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World Organisation for Animal Health. Seminar on the Dialogue and Common Activities between the OIE Member Countries of the European Union and the other Member Countries of the OIE Regional Commission for Europe Ankara, Turkey, 21-22 November 2005. Dr Dewan SIBARTIE OIE, Central Bureau, - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of World Organisation for Animal Health

  • World Organisation for Animal Health

  • Seminar on the Dialogue and Common Activities between the OIE Member Countries of the European Union and the other Member Countries of the OIE Regional Commission for Europe

    Ankara, Turkey, 21-22 November 2005

  • Presentation of Objectives and Structure of the OIE and of the 4th Strategic Plan 2006-2010

    Dr Dewan SIBARTIEOIE, Central Bureau,Head of the Regional Activities Department

    21-22 November 2005

  • The official name of the OrganisationWorld Organisation for Animal Health adopted by the International Committee on May 2003

  • Plan

    Objectives Member CountriesStructureInternational relationsInformation system International StandardsReference Laboratories Collaborating CentresPublications and Website4th Strategic Plan of the OIE for 2006-2010

  • 167 Member Countries (May 2005)

    Americas: 29 Africa: 50 Europe: 49 Middle East: 13 Asia: 26

  • OIE Objectives

  • Objectives

    To ensure transparency in the global animal disease and zoonosis situation To collect, analyse and disseminate scientific veterinary informationTo provide expertise and encourage international solidarity in the control of animal diseasesWithin its mandate under the WTO SPS Agreement, to safeguard world trade by publishing health standards for international trade in animals and animal products To improve the legal framework and resources of national Veterinary ServicesTo provide a better guarantee of the safety of food of animal origin and to promote animal welfare through a science-based approach

  • ObjectivesThe historical objectives (1) 1. To ensure transparency in the global animal disease and zoonosis situation

  • ObjectivesThe historical objectives (2) 2. To collect, analyse and disseminate scientific veterinary information

  • Objectives3.To provide expertise and encourage international solidarity in the control of animal diseases New objectives (1)

  • Objectives4.Within its mandate under the WTO SPS Agreement, to safeguard world trade by publishing health standards for international trade in animals and animal products New objectives (2)

  • Objectives

    5.To improve the legal framework and resources of national Veterinary Services New objectives (3)

  • Objectives

    To provide a better guarantee of the safety of food of animal origin, To promote animal welfare, through a science-based approach New mandates (4)

  • Contributions

    Ordinary - 6 categories of countriesVolontary - Financing of specific activities (Regional Representations)..

  • OIE Structure

  • INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEEAdministrative CommissionSpecialist Commissions Code, Laboratories, Aquatic animals, ScientificRegional CommissionsAfrica, Americas, Europe, Asia- Far East and Oceania, Middle EastCentral BureauDirector GeneralRegional ActivitiesDepartmentAdministrativeand FinancialDepartmentAnimal HealthInformationDepartmentPublicationsDepartmentScientific andTechnicalDepartmentCollaborating Centres

    Reference LaboratoriesAd hoc Groups

    Working GroupsRegional RepresentationsInternational TradeDepartment

  • The International Committeethe highest authority of the OIE comprises all the Delegates meets at least once a year voting by Delegates respects the democratic principle of 'one country, one vote'. elects the members of the governing bodies of the OIE appoints the Director General for a 5-year mandate

  • The Delegate

    He is usually the Chief Veterinary Officer of his country Member of the International Committee (General Session)In permanent contact with the OIEShould inform the OIE of the animal disease situation of his country

  • The Delegate

    Ensure that the legislation in force in his country is based on OIE standards and if necessary, on a scientific risk analysis Focal point of the OIE = national specialist focal point (aquatic animal diseases, wildlife, sanitary information systems, veterinary medicinal products

  • The Administrative Commission (1)

    Composition:

    the President of the International Committee, the Vice-President, the Past President, 6 Delegates, elected for a 3-year term (with the exception of the former President)

  • PresidentDr Abdoulaye Bouna Niang (Senegal)Vice-PresidentDr Barry ONeil (New Zealand)Past PresidentDr Romano Marabelli (Italy)MembersDr Nikola T. Belev (Bulgaria)Dr George Khoury (Syria)Dr Rachid Bouguedour (Algeria) Dr Jos Molina (Philippines)AuditorsDr Carlos A. Correa Messuti (Uruguay)Dr Brian R. Evans (Canada)The Administrative Commission (2)

  • The Administrative Commission (3)

    Role: - represents the Committee during the interval between General Sessions - examines technical and administrative matters and, in particular, the working programme and the proposed budget - to be presented to the International Committee. meets twice a year in Paris

  • Specialist CommissionsBiological Standards Commission - "Laboratories Commission" Terrestrial Animal Health Standards Commission "Code Commission" Scientific Commission for Animal Diseases "Scientific Commission" Aquatic Animal Health Standards Commission "Aquatic Animals Commission"

  • Rgional Commission5 Regional Commissions - Africa - Americas - Asia, Far East and Oceania - Europe - Middle East

    Bureau :1 President2 Vice-Presidents1 Secretary General

  • Central BureauThe Animal Health Information Department The Administrative and Financial Department The Scientific and Technical Department The Regional Activities Department The International Trade Department The Publications Department

  • Rgional Representation5 Regional Reprsentations - Africa (Bamako, Mali); sub-representation in SADC- Americas (Buenos Aires, Argentine) - Asia, Far East and Oceania (Tokyo, Japan)- Europe (Sofia, Bulgaria) - Middle East / Moyen Orient (Beyrouth, Lebanon)AndA Regional coordination Unit for the Southeast Asia Foot-and-Mouth Disease Campaign (Bangkok, Thailand)

  • Working Groups Wildlife Diseases Animal Production Food Safety Animal Welfare

  • Ad Hoc Groups Set up, when needed, with world renowned scientists to prepare decisions of the Specialist Commissions and the International Committee

  • International Relations

  • International Relations (1) Institutional cooperation with:

    WHO World Health Organization FAOFood and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations WTOWorld Trade Organization CAC Codex Alimentarius Commission IPPC International Plant Protection Convention

  • International Relations (2) Institutional cooperation with (2):

    World Bank CABI CAB International ILRI International Livestock Research Institute Regional Organizations: AU-IBAR, PAHO, OIRSA, IICA, CEBEVIRHA, SADC, CPS, European Commission, Andean Community, PVC

  • International Relations (3) Technical and scientific cooperation with more than 20 regional organisations and international professional associations:Inter alias :

    IMS IDF FEIIFAH

    IABs WVA (World Veterinary Association) IFAP()

  • Promote transparency in and knowledge of global animal disease situation

    OIE Information System

  • Source of Early Warning Disease reports Reports from Member Countries Reports from worldwide network of OIE Reference Labs. Active search and tracking of unofficial sources, such as scientific publications and ProMed, and lay publications, with Member Country verification Improved Member Country surveillance Policies Internal and international resources

  • The OIE Early Warning System

  • The OIE Global Information System

  • Criteria for inclusion in the OIE list: International spread Significant spread within naive population Zoonotic potential Emerging diseases (new infection resulting from the evolution of an existing pathogen or parasite resulting in a change of host range, vector, pathogenicity or strain; or the occurrence of a previously unrecognized infection or disease.)

    OIE animal disease notification system

  • Joint OIE/FAO/WHO initiativeAnimal disease and zoonoses trackingEmergency responseTrends analysis predictionsCapacity building of Veterinary Services for surveillance and early warning and response (animal sector)List of priority animal diseases, zoonoses and emerging diseases Global Early Warning System (GLEWS)

  • OIE International Standards

  • OIE International Standards

    Terrestrial Animal Health Code mammals, birds and bees Aquatic Animal Health Code fish, molluscs and crustaceans Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals

  • Safety of international trade of animals and animal products Harmonization of legislations and control methods in countries Narrow the gap between rich and poor countries

    ()Why are standards necessary (1)

  • Surveillance and control of animal diseases and zoonoses = Intern. Public Good (IPG) IPG implementation is a duty of governments International community, international org., donors and NGO influence and support Public Private sector contracts Why are standards necessary (2)

  • Pressure by exporting countries to increase trade Pressure by importing countries to protect themselves (e.g. Avian influenza) Ethics and public health protection

    How fast are they changing andin response to what pressure?

  • PROBLEMSpecialistCommissionsReviewAdvice of experts or other Specialist CommissionsDraft textCOMMITTEEDELEGATESAdoptionCOMMITTEE, COMMISSIONS, DELEGATE

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