Prehistoric art. Prehistoric cave art-Lascaux, France.

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  • Prehistoric art

  • Prehistoric cave art-Lascaux, France

  • Superimposed images may mean the act of creating was more important than the final image.

  • Prehistoric stone sculpture Venus of Willendorf-fertility figure

  • Stone Henge, Englandmonolithic architecture

  • Egyptian Art

  • The great pyramids at Giza were both tombs and monuments. 2500 BC

  • Egyptian Canopic jars hold the internal organs removed during mummification.

  • Egypt- Temple at Karnak shows stone architecture (post and lintel)

  • Karnak obelisk, temple and guardian sphinx sculptures.

  • Egyptian sculptureMycerinus and His QueenStone rigid, stylized, block -like

  • Mycerinus and his Queen - detail

  • Sculpture of an Egyptian Pharaoh

    Note the symmetry, frontal pose and simplified details.

  • Sarcophagus and painted box from an Egyptian tomb were painted with hieroglyphs and scenes from the life of the deceased.

  • Animal mummy case

  • Wall paintings in Egyptian tomb shows Anubis (Jackal-headed god) with the mummified Pharaoh.

  • Size shows status. Rigid rules for figures, wildlife is more natural.

  • Men darker than women.

  • Tomb in Aswan shows hieroglyph captions with image.

  • Daughters of AkenatenWall paintingBriefly, during Akenatens reign artists were allowed to paint in a more natural way showing, foreshortening, perspective and natural poses. When he died the rigid rules of art making were again imposed.

  • Lions Gateshows Postand Lintelstructure

  • Early (Archaic) Greek sculpture rigid, stylized, nude youth (Kouros) was probably a funeral marker.

  • Classical Greek Sculpturethe Spear Bearer, shows contraposto, a natural s curve pose, detailed anatomy but a calm, god-like face.

  • Nike of SamothraceGreek SculptureNote the fluid drapery and beauty of the anatomy

  • Laocoon GroupHellenistic (late) sculpture showed movement, emotion & violence, great detail and facial expression.

  • The Acropolis (high city)in Athens, Greece.

  • Architectural Orders in GreeceDoric Ionic Corinthian

  • Temple from the Acropolis is of the Ionic Order, decorated with a high relief frieze base.

  • The Parthenon in Athens, Greece. Temple to Athena, goddess of war and wisdom.

  • Parthenon pediment sculpture and low- relief frieze.

  • Parthenon Doric order

  • Parthenon colonnade

  • The Dionysus Bowl glazed pottery shows the legend of how the god of wine (Dionysus) caused the boat mast to sprout into a grapevine, frightening the pirates. As they jumped into the sea they turnedinto dolphins.

  • Pottery design (red figure vase) shows a mythical creature popular in ancient cultures.

  • Red Figure Greek Vase (amphora) showing a legend about the gods and their winged horses. (Pegasus)

  • Roman Art

  • The Arch of Constantine Rome, Italy

  • Aqueducts allowed Romans to bring fresh water to their cities.

  • Roman sculpture show personality and unique, realistic, features Busts were of head and shoulders only.

  • Portrait bust of Julius Caesar

  • Coliseum, Rome, Italy built as a stadium for entertainment

  • It featured 3 tiers of arches, bleachers and box seats as well as a canvas awning for shade

  • Rooms under the stadium floor held animals, slaves and gladiators. It was even flooded so mock naval battles could be staged.

  • The Pantheon in Rome is a dome on a drum, with a Greek style front porch.

  • The ceiling of the Pantheon is coffered to lighten the weight of the stone. The domes oculus provides light (and rain!)

  • The interior of the Pantheon includes Greek style columns and pediment window niches.

  • Ruins in ancient Rome show how they borrowed ideas from the Greeks.

  • Courtyard of a Roman villa

  • Wall paintings from Pompeii were preserved when the city was encased in volcanic ash

  • The Villa of Mysteries in Pompeii shows great skill in painting