The iBT TOEFL: Student strategy stories of success
1. The iBT TOEFL: Strategy Storiesof Successful Students by Elena Sapp and Ron Metzler 2. Traditional Approach to TOEFL Teaching Secondary Skills Grammar, Vocabulary Pronunciation Primary Skills Reading, Listening, Speaking, Writing Support Skills Note taking, Summarizing, Paraphrasing Outlining, Mind Mapping, Skimming, Scanning, Synthesizing 3. Difficult Sections of the iBT TOEFL Student perceptions of difficult sections in the iBT: Spring 2008-Winter 2010 Chart 1: (No. of respondents= 189) 4. Common Student Strategies 5. Strategies: Lower-level vs. Upper-level 6. Answers to TOEFL Strategy Quiz Description Difficult Skill(s) iBT Score Student A Integrated Speaking 83 Student B Writing; Listening 88 Student C Reading; Listening 50 Student D Reading 97 Student E Listening; speaking 70 7. Social Psychology Model Self EfficacyEnjoyment Learning Goal Orientation TOEFL iBTweb-basedtest Successful Outcome 8. Learning Strategy Research Psychological Factors (Yi & Hwang) Reference group and guidance (Compeau& Higgins) Coopetitive Learning(Fu, Wu & Ho) 9. Self-regulated Learners Able to prepare their own learning Take necessary steps to learn Able to regulate their learning Provide their own feedback and judgment Keep themselvesconcentrated and motivated for extended periods of time 10. Successful students: -participate well in all of their other classes -practice mini and complete tests on their own -work on listening, reading, and speaking skills outside of class; examples are newspaper articles, conversation partners, and listening to lectures. 11. -do not to expect to pass TOEFL on the first attempt. Theytake multiple exams spread throughout the term or over several months while practicing their own strategies in addition to class work-may use their native language for composing in the speaking and writing sections -are self-efficacious, well-motivated, and have high learning goal orientation 12. RECIPES FOR SUCCESS 13. Thank you!