Camera angles and photography

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Introduction to Camera Angles and Photography

Introduction to Camera Anglesand Photography

Camera angles and shotsWhy are they important in Media?When a movie is made, a variety of camera shots are used to add atmosphere and create a mood for the story. The shot refers to the kind of image we see in a frame.

Frame types are also important in photography as what we see in adverts/magazines/ online/newspapers etc... can have a big impact on the viewer and their response to what the photos purpose is.

CAMERA ANGLES & FRAMING

LONG SHOTOVER THE SHOULDER SHOTHIGH ANGLE SHOTLOW ANGLE SHOTBIRDS EYE VIEWESTABLISHING SHOT

CAMERA ANGLES & FRAMING

LONG SHOTOVER THE SHOULDER SHOTHIGH ANGLE SHOTLOW ANGLE SHOTBIRDS EYE VIEWESTABLISHING SHOT

Look at these camera angles and note down an example of when you may use the angle and why it may be effective.(5 mins)

Top tips for taking a good photo!1. GET IN CLOSEClose or tight shots are good for capturing expressions or atmosphere. When capturing images, focus on what you want to show and eliminate distractions

(Always remember when taking photographs of people to get their permission first!)2. FILL THE FRAMETo create interesting photographs, you need to fill the frame and minimize the amount of dead space. The first rule is to get in close. This will help you to capture emotion that wouldn't be detectable from far away.

Top tips for taking a good photo!3. TAKE ACTION SHOTSCapturing action shots requires practise. You could practise capturing images of footballers in action. Take lots of pictures to see if you can capture a player making contact with the ball.

Some cameras have a function called continuous mode that allows you to take several photos in quick succession. This is great for taking action shots.(The image above was taken in continuous mode)

Top tips for taking a good photo!4. CHOOSE A FOCAL POINTThe focal point is the most interesting object/person in your photograph. Any more than one focal point looks cluttered.

There are too many focal points (people, trees, bench) in the first image shown above, whereas the second image shows the tree as the clear focal point.

Top tips for taking a good photo!5. ARRANGE YOUR SUBJECT(S)Arrange your subjects to ensure you translate what you want the audience to focus on. Use plain backgrounds. Be selective. If your object is in front of a messy background, move it until you are satisfied with the shot.

In the first image above, the messy background takes the focus away from the fruit.

Top tips for taking a good photo!6. THINK ABOUT COMPOSITIONComposition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art - in photography terms, it means to arrange elements within a shot in a way that suits the images purpose or core goal, effectively. Composition is a way of guiding the viewers eye towards the most important elements of your work

Cameras view things differently to the human eye and have a limited focus range whereas the eye is constantly scanning scenery, recomposing it, and responding to changes in light conditions. Cameras have a much narrower exposure range than the human eye.

Top tips for taking a good photo!7. APPLY THE RULE OF THIRDSPhotographs with the focal point exactly in the centre can lack depth and interest, so it's better to position your focal point off-center. To do this, apply the rule of thirds. Draw two horizontal and two vertical lines through the picture you want to capture.The eyes are naturally drawn to the four focal points illustrated in red above, so place the important elements of your picture on one or more of these points.

Compare the two images above. A focal point placed in the centre often just looks boring, so avoid placing your focal point in the centre. You will see this rule being applied in any magazine or advert you look at.

Top tips for taking a good photo!8. THINK ABOUT LIGHTMost cameras have an automatic flash that works when there isn't enough natural light. Experiment with the flash to work out its depth or range.

Also think about natural light, especially outside. Try to make sure the sun/light source is behind you, or focused on your subjects.

Be aware that strong bright light will show up people's wrinkles and blemishes. Similarly, try to take pictures of landscapes in early morning or early evening because the light is softer.

Top tips for taking a good photo!9. VARY YOUR SHOTSExperiment with using your camera horizontally and vertically. A photograph of Nelson's Column, for example, would be ideal for a vertical shot.

Top tips for taking a good photo!10. KNOW WHEN TO BREAK THE RULES!Once you have mastered these rules, you can then begin to break them. With digital photography, it's easy to take lots of pictures, so don't be afraid to experiment. If you can create an unusual image, it's likely that people will be interested in it.

DSLRCompact cameraIn the Media department we variety of cameras for you to use, however are very limited, so you may not always be able to hire the equipment you need straight away.

We have DSLRs (Digital single lens reflex camera), compact still cameras and HD digital video cameras.The main difference between the two cameras is that the DSLR allows you to be more creative in terms of manually adjusting the focus, shutter speed etc...(mainly used by professionals or photography enthusiasts)The Canon IXUS compact camera is a great camera for your adverts that you will be creating and uses automatic functions - the quality of the images is very high and this is what you will be using to complete your projects.LINK - http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/art/video/photography/cameratyperev1.shtml

We also have HD digital video cameras that you will be using to film your practical production pieces in year 11.Other equipment is available to use but please ask Miss for more information.

Panasonic HD Video cameraEQUIPMENT IN THE MEDIA DEPARTMENT

Lighting Kit

Green screen

Task/HomeworkYour task is to create a print advert for your object that you have brought to class.

To do this, you firstly need to take five different photos of the advert in different camera angles. The angles you need to take are:

Close-up.Extreme close-up.Medium shot.High angle shot.Low angle shot.

Think about the photography tips you learnt about when taking your photos - use lighting if you like! Experiment with the composition, background and positioning of the object - be as creative as possible!

Next lesson, you will be taught how to use Photoshop and will edit these into a print advert.