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Aspirants Times Magazine Vol7 [Www.Upscportal.Com] UPSC, Civil Services, ICS, UPSCPORTAL, IAS, PCS, IFS, UPPSC, MPPSC, HPPSC, UTPSC, RPSC, TNPSC, KPSC, Public Administration, Indian Administrative Services, Coaching, Brilliant, Chanakya,Chemistry, Mathematics,Medical Science, Anthropology,Chemistry, IAS Study Group, Mock Exam, Online Test

Text of Aspirants Times Magazine Vol7 [Www.Upscportal.Com]

  • 1.Copyright 2009 | WWW.UPSCPORTAL.COM 1

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INDEXEditorial Self Confidence Brings Success............................................................................03 SECTION - 1: Articles Moon Mission Chandrayaan-I ................................................................................04 Doha Talks ...............................................................................................................19 Hindi Article: ( =xx )..................................................................................26SECTION - 2: Hot Topics PSLV-C14 Successfully Launched Oceansat-2 ............................................................32 SECTION - 3: Current Relevant Facts.....................................................................36 SECTION -4: Sports ...............................................................................................50 SECTION -5: Awards...............................................................................................55 SECTION - 6: Mains Special Science & Technology ..............................................................................................58 Social Problems & Welfare Schemes........................................................................85 Economy ...............................................................................................................103Copyright 2009 | WWW.UPSCPORTAL.COM2 3. Self Confidence Brings SuccessNow that you may be sitting for the IAS mains examination this year, I am sure all of you must have read many books, notes, magazines etc; and must have made very good plan for your studies. But still many of you feel, a certain type of unprepared-ness, fear and memory-wash. You need self-confidence! Through self-confidence, you can keep all your studies with you and utilize all your potential in the examination. No doubt, during your long preparation, you have gained a lot, learnt a lot, But now you have to keep all your treasure intact and utilize them fully in the examinations.At this juncture self-confidence is vital. Forget all negative points and enhance only and only positive things. You need to choose optimism! You need to rectify your fears and surround yourself with positive people. It will provide you a positive state of mind, self-confidence and ultimately success.We are doing our best to provide you important materials for Mains Examinations. In the seventh volume, you will find Science & Technology, Social Problems & Welfare Schemes and Economy under the IAS (main) Special Column. If you read them care- fully, I am sure you will gain your confidence. There are articles on Moon Mission Chandrayaan-I, Doha Talks and =xx (in Hindi). PSLV-C14 Successfully Launched Oceansat-2 is written as the hot topic of month. Besides all these, you will have usual columns like Current Affairs and Sports & Awards.I have full confidence in you and your ability and you will also keep it on. We are sure many of our members will emerge as a winner.Keep up the Hard Work... Editor: R. K. Pandeywith UPSCPORTAL.COM Team Copyright 2009 | WWW.UPSCPORTAL.COM 3 4. Section -1 (Article : Moon Mission Chandrayaan - I)Moon Mission Chandrayaan-IEnd of Task with Affirmative ApproachBy R. K. PandeyRadio contact with Chandrayaan-I spacecraft was space science mission the Indian agency had even abruptly lost at on August 29, 2009 while Indias done. space agency ended an $82 million mission to map the surface of the moon after failing to restore con- The Insat series of communications satellites and tact with its unmanned Chandrayaan I craft on the unique weather sensors that they carry are a Aug. 31,2009. It may be recalled that good example of ISROs traditional approach. Chandrayaan-I space-These satellites were at craft was launched from first launched mostly by Satish Dhawan Space Europes Ariane and are Centre Sriharikota on now being put into or- October 22, 2008 .The bit by Indias own Geo- Spacecraft has com- synchronous Space pleted 312 days in orbitLaunch Vehicle making more than 3400 (GSLV). The technol- orbits around the Moonogy for the spacecraft and providing large vol-themselves was almost ume of data from so-entirely homegrown. phisticated sensors likeISROs policy was to use Terrain Mapping Cam-as little foreign input as era, Hyper-spectral Im- possible, both in order ager, Moon Mineralogy to develop their own in- Mapper etc., meetingdustrial base and-so most of the scientific objectives of the mission. they claimed-to hold down costs.Indias space program has come a long way since Chandrayaan 1 represented a major break from it was established in 1962 as the Indian National that tradition. It incorporated instrument pack- Committee on Space Research (INCOSPAR). Its ages from Britain, Germany, Russia, Sweden, and successor, the Indian Space Research Organisation the US, as well as from India itself. This repre- (ISRO), was set up in 1969, and six years later their sented a major step forward in India-US coopera- first satellite, Aryabhata, was launched. Since thention. Overcoming the bureaucratic and political ISRO has matured into one of the Big Threeobstacles that have long stood in the way of such Asian space agencies, alongside Chinas CNSA andbilateral programs was a major achievement for Japans JAXA. It is a significant partner in many all involved. On the US side breaking through the international space projects. International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) restrictions was only accomplished with a lot of The first ISRO Moon probe, Chandrayaan 1, was hard work on the part of both NASA and the State an important step away from ISROs previous fo- Department. It would never have been possible cus on practical space technology applications, without a commitment from the highest levels of such as remote sensing, communications, distancegovernment: former President George W. Bush learning, telemedicine, and security. These efforts and former Prime Minister A.B. Vajpayee deserve were all aimed at supporting Indias national de- a lot of credit in this regard. velopment goals. For many years the feeling was that everything they did had to have a direct pay-Chandrayaan 2, scheduled for launch in 2011, is off for the people and particularly for the impov-a lander/rover mission that ISRO is developing erished masses. The mission was the first purewith some technological input from Russia. ThisCopyright 2009 | WWW.UPSCPORTAL.COM 4 5. Section -1 (Article : Moon Mission Chandrayaan - I) summer they plan to ask the international scien- has revolved the Moon, compiling a 3-D atlas of tific community for proposals for sensors and ex-the lunar surface and mapping the distribution of periments to include on the rover. This may be a elements and minerals. difficult because the final configuration of the mis- sion has not yet been determined. The rover mayThe launch is regarded as a major step for India as weigh anywhere from 30 to 100 kilograms. Obvi- it seeks to keep pace with other space-faring na- ously there is quite a bit of trade space so the tions in Asia. proposals, or at least the early ones, will have to include more than a bit of guesswork.Competitive Mission To meet the anticipated launch date India and itsAn Indian-built launcher carrying the one-and- partners will have to work within some serious a-half-tonne satellite blasted off from Satish time constraints. By space mission standards 2011Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, an island off is right around the corner and system integrationthe coast of Andhra Pradesh. has got to start as soon as possible. The Indian government has approved funding for the missionOne key objective was be to search for surface or and for the advanced version of the GLSV launchersub-surface water-ice on the Moon, especially at needed to get the probe onto the lunar surface.the poles. Another was be to detect Helium 3, anisotope which is rare on Earth, but is sought to Along with their recently announced independentpower nuclear fusion and could be a valuable manned space exploration program the source of energy in future. Chandrayaan series of science missions show that India is determined to be a space power in the fullPowered by a single solar panel generating about sense of the term. This flows naturally from Indias 700 Watts, the Indian Space Research emergence as a global economic and political Organisation (ISRO) probe carried five Indian- power. Over many decades hundreds of thousands built instruments and six constructed in other of high-quality scientists and engineers have been countries, including the US, Britain and Germany. trained in Indian universities. These men andThe mission is expected to cost 3.8bn rupees women have helped propel India to its new sta- (45m; $78m), considerably less than Japanese and tus, and giving them challenging and fascinating Chinese probes sent to the Moon last year. new space projects is a way for the Indian gov- ernment to keep this talent at home and busy.The Indian experiments included a 30kg probe thatwill be released from the mothership to slam into It will be interesting to see how ISRO uses thethe lunar surface. The Moon Impact Probe (MIP) Russian technology that they are getting for has record video footage on the way down and Chandrayaan 2. We should also keep an eye on measured the composition of the Moon's tenuous the laser imaging system that is being developed atmosphere. It was also dropped the Indian flag for the rover. Integrating these systems into theon the surface of the Moon. The country's tricolour mission is not going to be easy, but if India pulls it was painted on the side of the probe and, if suc- off it will be an even more impressive achieve-cessful, India has become the fourth country af- ment than Chandrayaan 1. ter the US, Russia and Japan to place its nationalflag on the lunar surface. Unmanned Chandrayaan 1C1XS mapped the abundance of differ