Video Production Basics

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<p>Video Production Basics</p> <p>Video Production BasicsPresented byBrett Atwood</p> <p>1Video Recording AppsMost Smartphones have a built-in video recording appThere are also additional video apps available in the App Store and Google PlayConsumer-grade video recorders are also an option for recording video for the web</p> <p>LightingThree purposes of lighting:Provide adequate illumination for the picture to be processed correctly by the cameraTo tell us what the objects on the screen look like, including space/depth relationships and time of dayTo establish the mood of a scene3Hard and Soft LightHard Light Very pronounced; Directional; Casts strong shadows</p> <p>Soft Light Light is diffused/spread out; less shadowsPeople look better with soft lights</p> <p>4Directional vs. Diffused LightExample:</p> <p> Directional Diffused</p> <p>5Directional lightHard light casts a sharp, clearly defined shadow. When hard light is used to illuminate a face, imperfections in the skin stand out. The result is less than flattering. But in other applications, such as bringing out the texture in leather, or the engraving on a piece of jewelry, this can be an advantage. 6Diffused lightSoft (diffused) light has the opposite effect.It tends to hide surface irregularities and detail.Diffusers are used over the front of lights to soften and diffuse their beams. At the same time, diffusers also reduce the intensity of light. </p> <p>7Soft LightingSince soft light is more scattered, you may need more lightSoft light may be created using bounced lightingLight source hits subject indirectly since it bounces off a reflector</p> <p>8White BalanceWhite Balance Used to balance the color of your shot.Point the camera at a white object (piece of blank paper or white wall)Object should be in the same light that you will use in shootingPress white balance button to adjust the sensitivity of the camera to the current light source9White BalanceAn improperly white balanced camera can cause your video to appear yellow, greenish or reddish or yellower than it should. Example:Bad (Top image)Good (Bottom image)</p> <p>10White BalanceIf you move the camera into different light or the light source changes, then you will need to redo the white balance settingSome cameras do automatically re-balance the white</p> <p>11Establishing ShotsMany directors follow this simple formula:First scene shot: Wide, establishing shot to orient the viewerSecond scene shot: Closer proximity to main subjectThird shot: Main subject</p> <p>12Camera AnglesUse angles to keep the production interestingAngles can be used to manipulate audience perception</p> <p>13High Camera AnglePositions the camera above eye levelCamera shoots down at subjectUsed to show overview of areaUsed to make subject appear smaller</p> <p>14Low Camera AnglePositions the camera below eye levelCamera shoots up toward the subjectUsed to give sense of power to subject</p> <p>15Canted AngleCamera is tilted on a horizontal planeUsed to convey sense of excitement or instabilitySimply tilt the camera to achieve this effectUse this sparingly</p> <p>16Subjective Camera AnglePlaces the camera in the place of a character to show us a scene from their viewpointAlso known as point-of-view shot (POV)Used to engage viewers in the action</p> <p>17Capturing MotionYou should always consider the path of moving subjects and, generally, leave space in front of them into which they can move. </p> <p>18Capturing MotionIf you don't, here's what can happen! This jogger looks like she's going to run right out of the frame. </p> <p>19Capturing MotionBy placing the subject in the lower-left position, we've used the rule of thirds and given the jogger plenty of room to run within the frame. </p> <p>20</p>