- Unit Five The Real Truth about Lies --Randy Fitzgerald.
Unit Five The Real Truth about Lies --Randy Fitzgerald.
Slide 1 Unit Five The Real Truth about Lies --Randy Fitzgerald Slide 2 BR1-word web Directions: Figure out the expressions with the word lie. Word-web LIE a bold-faced lie nail a lie live a lie a black lie a white lie a monstrous lie a downright lie a barefaced lie Slide 3 Open discussion: 1.Do you lie sometimes? Why and why not? 2.Do you agree that there is a real need to lie in our life? Slide 4 About the author & the text Randy Fitzgerald: freelance writer, columnist and blogger The text is chosen from Readers Digest in 1999. Slide 5 Structural analysis of the text Part 1Para 1- 6 Introducing the topic by reporting two survey results. Part 2Para 7-11 Telling little white lies is a common practice and the reason for telling such lies by citing an example Part 3Para 12-15 The consequences of telling lies Part 4Para 16-18 Discussing whether lies should be avoided at all costs Slide 6 Part 1Para 1-- 6 Introducing the topic by reporting two survey results. Slide 7 1. profess v (fml) claim (sth), often falsely , : I don't profess to be an expert in this subject. > professed adj (falsely) claimed; alleged ; profession n. ~ of sth ; : a profession of belief Language work (Para. 1- 6) Slide 8 2. earth-shattering adj surprising or shocking and very important: an earth- shattering event Slide 9 3. feign v [Tn] pretend (sth) , : feign illness, madness, ignorance, etc * feigned innocence Slide 10 4. spare sb's feelings to avoid doing something that would upset someone e.g. Just tell me the truth. You don t need to spare my feelings. Slide 11 5. preoccupation n. a) [u]~ (with sth) state of constantly thinking or worrying about sth; obsession ; : She found his preoccupation with money irritating. b) [C] something that you give all your attention to main/chief/central etc preoccupation > preoccupy v. preoccupied a. Slide 12 6. prevaricate v [I] (fml) try to avoid telling the (whole) truth by speaking in an evasive or a misleading way; equivocate ; : Tell us exactly what happened and don t prevaricate. > prevarication n [U&C] ; : The report was full of lies and prevarications. prevaricator n Slide 13 The Educational Ladder Kindergarten Elementary school High school College Americans view their public school system as an educational ladder: Pre-College Slide 14 Day Care ( ) Center Nursery School Kinder -garten Early Childhood Education Preschools Slide 15 All school systems in the US have 12 years of elementary, middle school and senior high school. + Elementary schoolHigh school 6 years Senior high schoolJunior high school 4 years 2 years Slide 16 7. pundit n. a person who is an authority on a subject; expert ; : The pundits disagree on the best way of dealing with the problem. Slide 17 Questions: 1. What does Professor Bella DePaulo's study indicate about lying? What do most people think about lying? 2. What is the result of the survey conducted by Josephson Institute of Ethics? What can we learn from it? Slide 18 Part 2Para 7-11 Telling little white lies is a common practice and the reason for telling such lies by citing an example. Slide 19 8. ubiquitous adj (fml) (seeming to be) present everywhere or in several places at the same time , : Is there no escape from the ubiquitous cigarette smoke in restaurants? > ubiquity n [U] . Slide 20 9. fib n (infml) untrue statement, esp about sth unimportant ; : Stop telling such silly fibs. > fib v (-bb-) [I] ; fibber n Slide 21 10. invariable adj never changing; always the same; constant ; : an invariable pressure, temperature, amount * his invariable courtesy > invariability n [U]. invariably adv Antonym: variable a. Slide 22 11. blurt v (phr v) blurt sth out say sth suddenly and tactlessly : He blurted out the bad news before I could stop him. Slide 23 12. deceit n a) [U] deliberately leading sb to believe or accept sth that is false; deceiving ; : practice deceit on sb * She won her promotion by deceit. b) [C] dishonest act or statement : She got them to hand over all their money by a wicked deceit. > deceitful adj deceive v. Slide 24 13. compliment v ~ sb (on sth) express praise or admiration of sb : I complimented her on her skilful performance. > compliment n. ( ) [ pl.] Slide 25 14. lubricant n [U and C] a substance such as oil that you put on surfaces that rub together, especially parts of a machine, in order to make them move smoothly and easily > lubricate vt. lubrication n [U] Slide 26 15. tangle v a) ~ (sth) (up) (cause sth to) become twisted into a confused mass , : Her hair got all tangled up in the barbed wire fence. b) ~ with sb/sth become involved in a quarrel or fight with sb/sth ; : You shouldn t tangle with Peter -- he's bigger than you. > tangled adj: tangled hair, wire, etc tangle n. , entangle v. Slide 27 Questions: 3. According to the writer, what could be considered nice lies ? 4. Why do people tell white lies? Do you think the lies will be well received once they are exposed? Slide 28 Part 3Para 12-15 The consequences of telling lies Slide 29 16. the slippery slope (infml) course of action that can easily lead to disaster, failure, etc : A one-party state can be the start of the slippery slope towards fascism. > slippery a. slope n. Slide 30 17. wear down phr v a) to reduce or become weaker until useless e.g. My shoes have worn down at the heel. b) wear sb down to gradually make someone physically weaker or less determined e.g. It was clear he was being worn down by the rumours over his future. Slide 31 18. perception n (fml) a) [U] ability to see, hear or understand ; : improve one's powers of perception b) [C] ~ (that...) way of seeing or understanding sth ; : My perception of the matter is that... > perceive vt. perceptible a. perceptive a. Slide 32 19. warp v [I, Tn] a) (cause sth to) become bent or twisted from the usual or natural shape , : The damp wood began to warp. * The hot sun had warped the cover of the book. b) (fig) (cause sb/sth to) become biased, distorted or perverted [ ] , : His judgment was warped by self- interest. * a warped mind / sense of humor Slide 33 20. proliferate v [I] if something proliferates, it increases quickly and spreads to many different places ( ) : Computer courses continue to proliferate. > proliferation n [U] ; : a nuclear non-proliferation treaty Slide 34 21. cynicism n. the belief that people always act selfishly > cynic n. , cynical adj Slide 35 22. falter v [I] a) to become weaker and unable to continue in an effective way : The economy is showing signs of faltering. b) (of the voice) waver : His voice faltered as he tried to speak. Slide 36 Questions: 5. What, according to the author, would be the consequences of lying? Slide 37 Part 4Para 16-18 Discussing whether lies should be avoided at all costs Slide 38 23. ethic n system of moral principles; rules of conduct ; : the Puritan ethic > ethics n (a) [sing v] science that deals with morals (b) [pl] moral correctness : Medical ethics ethical adj ; ethicist n. Slide 39 24. undermine v. (fig) weaken (sth/sb) gradually or insidiously : undermine sb's position, reputation, authority, etc. undermine sb's confidence / authority / position / credibility etc Slide 40 25. confound v [Tn] puzzle and surprise (sb); perplex : His behaviour amazed and confounded her. * I was confounded to hear that... > confounded adj. , Slide 41 26. astound v overcome (sb) with surprise or shock; amaze ; : We were astounded to read your letter. > astounding adj Slide 42 Question: 6. Are all white lies unacceptable? What is the yardstick of acceptable lies?