Th»±c H nh M´ Ph´i-l»‡ H±ng

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    Thc hnh m phi

    Bi 1Yu cu:-Xc nh cc cu trc ca biu m-Phn bit cu trc ca m lin kt biu m

    THNBIU M LT N!" hn# t b$ %&t'ta trnmn# ('c) * l n#$i ba$ ba$ man# tiu cu th+n

    BIU M VUNG N!thnh ca ,n# thn# ,n# l)t ca th+n'mn# b$ t./n# th0p'l1chi2u r3n#'nhn * #i4a5

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    BIU M TR N!thnh ca ,n# nh th+n'chi2u ca$ l6n h/n chi2u r3n# ca t b$'nhn n7m 8t cc (9c) th tr:n ha(un#;'mn# b$ t./n# th+n

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    THC QUN?@lt tn# k$ 8An# h$!%Bi t b$ c) nhi2u t b$

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    !H" QUN #$%& '()* +,-

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    NBIU M TR GI T.NG C/ LNGCHGUYN! cc n#On ca t b$ b$ t./n# bIt mu 8m h/n' mn# b$ t./n# c) nhi2uc0u trc ln# th.a5Q) hu ht * t0t cB cc t b$R= b$ hFnh iStb trT c) ln# chu(n5Qc n#On ch0t nh( t+p trun# nn khn# bIt mu5c) kh$Bn# 8n#trn phn n#On t b$5

    R=b (! nhn h/n l6p (

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    -H6p hKt!cc b$ t./n# nhn bIt mu +m'=b %&t'hFnh th$i'b$ t./n#

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    ;9)7 c

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    X9)7

    &>?)7 @A)

    H?)7

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    ! tK$ c,t b$

    2F c

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    C $O)QIt %Oc!tb 8Vi hFnh trT'

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    Q/ timOc im khc 6i c/ n-k$ tK$ hFnh Bnh n 8n# t,i in hFnh nh4n# c0u trc c/ tim tha( Gi' cc 8Vi n,i thnh l.6i khn#8$n# 8$n#5-_hn nIm #i4a 8Vi c/' " tb c) m3t nhn5cc nhn n,i 6i nhau thnh m3t Kch 8m #Oi l Kch b+c than#_#an#! tb c/ c) hFnh a %in'c) hFnh cu ha( hFnh bu %Tc'kCch th.6c nh> h/n t b$ c/ n=u 8Un#

    Qh0t

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    `An# 8au!%i h&p'choa n/r$n trun# #ian'kCch th.6c nh>'mn h/n

    =iu n$

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    di,n# nh. bn cu Ki n$'ch0t tiu n$'mLt n#$i +m'#i4a nhKt l ch0ttrIn#5=A mLt n#$i $ c) s l6p!-H6p phn t9l6p phn t;-H6p =b bukin#Yr! " hn# =b nIm * #i4a-H6p hKt!m+t 3 n/r$n %('=b nh* nn #Oi l l6p hKt

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    ( thn kinh n#$Ki bin_#an#!c0u tK$ #Um nh4n# b) 8Vi thn kinh ch (u l nh4n# 8Vi c) choa ba$ m(lin' #i4a c) m3t chmYn l 8Vi trTc thn kinh'

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    Bi S)7 6=c* c*u)! $ #i4a l 8Vi chunS)7 6=c* c! $ #i4a l 8Vi c/

    S)7 6=c* cS)7 6=c* c! H:n# 3n# mKch tr:n' thnh %('th0( rv mn# n#n chun tr$n#5H6p $ #i4a %( h/nT)* 6=c* c! l:n# khn# tr:n 2u' thnh m>n#'khn# th0( rv mn# n#n chun tr$n#

    M chun va M cM chun va M c

    Si c*u)

    M=c* 6u )*

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    M)7 )7)c*u) &>?)7

    ? 7iWE

    ? )7?i

    C &>)

    V 6=c* 6u

    ? 7iWE

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    0E

    G: nang b=c**uK&2@:$ 8T:6\ i) '&

    cS&T@:$c* 8#cS8?E)7-M@:;?E)7=c* *uK& &u :JOK )E)7V:6=c* 6u

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    -?iu bF 9lt tn# 8An# h$ l6p!

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    RTiu cu 6^ *\i9khn# c) ba$ * bn n#$i; ,n# tu(n cu3n lKi thnh kh,i

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    R_an# ln#'chn ln#

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    -]K bF!H6p mq9tiu thuw mq;

    H:)E)7 \)72:&uK) ]27:&uK) 6^ *\iN:_:Biu `0:La *= `HK:6S& *)cbE a J9ai JE

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    Tuy) 6^ *\i

    Tuy) ]

    NE)7 \)7

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    a %( a m>n#-gn# %a chu nhi2u 8oc Mp'cO 8t-?iu bF %('l6p 8An# pht trin

    -_h chn bF pht trin mKnh tK$ np n %a-_hi2u tu(n mU hi nh>-Hn# c) ln# tu(n b

    -?Oc phn c:n lKi-?iu bF m>n#'l6p 8An# Ct pht trin

    -_h chn bF Ct pht trin tK$ n %a-xt h/n-Q) ln# tu(n b

    Lc*XB 8#dZ& eu])7-XTu &>f)7 Tiu dS)7 6=c* &>u)7 &O6 Tiu &* c*

    XTu d: 0OK Bi>?&* ;?E)7 &)* 6=c* c*

    XR

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    G:d9g)7$ih) euE)7

    dS)7 6=c*&>u)7 &O6N:&u &>f)7R:&u d

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    2:8?E)7 =c* *uK& &uC:JOK i>?&*

    Bi +:NG TIjU H42 d^ *?:+ &)7X T)7 )i6 6=c Biu 6\:&>A La dk6:6\ i) '& $ cc &uK) 2i c )i6

    X T)7 J9ai )i6:M\ i) '&l@i &*) 'i)*l6=c* 6uX T)7 c:5 a c#&>?)7 $m)7 l)7?i Jnc-l7iWE *Ei a co *=c* T! up>Ec'X V )7?i: &=)7l &*)*lf& 6u )*=&

    0q 0rYT>) @i c )i6 &)7 )i6 6=c09ai &)7 J9ai )i6T)7 )i6 6=c:

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    XBiu 6\:&>A d)l)*O) kc* dKXLa dk6:c*b Ku cPu &=? &s &uK) dK $tl7Ec'l&*6 a c c*?

    T TRrNG:&iu *? $ *P &*A &*Zc )Biu 6\:N*u)7 6E?*& &>i)l&)7 Jik) &(c* &i 8ycl& )*u)7 6E? cPu &=? &s *Ei Eni & ?#6O6 '*(E $& ? dil& E)p&-

    Tuyn (

    Tbvih)

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    T 6O6 '*(E:)*O) *`)* u JAclcFc )7n) co $i )*u)7 6E?l@< 9)7 a)T di:(&l>vi >c 8p) 7iWE & ? 6O6 '*(El&i& c*P& )*K )) 6u @)7La dk6:TuK) Lipp>'u>):J? 6*u)7 6E? >uS& )?) z6 8u:J9ai ipp>'u>)l@)7 6u $` &i& c*P& )*Kl'iu *O) )*)*|;u)7 euE)* @i c)i6 '*\)7 i) &Ac )*9 J= JK 6 *O) )*)* )6 7iWE &uK) >u))p>

    RU}T GIrCo )*u)7 6E? (& *& &>i)l&& &>A '*(E (&l& di )*ihuTuK) ipup>'u>):c*b Ku & ? *`)* di2i c )i6 JK $ i) &Ac#*O) ik& $ai >uS& &*sE-

    RuS& &*sEC*b Ku & ? *`)* di

    Si c )i6

    5 :&uK) Lip>'u>) :TuK) >u))p>

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    TuK) ipup>'u>) )*ihu & ? *`)* diCo i6 *? *& &>i))) )E)7 =c* *uK& *& &>i) &s )i6 6=c d) &)7 J9ai )i6 6=cl@i c)i6 6v)* l)7f)NE)7 =c* *uK&

    ~*O) ik&: Co &iu dS)7 6=c* &>u)7 &O6 c* Co &uK) Lipup>'u>) >uS& &*sE

    'u>)N*ihu & ? *`)* '*(ElJ9ai co &uK) B>u))p>l'(c* &*9ac a) & &>)7Co & ? *`)* dil)u a c )i6 i) &AclJK >uS& 7il)hu 6v)* '*\)7 i) &Ac >uS& &*sE|

    RuS& 7TuK)Lipup>'2i c )iNE)7 =*uK&

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    GE)N*u 6\ 7E):ik&

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    - &iu &*u 7E)#1-- !*?v)7 cE 7E)#5-

    1:'*E)* 7iai# )79gi `)*&*9g)7-|dm &*Fc ?l)*O) Ji *EK *=& d%ul'(c* &*9ac a) *) & ? )Si 6=cl)6&>?)7 m)7 6E? 6=c*

    N7?i >E co &* co *^)7 culK6 *?- T)* 6=c* &>u)7 &O6 &iu &*u:m)7 >S7l)6 7iWE 1l&*)* 6)7l&>) &*)* J9g)7 )*9

    '*\)7 co a c &>)5: 7oc 1 co $[)7 6\ i) '& JK 7ni '*?v)7 cE7^6 &*)* *) cPu &=?:

    - T6 cE:m)7 >S)7 l&** 6)7- 6 7E):) co a ? 7iWE|- )7 6%&:'(c* &*9acA d)lco

    6S& *)7 )*O) & ? &>m) *EK u JAcl)*O) f& 6u Ew d%6 #iu 6\ &>A d)-

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    -

    Tfnh mtrTn# ttiu th

    e3n#mKch #an

    TfnhmKchca

    yn# m+t

    Tiu thuw#an

    ?z r/mac

    @a$mKch

    nan h$abnh

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    1:tu(n n.6c{!tu(n nh(s!tu(n pha!,n# bi

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    TUYN TUN7?=i &i&:c* &i& 6p) &ul*) c* &i& 7^6 )E7 &u )7?=il*) i 8uP& 7^6 ?8 &>?)7 &iu&*ul\8 7iE) &iu &*uT*)* cbE )E7 &uK) cPu &=? i & ? &u )7?=il& &>u)7 &O6 )E)7 &uK) cPu &=? m)7 )E)7dcl6u E8i&lc*i6 7) *& )*u 6\ &u?)7 &iu &*u:

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    ~HIN*u 6\ *i:

    T*)* *) &*E6 7iE $? c*Zc ))7 &*\)7 '*( d9g)7 J) '*(-A 7iv &)7 co \)7 c*uK)'*( euv) La dk6

    La c:o c &>) >gi >=c l'*\)7&=? $m)7 i) &Ac

    Tu )Si#&iu dv? E)7*p&*E)-

    Tu )7?=i

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    La @A) $ &uK):@A) &>?)7#'*( euv) d) * euv)-l'*\)7 i) &Acl8p) 7iWE co cc

    &uK) *E#$sE )9acl$sE )*K-

    C :sTn tr$n#

    | !biu m trT #iB tn# c)ln# chu(n`@ !l6p c/HP !l6p m

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    - Tiu * euv) c*()*:&*)* *Ei a 6\#)i6 6=c $ a c-|Ni6 6=c ))*) cE?l@Oulm)7 A d)l& *()* di J9g)7 )*9 >P& (&|La c co c &>)

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    &=? $m)7 c '* '()#-|x )7?i 6P& a @A) $ &uK) *E

    - Tiu * euv) &%):5 a 6\|Ni6 6=c 6P& *& ) )*)lm)7 P&(& *& &>i)l1 a c 6)7 '*\)7 &=? $m7 c i