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  • WORLDANTI-DOPING

    CODE2015

    with 2018 amendments

  • World Anti-Doping CodeThe World Anti-Doping Code was first adopted in 2003, took effect in 2004, and was then amended effective 1 January 2009. The following document incorporates revisions to the World Anti-Doping Code that were approved by the World Anti-Doping Agency Foundation Board in Johannesburg, South Africa on 15 November 2013. The revised 2015 World Anti-Doping Code is effective as of 1 January 2015. This version of the document also incorporates amendments that were adopted by the World Anti-Doping Agency Foundation Board in Seoul, Korea on 16 November 2017 and are effective as of 1 April 2018.

    Published by:

    World Anti-Doping AgencyStock Exchange Tower800 Place Victoria (Suite 1700)PO Box 120Montreal, QuebecCanada H4Z 1B7

    URL: www.wada-ama.org

    Tel: +1 514 904 9232Fax: +1 514 904 8650E-mail: code@wada-ama.org

    http://www.wada-ama.orghttp://code@wada-ama.org

  • Table of Contents

    PURPOSE, SCOPE AND ORGANIZATION OF THE WORLD ANTI-DOPING PROGRAM AND THE CODE ..................................11

    THE CODE .............................................................................11

    THE WORLD ANTI-DOPING PROGRAM ..............................12

    INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS .............................................12

    MODELS OF BEST PRACTICE AND GUIDELINES ...............13

    FUNDAMENTAL RATIONALE FOR THE WORLD ANTI-DOPING CODE ...........................................................14

    PART ONE DOPING CONTROL

    INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................16

    ARTICLE 1 DEFINITION OF DOPING ....................................................18

    ARTICLE 2 ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS ......................................18

    2.1 PRESENCE OF A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR ITS METABOLITES OR MARKERS IN AN ATHLETES SAMPLE ...............................................................18

    2.2 USE OR ATTEMPTED USE BY AN ATHLETE OF A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR A PROHIBITED METHOD............................................................20

    2.3 EVADING, REFUSING OR FAILING TO SUBMIT TO SAMPLE COLLECTION .....................................................21

    2.4 WHEREABOUTS FAILURES ..................................................21

    2.5 TAMPERING OR ATTEMPTED TAMPERING WITH ANY PART OF DOPING CONTROL ...............................21

    2.6 POSSESSION OF A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR A PROHIBITED METHOD .................................................22

    2.7 TRAFFICKING OR ATTEMPTED TRAFFICKING IN ANY PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR PROHIBITED METHOD............................................................22

  • 2.8 ADMINISTRATION OR ATTEMPTED ADMINISTRATION TO ANY ATHLETE IN-COMPETITION OF ANY PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR PROHIBITED METHOD, OR ADMINISTRATION OR ATTEMPTED ADMINISTRATION TO ANY ATHLETE OUT-OF-COMPETITION OF ANY PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR ANY PROHIBITED METHOD THAT IS PROHIBITED OUT-OF-COMPETITION ..........................................................23

    2.9 COMPLICITY ..........................................................................23

    2.10 PROHIBITED ASSOCIATION..................................................23

    ARTICLE 3 PROOF OF DOPING ............................................................25

    3.1 BURDENS AND STANDARDS OF PROOF ............................25

    3.2 METHODS OF ESTABLISHING FACTS AND PRESUMPTIONS ..................................................................25

    ARTICLE 4 THE PROHIBITED LIST ........................................................28

    4.1 PUBLICATION AND REVISION OF THE PROHIBITED LIST ....................................................28

    4.2 PROHIBITED SUBSTANCES AND PROHIBITED METHODS IDENTIFIED ON THE PROHIBITED LIST ..............28

    4.3 CRITERIA FOR INCLUDING SUBSTANCES AND METHODS ON THE PROHIBITED LIST .................................30

    4.4 THERAPEUTIC USE EXEMPTIONS (TUES) ........................31

    4.5 MONITORING PROGRAM ......................................................36

    ARTICLE 5 TESTING AND INVESTIGATIONS .........................................36

    5.1 PURPOSE OF TESTING AND INVESTIGATIONS ..................36

    5.2 SCOPE OF TESTING ...............................................................37

    5.3 EVENT TESTING......................................................................39

    5.4 TEST DISTRIBUTION PLANNING .........................................40

    5.5 TESTING REQUIREMENTS ....................................................41

    5.6 ATHLETE WHEREABOUTS INFORMATION ...........................41

    5.7 RETIRED ATHLETES RETURNING TO COMPETITION ..........42

    5.8 INVESTIGATIONS AND INTELLIGENCE GATHERING .........42

  • ARTICLE 6 ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES......................................................43

    6.1 USE OF ACCREDITED AND APPROVED LABORATORIES .....................................................................43

    6.2 PURPOSE OF ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES ................................44

    6.3 RESEARCH ON SAMPLES ....................................................44

    6.4 STANDARDS FOR SAMPLE ANALYSIS AND REPORTING ..................................................................44

    6.5 FURTHER ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES ......................................45

    ARTICLE 7 RESULTS MANAGEMENT ...................................................46

    7.1 RESPONSIBILITY FOR CONDUCTING RESULTS MANAGEMENT ......................................................................47

    7.2 REVIEW REGARDING ADVERSE ANALYTICAL FINDINGS .....49

    7.3 NOTIFICATION AFTER REVIEW REGARDING ADVERSE ANALYTICAL FINDINGS .........................................50

    7.4 REVIEW OF ATYPICAL FINDINGS ..........................................51

    7.5 REVIEW OF ATYPICAL PASSPORT FINDINGS AND ADVERSE PASSPORT FINDINGS ...................................52

    7.6 REVIEW OF WHEREABOUTS FAILURES ..............................53

    7.7 REVIEW OF OTHER ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS NOT COVERED BY ARTICLES 7.17.6 .................................53

    7.8 IDENTIFICATION OF PRIOR ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS ................................................................54

    7.9 PRINCIPLES APPLICABLE TO PROVISIONAL SUSPENSIONS .......................................................................54

    7.10 NOTIFICATION OF RESULTS MANAGEMENT DECISIONS ............................................................................56

    7.11 RETIREMENT FROM SPORT ................................................57

    ARTICLE 8 RIGHT TO A FAIR HEARING AND NOTICE OF HEARING DECISION .....................................................57

    8.1 FAIR HEARINGS ....................................................................57

    8.2 EVENT HEARINGS .................................................................58

    8.3 WAIVER OF HEARING ...........................................................58

    8.4 NOTICE OF DECISIONS .........................................................58

    8.5 SINGLE HEARING BEFORE CAS ..........................................59

  • ARTICLE 9 AUTOMATIC DISQUALIFICATION OF INDIVIDUAL RESULTS ..................................................59

    ARTICLE 10 SANCTIONS ON INDIVIDUALS ............................................60

    10.1 DISQUALIFICATION OF RESULTS IN THE EVENT DURING WHICH AN ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATION OCCURS..............................................................60

    10.2 INELIGIBILITY FOR PRESENCE, USE OR ATTEMPTED USE OR POSSESSION OF A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR PROHIBITED METHOD......................................................60

    10.3 INELIGIBILITY FOR OTHER ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS ...........................................................................62

    10.4 ELIMINATION OF THE PERIOD OF INELIGIBILITY WHERE THERE IS NO FAULT OR NEGLIGENCE ...................63

    10.5 REDUCTION OF THE PERIOD OF INELIGIBILITY BASED ON NO SIGNIFICANT FAULT OR NEGLIGENCE .........64

    10.6 ELIMINATION, REDUCTION, OR SUSPENSION OF PERIOD OF INELIGIBILITY OR OTHER CONSEQUENCES FOR REASONS OTHER THAN FAULT ..........................................................................65

    10.7 MULTIPLE VIOLATIONS ........................................................70

    10.8 DISQUALIFICATION OF RESULTS IN COMPETITIONS SUBSEQUENT TO SAMPLE COLLECTION OR COMMISSION OF AN ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATION ..........................................72

    10.9 ALLOCATION OF CAS COST AWARDS AND FORFEITED PRIZE MONEY ...................................................72

    10.10 FINANCIAL CONSEQUENCES ................................................72

    10.11 COMMENCEMENT OF INELIGIBILITY PERIOD ....................73

    10.12 STATUS DURING INELIGIBILITY ............................................75

    10.13 AUTOMATIC PUBLICATION OF SANCTION ..........................78

    ARTICLE 11 CONSEQUENCES TO TEAMS ...............................................79

    11.1 TESTING OF TEAM SPORTS ...................................................79

    11.2 CONSEQUENCES FOR TEAM SPORTS ...................................79

    11.3 EVENT RULING BODY MAY ESTABLISH STRICTER CONSEQUENCES FOR TEAM SPORTS ...................................79

  • ARTICLE 12 SANCTIONS AGAINST SIGNATORIES AND AGAINST SPORTING BODIES THAT ARE NOT SIGNATORIES ..............80

    12.1 PROCEEDINGS AGAINST A SIGNATORY .............................80

    12.2 PROCEEDINGS AGAINST OTHER SPORTING BODY ...........80

    ARTICLE