Open Badges for Learning Environments

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Folie 1Open Badges for Learning EnvironmentsMario Wster Supervisor: Assoc.Prof.Dipl.-Ing.Dr.techn. Martin EbnerOctober 22, 2015S C I E N C E P A S S I O N T E C H N O L O G Yu www.tugraz.atNr.u Open Badges for Learning Environments1Research Question Learning EnvironmentsOpen Badge (Infrastructure)MotivationGeneral Approaches for IntegrationPrototypeEvaluationConclusionContentsNr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning Environments2Research QuestionHow to integrate Open Badges in Learning Environments [and to enable automatic badge issuing based on defined criteria] ?Nr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning Environments3Learning EnvironmentsOnline learning platform supporting:Users with different rolesCoursesCourse managementCorresponding course materialA set of tools for communication, content creation and E-Assessments Learn Management Systems (LMS) Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC)Nr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning Environments4Micro vs. Meta Badge Incentive vs. CredentialDigitally signed JSON Web Signature (JWS)WHOM?WHICH?WHY?WHO?Assertion cooperation with the P2PU and funds of McArthur Foundation)Nr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning Environments5Open Badge Infrastructure Nr.u Open Badges for Learning Environments6MotivationHard to motivate learners to actively participate in non-formal and informal educational systems if they do not get any recognition for their achievements Mostly no recognition at all for gained skills if a course has not been completedJust summative feedbackNo common standard for acknowledgementsCertificates are not digitially signed Open Badges could help to diminish or even resolve those issuesFormal: organized, structured, supported, intentional & certifiedNon-formal: formal, but not in edu. institutions & w/o certificationInformal: through made experiences, independent of the contextNr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning Environments7Modify Source CodePlug-InAdd-On/Add-InSaaSOwn Web ApplicationGeneral Integration ApproachesSource code has to be knownHigh risk on introducing errors in the base systemBase system updates could harm the badging systemNo community that maintains codeFastHighly customizableTime (=Money)ProgrammerSupportAPI neededHigh customizationFast bug fixing & integration of new featuresFull control over student & badge dataTypically not free of chargeData has to be transmitted to an foreign serverLimited customizationWhat happens if subscription gets cancelled sometimes? How to backup/transfer data ?Most simplest way to use OpenBadgesComplete solutions (issuing, managing, displaying) Professional supportReliable systemNo need to have programming skillsBase system has to provide API.Limited customizationDynamically loadedDoes not influence core system Huge communityMostly compatible to multiple base systems Compatible to certain system onlyOne has to have knowledge of the base systems infrastructureAdd-Ins (typically) cannot be removed without harming the base systemNevertheless legit optionNr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning EnvironmentsMoodle since 2.5 (May 2013) release (current 2.9) integrated badge support. Blackboard too since End of 2014.Open Badges Issuer Add-On ( for the WordPress Plug-In BadgeOS ( Nr.u Open Badges for Learning Environments9Prototype - FeaturesBadge management (CRUD + control availability)via backend (pw protected .htaccess)Assert badges manually Assert badges automatically - triggered by the iMooX user Display rudimentary awarding statistics Currently, supporting 2 different types of badgesQuiz-Level BadgeCourse-Level BadgeNr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning EnvironmentsPrototypeNr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning EnvironmentsAutomatic badge issuing Nr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning EnvironmentsEvaluation COER15Started on May 11, 2015 (6x units)6x Quizzes + final evaluation required to pass the course432 distinct enrollments 124 active users (tried at least one quiz)208 theoretically earned badges137 actually generated badgesNr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning EnvironmentsConclusionPrototype: Web application worked well from the functional point of viewJust a few design issues have been reported by some badge earners (filename, email, criteria design)General: Badge issuing can be implemented relatively fast and easy ( thus relatively cheap )Hot topic on various E-Learning focused conferences (e.g. oeb 2015 (, ALT Conference 2015 ( ) )So it`s not just me who believes Open Badges are great Nr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning EnvironmentsOeb: the global, cross-sector conference on technology supported learning and training (Berlin, Dec. 2-4, 2015)ALT: Association for Learning Technology ( Annual Conference ) use BadgeOS and OpenBadgeIssuer Plugin for Wordpress Badges for Speakers, Programme Committee and Participants. ( 8-10 September 2015)14Thanks for your attention !Nr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning EnvironmentsSources/Important LinksBernhard Hoisl, Wolfgang Aigner, and Silvia Miksch. Online Communities and Social Computing. Ed. by Douglas Schuler. Vol. 4564. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2007, pp. 362371. isbn: 978-3-540-73256-3. doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-73257-0 (Slide 6).Mozillas Open Badges Badges Specification Badge Passport Nr.u Open Badges for Learning EnvironmentsSources/Important LinksCredly Badge Factory Tomcat Nr.u Open Badges for Learning EnvironmentsBadge Assertion & Badge Class ExampleNr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning EnvironmentsIssuer & CriteriaNr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning EnvironmentsBackpacksNr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning Environments20Badge conceptHow to define criteriaWhich competencies should a user gain to earn the badge ?Which behavior should that badge suggest ? How to proof gained knowledge ?How should it look like (badge design) ?Which tags to use (for searching) ?Nr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning EnvironmentsAutomatic badge issuingHighly depens on the contextMostly triggered by user-events:Click events: Navigation, resource watching (video, e-paper...) , downloaded resources (papers, videos, images ... )Submissions: File, text, algorithm, source code ...E-Assessment: Open- and closed tasks like T/F, Selective, Sorting and Short/Long texts, subsets or clozes. Badging system has to be aware of those events!Realization therefore depends on selected integration approachVisiting each pageStarting, timeTrue/false, amount of different downloads...Automatic checking, word count, text analysisAutomatic testingNr.u Nr.u Open Badges for Learning Environments22