World Anti-Doping Code 2015 World Anti-Doping Code 2009 7.7 REVIEW OF OTHER ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS

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  • World Anti-Doping

    Code

    2009

    2015

  • World Anti-Doping Code

    The World Anti-Doping Code was first adopted in 20032003, took effect in 2004, and becamewas then amended effective in 2004. The enclosed1 January 2009. The following documentincorporates revisions to the World Anti-Doping Code that were approved by the World Anti-Doping Agency Foundation Board onin Johannesburg, South Africa on 15November 17, 2007. 2013. The revised 2015 World Anti-Doping Code is effective as of 1 January 1, 20092015.

    Published by:

    World Anti-Doping AgencyStock Exchange Tower800 Place Victoria (Suite 1700)PO Box 120Montreal, Quebec,

    Canada H4Z 1B7

    URL: www.wada-ama.org

    Tel: +1 514 904 9232Fax: +1 514 904 8650E-mail: code@wada-ama.org

  • i2015 World Anti-Doping Code 2009

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    PURPOSE, SCOPE AND ORGANIZATION OF THE WORLD ANTI-DOPING PROGRAM AND THE CODE ......61

    THE CODE.6 1

    THE WORLD ANTI-DOPING PROGRAM ................................................................................................. 61

    INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS ............................................................................................................. 61

    MODELS OF BEST PRACTICE AND GUIDELINES .................................................................................... 72

    FUNDAMENTAL RATIONALE FOR THE WORLD ANTI-DOPING CODE......................................................72

    PART ONE........................................................................................................................9 4

    DOPING CONTROL ..................................................................................................................................94

    INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................................... 94

    ARTICLE 1 DEFINITION OF DOPING ................................................................................................105

    ARTICLE 2 ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS ..................................................................................105

    2.1 PRESENCE OF A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR ITS METABOLITES OR MARKERS IN AN ATHLETES SAMPLE. ............................................................................................................116

    2.2 USE OR ATTEMPTED USE BY AN ATHLETE OF A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR A PROHIBITED METHOD. ...........................................................................................................................126

    2.3 EVADING, REFUSING OR FAILING WITHOUT COMPELLING JUSTIFICATION TO SUBMIT TO SAMPLE COLLECTION. .........................................................................................................137

    2.4 VIOLATION OF APPLICABLE REQUIREMENTS REGARDING ATHLETE AVAILABILITY FOR OUT-OF-COMPETITION TESTING .......................................................13WHEREABOUTS FAILURES.8

    2.5 TAMPERING OR ATTEMPTED TAMPERING WITH ANY PART OF DOPING CONTROL. .......................138

    2.6 POSSESSION OF A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCES ANDSUBSTANCE OR A PROHIBITED METHODSMETHOD. .............................................................................................................148

    2.7 TRAFFICKING OR ATTEMPTED TRAFFICKING IN ANY PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE ORPROHIBITED METHOD..........................................................................................................149

    2.8 ADMINISTRATION OR ATTEMPTED ADMINISTRATION TO ANY ATHLETE IN-COMPETITION OF ANY PROHIBITED METHOD OR PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE14SUBSTANCE OR PROHIBITED METHOD, OR ADMINISTRATION

    2.9 COMPLICITY. ......................................................................................................................... 9

    2.10 PROHIBITED ASSOCIATION..................................................................................................... 9

    ARTICLE 3 PROOF OF DOPING.......................................................................................................1510

    3.1 BURDENS AND STANDARDS OF PROOF................................................................................1510

    3.2 METHODS OF ESTABLISHING FACTS AND PRESUMPTIONS.....................................................1511

  • ii2015 World Anti-Doping Code 2009

    ARTICLE 4 THE PROHIBITED LIST .................................................................................................1612

    4.1 PUBLICATION AND REVISION OF THE PROHIBITED LIST........................................................1612

    4.2 PROHIBITED SUBSTANCES AND PROHIBITED METHODS IDENTIFIED ON THE PROHIBITED LIST. ...............................................................................................................................1713

    4.3 CRITERIA FOR INCLUDING SUBSTANCES AND METHODS ON THE PROHIBITED LIST. ................1814

    4.4 THERAPEUTIC USE. .............................................................................20 EXEMPTIONS (TUEs).15

    4.5 MONITORING PROGRAM. ...................................................................................................2118

    ARTICLE 5 TESTING 21 AND INVESTIGATIONS .................................................................................18

    5.1 PURPOSE OF TESTING AND INVESTIGATIONS. ........................................................................ 18

    5.2 SCOPE OF TESTING.............................................................................................................. 19

    5.3 EVENT TESTING................................................................................................................... 20

    5.4 TEST DISTRIBUTION PLANNING............................................................................................. 21

    5.2 STANDARDS FOR 5.5 TESTING REQUIREMENTS....................................................................... 22

    5.6 ATHLETE WHEREABOUTS INFORMATION................................................................................. 22

    5.35.7 RETIRED ATHLETES RETURNING TO COMPETITION. ................................................................. 22

    5.8 INVESTIGATIONS AND INTELLIGENCE GATHERING .................................................................. 23

    ARTICLE 6 ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES ....................................................................................................23

    6.1 USE OF ACCREDITED AND APPROVED LABORATORIES. ............................................................ 23

    6.2 PURPOSE OF COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES.........................................................2324

    6.3 RESEARCH ON SAMPLES. ...................................................................................................2324

    6.4 STANDARDS FOR SAMPLE ANALYSIS AND REPORTING. .........................................................2324

    6.5 RETESTINGFURTHER ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES. ......................................................................2325

    ARTICLE 7 RESULTS MANAGEMENT ...............................................................................................2425

    7.1 INITIAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR CONDUCTING RESULTS MANAGEMENT. ....................................... 26

    7.2 REVIEW REGARDING ADVERSE ANALYTICAL FINDINGS. ........................................................2427

    7.27.3 NOTIFICATION AFTER INITIAL REVIEW REGARDING ADVERSE ANALYTICAL FINDINGS..............2428

    7.3 REVIEW OF ATYPICAL FINDINGS............................................................................................ 25

    7.4 REVIEW OF ATYPICAL FINDINGS............................................................................................ 28

    7.5 REVIEW OF ATYPICAL PASSPORT FINDINGS AND ADVERSE PASSPORT FINDINGS. ...................... 29

    7.6 REVIEW OF WHEREABOUTS FAILURES.................................................................................... 29

  • iii2015 World Anti-Doping Code 2009

    7.7 REVIEW OF OTHER ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS NOT COVERED BY ARTICLES 7.17.3......267.6.30

    7.8 IDENTIFICATION OF PRIOR ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS.................................................... 30

    7.57.9 PRINCIPLES APPLICABLE TO PROVISIONAL SUSPENSIONS.....................................................2630

    7.10 NOTIFICATION OF RESULTS MANAGEMENT DECISIONS............................................................ 32

    7.67.11 RETIREMENT FROM SPORT. ................................................................................................2832

    ARTICLE 8 RIGHT TO A FAIR HEARING 28 AND NOTICE OF HEARING DECISION...............................33

    8.1 FAIR HEARINGS. ...............................................................................................................2833

    8.2 EVENT HEARINGS. ............................................................................................................2933

    8.3 WAIVER OF HEARING. .......................................................................................................2933

    8.4 NOTICE OF DECISIONS......................................................................................................... 33

    8.5 SINGLE HEARING BEFORE CAS. ............................................................................................. 34

    ARTICLE 9 AUTOMATIC DISQUALIFICATION OF INDIVIDUAL RESULTS ........................................2934

    ARTICLE 10 SANCTIONS ON INDIVIDUALS....................................................................................3034

    10.1 DISQUALIFICATION OF RESULTS IN THE EVENT DURING WHICH AN ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATION OCCURS........................