The Use of Recycled Asphalt Products in Asphalt Use of Recycled Asphalt Products in Asphalt Pavements . ... The Use of Recycled Asphalt Products in Asphalt Pavements ... (AASHTO T 283)

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<ul><li><p>The Use of Recycled Asphalt Products in Asphalt Pavements </p><p> Prepared by: Scott Zinke and </p><p>James Mahoney </p><p>Report Number: CT-2278-F-15-8 </p><p>June 3, 2015 </p><p> FINAL REPORT </p><p>Project No. SPR 2278 </p><p> Connecticut Advanced Pavement Laboratory </p><p>Connecticut Transportation Institute School of Engineering </p><p>University of Connecticut </p><p>Prepared for: Connecticut Department of Transportation </p><p>Bureau of Policy and Planning Research Implementation Unit </p><p>Michael Connors Assistant Planning Director </p></li><li><p>ii </p><p>Disclaimer </p><p>This report [article, paper or publication] does not constitute a standard, specification or regulation. The contents of this report [article, paper or publication] reflect the views of the author(s) who (are) responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the views of the Connecticut Department of Transportation or the Federal Highway Administration. </p></li><li><p>iii </p><p>Acknowledgements This report was prepared by the University of Connecticut, in cooperation with the Connecticut Department of Transportation and the United States Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration. The opinions, findings and conclusions expressed in the publication are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the Connecticut Department of Transportation or the Federal Highway Administration. This publication is based upon publicly supported research and is copyrighted. It may be reproduced in part or in full, but it is requested that there be customary crediting of the source. </p></li><li><p>iv </p><p>Standard Conversions </p><p>SI* (MODERN METRIC) CONVERSION FACTORS APPROXIMATE CONVERSIONS TO SI UNITS</p><p>Symbol When You Know Multiply By To Find Symbol LENGTH </p><p>in inches 25.4 millimeters mm ft feet 0.305 meters m yd yards 0.914 meters m mi miles 1.61 kilometers km </p><p>AREA in2 square inches 645.2 square millimeters mm2</p><p>ft2 square feet 0.093 square meters m2</p><p>yd2 square yard 0.836 square meters m2</p><p>ac acres 0.405 hectares ha mi2 square miles 2.59 square kilometers km2</p><p>VOLUME fl oz fluid ounces 29.57 milliliters mL gal gallons 3.785 liters L ft3 cubic feet 0.028 cubic meters m3 </p><p>yd3 cubic yards 0.765 cubic meters m3 </p><p>NOTE: volumes greater than 1000 L shall be shown in m3</p><p>MASS oz ounces 28.35 grams glb pounds 0.454 kilograms kgT short tons (2000 lb) 0.907 megagrams (or "metric ton") Mg (or "t") </p><p>TEMPERATURE (exact degrees) oF Fahrenheit 5 (F-32)/9 Celsius oC </p><p>or (F-32)/1.8 ILLUMINATION </p><p>fc foot-candles 10.76 lux lx fl foot-Lamberts 3.426 candela/m2 cd/m2</p><p>FORCE and PRESSURE or STRESS lbf poundforce 4.45 newtons N lbf/in2 poundforce per square inch 6.89 kilopascals kPa </p><p>APPROXIMATE CONVERSIONS FROM SI UNITS Symbol When You Know Multiply By To Find Symbol </p><p>LENGTHmm millimeters 0.039 inches in m meters 3.28 feet ft m meters 1.09 yards yd km kilometers 0.621 miles mi </p><p>AREA mm2 square millimeters 0.0016 square inches in2 </p><p>m2 square meters 10.764 square feet ft2 </p><p>m2 square meters 1.195 square yards yd2 </p><p>ha hectares 2.47 acres ac km2 square kilometers 0.386 square miles mi2 </p><p>VOLUME mL milliliters 0.034 fluid ounces fl oz L liters 0.264 gallons gal m3 cubic meters 35.314 cubic feet ft3 </p><p>m3 cubic meters 1.307 cubic yards yd3 </p><p>MASS g grams 0.035 ounces ozkg kilograms 2.202 pounds lbMg (or "t") megagrams (or "metric ton") 1.103 short tons (2000 lb) T </p><p>TEMPERATURE (exact degrees) oC Celsius 1.8C+32 Fahrenheit oF </p><p>ILLUMINATION lx lux 0.0929 foot-candles fc cd/m2 candela/m2 0.2919 foot-Lamberts fl</p><p>FORCE and PRESSURE or STRESS N newtons 0.225 poundforce lbf kPa kilopascals 0.145 poundforce per square inch lbf/in2</p><p>*SI is the symbol for th International System of Units. Appropriate rounding should be made to comply with Section 4 of ASTM E380. e(Revised March 2003) </p></li><li><p>v </p><p>Technical Report Documentation Page </p><p>1. Report No. CT-2278-F-15-8 </p><p>2. Government Accession No. </p><p>3. Recipients Catalog No. </p><p>4. Title and Subtitle The Use of Recycled Asphalt Products in Asphalt Pavements Final Report </p><p>5. Report Date June 3, 2015 6. Performing Organization Code </p><p>7. Author(s) Scott Zinke, James Mahoney </p><p>8. Performing Organization Report No. </p><p>9. Performing Organization Name and Address University of Connecticut Connecticut Transportation Institute 270 Middle Turnpike, U-202 Storrs, Connecticut 06269-5202 </p><p>10 Work Unit No. (TRIS) N/A 11. Contract or Grant No. N/A 13. Type of Report and Period Covered Final Report 12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address </p><p> Connecticut Department of Transportation 2800 Berlin Turnpike Newington, CT 06131-7546 </p><p>14. Sponsoring Agency Code SPR-2278 </p><p>15. Supplementary Notes Prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway </p><p>Administration 16. Abstract Reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) and recycled asphalt shingles (RAS) are two of the most commonly used recycled materials in the world. Recommendations as to their use and handling in CT need to be made in order to increase the amount of RAP that may be introduced into the mixture and also to make determinations as to the benefits and total quantity of RAS that should be used. CTDOT constructed three pilot projects utilizing RAS, RAS with RAP and then varying quantities of RAP from 15%-40%. The projects are summarized in this research. Performance tests show comparisons between the test sections and control sections. Density analysis shows that increasing RAP quantities beyond 20% should be avoided at this time. Recommendations are made to continue monitoring these pilot sections in order to determine the longer term effects of the recycled products. 17. Key Words </p><p>18.Distribution Statement No restrictions. This document is available to the </p><p>public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22161. The report is available on-line from National Transportation Library at http://ntl.bts.gov. </p><p>19. Security Classif. (of report) Unclassified </p><p>20. Security Classif. (of this page) Unclassified </p><p>21. No. of Pages 71 </p><p>21. Price </p><p>Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized </p><p>http://ntl.bts.gov/</p></li><li><p>vi </p><p>Table of Contents Title Page ......................................................................................................................... i Disclaimer ........................................................................................................................ii Acknowledgements ......................................................................................................... iii Standard Conversions .....................................................................................................iv Technical Report Documentation Page ........................................................................... v Table of Contents ............................................................................................................vi List of Tables ................................................................................................................. viii List of Figures ..................................................................................................................ix Executive Summary ........................................................................................................ x Introduction and Background Summary .......................................................................... 1 Problem Statement.......................................................................................................... 4 Objectives and Work Plan ............................................................................................... 5 Reviewed Literature ........................................................................................................ 6 Connecticut HMA Supplier Survey .................................................................................. 7 Review of Specifications ................................................................................................. 9 CalTrans RAP Usage Survey .......................................................................................... 9 AASHTO SOM RAS Usage Survey............................................................................... 10 Additional RAP Use Specifications ................................................................................ 11 Idaho Transportation Department ................................................................................. 11 Colorado Department of Transportation ........................................................................ 12 Oregon Department of Transportation........................................................................... 12 Missouri Department of Transportation ......................................................................... 12 Pilot Project Sections .................................................................................................... 13 Laboratory Performance Test Descriptions ................................................................... 14 Tensile Strength Ratio Testing (AASHTO T 283) .......................................................... 14 Hamburg Wheel Track Testing (AASHTO T 324) ......................................................... 15 Determining the Rutting Susceptibility of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Using the Asphalt Pavement Analyzer (APA) (AASHTO T340) ................................................................. 16 RAS-only Pilot Section .................................................................................................. 17 Performance Testing of RAS Mix .................................................................................. 18 RAS Tensile Strength Ratio Testing Results ................................................................. 18 RAS Hamburg Wheel Track Testing Results ................................................................ 19 APA Rut Testing Results ............................................................................................... 21 RAP &amp; RAS Pilot Project ............................................................................................... 24 </p></li><li><p>vii </p><p>Performance Testing of RAP/RAS Mix .......................................................................... 30 RAP/RAS Tensile Strength Ratio Testing Results ........................................................ 31 RAP/RAS Hamburg Wheel Track Testing Results ........................................................ 31 APA Rut Testing Results ............................................................................................... 33 Revisiting Lenox Street ................................................................................................. 34 Lenox Street (RAP/RAS) Discussion............................................................................. 35 Additional Discussion on the Use of Recycled Asphalt Shingles (RAS) ........................ 37 Varying RAP Pilot Sections ........................................................................................... 37 Varying RAP Tensile Strength Ratio Testing Results .................................................... 40 I-395 Varying RAP Hamburg Wheel Track Testing Results .......................................... 40 I-395 Varying RAP APA Rut Testing Results ................................................................ 41 Density - Varying RAP Sections .................................................................................... 42 Mat Density Analysis ..................................................................................................... 42 Joint Density Analysis ................................................................................................... 44 Conclusions and Discussion ......................................................................................... 47 Recommendations ........................................................................................................ 49 References .................................................................................................................... 51 Appendix A. ................................................................................................................... 53 Appendix B. Lenox Street Gradations .......................................................................... 55 Appendix C. Lenox Street Northern Section Details ..................................................... 57 Appendix D. T-Test between Varying RAP Sections and Control (Mat Densities) ....... 58 Appendix E. T-Test between Varying RAP Sections and Control (Joint Densities) ...... 60 </p></li><li><p>viii </p><p>List of Tables </p><p>Table 1. Supplier Survey Questions ............................................................................... 7 Table 2. Caltrans RAP Usage Survey ............................................................................. 9 Table 3. AASHTO SOM RAS Usage Survey ................................................................. 10 Table 4. AASHTO SOM RAS Usage Survey Summary* .............................................. 11 Table 5. Recycled Products Pilot Projects .................................................................... 13 Table 6. RAS Project Mile Points* ................................................................................ 17 Table 7. RAS TSR Results ........................................................................................... 19 Table 8. Rt. 220 Hamburg Wheel Track Testing Results ............................................. 19 Table 9. Rt. 220 APA Rut Testing Results ................................................................... 21 Table 10. Lenox Street In-Place Density Values .......................................................... 27 Table 11. Nuclear Density Testing Results Lenox Street ............................................. 30 Table 12. RAP/RAS TSR Results................................................................................. 31 Table 13. Rt. 220 Hamburg Wheel Track Testing Results ........................................... 31 Table 14. Lenox Street APA Rut Testing Results ......................................................... 33 Table 15. Varying RAP Pilot Sections .......................................................................... 39 Table 16. Tensile Strength Ratio Results of Varying RAP Sections ............................. 40 Table 17. Hamburg Wheel Track Testing Results of Varying RAP Sections ................ 41 Table 18. APA Rut Testing Results of Varying RAP Sections ...................................... 41 Table 19. Density of Varying RAP Sections ................................................................. 42 Table 20. Mat Density Comparisons with Control ........................................................ 44 Table 21. Joint Density Comparisons with Control ....................................</p></li></ul>

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