Waste Management Hazardous Waste. The topics of today. Rules and regulations Hazardous Waste Dangerous Goods Security advisement The work of SEKA Miljöteknik Laboratory waste Questions , comments , views and ideas. Askewed balance - Environmental changes. Organization. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Waste ManagementHazardous Waste
1Any and all human activities seem to generate waste. Being that it is things we want to get rid of we rarely pay much attention to it. Such organizations as GU manage and handle substances that generate waste which in most cases do not ordinarily occur. This in itself is worthy of note
GU has for many years had a rather keen interest in environmetal issues, not least of which is waste management.
Today I will be relating some of the work done by Hans Andersson Recycling and SEKA Miljteknik in close cooperation with GU regarding Hazardous Waste.The topics of todayRules and regulationsHazardous WasteDangerous GoodsSecurity advisementThe work of SEKA MiljteknikLaboratory wasteQuestions, comments, views and ideas
2Sweden has had an extensive legislation in the environmental field for years. The legislation regarding waste is equally extensive. To shed light on the backdrop of the work we conduct in regards to waste management I will try to convey a general picture of the rules and regulations to which we as entrepreneurs have to adhere in our daily endeavours.
I will then continue in clarifying the Hazardous Waste defintion and the various overlapping areas of Hazardous Waste and Dangerous Goods.
The depiction of Dangerous Goods will then fluentlyt guide us into the area of security advisement in general and the work SEKA is doing for GU in particular. This in turn will lead us into the field of SEKAs work at GU.
Last but not least we will enter the realm of laboratories and take a good look at the waste management there with any and all of the considerations that waste management in such an environment could and indeed should entail.
At this juncture I intend to open the floor to audience participation where I will try to answer each of your questions and listen to each of your comments, views and ideas, to the best of my ability.
Askewed balance-Environmental changes3We are frequently met with images such as theese in our daily lives. Selective perception might come into play which makes them stand out more to me than to you but I have frequently come to understand that this honorable institution of higher education houses quite an abundance of people who are genuinly interested in the environmental issues. This leads me to believe that most of you are far from unaware that there is an extensive debate in society today regarding the monumental impact we humans have on this earth of ours.
I do not intend to delve into the environmental issues since time is too scarce for such excesses. Still I find that they do provide a rather relentless background to my daily work which leads me to show them regardless of the scarcity of time.
4All legislation in the environmental field have a common objective. This objective is known as the Generational Goal. The overall goal of environmental policy is to hand over to the next generation a society in which the major environmental problems have been solved, without increasing environmental and health problems outside Swedens borders.
The goal is actually somewhat different in swedish in that it also entails the mention of the goal to have a clear path towards a sustainable society.
The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency has stipulated a number of subsidiary goals in order to be able to achieve the Generational Goal. These are known as the Environmental Quality Objectives. They have been instituted to define the environmental condition the swedish work on environment should lead towards.
Our day to day activities are imbued with these goals in a profound way. I do not intend to venture further into these goals but I will strongly recommend the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency webpage for further information on the subject. Not everything, but some things can be found in english there.Organization
5The efforts to tackle the environmental challanges we as a society are faced with are organized in accordance with the organization commonplace to us in other areas. Policies and politics are instituted to render concrete initiatives on the national level as well as the regional and down to community level. Various governmental agencies are charged with achieving as strong results as possible within the parameters and goals stipulated by government.
Each of the environmental quality goals are in turn subdivided into further goals and are assigned a governing body. The goal of Clean Air is for instance governed by the Swedish Environmental Protetion Agenvy while the goal A non Toxic Environment is lead by the Swedish Chemicals Agency. All 16 goals have corresponding agencies who oversee and manage the goals, including the subdivision of the goals into concrete actions and objectives.MiljbalkenThe Environmental CodeHistory of Miljbalken1860 Water and sewage1967 Swedish Environmental Protection Agency1969 Environmental Protection Law1982 Law for Public health1987 Law for Natural Resources1992 Agenda 211999 Miljbalken
Miljbalken was instituted 1999 and replaced the 15 different laws within the area of environmental concerns.
6Miljbalken is the legal framework that regulates our daily operations. As the effects of human activities on the environment became increasingly appearant a number of significant events have lead up to the institution of this law in 1999.
Miljbalken thereby replaced all other legislation in the environmental field and today constitutes an extensive pieace of legislation regulating all activities pertaining to the environment.
This piece of legislation is the legal initiative to help us as a society to achieve our sixteen Environmental Quality Goals and thereby the Generational Goal.The 5 cornerstones of MiljbalkenHealth and environment are to be protectedAreas of Natural and cultural significance are to be protectedBiodiversity must be preservedConservation of land and water must be achievedReuse and recycling should be encouraged
7Time does not permit me to delve very deeply into the legislation Miljbalken, even though it is a pieace of legislation particularly dear to me. I feel however that I must convey the foundation upon which it rests. These may seem trivial and selfexplanatory and it is not difficult to agree with these as sound but it is important to understand how the law breaks down to harbour these ideals whenever concrete rules and regulations are put forth within the legislation.
The first cornerstone can be the basis for a very specific pieace of legislation concerning the acceptable noice levels at a particular workplace, down to levels of decibels, or for that matter regulations regarding acceptable temperatures for the indoor environment.Our day to day work often has to consider various levels of contaminants that are allowed in the air or in groundwater. We also have to remain updated in the latest technical innovations that constantly allow for the reuse or recycling of materials where there previously might not have been available such methods. This is in accordance with the fifth cornerstone. The recycling fee for electronic equipment or aluminum cans are very concrete examples where legislation has forced technical innovations, that would probably have come about even without legislation, but they cut the waiting time considerably which has worked wonders for the environment.Sometimes these cornerstones can be a good way of grounding rules that at first glance may seem rather arbitrary and sometimes even superfluous.What is Hazardous Waste?Environmentally Hazardous-Alien to nature, wide spread, long term effectsHazardous Waste A broader term of environmentally hazardousCarcinogenicToxicCorrosiveEcotoxicInfectiousFlammable
8So, what is Hazardous Waste?
There are a number of definitions of Hazardous Waste but I must confess I find the term rather self-explanatory.
The definition of waste is any object or substance that the proprietor wishes to get rid of or has to get rid of. This rather broad definition sometimes makes it difficult for the people in waste management who deal in waste products. Byproducts from manufacture are the object of a separate legislation but often the distinction can be hard to make both from a real and a legal standpoint. This is yet another area I will unfortunately not have time to delve deeper into.
Hazardous Waste is waste which have one or several of these characteristics.Examples of Hazardous WasteMercurySolventsWaste oilsPhoto chemicalsPesticidesAcidsCausticsAmmoniaVarious Chemicals
9These are the substances I deal with every day. At SEKA we work ardously to ensure that these substances are handled in such a way as to not harm the environment or the people who come in contact with them.
These substances can all be found at GU, which quite frankly is rather an unusual thing to say when I show this slide. On the other hand almost all Hazardous substances we ever come in contact with can be found at GU. This fact reflects perfectly the complexity of an organization such as Gothenburg University.
One aspect of our daily endeavours is that there is an extensive legislation regulating the transportation of substances with dangerous properties.
This legislation has nothing to do with waste per se, rather it regulates the transportation of anything labeled as Dangerous Goods.Dangerous GoodsAll Waste that is Dangerous Goods is Hazardous Waste but all Hazardous Waste is not Dangerous Goods
10The distinction between Hazardous Waste and Dangerous Goods is very important to emphazise. Any Hazardous waste that is considered to be Dangerous Goods is subject to two separate extensive pieces of legislation whereas Hazardous Waste that is not Dangerous Goods is significantly easier to handle.