WORK AND MOTIVATION Responsibility (Employers vs. Employees)

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    28-Dec-2015

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  • WORK AND MOTIVATIONResponsibility

    (Employers vs. Employees)

  • What I need is someone who will make me doWhat I can

    (Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)American philosopher and poet)

  • FACTORS THAT AFFECT WORK MOTIVATION individual differences

    job characteristics

    organisational practises

  • STRATEGIES FOR RAISING JOB SATISFACTION AND QUALITY OF WORK LIFE (QWL) improving work conditions and security increasing the workers responsibility providing financial stability enhancing the workers sense of self- worth providing opportunities for social relationships within the organisation

  • Good motivationresults in more productive environment

    higher competitiveness

    higher profitability

  • Employees like work or

    have to be forced

  • Managers motivategood remuneration: (salary, commission, bonuses, perks)sick pay / pensiongood working relationsgood working conditionsjob security / job safetypromotionchallenging jobresponsibilitycontact with peopleopportunities to travellong holidays / vacations

    MK: p: 15 Discussion Which statements do you agree with?

  • Motivation theoriesAbraham Maslow: Hierarchy of needsDouglas McGregor: Theory X / Theory YFrederick Herzberg: The motivation to Work a) hygiene factors / satisfiers b) motivators

  • 1. Maslows Hierarchy of Needs

  • 2. McGregors Theory X and Theory Y

    a) Theory X - traditional approach - people are lazy/dislike work/lack ambition - motivated only by money - they have to be threatened and rewarded/need discipline, control - most people are incapable of taking responsibility - managers are authoritarian (direct everything, from the top down)

  • 2. Theory Y - more progressive - workers are motivated by many needs, they like work - people can take responsibility (prefer to participate in decision- making, like autonomy) - managers should trust workers and help them do their best, team-oriented, organise communication channels and listen to their subordinates opinions

  • 3. Herzbergs Hygiene FactorsNeeds of workers:

    a) Satisfiers (hygiene factors/

    to keep workers contented: - clean, quiet and safe working conditions - adequate rest breaks - good labour relations - good wages and benefits - job security

  • b) Motivators (encourage to do their best)

    - praise from managers - career advancement - more responsibility

    (If the hygiene factors are poor then the motivating factors wont work)

  • Is it true or false? 1.Theory X and Theory Y are theories of leadership. True/False2.Theory X is more traditional description of management. True/False3.Theory Y - managers tell workers what they want True/False4. Theory X - managers are authoritarian. True/False5. Theory Y - workers are lazy and dont want to work. True/False6. For Theory X workers, work is natural. True/False7. Theory Y working relationships are open, communicative and creative. T/F

    MK: p: 17 Comprehension True or false? 18 - Vocabulary

  • Complete the three definitions of motivationbehaves, drives, effort, outcomes, reach, willingness

    Motivation is what ______________ us to try to ____________ certain goals. Motivation is a decision-making process through which a person chooses desired ____________ and _________in ways that will lead to acquiring them. Motivation is the _____________to make the __________ to achieve certain goals.

  • Read the following text and answer the questions:What are extrinsic rewards?What are intrinsic rewards related to?What are the four intrinsic rewards?What is the sense of meaningfulness and why is it important?

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Uf7C7rr1O8

    What motivates staff to perform better in work?

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