Unit One Happiness Preparation Listening-Centered Activities Reading-Centered Activities
PreparationQuestions for discussion.1. The definition of happinessIn the discussion, you may take the following factors into your consideration. 1. Factors contributing to happiness.2. Is happiness a passive attainment? Or do you think that you have to work at being happy?3. Is happiness just a personal matter?
Definition of happinessHappiness is a feeling of contentment coming from being well or doing well or a feeling of satisfaction at having got what one wanted.
2. Do you think that fun and pleasure are equal to happiness? Are they the same thing? Achieving happiness inevitably involves pain, the opposing side of fun. In many cases, fun is only temporary, which would not lead to any real happiness.
Stories Behind the FacesDirections: work in groups to produce a sequence of three faces. Think of the story the sequence tries to convey. Exchange the drawings with another group and try to tell story according to the faces you get. One of the faces should be smiling, and the others may have any expression you wish.
Here are three sequences of pictures, you may choose any one of them to make up your story.
Happiness TestStep one Take the following happiness test to find out whether you are happy or not.On a scale of 1 to 7, indicate how much you agree or disagree with each statement.1-Strongly disagree2-Disagree3-Slightly disagree4-Neither agree nor disagree5-Slightly agree6-Agree7-Strongly agreea. In most ways my life is close to my ideal. ______b. The conditions of my life are very good. _______c. I am satisfied with my life. __________d. So far I think I have been quite lucky. ________e. If I could live the past 5 years over again, I would change almost nothing. ________
B. Interpret Your Score5-9 Extremely dissatisfied with your life10-14 Very dissatisfied15-19 Slightly dissatisfied 20 Neutral21-25Somewhat satisfied26-30Very satisfied31-35Extremely satisfied
Step Two Discuss the following questions in groups.What aspect about yourself are you most satisfied with?What aspect about yourself are you most dissatisfied with?Will you be happier after graduation?
Listening-Centered ActivitiesListening I
Exercise IDirections: The passage you are going to hear is composed of three parts. Listen to it carefully and fill in the blanks with the information you get from the tape.
Barcelona Spanish grin profoundly commentator
The study and its finding
More supporting evidencefrom further observationsThe analysis of the facial_Expressions of 22 Olympic gold medal winner at the medal ceremoniesThey didnt smile very much at the medal ceremonies.Smiling is a form of communication between individuals.When we are all alone, we usually dont smileto ourselves when we are happy.
Exercise IIDirections: Listen to the passage again and choose the best answer for each question you hear from the tape.Whats the nationality of the researchers? B.How much of time did the gold medal winners smile? AWhen did the athletes smile quite a lot? CHow did the gold medal winners feel during the ceremony? DOn which occasions would we not smile? AWhich is true? D
Exercise IDirections: Listen to the TV interview and fill in the table with the information you get from the tape.
well-being Sherwood Portugal Holland lottery
The Interviewers QuestionsProfessor Sherwoods Answer1. Are people in rich countries happier than people in not-so-rich countries?The economic wealth of a country does appear to reflect the overall well-being of its citizens.Evidence: In Portugal, one in ten people reports being very happy.In Holland, four in ten people report being very happy.
2. Are rich people in a country happier than poor people?In poor countries, satisfaction with ones financial situation does affect happiness. But once people can afford the basic necessities of life, having more money doesnt necessarily make them happier.In rich places like Europe and the United States, the relationship between income and happiness is rather weak.3. Can winning a lottery bring happiness?As a matter of face, various studies show that winners only get temporary joy.4. Do people become happier as their countries become richer?A steady increase in a countrys prosperity does not mean an increase in its peoples happiness.Evidence: In the United States, from 1957 to 1996, the proportion of happy people declined from 35%to 30%. But during that same period, the average income per person in the country doubled.
Exercise IIDirections: Listen to the interview again and work in groups to answer the questions and complete the following sentences.What does the interviewer compare wealth to? Wealth is like health. If you dont have your health or if you are extremely poor, you will be miserable.How does Professor Sherwood define the word happiness? Happiness is wanting what we have rather than getting what we wantDo you agree with their opinions? Give your reason.
1. Understanding the Main Idea of the Passage
1) Introduction (Para. 1): A question is raised: What engenders a sense of well-being/happiness? 2) Different speculations about the source of happiness in history (Para. 2): A. Ancient philosophers believed that happiness accompanied a life of intelligent reflection. B. Competing ideas about the source of happiness in later centuries: a. Happiness comes from living a virtuous life versus indulging pleasures. b. Happiness comes from knowing the truth versus preserving illusions. c. Happiness comes from restraint versus getting rid of rage and misery.
3) Some myths about happiness that have been exploded by social scientists (Para. 3- 6): A. Question: Does happiness favor people of a particular age? Answer: No. Knowing someone's age gives no clue to the person's lasting sense of well-being. B. Question: Does happiness have a favorite sex? Answer: No. Like age, gender gives no clue to subjective well-being. C. Question: Are steady improvements in the economy accompanied by increasing happiness? Answer: Not necessarily. Steady improvements in the economy are not accompanied by a steady increase in people's assessments of their own happiness.
4) The four traits of happy people and trait-happiness correlation (Para. 7 - 12): A. The four traits that are typical of happy people (Para. 7- 10): a. Happy people like themselves. b. Happy people typically feel personal control. c. Happy people are usually optimistic. d. Happy people tend to be extroverted. B. Trait-happiness correlation (Para. 11 - 12): a. With each of the trait-happiness correlations, the causal arrows are uncertain. b. Happiness seems changeable only within limits imposed by our genetic makeup.
5) The relationships of happy people (Para. 13- 15): Close relationships mark happy lives. Evidence: A. Those who can name several intimate friends are healthier and happier. B. A supportive, intimate, committed marital relationship is among life's greatest satisfactions. During the 1970s and 1980s, more married adults said they were "very happy" than did those who never married.6) Conclusion (Para. 16): Better clues about happiness come from knowing what traits a person has and whether the person enjoys a supportive network of close relationships.
2. Understanding Specific Information
1) Happy people can make sound judgments and decisions. 2) Teenagers are somewhat unhappier because their life is full of stress. 3) Men are usually happier than women because they are better paid and enjoy greater social power. 4) If they feel miserable, men are more likely to turn to alcohol than women are. 5) Happy people usually have very positive opinions of themselves. 6) Nursing-home patients are unhappy because they do not feel personal control over their life.
7) Pessimists are happier because they can often live up to their own expectations. 8) Introverts are less happy than extroverts though they live a serene and less-stressed life. 9) Our happiness level is determined, to a large extent, by our genes. 10) People are happier when they are with others. 11) Marriage is more closely related to men's happiness than to women's. 12) Happiness depends more on a person's age and gender than on his or her traits.
Passage Reading1. Ancient philosophers believed that happiness accompanied a life of intelligent reflection. (l.5-6)The word "reflection" means serious thought or consideration a) He doesn't get much time for reflection. b) On reflection, he says, he very much regrets the comments. c) After thirty years as a judge, her reflections on life and justice were well worth listening to.
Other meanings of "reflection":1) an image seen in a mirror or shiny surface () a) She stared at her reflection in the bedroom mirror. b) In Greek mythology, Narcissus fell in love with his own reflection that he saw in a pool of water. 2) the process by which light and heat are sent back from a surface and do not pass through it a) He put silver foil around the fire to increase heat reflection. b) The reflection of the lights in the rain made driving difficult. 3) something that shows the effects of, or is a sign of, a