A&SL Conference Workshop 2016 Develop your Creativity to Engage Students DeeperDelivered By Peter Reilly & Catherine LeeGlucksman Library University of Limerick
Teaching Strategies to Inspire YOU !
Hopefully the innovative teaching strategies discussed in this session, and the various activities, will inspire you to be more creative in your own work.2
Form your own Groups
Are you being creative in work or teaching ? What do you think Creativity is ?Elect a scribe to take notes Activity No 1
Innovation Motivation Problem Solving CREATIVITY
Creativity The Cognitive Psychologist Jerome Bruner (1962) recognised that as the future was so difficult to define, Creativity was the best tool to prepare both our children and students for evolutionary change.(Runco, 2004 ,p659)
A flying dragon boat my 10 year old nephew devised and built out of several Lego Ninjago sets.5
This presentation will discuss each of the various strategies or techniques which I have used. Review learning theory in terms of Cognitive Psychology . Make reference to recent education policy reports. Explore the skills employers require from new hires, finally whether these Graduate skills are meeting the labour market demands.6
So What are these teaching strategies or techniques used in Research Methods WorkshopsPosters, images , animation, blogs , games, videos7
Activity No 2
Solution Fluency is a creative approach to problem solving developed by the Global Digital Citizen Foundation. It is a six step process known as the 6 Ds and students are encouraged to consider it as another lens in which to view their dissertation.8
Howard Gardners (1991) Theory of Multiple Intelligences :
Education has been traditionally dominated by the following:Logical mathematicalLinguistic9
CC BY-NC 3.0 David McCandless 2013/http://www.informationisbeautiful.net
Today we live in an image dominated society, and Big Data is being presented visually. This is David McCandless blog which uses data visualisation creatively.10
Visual Vs Verbal Dual Coding Theory
According to Cognitive Psychologist Allan Paivios (1971) Dual Coding Theory (DCT) There are two types of learners which can be classified into two distinct groups verbalisers and visualizers who process information differently. Subsequent research by conducted by Riding & Cheema (1991) concluded that verbaliser have a preference for text and visualizers for images.
So combining teaching using both of these .11
Research - Post Dual Coding Theory
Activity No 3www.paladone.com
Group play this game Picture This 13
The EU Report on the Modernisation of Higher Education chaired by Mary McAleese emphasised that student should be grappling with problems which are bigger than their course and making a contribution to society. Horizon Report Employers expect new recruits to be self directed learners(learning which occurs outside classroom). Educause Report -key skills of students Analyse, Strategise, Hypothesise, Evaluate
Charles Leadbeater in 2010 TED talking discussing learning innovation said the Developing world was leading the way in this sphere and WesternEducators could learn two things.Engage people before teaching them.Learning has to be productive to make sense.15
Engage students with my teaching portfolio collage by asking for their interpretation of it.As previously mentioned Two types of cognitive styles among a group - Explorers and Assimilators. Assimilators like solving problems using their experience and adhering to rules.Explorer perform better at the novelty tasks and draw conclusions based on available resources.
Activity No 4
Group interpret the significance of each image in the collage 17
Labour Market:Employers are seeking new hires who can identify problems as well as solve them. As the workplaces is constantly evolving Students require a set of generic skills epitomised by the Graduate attributes in order to succeed. The focus is on lifelong learning with employees constantly up skilling to be competent in using new technologies and tasks.
Collaborative employees The modern workplace encourages a collaborative learning environment, requiring team members to embrace change , offer differing viewpoints, and discuss problems openly. Consequently they share knowledge learn from each other and guided by common objectives. (Barczak et al. 2010)
Harold Jarche is a Knowledge Management Consultant and Blogger.He has developed a theory called Personal Knowledge Mastery which I think is very relevant to students undertaking a Literature Review.20
This is another visual presentation of the Seek Sense Share model created by Sacha Chua.Students really engage with it because it is easy to follow, and can relate it to their own Literature Review.21
Graduate students are adult learners and learn differently to children, because They engage in critical self reflection and reassess their learning. 22
Activity No 5
Image of a LCD Television Screen rotated at 90 degree angle.This is another technique , I use to encourage students look at the context of something. Research has to be interesting to the reader and one way of doing this is by exploring a topic from a different perspective.Emphasise the importance of taking a holistic approach to a topic, rather than focusing on specific part.23
Combination of Andragogy and Transformative learning theory
Reflecting on my own teaching its a combination of Andragogy (Malcolm Knowles 1980) and Transformative Learning theory (Jack Mezirow 1991) Create a climate of cooperation .Help learners identify their needs and set goals Present learning as tasks to be undertaken or problems solvedUse experience of learners as a teaching resourceRecognise initial and on-going learner needs.Encourage learners in examining their own assumptions of a topic.Provide opportunities for self directed learningJustify the relevance of what is being thought.24
Stop the Bus Activity No 6
Creativity is about taking something from one domain and applying it to another to revitalize and create something new.In this case stop the bus is a literacy game played by eight year olds , I have repurposed it as a reflective tool for adults to encourage collaboration and motivation.25
Started to experiment with animation as way to engage students.
Dave Gray has a blog devoted to visual thinking. I encourage students to watch the video and apply what they have learned.Sometime it can aid with refining a complex problem by drawing it.Depends on students intelligence type whether they like or hate it.27
The objective of the session is to stimulate the students curiosity, which makes them self motivated , resulting in them becoming immersed in their topic at a deeper level.28
Post Assessment Exercise
Adapt Stephen Brookfields Critical Incident Questionnaire (CIQ) http://www.stephenbrookfield.com/Dr._Stephen_D._Brookfield/Critical_Incident_Questionnaire_files/CIQ.pdf
I use a modified version of Stephen Brookfields Critical Incident Questionnaire as a post assessment exercise.29
Felt most Engaged
Synopsis of students feedback stating when they felt most engaged in the workshop30
On reflection creativity has been used to try create a student centred and collaborative learning environment.31
Sternberg (1995) - How to Improve Your Creativity
Develop a high motivation for Being Creative. Be fully convinced of value & Importance of Creative Actions. Show a certain degree of non conformism, as rules may hinder your progress.Carefully choose topics which interest you but have been over looked by others.Use Analogies & Divergent thinking as much as possible.Seek out colleagues who fight convention & help you test new ideasImmerse yourself in knowledge of subject to avoid re inventing the wheel for 100th time.Make the strongest commitment your creative enterprise.
Highly Recommended & Good Introduction to concept of Creativity.
Ken Robinson book Out of Our Minds is a good place to start.Csikzentmihalyis Flow is a best seller 33
References : Barczak, G., Lassk, F., & Mulki, J. (2010). Antecedents of Team Creativity: An Examination of Team Emotional Intelligence, Team Trust and Collaborative Culture. Creativity and Innovation Management, 19(4), 332345. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8691.2010.00574.x
Gardner, H. (1993). Frames of mind: Theory of Multiple Intelligence, 2nd Ed London, Fontana.
Knowles, M. S. (1980). The modern practice of adult education. Fallett.
Martinsen, O., & Kaufmann, G. (2000). The assimilator-explorer cognitive styles and their relationship to affective-motivational orientations and cognitive performances. In R. & R. S. Riding (Ed.), International perspectives on individual differences (1st ., pp. 339). Ablex.
Mezirow, J. (1991). Transformative dimensions of adult learning. (1st ed.). San Francisco: CA: Jossey Bass .
Paivio, A. (1979). Imagery and verbal processes. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Runco, M. A. (2004). Creativity. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 65787. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141502
Sternberg, R., & Lubart, T. I. (1995). Defying the crowd: cultivating creativity in a culture of conformity. New York N.Y.: Free Press.
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