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THE WAVING TULIPS:KONINKRIJK DER NEDERLANDEN
Mohamad Taufiq Al Fajar
National anthem : Het Wilhelmus State capital : Amsterdam Motto : Je Maintiendrai
(I will Survive) Independence day : May 5th
Unificated within Belgium and Luxemburg by Karel V of Spanish and called “low land”.
Get the independence at 1648 after 80 years war against Spanish.
Center of trade activities at ancient Western Europe => melting pot.
Being colonialized by Napoleon 1810-1814.
Being oppressed by Nazi at World War II.
Monarchy constitutional The King/Queen’s role:
Raise someone to be Tweede Kamer member (legislative)
Shift executive power to prime minister
Raise someone to be Hoge Raad which promoted by Tweede Kamer (judicative)
Political Policy on Indonesia Cultuurstelsel (1830)=> economic
difficulty after defeating local resistance (Diponegoro & Paderi War)
Open Door Policy (Indonesian liberalization): irigation, education, and emigration => the winning of liberalist and humanist group on Dutch National Election (1850)
Economics System: Realist
Before 1850: Realism Competing Spain and Portuguese
to dominate “spice route”
After 1850: Liberalism Give chance to private company to
operate in Indonesia
Dutch90 : 90% Friesland : 2.2% Turkish : 2.4 Arabic : Other language:
Nationality and Ethnicity
Dutch : 79.3% Europe Union : 6.3% Turks : 2.4% Indonesian Dutch : 2.3% Moroccans : 2.2% Surinamese : 2.1%
Nationality and Ethnicity
Caribbeans : 0.9% Chinese : 0.3% Iraqi : 0.3% Other : 3.9%
Netherland’s cuisin: Poffertjes
Netherland’s cuisin: Hagelslag
Netherland’s cuisin: Kroketten
Netherland’s National Clothes
Netherland’s Society Traditions
Egalitair and highly tolerant The family is foundation of social
structure Very valuing cleanliness and
neatness The handshake is common form of
greeting Personal matters are not disscussed
with friends, no matter how close
Roman Catholic: 31% Protestant : 21% Muslim : 4.4% Other : 3.6% Unafiliated : 40%
More than 25% of the total area of the country are below sea level
The highest point reaches 321 metres above sea level
The lowest point is some 6.7 metres below sea level
Peetsma, J. No year. The Netherland’s Trunk. (Online), (http://www.pier21.ca/culture-trunks/netherlands/dutch-culture-and-traditions), accessed April 14th, 2016.
De Vries, AW. 1994. The Netherland In Brief. Den Haag: Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken, Voorlichtingdienst Buitenland.
No name. No year. Netherlands (Holland) - Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette. (Online), (http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/netherlands.html), accessed April 14th, 2016.
No name. No year. Dutch Republic Lion. (Online), (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_Republic_Lion), accessed April 14th, 2016.