CALL - Computer Assisted Language Learning

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  • 1. Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) Anastasia Laksmy Rindu Dudi

2. INTRODUCTION Computer, nowadays, becomes part of life which likely to be the wife of man. Computer affects not only to the technology or mechanic fields but also to the teaching language. 3. What is CAL and CALL? CAL : Learning involving the utilization of the computer, usually by means of interactive Computer system CALL: CAL which is implemented to language learning 3 4. Why must be CALL ; beyond the consideration 1. Computer is flexible utilization: Students can learn independently It can not represent teacher 2. Computer Based Instruction (CBI) is better than any other non computer mediated language instruction methods; Present materials in more diverse ways than either books or videos Give individual attention to students Motivating, flexible, and provocative Created a new classroom context 4 5. 3. CBI makes learning more interactive; Two ray learning session; both students and computer may interact each other. Generate communication 4. Computer may also give individual attention to students learn actively, respond to questions, completing interactive tasks, and enter personal dialogue with their electronic tutor. assess themselves without the fear losing face. 5 Why must be CALL ; beyond the consideration 6. 5. Computer may to have potential to enhance the development of communicative in a foreign or second language learning 6. Computer can promote for integrated language learning, cognitive, social development of L2 communicative competence 7. Computer can make learning process more efficient in time, more effective cost, and give more opportunities for collaborative learning. 6 Why must be CALL ; beyond the consideration 7. ADVANTAGES Encourages user (students) to develop a non-sequential reading habit Offers freedom for students to choose any topic Students able to collaborate very usefully in problem solving Allows the students to determine the topic they want to learn and how long they want to learn it 7 8. DISADVANTAGES Much less handy, most students do not posses their own computers Difficult and slower to reading text on the screen Costly enough 8 9. Students views toward CAL & CALL program Based on two studies by Hartoyo, M.A., Ph.D to Indonesian Students in: 1. Providing a prototype CAL tutorial program (1993) 2. Investigating the effectiveness of a self access CALL program in improving the mastery of English Grammar (1998) 9 10. The results of the first study: The use of the system: very easy Performance/presentation: very interesting Content: very clear and helpful The structure of the system: excellent 10 Students views toward CAL & CALL program 11. The results of the second study: Positive very interesting, very useful and helpful, very simple to operate Negative inability and unfamiliarity in using computers Suggestion related to the technical aspects 11 Students views toward CAL & CALL program 12. Web-Based Learning 1950s emergence of Instructional Television 1960s and early 1970s Audio Tutorial System History of Development 12 13. 1980s Computer Based Instruction (CBI) 1990s Web Based Technologies 13 Web-Based Learning 14. Web-Based Learning Web-based Learning Distance Learning (Uzuner, 2009), Online Course (Jhonson, 2001), Web-based Training (Olson and Wisler, 2002) Web-base Instruction (Sitzman et al, 2005) 14 TREND & CHALLENGE 15. Web-Based Learning Current application of web-based Education institutions Private Industri Military Institution The Government 15 16. Advantages of web-based learning Easy delivery of training to users Easy updating of content Access availability at anytime and anywhere More personalised learning and material support Web-Based Learning 16 17. Web-Base Learning Disadvantages of web-based learning Lack human contact Lack of multimedia which is due to limitation bandwidth lack pressure from deadline 17 18. Little support with difficulties regarding fee, buying books, or scheduling exam Difficulties in integrating studies as a substantial part into real life. Web-Base Learning 18 19. Web-Base Learning Level of web-use (Galloway, 1998) Level 1 Web is used to post course material with little or no instruction Level 2 Web is used as medium of instruction Teacher instructions, assignments and projects are posted in web Teacher roles as a facilitator to guide the students Level 3 Courses are completely online Teachers and students interact only over web The knowledge of technology is a must. 19 20. Summary ICT supports teaching, learning, and a range of activities in education. Some tools that usually used are: Interactive multimedia Computer Audio devices Internet Television Telephone Mobile gadget Sosial Interface Interactive whiteboard 20 21. The utilisation of ICT tools in language learning activities: Presentation Practice Authoring Computer aided assesment Reference Publishing Communication Simulation Summary 21 22. Thank You Dudi - Anastasia - Laksmy - Rindu