World geography © 2014 World Geography

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World geography 2014 World Geography Slide 2 World geography 2014 What is Geography Geography is the study of earth and its people. Geography is a field of science dedicated to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of the Earth. A literal translation would be "to describe or write about the Earth". Traditionally, geographers have been viewed the same way as cartographers and people who study place names and numbers. Although many geographers are trained in toponymy and cartology, this is not their main preoccupation. Geographers study the spatial and the temporal distribution of phenomena, processes, and features as well as the interaction of humans and their environment.. Slide 3 World geography 2014 Vocabulary Dedicated: Devoted to a task or purpose. Inhabitants: A person who fulfils the residential or legal requirements for being a member of a state or parish. Literal: Taking words in their usual or most basic sense without metaphor or exaggeration. Cartographers: A cartographer is a person who creates maps, whether they're of the world, the local bus routes, or buried pirate treasure Toponymy: The study of place names. Arbitrarily : Subject to individual will or judgment without restriction; contingent solely upon one's discretion: an arbitrary decision. Slide 4 World geography 2014 Different and Changing Worlds Political, economic, and social experience and expectations are rapidly change nowadays. The physical shape of world isnt change. But connecting among people bring places closer as cooperation, competition, and conflict with other peoples become more intense. Slide 5 World geography 2014 9/11 Slide 6 World geography 2014 9/11 The 911 event alerted Americans government You can not dominate another county arbitrarily Whats different from Muslims and Americans? Environment Society, Economics, Politics Oil Economics Political Power Cultural decline, poverty, belief conflict reaction Slide 7 World geography 2014 4 geographic levels to see Earth Global views from spacecraft show the contrasts between continental land areas and ocean waters. Major World regions are whole or large parts of continents and are the division used in this text for the regional chapters. Countries are the building blocks of major world regions. Local regions are parts of countries and the places where many individuals voice their concerns. Slide 8 World geography 2014 Globalization vs. Localization Globalization Globalization is increasing level of interconnections among people throughout the world. The speed and intensity of globalization, in terms of world trade and the flow of financial investments, increased markedly in the 1990s. Localization is both response to and the outcome of globalization. On the one hand, global exchanges and flows of information, ideas, people, money, and technology move us toward worldwide political solutions, economic exchanges, cultural attitudes, and environmental concerns. On the other, localization focuses on distinctive identities of places or people in regions, countries, or local areas. Slide 9 World geography 2014 Facets of Globalization and Localization Increasing connections take place through intensified flows of ideas, goods, and people: Ideas, technologies, and diseases; Goods from many place of manufacture; People migrations for work, political asylum, family consolidation, and long-distance tourism; The spread of images and message through the media of TV, film, the Internet and print. Local voice remain loud in our consciousness and ensure that global trends are often far from being fulfilled. Political nationalism maintains separation countries and of groups within countries. Ex. Basque, Aceh Slide 10 World geography 2014 Cultural Activities: Major Regions, Local Voice One world culture? Did these wiped out the local cultural difference Cocacola-ization of eating and drinking habits the spread of Western TV, movies, pop music global markets for some consumer goods Ex. India Western cultural norms democracy, individual,and human rights Materialism, consumerism, and superficial value Slide 11 World geography 2014 Make sentences 2 sentences each Dedicated: Inhabitants: Literal: Arbitrarily :