CREATIVE THINKING - Critical Thinking

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  1. 1. How to Become a Critical Thinker
  2. 2. Universal Standards to Assure Quality Thinking Clarity Accuracy Precision Relevance Depth Breadth Logic Fairness
  3. 3. Alternative Views Issue Person Topic Individual Point of View Based on: Experience Values Beliefs Culture Knowledge
  4. 4. The Critical Thinking Process State the problem in a clear way Identify the alternative views Watch for fallacies in reasoning Find at least 3 different answers Construct your own reasonable view
  5. 5. Exercise: Critical Thinking
  6. 6. Tips for Critical Thinking Beware of your mind-set Be willing to say, I dont know. Practice tolerance Understand different points of view Understand before criticizing Emotions get in the way of clear thinking Examine the source
  7. 7. Questions for Critical Thinkers Who said it? What makes the author think so? So what?
  8. 8. Creative Thinking
  9. 9. Creative thinking is part of the critical thinking process. Use it for: Generating alternatives Thinking of possibilities Creative problem solving Creating new ideas Using more of your potential
  10. 10. The Creative Individual Asks, Why? Is curious about the world Looks at many possibilities or alternatives (divergent thinking)
  11. 11. The Three Ss of Creativity Sensitivity Synergy Serendipity
  12. 12. Uses the senses to discover the world Asks, Why does this happen? How can I do this? Problem finders as well as problem solvers
  13. 13. Two or more elements are associated in a new way and the result is greater than the sum of the parts Example: Two heads are better than one.
  14. 14. Unexpected discoveries Lucky accidents Some examples . . . .
  15. 15. Serendiptiy Remember Alexander Fleming?
  16. 16. Serendipity: Duke Ellington
  17. 17. Creative Thinking Techniques
  18. 18. Brainstorming Quantity without regard to quality as a first step Time limit Goal or quota Wild and unusual is good Use synergy by doing it in a group Use fantasy and imagination Select the best ideas as a last step
  19. 19. Brainstorming Exercise: The Peanut
  20. 20. Look at your peanut. How is this peanut like you?
  21. 21. Can you come up with 10 answers in 3 minutes?
  22. 22. Lets hear your creative ideas.
  23. 23. How is this peanut like you? Its wrinkled, like me. Its brown, like me. It cracks under pressure. What you see is not always what you get. Everyone is different. It just sits in class.
  24. 24. How is this peanut like going to college? Lets use some synergy and work together on this one.
  25. 25. How many answers can we come up with in 5 minutes? You can steal other peoples ideas.
  26. 26. How is this peanut like going to college? There are 2 nuts inside. One is the teacher and one is the student. Were all nuts to a degree! College drives me nuts! Its rough. We both went to class today.
  27. 27. Elements of Creativity Use the pressure of a time limit. Use a goal or quota. Be relaxed. Suspend judgment. Focus your attention. Have fun with it. Use a different perspective.
  28. 28. More Techniques
  29. 29. Relaxed Attention The paradox of: Ho-hum Aha! Relax and then focus
  30. 30. Relaxed Attention Think about it Relax and let it incubate The creative inspiration is the aha!
  31. 31. Use Relaxed Attention in Studying If you get stuck on a problem, relax and come back to it later You are likely to come up with a creative inspiration while relaxing Come back to the problem and solve it
  32. 32. Idea Files Ideas you find interesting Can you think of examples?
  33. 33. Visualization and Imagination Useful for: Memory Relaxation Creativity
  34. 34. Exercise: Using Visualization and Imagination
  35. 35. Can you make the light go on?
  36. 36. More Creativity Techniques Read Keep a journal Think critically
  37. 37. Keys to Success: Learn to Laugh at Life
  38. 38. Have a laugh at life and look around for happiness instead of sadness. --Red Skelton
  39. 39. The physical act of smiling makes you feel happier.
  40. 40. If you do not feel happy, smile and pretend to be happy. Smiling produces seratonin which is a neurotransmitter linked with feelings of happiness
  41. 41. So, smile and be happy. Use your creativity to make some positive changes in your life.