Prehistoric cave art-Lascaux, France
Superimposed images may mean the act of creating was more important than the final image.
Prehistoric stone sculpture Venus of Willendorf-fertility figure
Stone Henge, Englandmonolithic architecture
The great pyramids at Giza were both tombs and monuments. 2500 BC
Egyptian Canopic jars hold the internal organs removed during mummification.
Egypt- Temple at Karnak shows stone architecture (post and lintel)
Karnak obelisk, temple and guardian sphinx sculptures.
Egyptian sculptureMycerinus and His QueenStone rigid, stylized, block -like
Mycerinus and his Queen - detail
Sculpture of an Egyptian Pharaoh
Note the symmetry, frontal pose and simplified details.
Sarcophagus and painted box from an Egyptian tomb were painted with hieroglyphs and scenes from the life of the deceased.
Animal mummy case
Wall paintings in Egyptian tomb shows Anubis (Jackal-headed god) with the mummified Pharaoh.
Size shows status. Rigid rules for figures, wildlife is more natural.
Men darker than women.
Tomb in Aswan shows hieroglyph captions with image.
Daughters of AkenatenWall paintingBriefly, during Akenatens reign artists were allowed to paint in a more natural way showing, foreshortening, perspective and natural poses. When he died the rigid rules of art making were again imposed.
Lions Gateshows Postand Lintelstructure
Early (Archaic) Greek sculpture rigid, stylized, nude youth (Kouros) was probably a funeral marker.
Classical Greek Sculpturethe Spear Bearer, shows contraposto, a natural s curve pose, detailed anatomy but a calm, god-like face.
Nike of SamothraceGreek SculptureNote the fluid drapery and beauty of the anatomy
Laocoon GroupHellenistic (late) sculpture showed movement, emotion & violence, great detail and facial expression.
The Acropolis (high city)in Athens, Greece.
Architectural Orders in GreeceDoric Ionic Corinthian
Temple from the Acropolis is of the Ionic Order, decorated with a high relief frieze base.
The Parthenon in Athens, Greece. Temple to Athena, goddess of war and wisdom.
Parthenon pediment sculpture and low- relief frieze.
Parthenon Doric order
The Dionysus Bowl glazed pottery shows the legend of how the god of wine (Dionysus) caused the boat mast to sprout into a grapevine, frightening the pirates. As they jumped into the sea they turnedinto dolphins.
Pottery design (red figure vase) shows a mythical creature popular in ancient cultures.
Red Figure Greek Vase (amphora) showing a legend about the gods and their winged horses. (Pegasus)
The Arch of Constantine Rome, Italy
Aqueducts allowed Romans to bring fresh water to their cities.
Roman sculpture show personality and unique, realistic, features Busts were of head and shoulders only.
Portrait bust of Julius Caesar
Coliseum, Rome, Italy built as a stadium for entertainment
It featured 3 tiers of arches, bleachers and box seats as well as a canvas awning for shade
Rooms under the stadium floor held animals, slaves and gladiators. It was even flooded so mock naval battles could be staged.
The Pantheon in Rome is a dome on a drum, with a Greek style front porch.
The ceiling of the Pantheon is coffered to lighten the weight of the stone. The domes oculus provides light (and rain!)
The interior of the Pantheon includes Greek style columns and pediment window niches.
Ruins in ancient Rome show how they borrowed ideas from the Greeks.
Courtyard of a Roman villa
Wall paintings from Pompeii were preserved when the city was encased in volcanic ash
The Villa of Mysteries in Pompeii shows great skill in painting