Prehistoric art. Prehistoric cave art-Lascaux, France.

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<ul><li><p>Prehistoric art</p></li><li><p>Prehistoric cave art-Lascaux, France</p></li><li><p>Superimposed images may mean the act of creating was more important than the final image.</p></li><li><p>Prehistoric stone sculpture Venus of Willendorf-fertility figure</p></li><li><p>Stone Henge, Englandmonolithic architecture</p></li><li><p>Egyptian Art</p></li><li><p>The great pyramids at Giza were both tombs and monuments. 2500 BC</p></li><li><p>Egyptian Canopic jars hold the internal organs removed during mummification.</p></li><li><p>Egypt- Temple at Karnak shows stone architecture (post and lintel)</p></li><li><p>Karnak obelisk, temple and guardian sphinx sculptures.</p></li><li><p>Egyptian sculptureMycerinus and His QueenStone rigid, stylized, block -like</p></li><li><p>Mycerinus and his Queen - detail</p></li><li><p>Sculpture of an Egyptian Pharaoh</p><p>Note the symmetry, frontal pose and simplified details.</p></li><li><p>Sarcophagus and painted box from an Egyptian tomb were painted with hieroglyphs and scenes from the life of the deceased.</p></li><li><p>Animal mummy case</p></li><li><p>Wall paintings in Egyptian tomb shows Anubis (Jackal-headed god) with the mummified Pharaoh.</p></li><li><p>Size shows status. Rigid rules for figures, wildlife is more natural.</p></li><li><p>Men darker than women.</p></li><li><p>Tomb in Aswan shows hieroglyph captions with image.</p></li><li><p>Daughters of AkenatenWall paintingBriefly, during Akenatens reign artists were allowed to paint in a more natural way showing, foreshortening, perspective and natural poses. When he died the rigid rules of art making were again imposed.</p></li><li><p>Lions Gateshows Postand Lintelstructure</p></li><li><p>Early (Archaic) Greek sculpture rigid, stylized, nude youth (Kouros) was probably a funeral marker.</p></li><li><p>Classical Greek Sculpturethe Spear Bearer, shows contraposto, a natural s curve pose, detailed anatomy but a calm, god-like face.</p></li><li><p>Nike of SamothraceGreek SculptureNote the fluid drapery and beauty of the anatomy</p></li><li><p>Laocoon GroupHellenistic (late) sculpture showed movement, emotion &amp; violence, great detail and facial expression.</p></li><li><p>The Acropolis (high city)in Athens, Greece.</p></li><li><p>Architectural Orders in GreeceDoric Ionic Corinthian</p></li><li><p>Temple from the Acropolis is of the Ionic Order, decorated with a high relief frieze base.</p></li><li><p>The Parthenon in Athens, Greece. Temple to Athena, goddess of war and wisdom.</p></li><li><p>Parthenon pediment sculpture and low- relief frieze.</p></li><li><p>Parthenon Doric order</p></li><li><p>Parthenon colonnade</p></li><li><p>The Dionysus Bowl glazed pottery shows the legend of how the god of wine (Dionysus) caused the boat mast to sprout into a grapevine, frightening the pirates. As they jumped into the sea they turnedinto dolphins.</p></li><li><p>Pottery design (red figure vase) shows a mythical creature popular in ancient cultures.</p></li><li><p>Red Figure Greek Vase (amphora) showing a legend about the gods and their winged horses. (Pegasus)</p></li><li><p>Roman Art</p></li><li><p>The Arch of Constantine Rome, Italy</p></li><li><p>Aqueducts allowed Romans to bring fresh water to their cities.</p></li><li><p>Roman sculpture show personality and unique, realistic, features Busts were of head and shoulders only.</p></li><li><p>Portrait bust of Julius Caesar</p></li><li><p>Coliseum, Rome, Italy built as a stadium for entertainment</p></li><li><p>It featured 3 tiers of arches, bleachers and box seats as well as a canvas awning for shade</p></li><li><p>Rooms under the stadium floor held animals, slaves and gladiators. It was even flooded so mock naval battles could be staged.</p></li><li><p>The Pantheon in Rome is a dome on a drum, with a Greek style front porch.</p></li><li><p>The ceiling of the Pantheon is coffered to lighten the weight of the stone. The domes oculus provides light (and rain!)</p></li><li><p>The interior of the Pantheon includes Greek style columns and pediment window niches.</p></li><li><p>Ruins in ancient Rome show how they borrowed ideas from the Greeks.</p></li><li><p>Courtyard of a Roman villa</p></li><li><p>Wall paintings from Pompeii were preserved when the city was encased in volcanic ash</p></li><li><p>The Villa of Mysteries in Pompeii shows great skill in painting</p></li></ul>


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