresentPercapitaperdaywaste generationis441gram. Futuresolidwastegenerationfor PunecityisProjectedonthebasis ofexistingpercapitageneration withannuallyincreaseof1.4 percentgrowthratefor metropolitancitiesinIndia. Sr. No. PerformanceIndicator 2014-15 1 Householdlevelcoverageofsolid wastemanagementservices 80 2 EfViciencyofcollectionofmunicipal solidwaste 100 3 Extentofsegregationofmunicipal solidwaste 44 4 Extentofmunicipalsolidwaste recovered 85 5 ExtentofscientiVicdisposalof municipalsolidwaste 50 6 Extentofcostrecoveryinsolidwaste managementservices 80 7 EfViciencyincollectionofsolidwaste managementcharges 81 8 EfViciencyinredressalofcustomer complaints 91
  9. 9. BESTPRACTICESTOGENERATEWEATHOUTOF WASTE ScientiVicprocessingandscientiViclandVillingofwaste IntegratingInformalSectorinMunicipalSolidWaste Management PunesTrashSolution:AZeroGarbageCity Biomethanationcumpowergenerationplants WastetoenergyPlasmagasiVication Mandatoryonsitedisposalinpost2000residential andcommercialschemes
  10. 10. DatacollectionforMISusingMobileSMSand Biometricattendance ALERTG-ComplaintRedressalthroughcitizens participation CelebrationofGaneshUtasavinEcofriendly manner Soniagramudyogprakalpforplasticrecycling Shreddingandcompostingofgardenwaste BESTPRACTICES(CONTIN)
  11. 11. Process Collection Storage Segregation,Recycle &Reuse Transportation Processing ScientiVic Disposal
  12. 12. KeyFocusAreas Awareness Containerfreecity PromotionofDecentralizedWasteProcessing facility PracticeofthreeR ComprehensivesolutionforCentralized WasteProcessing
  13. 13. ServicesProvided Primaryandsecondarycollectionofwaste Segregationandstorageandwastereduction atsource Transportation Processinganddisposal Estimateandanalysisofwaste Wasteminimization Publicawarenessandenforcement Resourcemanagement Prohibitionoflittering
  14. 14. IntegratingInformalSectorSWaCHModel Punecityseffortstopartnerwithwastepickers organizationstoprovidebetterservice2300 wastepickerscoverabout0.4MillionHouseholds PMCpaysformanagementandequipmentcost HealthinsuranceprovidedbyPMC
  15. 15. PMC-SWaCHMODEL Segregationbycitizensanduserfee basedmodel Betterconditionsofworkforwaste pickers Cleanerwasteforrecyclingindustry Reductioninmunicipalexpensesfor wastemanagement ComplianceofMSW2000rules Decentralizedwastemanagementand processing Climatechangemitigation PovertyAlleviation PublicPrivatePartnership Betterwastemanagement
  16. 16. NewPortableShedsforSWaCH Thereare45sor+ngshed Including6Portable&Other SoniaGramUdyogPrakalp 1)Aundh2)Katraj3)Yerawada 200250WastePicker DirectlyAAachedProcesser 4TPDofwasteisProcessed
  17. 17. WhatisZeroWaste? Zerowastemeansthatgarbageshouldbereused locallytoavoidsendingthetrashtolandVills. AlleviatesbothenvironmentalissuesrelatedtolandVillsaswell ascitymaintenancecosts. Howtoreuse:Enhancedrecyclingofplastic,glass, metalandpaperandharnesspotentialoforganic wastethroughinvestmentinbiogas,compostingand othertechnologies. Ultimategoal:Createvalueoutofwastetoproduceaparadigm shiftfromgarbageasdisposabletogarbageasarenewable resource.
  18. 18. ZeroWasteModel 30/06/15 Zero Garbage Improve efViciencyof waste collection Decentralised processingof waste Increaseawareness Reducemixedwaste Removecontainers
  19. 19. Zero Waste ward vPMCinitiatedZeroWasteWardmodelpilot projectinPMCsKatrajwardin2010 vTilldate,theZeroWastemodelhasbeenrolledoutto 20Prabhagscoveringalmost2.61Lacsproperties androughly8.5lacsresidents Basedonitssuccess,themodelisbeingrolledoutinPune MunicipalCorporationinaphasedmanner.
  20. 20. Key Elements Of Zero Waste Model Social Awareness Economic Sustainabilityof Decentralized Wastemanagement PublicPrivate Partnership Multiple Technologies Zero Garbage
  21. 21. PMC SolidWasteManagementSystem SWaCHCooperative Door-to-doorcollectionofgarbage HouseholdsandCommercialUnits Segregationofgarbageatsourceintodryandwet CorporateSponsor Financialaidandvolunteers Janwani Facilitator StakeholdersInTheModel
  22. 22. Pilot project - Katraj ZeroGarbage PilotProjectin KatrajWard 2010-2012 11,500 Properties 45,000 Residents ELEMENT BEFORE AFTER CommunityWaste Containers 24 4 SegregationatSource OverallDTDC&Segregationin9Prabbhags OverallDTDC OverallSeg. Containersinitially=135;Containersreducedto71 OverallCoverage=75%;OverallSegregation60% Compostpitsactivated=1691properties Expansion Of Zero Waste Model To 20 Prabhag - Results
  23. 25. 22354 properties 21.41TPD Beforethe Project 41,224 Properties 42.67TPD EndofDec 2014 COMMUNITYBINSREMOVAL 279 105 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 No.Containers BeforeProject AttheEndofDec 2014 No.ofContainers-------------> Feb2013---------------------->31stDec2014 ContainerReductionChart Atthe Beginningof theProject AttheEndof Dec2014 SOCIETYLEVELCOMPOSTING Expansion Of Zero Waste Model To 20 Prabhag - Results
  24. 26. ZeroGarbage Project ZeroGarbageProject PropertySurveyanddivisionintothreegroups (Society/Bungalow,SlumandCommercials) PropertySurvey Findinggapsin exisIngsolid waste management system ExecuIngproper awareness programand llinggaps FindinggapsinexisIngsystem FurtherdivisionofproperIesinsmallgroupscalledpockets Discussionwithvariousstakeholders,execuIonofproperawareness program,gaplling Provisionof doorstepwaste collecIon system Emphasizeon source segregaIonof waste Restrict mixed waste collecIon Emphasizetotreate wasteonsocietylevel andprovisionof technologyassistance OpImumrecyclingof Drywastebywaste collectors CollecIonofsegregated WetWaste&processing onPrabhag/Wardlevel Energyrecovery fromrefusedwaste Processingofwet wasteon Prabhag/Ward levelandrecycling ofopImumdry waste PlanningandExecutionoftheZeroGarbageProject
  25. 27. AWARENESSPROGRAMS RalliesandMeetingswithhousingsocieties Posterexhibitionandvideoonsegregationshownin Societies Gamestohelpspreadawarenessaboutsegregation SurpriseVisittocheckcomplianceofsegregation IssuenoticefromPMCforcompostpitsand segregationofgarbage AwarenessRallies DoortoDoorawareness Streetplay,puppetshows SurpriseAudittocheckcomplianceofsegregation MeetingswithSHGs,GaneshMadalsandother OrganisedArea (Societiesand Commercial complexes) UnOrganized Area (Slumsand Gaothan)
  26. 28. Segregation-Approach PPP-withhelpofNGOsandwastepickersOrganization(like SWaCH). PuneTrashSolutionZeroGarbageWardproject Awareness-ThroughIEC. Incentives-Distributionofdryandwetwastebinsto householdsandtaxrebateforpracticingecofriendlymethods Bellringingvehicles160nosforseparatecollectionofwaste EstablishmentofSeparatesystemforGardenCuttingand8 ShredderMachinesVixedatvariouslocationforgardenwaste processing Separatesystemforhotelwastecollectionthrough23trucks Post2000constructionshavecompulsionofinsituwetwaste management
  27. 29. GHANTAGADIROUTEMAP
  28. 30. INTERMEDIATETRANSFERSTATION
  29. 31. CURRENTPROCESSINGOFWASTE SinceJune2010;scientiVicprocessingandscientiViclandVilling. Decentralizedwasteprocessingplantsoperationalatinstitutional andsocietylevel. 200TPD;Vermi-compostandcompost HadapsarRampAjinkyaBiofert 100TPD;Vermi-compostandcompost RamTekdiIndustrialEstate DishaWaste Management 100TPD;ElectricityandCompost 22DecentralizedPlants BiogasandMechanical Compost 700TPD;Electricity RamTekdi,Hadapsar RochemSeparation Systems
  30. 32. AjinkyaBiofert
  31. 33. DishaWasteManagement
  32. 34. BioMethanationPlants Description Value BiogasGeneration 300+5%m3/day CaloriVicValue 4800-5000Kcal/ cum En