THE TRUTH ABOUT PHYSICAL POVERTY. Facilitated by Victor Cortez. The UNDERSTANDING that we have of poverty determines our RESPONSE to it. FHs Mission. To walk with churches, leaders and families in overcoming all forms of human poverty by living in healthy relationship - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
THE TRUTH ABOUT PHYSICAL POVERTYFacilitated by Victor Cortez
The UNDERSTANDINGthat we have of poverty determines our RESPONSE to it.2FHs MissionTo walk with churches, leaders and families in overcoming all forms of human poverty by living in healthy relationship with God and His creation.
As it is written: There is no one righteous, not even one; there is no one who understands, no one who seeks God. All have turned away, they have together become worthless; there is no one who does good, not even one.
POVERTY IS SOMETHING THAT WE ALL SUFFER
THE NATIONS ARENT POOR THEY PRODUCE POVERTY!The fruits arent produced casually. The fruits are a visible sign of what exists invisibly in the tree.Their poverty doesnt come from natural resources, capital, etc. But it comes from the worldview of the people.In almost all of the cases, todays poorest nations were never impacted significantly by the Gospel and its history.
LieLieOppressionIgnoranceUnderdevelopmentChaosPovertyInjusticeLie5Poverty is consequence of IDEASTHE NATIONS ARENT PROSPEROUS THEY PRODUCE PROSPERITY!The fruits arent produced casually.The fruits are a visible sign of what exists invisibly in the tree.Their wealth dont come from natural resources, capital, etc. But it comes from the worldview of the people.In almost all the cases, todays prosperous nations were deeply impacted by the Gospel and its history, or have imitated others that were.
TruthTruthTruthLibertyScienceJusticeOrderDevelopmentProsperity6POVERTY AS A SYSTEM OF HELPLESSNESS Adapted from Christian (1994) y Myers (2002)False worldviewCaptives to the non-poor
Lack of optionsCheated by the principalitiesDamaged identityWeak mind and body
BIOPHYSICAL SYSTEMCULTURAL SYSTEMSOCIAL-ECONOMIC SYSTEMPERSONAL SYSTEMSPIRITUAL/RELIGIOUS SYSTEMWHO ARE THE MATERIALLY POOR?The poor arent an ABSTRACTION, but a group of humans that have names, that have been made in the image of God, whose hairs are counted and for whom Jesus died
(Myers 2002, P.60)
8WORLD POVERTY MAP
CHRONIC UNDERWEIGHT IN CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS MAP
32% of children < 5 years (178 million) are stunted in all developing countries . SOURCE: FAO - 2004CHRONIC UNDERWEIGHT IN CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARSREGION%Sub-Saharan Africa 41.15 Latin America & the Caribbean 24.67 South/Southeast Asia 49.85 Eastern Mediterranean 23.28 GLOBAL 30Source: Socioeconomic inequality in malnutrition in developing countries (WHO 2008)Malnutrition in Latin America and the Caribbean52 million people in this region are undernourished 11 countries have shown little progress and even setbacks in their number of malnourished individuals in 20079 million children < 5 years of age are stunted22.3 million preschool children, 33 million women of childbearing age and 3.6 million pregnant women have anemia WHY IS CHRONIC MALNUTRITION (STUNTING) IMPORTANT?It is the best indicator of quality of life. It is a sign of a structural problem and reflects objectively the imbalance of social determinants.Its multi-causality calls for a multi-factorial and multi-sectorial approachIt is strongly associated with the individual and social development of the countryIt is useful to assess inequalities among regions and communitiesWHY IS CHRONIC MALNUTRITION (STUNTING) IMPORTANT?To reduce poverty, there must be policies, strategies and programs specifically tackling chronic malnutrition.The prevalence of chronic malnutrition is a relevant and valid measure of endemic poverty and is a better indicator than estimates of per capita income.Persistent high prevalence of stunting among children indicates chronic failure in poverty alleviation.Investing in Malnutrition: a Prerequisite for Reducing Poverty
Source: Alderman, Harold (2004). Linkages Between Poverty Reduction Strategies and Child Nutrition. Chronic Malnutrition has a High Economic CostWhen children die or are chronically ill, there are increased health care costs and future productivity losses Impaired brain development impacts school performance, causing added costs in the education sectorMalnutrition causes low(er) productivity in adult lifeDue to the above issues, Latin Americas Gross Domestic Product is negatively impacted by an estimated $6.7 billion annually!GUATEMALA118th position of 177 countries in the Human Development Index 40% profess evangelical faith25,000 churches. In FH work areas there are 3 to 6 churches in every community3rd place in social violence in Latin America1.1 million women and men have immigrated out92% urban and 54% rural areas have running water72% urban and 52% rural areas have basic sanitation Average of 5.6 years of schooling in urban settings, 2.2 years in indigenous childrenPoverty IndexSource: UNDP (2005)Chronic Malnutrition in Latin America and the Caribbean Source: IADB (2008)
Chronic Malnutrition in Rural AreasSegundo Censo Nacional de Talla 2002 - Ministerio de Educacin, FAO, PMA, UNICEF, USAID, Universidad de San CarlosFH/Guatemala Baseline Result (July 2008) 71.5% malnutrition Consequences of Chronic MalnutritionThe critical window for a child's optimal physical/ mental growth and development is under age 2.
If the opportunity is missed, the child will be adversely affected for the rest of his/her life.
Consequences of Chronic Malnutrition II
Children who suffer from chronic malnutrition fail to grow to their full genetic potential, both mentally and physically (Matte, 2001).Chronic Malnutrition Framework
The UNDERSTANDINGthat we have of poverty determines our RESPONSE to it.24The two tragedies of the worlds poorThe first tragedy: Jeffrey Sachs notes that 30,000 children die every day from extreme poverty. For example, 1,8 million children die annually from diarrhea that could be prevented with 10-cent doses of oral rehydration therapy
But there is a second tragedy: the West has spent $2.3 trillion on foreign aid over five decades, and babies with diarrhea are still not getting 10-cent doses of oral rehydration therapy
William Easterly, The White Mans Burden This is the scandal of our generation that money meant for the desperate poor did not reach them25
THANK YOU!! ALL THE GLORY TO GOD!26