Inquiry Learning and the Big6

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This is a presentation prepared by Sheila Delattre-Carter and Sherry Woolam for LS5443, Librarians as Instructional Partners, a MLS course offered by Texas Woman's University.

Text of Inquiry Learning and the Big6

  • 1.A Presentation for Middle school teachers
    By Sheila DeLattre-Carter
    Sherry Woolam
    Inquiry-Based Learning Processand The Big6
    Image Source: Microsoft PowerPoint Clip Gallery

2. Crucial Skills for the 21st Century Learner
Inquiry-Based Learning Process
What is inquiry-based learning?
What are the benefits of the inquiry-based process?
How do you apply inquiry-based learning?
3. What is inquiry-based learning?
A process that teaches research skills in any subject or content area
Promotes critical thinking skills
Information gathering process related to life
Students work cooperatively in groups to solve problems and answer questions
(Carnesi and DiGiorgio 32)
4. The Benefits of Inquiry Learning
Encourages cooperative learning
Takes one project through major content areas
Caters to different learning styles
Multiple-intelligence friendly
(Carnesi and DiGiorgio 32)
5. Applying Inquiry-Based Learning
The Six Step Inquiry Process
Questioning
Planning
Collecting and Crediting
Organizing
Synthesizing
Communicating
(Carnesi and DiGiorgio 32-36)
6. Step 1: Questioning
Word Splash by Wordle.net
7. Step 2: Planning
Students devise a plan or schedule
Students gather resources for project
Review and revise plan
Image Source: Microsoft PowerPoint Clip Gallery
8. Step 3: Collecting and Crediting
Students collect information
Document information
Cite their sources
Image Source: Microsoft PowerPoint Clip Gallery
9. Step 4: Organizing
Graphic organizers are a must
Image Source: Microsoft PowerPoint Clip Gallery
10. Step 5: Synthesizing
Completing the final product
Image Source: Microsoft PowerPoint Clip Gallery
11. Step 6: Communicating
The art of presenting
Addressing your audience
Image Source: Microsoft PowerPoint Clip Gallery
12. The Inquiry Process
Image Source: Carnesi and DiGiorgio 32
13. Six Step Inquiry Process in Action, Part 1
Image Source: Carnesi and DiGiorgio 35
14. Six Step Inquiry Process in Action, Part 2
Image Source: Carnesi and DiGiorgio 35
15. Inquiry Process in Action
Image Source: Harada and Yoshina 23
16. Role of the SLMS
Image Source: Harada and Yoshina 24
17. Conventional vs. Inquiry-Focused
Image Source: Harada and Yoshina 25
18. The Big6 Research Model
What is the Big6 Research Model?
What is the Big6 process?
What are the benefits of the Big6?
How does the Big6 align with Texas Standards?
What resources are available?
www.big6.com
The Big6 is copyright (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz. For more information, visit: www.big6.com
19. What is the Big 6 Research Model?
The Big6 is a proven approach to information problem-solving. It helps you succeed in school and life. Use the Big6 to find, use, apply, and evaluate information for specific needs and tasks (Graphic Source: www.big6.com/
kids/7-12.htm).
The Big6 is copyright (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz. For more information, visit: www.big6.com
20. Combines critical thinking, problem solving and manipulation of information for a meaningful solution
Provides a systematic approach to information problem-solving relying on critical thinking skills
Provides a basic framework for teaching and promoting information literacy
Tried and true method to answer a question, complete an assignment or create a unique product
The information problem-solving process steps are not necessarily sequential and may be repeated as needed
What is the Big 6 Research Model?
(London)
21. What is the Big 6 Research Model?
Task Definition1.1 Define the information problem1.2 Identify information needed
Information Seeking Strategies 2.1 Determine all possible sources2.2 Select the best sources
Location and Access3.1 Locate sources (intellectually and physically)3.2 Find information within sources
Handout created by: Barbara J. Shoemaker, School Media Specialist, Mill Road Elementary, K-2 Red Hook Central School District, Red Hook, NY
22. What is the Big 6 Research Model?
4. Use of Information4.1 Engage (e.g., read, hear, view, touch)4.2 Extract relevant information
5. Synthesis5.1 Organize from multiple sources5.2 Present the information
6. Evaluation6.1 Judge the product (effectiveness)6.2 Judge the process (efficiency)
Handout created by: Barbara J. Shoemaker, School Media Specialist, Mill Road Elementary, K-2 Red Hook Central School District, Red Hook, NY
23. What is the Big 6 Research Model?
The Big6 process is not just a linear process. Steps may be completed in any order as well as repeated as frequently as necessary to successfully complete the project (Eisenberg, "Information Literacy:).
Graphic source: http://uweoconnect.extn.washington.edu/publicmbeinfolit/
The Big6 is copyright (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz. For more information, visit: www.big6.com
24. Step 1: Task Definition
Facilitates information problem solving process by helping students focus on specific elements
Promotes a preliminary understanding of the topic and the expected outcome or end result
Starts the resource identification process.
(Lowe, 2008)
AASL Standards for the
21st-Century Learner
in Action
1.1.3 Develop and refine a range of questions to frame the search for new understanding (13).
1.2.1 Display initiative and engagement by posing questions and investigating the answers beyond the collection of superficial facts (13).
The Big6 is copyright (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz. For more information, visit: www.big6.com
25. Step 2: Information Seeking Strategies
Teaches students to become discretionary users of internet resources
AASL Standards for the
21st-Century Learner
in Action
1.1.4 Find, evaluate, and select appropriate sources to answer questions (13).
1.1.5 Evaluate information found in selected sources on the basis of accuracy, validity, appropriateness for needs, importance, and social and cultural context (13).
The Big6 is copyright (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz. For more information, visit: www.big6.com
26. Step 3: Location and Access
Guides students through the process of finding, sorting and applying relevant, credible information
Facilitates understanding of benefits of both print and non-print resources
Develops information search and retrieval skills
(Eisenberg, "Big6
Skills Overview)
AASL Standards for the
21st-Century Learner
in Action
1.1.8 Demonstrate mastery of technology tools for accessing information and pursuing inquiry (13).
1.3.2 Seek divergent perspectives during information gathering and assessment (13).
The Big6 is copyright (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz. For more information, visit: www.big6.com
27. Step 4: Use of Information
Identify the main idea, key facts and quotes
Differentiate between fact and fiction
Understand requirements and importance of citing resources
(Eisenberg, "Big6 Skills Overview)
AASL Standards forthe 21st
Century Learner in Action
1.1.7 Make sense of information gathered from diverse sources by identifying misconceptions, main and supporting ideas, conflicting information, and point of view or bias (13).
2.1.1 Apply critical thinking skills (analysis, synthesis, evaluation, organization) to information and knowledge (14).
1.3.3 Follow ethical and legal guidelines in gathering and using information (13).
The Big6 is copyright (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz. For more information, visit: www.big6.com
28. Step 5: Synthesis
Students learn how to organize and prioritize information from multiple sources
Facilitates interpretation, analysis and evaluation of information
Builds presentation skills and expertise
AASL Standards for the
21st-Century Learner
in Action
2.1.4 Use technology and other information tools to analyze and organize information (14).
3.1.4 Use technology and other information tools to organize and display knowledge and understanding in ways that others can view, use, and assess (15).
The Big6 is copyright (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz. For more information, visit: www.big6.com
29. Step 6: Evaluation
AASL Standards for
the 21st-Century Learner
in Action
3.4.1 Assess the processes by which learning was achieved in order to revise strategies and learn more effectively in the future (15).
3.4.2 Assess the quality and effectiveness of the learning product (15).
Self-assessment of not only the completed project to defined criteria but also during each phase of the process
The Big6 is copyright (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz. For more information, visit: www.big6.com
30. Advantages of the Big 6 Research Model
Integrates information needs, search strategies, presentation skills, and evaluation skills, along with technology tools.
A successful, tested approach that incorporates information and technology skills to strengthen your curriculum.
Helps students to evaluate information, track their own progress during assignments and reflect on their completed work before its graded.
Big6 stages allow students to develop information problem-solving skills as well as become organized, proficient users of information technologies.
Ensures that students learn the fundamental approach for success in an overwhelming inf