CALL ( Computer assisted language learning ) . By CELLIA PUTRIAMA. DEFINITION. Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) is succinctly defined in a seminal work by Levy (1997: p.1) as "the search for and study of applications of the computer in language teaching and learning . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
CALL (Computer assisted language learning)
CALL (Computer assisted language learning) ByCELLIA PUTRIAMADEFINITION Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) is succinctly defined in a seminal work by Levy (1997: p.1) as "the search for and study of applications of the computer in language teaching and learning.History of callCALL was introduced for the first time at 1960.in the late of 1970s CALL become the range of a wider audience, resulting in a boom in the development of CALL programs and a flurry of publications of books on CALL in the early 1980s.By the early 1980s, however, CALL was in evidence in a large number of schools in the UK and the rest of Europe - and, of course, in the USA and Canada.
4There have been several attempts to document the history of CALL.Sanders (1995) covers the period from the mid-1960s to the mid-1990s, focusing on CALL in North America.Delcloque (2000) documents the history of CALL worldwide, from its beginnings in the 1960s to the dawning of the new millenniumDavies (2005) takes a look back at CALL's past and attempts to predict where it is going.Hubbard (2009) offers a compilation of 74 key articles and book excerpts, originally published in the years 1988-2007, that give a comprehensive overview of the wide range of leading ideas and research results that have exerted an influence on the development of CALL or that show promise in doing so in the future
Butler-Pascoe (2011) looks at the history of CALL from a different point of view, namely the evolution of CALL in the dual fields of educational technology and second/foreign language acquisition and the paradigm shifts experienced along the way.
TYPES OF CALL Types of CALL programs/ materialsCALL-specific softwareGeneric softwareWeb-based learning programsComputer-mediated communication (CMC) programs
Types of CALLTwo types: Multimedia CALL (CD-ROMs) and Web-based CALL (on the Internet)A) Multimedia CALLCharacteristics:They create a more authentic learning environment using different media. Language skills are easily integrated through multimedia.Students have a high degree of control over their learning through hypermedia. It facilitates a principle focus on the content without sacrificing a secondary focus on language form
B) Web-based CALLCharacteristics: A) CMC It provides authentic synchronous and asynchronous communication channels. Language learners can communicate directly, inexpensively, and conveniently with other learners or native speakers of the target language at any time and in any place.CMC can be carried out in several forms; it can be one-to-one, one-to-many, or many-to-one. B) The Web Students can search through millions of files around the world within minutes to locate and access authentic materials exactly tailored to their own personal interests. Students can use the Web to publish their texts or multimedia materials to share with partner classes or with the general public.Source:http://www2.nkfust.edu.tw/~emchen/CALL/unit1.htm
Activities can be done that related with call
multiple-choice & true/false quizzes- gap-filling exercise/cloze- matching- re-ordering/sequencing- crossword puzzles- games- simulations - writing & word-processing- concordance - web quests/searching- web publishing- online communication (synchronous and asynchronous)