Camera Angles & Camera Movements
How a film director might use camera angles and movement to enhance a scene.
Used to highlight important moments. Used in various positions, angles and distances. Different viewpoint and emotions
Different camera angles Extreme close up shot Medium shot Over the shoulder shot Point Of View shot Long shot
Extreme Close UpFocus the audiences attention on something specific.
Shows very precise details.
Medium ShotShows facial expressions but also starts to show body language
Over the Shoulder shotAllows the audience to see how characters react to one another.
Often used for dialogue
Point of View shot You see the scene through characters perspective
Long shotShows the context of whats happening
Allows the audience to see everything in the surrounding area
Over the shoulder shot
Point of view shot
Extreme close up
Thecamerais mounted on a cart which travels along tracks for a very smoothmovement. Tracking shot or trucking shot. Movement will give your film life. Most shots should have some kind of movement in them, even if its very slight.
Different camera movements Pan Zoom Dolly Tilt
Pan Panning is when you move your camera horizontally; either left to right or right to left, while its base is fixated on a certain point. You are not moving the position of the camera itself, just the direction it faces. These types of shots are great for establishing a sense of location within your story.
ZoomWithout a doubt, zooming is the most used camera movement. It is often used as a clutch when the videographer is not sure what else to do to add interest to a shot. Use a quick zoom to add energy to a fast-paced piece. It involves changing thefocal length of the lensto make the subject appear closer or further away in the frame.
DollyA dolly is when you move the entire camera forwards and backwards, typically on some sort of track or motorized vehicle. This type of movement can create beautiful, flowing effects when done correctly.
TiltTilting is when you move the camera vertically, up to down or down to up, while its base is fixated to a certain point. Again, like panning, this move typically involves the use of a tripod where the camera is stationary but you move the angle it points to. These shots are popular when introducing a character, especially one of grandeur, in a movie.