Critical thinking vs. creative thinking

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Thinking CRITICALLY & CREATIVELY forLearnersJANNETH V. OBISPO

The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. Intelligence plus characterthat is the goal of true education. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Types of Thinking?What is Critical Thinking What is Creative ThinkingCritical Thinking vs Creative Thinking Six Thinking Hats What is Thinking?

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Mechanism of the Brain

Thinking is a Voluntary action!IntelligenceThinkingCritical ThinkingCreative Thinking

What is Thinking?As you start asking questions and seek answers, you are in fact thinking.Why she doesnt like me?Why he doesnt like me?

What is Thinking?As you start asking questions and seek answers, you are in fact thinking.Thinking is a purposeful organized cognitive process that we use to make sense of our world.

Types of Thinking?

What is Critical Thinking?

What is Critical Thinking?

What is Critical Thinking?

What is Critical Thinking?

What is Critical Thinking?

Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action.-Michael Scriven & Richard Paul

Critical Thinking Skills

Characteristics of a Critical Thinker

Are you OPEN-MINDED about other peoples view?Are you HONEST to yourself (or others) when you are wrong?Do you have the COURAGE and PASSION to take initiative and Confront problems and meet challenges?Are you AWARE of your own biases and preconceptions?Do you WELCOME CRITICISM from other people?Do you have INDEPENDENT opinions?

Critical Thinkers

Have a passionate drive for clarity, precision, accuracy, relevance, consistency, logicalness, Completeness and fairness.

Are sensitive to ways in which critical thinking can be skewed by egocentrism, sociocentrism, wishful thinking.

Are intellectually honest with themselves, acknowledging what they dont know and recognizing their limitations

Listen open-mindedly to opposing points of view and welcome criticisms of beliefs and assumptions

Base their beliefs on facts and evidence rather than on personal preference or self-interest.

Critical Thinkers

Are aware of the biases and preconceptions that shape the way they perceive the world.

Think independently and are not afraid to disagree with group opinion.

Are able to get to the heart of an issue or problem without being distracted by details.

Have the intellectual courage to face and assess fairly ideas that challenge even their most basic beliefs

Love truth and curious about a wide range of issues

Have the intellectual perseverance to pursue insights or truths, despite obstacles or difficulties.

What is Creativity?Creativity is a form of energy starting from Nothingand generating great, original and unique values

Edward de Bono

Creative thinking

CREATIVE THINKING ACTIVITY

Now say the colors of the word you can seeFAST!BLUEYELLOWBLACKREDGREENREDBLUEGREENBLACKYELLOW

CREATIVE PROCESS AT WORKMusicArtDanceInventions airplane, telephoneInnovations Apple iPhone, Gateway (Dell personal computers) Creative problem solving using a knife/letter opener to tighten a screw when a screwdriver is not available

Key Principle of CreativityEveryone is creative.Individual creativity comes from the expression of individual authenticity.Team creativity comes from the appreciation and synergistic use of differences.Playfulness increases the likelihood that creativity will occurThe more we believe we are creative, the more creative we will be.

CHARACTERISTICS OF CREATIVE THINKERThey prefer complexity and some degree of apparent imbalance in phenomenaThey are more complex psychodynamically and have Greater personal scopeThey are more independent in there judgmentThey are more self assertive and dominant

Critical thinking vs. Creative ThinkingCritical ThinkingAnalyticalJudgmentalSelectiveProbabilityLeft brainYes butCreative ThinkingGenerativeNon-judgmentalExpansivePossibilityRight brainYes and

Critical thinking vs. Creative ThinkingCritical ThinkingCertainClosed to New InformationDemanding RespectIsolating & analyzing ideasUsing tried & true methodsSeeing failure as failureCreative ThinkingFlexibleOpen to learningRespecting othersConnecting ideasDiscovering new waysSeeing failure as learning

Creative thinking is described as:making and communicating connections to think of many possibilities;think and experience in various ways and use different points of view;think of new and unusual possibilities; andguide in generating and selecting alternatives.

Institute of Critical Thinking34(Isaksen and Treffinger (1985), Creative Problem Solving: The Basic Course)Critical thinking vs. Creative ThinkingCritical thinking is described as:

analyzing and developing possibilities to compare and contrast many ideas improve and refine ideas make effective decisions and judgments, and provide a sound foundation for effective action.

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When you think creatively you are exploring many new ideas

when you are thinking critically you are making choices

Thinking process is like a kayak with 2 paddles,one is creative thinking while the other represents critical thinking

THE SIX THINKING HATS

THE SIX THINKING HATS

THE SIX THINKING HATS

THE SIX THINKING HATS

THE SIX THINKING HATS

THE SIX THINKING HATS

THE SIX THINKING HATS