1 Prehistoric

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Aligns with the material found in chapter 1 of Stokstad's Art History survey.

Text of 1 Prehistoric

  • 1.Chapter 1
    Prehistoric Art in Europe

2. Dating Conventions and Abbreviations
B.C.=before ChristB.C.E.=before the Common Era
A.D.=Anno Domini(in the year of our Lord)C.E.=Common Era
c.orca.= circa
C.=century
3. Outline of Prehistoric Period
Paleolithic
Lower
Middle
Upper
Neolithic
4. Paleolithic Age
Old Stone Age - 2,500,000 10,000 BC
Technological advancement from spear to bow/arrow = better hunting
Appearance of Homo sapiens sapiens(-120,000)
Cro-Magnon Man
Europe
Stone Ax = chop down trees & make boats
Hunting large animals required 4-5 bands of people working together
Chief status for leader
Cave Paintings
5. Homo Sapiens Sapiens
6. Shelter or Architecture?
7. Architecture of Mammoth-Bone Houses
Mammoth bone dwelling
from Ukraine
ca. 16,000-10,000B.C.E.
8. 9. Artifacts or Works of Art?
10. Lion-Human
from Hohlenstein-Stadel, Germany
ca. 30,000-26,000 B.C.E.
mammoth ivory
11 3/8 in. high
11. Sculpture
Oldest surviving art objects
Made from bone, ivory, stone, or antlers
Either engraved (by incising an outlined figure with a sharp tool), carved in deep relief or fully rounded three-dimension
Lion-Human is half man, half beast
12. Female Figurines
13. Venus of Willendorffrom Willendorf, Austria
ca. 28,000-25,000 B.C.E.
limestone
4 1/4 in. high
14. Venus of Willendorf
15. Other Female Beauties
Woman of Lespugue
from cave of Les Rideaux, France
ca. 20,000 B.C.E.
mammoth ivory
5 3/4 in. high
16. Various European Venus figures
17. Modern Exaggeration
18. 19. The Meaning of Cave Paintings
The first paintings were probably made 15,000 years ago
Pictures of bison, deer, horses, cattle, mammoths & boars are in the most remote recesses of the caves, from the entrance
Scholars proposed the social function of art lead to totemistic rites and increase ceremonies used to enhance fertility
20. The Meaning of Cave Paintings
Archeologists speculate the animal images were meant to guarantee a successful hunt
Drawing a picture of it gave you power over it?
Sympathetic magic
Artwork has been depicted with realistic features that enables scholars to identify animals
21. Chauvet Cave paintings
Vallon-Pont-dArc, Ardche, France
ca. 30,000-28,000B.C.E.
pigment on stone
22. 23. Not intended for long-term use?
Used for rituals?
Pech-Merle Cave paintings
Lot, France
ca. 22,000B.C.E.
pigment on stone
24. 25. Lascaux Cave paintings
Lascaux, Dordogne, France
ca. 15,000-13,000B.C.E.
pigment on stone
26. Twisted Perspective horns, eyes & hooves are shown as seen from the front, yet heads & bodies are rendered in profile
27. Prehistoric Art Tools

  • Cave artists used charcoal to outline the walls; sometimes they incised the wall with sharp stones or charcoal sticks

28. The paints used were ground minerals like red & yellow ochre 29. The minerals were applied directly on the damp limestone walls