Working with English Language Learners Handbook

Embed Size (px)

Text of Working with English Language Learners Handbook

  • www.minedu.govt.nz/goto/esolinfo.esol@minedu.govt.nz

    Working with English Language Learners

    d /info.esol@minedu.govt.nz

    A Handbook for Teacher Aides and

    Bilingual Tutors

  • Valuing paraprofessionals

    Paraprofessionals often possess unique skills that help them know the students in a way that helps students learn. These unique skills are often the result of paraprofessionals spending more time with the students, knowing them from the community, and sometimes sharing the same culture and language.

    Positive school environments were characterised by paraprofessionals working as a team with teachers, being viewed as educators, being treated respectfully by all school personnel and parents, and feeling rewarded by their work with children. Those who thought their relationships with other school personnel were positive, saw it in the whole culture of the school.

    Chopra R., Sandoval-Luvero E., Aragon L., Bernal C., Bergdebalderas H.,Carroll, D.

    The paraprofessional role of Connector Remedial and Special Education, Volume 25, Number 4, July/August 2004

    Bilingual classroom assistants .. are uniquely placed to make links for children who share a cultural heritage similar to their own. They are able to build on the form of knowledge and the cultural capital that children bring from home in ways in which few monolingual class teachers are able to do. Yet bilingual assistants have relatively few opportunities to engage in such classroom conversations with the children and even fewer opportunities to plan for such conversations.

    Martin-Jones M. & Saxena M. (2003).

    Bilingual resources and funds of knowledge and learning in multi-ethnic classrooms in Britain. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 6 (3&4), 279.

    When they are trained appropriately and used effectively in the classroom, paraprofessionals can not only expand a schools literacy learning opportunities for struggling students, but can also make the main course of literacy learning more appetizing and more nourishing.

    Causton-Theoharis J., Giangreco M., Doyle, M., Vadasy P. (2007)

    paraprofessionals The sous-Chefs of literacy instruction Council for Exceptional Children

    acknowledgements:

    Writers: Daniel Haddock, Helen Nicholls, Karen Stacey

    The bilingual tutor training programme was developed for the Ministry of Education by Karen Stacey, Auckland University of Technology.

    The Pasifika bilingual teacher aide programme was developed by Rae Siilata, University of Auckland, Faculty of Education

    national Migrant, refugee and international Team, Ministry of education, 2008

    Copyright Ministry of education 2008

    isBn 978-0-487-13914-3

    Web isBn 978-0-487-13915-0

  • 1

    Working with english language learners:

    a handbook for teacher aides and bilingual tutors

  • 2

    Table of Contentspreface 5

    introduction 6

    Module 1 strengthening the role of the bilingual teacher aide 11

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11Module Task

    Think, Pair Share . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11Good practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Next steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Task Templates

    Resource 1A Role Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Resource 1B Checklist Identifying and Describing Teacher Aides Existing Work Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Resource 1C Action Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

    Module 2 Contexts and ways of working 18

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Working in a range of contexts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Group types.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Planning with teachers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Working with students . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Contributing to Individual Programme Plans (IPP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Being organised . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Module Tasks

    Before, During and After Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Venn Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

    Good practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Next steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Task Templates

    Resource 2A Before, During and After Chart: Ways of Working . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Resource 2B Venn Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

    Module 3 understanding additional language acquisition 25

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25The process of learning an additional language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25Different kinds of language learners and factors affecting language learning . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26Module Tasks

    Note Grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Diamond Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

    Good practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27Next steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27Task Templates

    Resource 3A Note Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28Resource 3B Diamond Grid: Knowing a Learner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

    Module 4 effective teaching and learning, self-access learning and Vocabulary development 31

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31Effective teaching and learning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31Self-access learning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31Vocabulary development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32Module Tasks

    Ranking Task . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32Vocabulary Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .