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  • Prepared By

    Environment, Health & Safety Services 220 Winspear Avenue

    Buffalo, NY 14215

    Phone: 716-829-3301 Web: www.ehs.buffalo.edu

    Hazardous Waste Management Guidebook

    FOR

    UNIVERSTIY AT BUFFALO CAMPUS

    LABORATORIES

  • Revised 1-27-14 Page 1 of 27  

    UB EH&S Hazardous Waste Management Guidebook

    Table  of  Contents   1.0   PURPOSE ........................................................................................... 3  

    2.0   SCOPE ............................................................................................... 4  

    3.0   DEFINITIONS ...................................................................................... 4  

    4.0   RESPONSIBILITIES ............................................................................... 5  

    4.1 EH&S ................................................................................................... 5  

    4.2 Faculty, Staff, and Students ............................................................. 5  

    5.0 PROCEDURES ....................................................................................... 6  

    5.1 Hazardous Waste Determination ................................................... 6  

    5.1.1   Characteristic Hazardous Wastes .......................................... 7  

    5.1.2   Listed Hazardous Wastes ........................................................ 9  

    5.2   Satellite Accumulation of Hazardous Waste ............................ 9  

    5.2.1   Accumulation Areas ............................................................. 10  

    5.2.2   Requirements for Hazardous Waste Containers ................ 10  

    5.2.3   Segregation of Hazardous Wastes ...................................... 11  

    5.2.4   Pickup for Full Waste Containers ......................................... 13  

    5.2.5   Weekly Inspection of Accumulation Areas ........................ 13  

    5.3   Other Waste Requirements ...................................................... 14  

    5.3.1   Drain Disposal Guidance for Laboratory Wastes ............... 14  

    5.3.2   Biohazardous Wastes ............................................................ 15  

    5.3.3   Radioactive Wastes .............................................................. 15  

    5.3.4   Mixed Wastes (Chemical, Biohazardous, Radioactive) .... 16  

    5.3.5   Ethidium Bromide ................................................................... 17  

    5.3.6   Photographic and X-ray Fixer Waste .................................. 17  

    5.3.7   Aerosol Spray Cans ............................................................... 17  

    5.3.8   Battery Recycling .................................................................. 17  

    5.3.9   Reagents Used in Biological Procedures ............................ 18  

    5.3.10 Broken Glass ........................................................................... 18  

    5.4   Empty Containers ...................................................................... 19  

    5.5   Waste Minimization ................................................................... 20  

    5.5.1   Source Reduction ................................................................. 20  

    5.5.2   Recycling ................................................................................ 22  

    5.5.3   Process Modification ............................................................. 23  

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    UB EH&S Hazardous Waste Management Guidebook

    5.6   Emergency and Spill Response ................................................ 23  

    5.6.1   Chemical Spill Emergency Procedures ............................... 23  

    5.6.2   General Emergency Procedures ......................................... 27  

    5.7   Training ........................................................................................ 27  

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT EH&S wishes to acknowledge those institutions that provided information, resources, and references through their websites that were incorporated in this document:

    • The State University of New York at Stony Brook • University of Florida • University of Louisville • University of California San Diego • University of Kentucky • University of Maine • University of Minnesota • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign • University of Wisconsin

    Document Revision History

    Revision # Date Section Changes Made

    Issued 05/09/03 Original Publication

    Rev 1 02/12/04 5.2.2 5.2.5

    Changed “must” to “should” (6th bullet) Changed “must” to “should”

    Rev 1.1 02/18/04 5.3.1 Added “Ethanol concentration of 24% or less” under Acceptable for Drain Disposal; Under Do No Drain Dispose…, changed 3rd bullet to read “ethanol greater than 24%, etc.”

    Rev 2 (layout reformat)

    05/20/11

    5.3.2 5.3.3 5.3.4 5.3.8

    Updated Biohazardous Wastes section Updated Radioactive Waste section Updated Mixed Radioactive /Chemical Waste section Added Battery Recycling Section

    Rev 2.1 09-10-12 - Changed wording so that one manual can be used for all campus locations (i.e. “campus labs/users”, emergency numbers)

    Rev 2.2 01-27-14 -

    Incorporated this document into the new EH&S Laboratory Safety Manual. Removed the emergency contact number page from the front of this manual and added revised emergency contact information in callout boxes to section 5.6, Emergency and Spill Response

    Appendices

    Appendix A Toxic Hazardous Wastes

    Appendix B Table of EH&S Listed Hazardous Wastes

    Appendix C Table of EH&S Acutely Hazardous Wastes

    Appendix D Forms

    Attachment 1 UB Campus Commitment to Safety

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    UB EH&S Hazardous Waste Management Guidebook

    1.0 PURPOSE

    The purpose of this guidebook is to provide all UB Campus users with the following concise and direct information:

    • Hazardous waste requirements by regulatory agencies • Hazardous waste determination • Hazardous waste accumulation, storage, and pickup procedures • Procedures for empty hazardous material and waste containers • Waste minimization procedures • Emergency and spill response procedures • Training requirements

    The framework for hazardous waste regulation was established in 1976 by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). RCRA was enacted by Congress to protect human health and the environment from improper management of hazardous waste. RCRA introduced the concept that the generator of a waste is responsible for proper waste management from "cradle-to-grave" (i.e., from laboratory to complete destruction).

    RCRA regulations are found in the 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 260-279 and can be accessed at the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) website (www.epa.gov). There are specific regulatory requirements for individuals who generate and accumulate chemical waste that cover training, proper waste identification, labeling, containment, and disposal, and waste minimization and recycling.

    An overview of the UB hazardous waste management procedures is presented in this document. The procedures outlined in this document are designed to promote:

    • Safe handling of wastes to prevent spills and other accidents • An efficient disposal process for all employees at UB • Compliance with all applicable regulations governing hazardous

    wastes

    Implementation of these procedures requires the cooperation of faculty, staff, and students.

    Questions  on  UB’s  hazardous  waste  management  program  should  be   directed  to  Environment,  Health  &  Safety  (EH&S)  at  829-­‐3301.  

    Hazardous  Waste  at  UB  

    Most  campus  Schools  and   Departments  use,  handle,   or  store  some  form  of   hazardous  materials  that   will  produce  chemical   waste  requiring  disposal.  It   is  the  practice  of  the   University  at  Buffalo  to   provide  a  safe  and   appropriate  means  of   managing  these  materials   once  they  are  no  longer   useful.  

    Every  UB  campus  lab  is   subject  to  unannounced   inspections  by  the  USEPA   and  New  York  State   Department  of   Environmental  Conservation   (NYSDEC).  A  single  violation   can  result  in  up  to  a  $25,000   fine.      

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    UB EH&S Hazardous Waste Management Guidebook

    2.0 SCOPE

    The scope of this document covers the hazardous waste management, training, and disposal requirements specified by the USEPA and NYSDEC for laboratory personnel. Specifically, this document is designed to comply with the regulations given in 40 CFR 260-272 by the USEPA and 6 NYCRR Part 373 by NYSDEC for satellite accumul