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Divine comedy by Dante Alighieri

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one of the greatest italian literary works

Text of Divine comedy by Dante Alighieri

  • 1.Written by
    DANTE ALIGHIERI

2. TheDivine Comedy(Italian:Divina Commedia) is anepic poemwritten byDante Alighieribetween 1308 and his death in 1321. It is widely considered the preeminent work ofItalian literature,and is seen as one of the greatest works ofworld literature.
3. It is divided into three parts, theInferno,Purgatorio, andParadiso.
4. On the surface, the poem describes Dante's travels through Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven;but at a deeper level, it representsallegoricallythe soul's journey towards God.
5. The work was originally simply titledComedaand was later christened
Divinaby
Giovanni Boccaccio.
6. TheDivine Comedyis composed of 14,233 lines that are divided into three canticas (Ital. pl.cantiche)Inferno(Hell),Purgatorio(Purgatory), andParadiso(Paradise)each consisting of 33cantos(Ital. pl.canti).
7. First Part:INFERNO
8. The poem tells of Dante's journey through the three realms of the dead, lasting from the night beforeGood Fridayto the Wednesday afterEasterin the spring of 1300.
9. Dante is at last rescued by Virgil, and the two of them begin their journey to the underworld.
10. Each sin's punishment inInfernois acontrapasso, a symbolic instance ofpoetic justice; for example, fortune-tellers have to walk with their heads on backwards, unable to see what is ahead, because that was what they had tried to do in life:
Each sin's punishment inInfernois acontrapasso, a symbolic instance ofpoetic justice; for example, fortune-tellers have to walk with their heads on backwards, unable to see what is ahead, because that was what they had tried to do in life:
Each sin's punishment inInfernois acontrapasso, a symbolic instance ofpoetic justice; for example, fortune-tellers have to walk with their heads on backwards, unable to see what is ahead, because that was what they had tried to do in life:
Each sin's punishment inInfernois acontrapasso, a symbolic instance ofpoetic justice; for example, fortune-tellers have to walk with their heads on backwards, unable to see what is ahead, because that was what they had tried to do in life:
Each sin's punishment inInfernois acontrapasso, a symbolic instance ofpoetic justice;
11. Second part:PURGATORIO
12. Having survived the depths of Hell, Dante and Virgil ascend out of the undergloom, to the Mountain ofPurgatoryon the far side of the world.
13. Beatrice, Dante's ideal woman, guides him through PURGATORY.Beatrice was a Florentine woman whom he had met in childhood and admired from afar in the mode of the then-fashionablecourtly love tradition which is highlighted in Dante's earlier workLa Vita Nuova.
14. The core seven sins within purgatory correspond to a moral scheme of love perverted, subdivided into three groups corresponding to excessive love (Lust,Gluttony,Greed), deficient love (Sloth), and malicious love (Wrath,Envy,Pride).
15. Third Part:PARADISO
16. After an initial ascension, Beatrice guides Dante through the ninecelestial spheresofHeaven.
17. While the structures of theInfernoandPurgatoriowere based on different classifications of sin, the structure of theParadisois based on thefour cardinal virtuesand thethree theological virtues.
18. 19. FAITH
HOPE
LOVE
20. The ninth circle, orPremium Mobile(corresponding to Medieval astronomy of Geocentricism)contains the angels, creatures never poisoned by original sin.
21. Topping them all is theEmpyreanthat contains the essence of God, completing the 9 fold division to 10.
22. Dante meets and converses with several great saints of the Church, includingThomas Aquinas,Bonaventure,Saint Peter, andSt. John.
23. TheDivine Comedyfinishes with Dante seeing theTriune God.
24. In a flash of understanding, which he cannot express, Dante finally understands the mystery of Christ's divinity and humanity, and his soul becomes aligned with God's love:
But already my desire and my will
were being turned like a wheel, all at one speed,by the Love which moves the sun and the other stars.
25. REFERENCE
Wikipedia.com

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