The Triangle 1 I SUDBi. ,. ', ' ' JUN F; L L 1 i ___ '- ___ ___ __ ___ M. Vol 49No. 5 Nuclear chemist Malcolm Fowler hailsfrorr May Ontario Division 1990 LosAlomos. Tofindoutwhathe'sdoinç __________________________________________________________________________________________________ at Creighton Mine, turn to Pages 8 and 9 Inco lends financial support to survey of Sudbury Basin Maintenance mechanics Kim Qnrod, right, and Gerry Laframboise ham it up during the Frood-Stobie Mill annual barbecue. Cold weather and rain forced the barbecue indoors but failed to dampen the spirit of participants. For more on the mill barbecues see story and photos on Pages 4 and 5. Inco Limited is participating in a research pro- the surface - anywhere from 112 to 4 km underground" gram consisting of a geophysical study of the Sud- Costs for the high resolution survey are estimated at buryBasinthatcouldeventuallyhelplocatenewore $190,000. inco and Falconbridge will contribute up to resources. Contrneed on Page /6 A high-resolution seismic survey, to be carried out this coming winter, may provide structural infor- mation on the upper part of the earth's crust in the Sudbury region. This will complement a seismic survey at a regional scale being carried out at the same time under the federal government's five-year multidisci- plinary study of the earth's crust called Lithoprobe. Barry Krause, Manager of Geophysics and Tech- nical Services for Inco Exploration and Technical Services, said a local group comprised of represen- tatives from Inco, Falconbridge and Laurentian University played a key role in obtaining the initial agreement with Lithoprobe to include the Sudbury Basin in its areas of exploration. When Lithoprobe agreed to include Sudbury, the local group decided to promote a high resolution seismic survey. "Lithoprobe is a very deep scientific geological study of the Sudbury Basin that will provide struc- tirai data as far uiidcriourid 20 ui 30 kin," said Krause. "But the areas nearer the surface will be left out. "By doing the high resolution survey we hope to obtain a more detailed look at the structures nearer Artist at work Lyn Goard, an Inco pensioner from the Mines Engineering Department, is also a member of the Lively Walden Art Club. For more on the club and other artisiic individuals at Inco see the story and photos on Page 13. Inco's finest vie for Mine Rescue supremacy Being Number I in the Mines Rescue field is more than a ques- ti()n of vanity. It's a matter of life and death. "Everybody is keyed up, eager to go. Everybody wants to be first place," said Inco's Mines Rescue team captain Jim MacLelland, "but doing well means more than that. It tells the the people on the job that they have some protection, that we are there and ready in case of emergencies." Jim and his teammates were busy late last month and early June running through just about every possible mine rescue scenario in preparation for the provincial mine rescue competitions jointly hosted by Falconbridge and Inco. Eight of Ontario's mining districts were scheduled to send their best rescue people to the event last week at the Sudbury Arena. Jim, a Crean Hill cage tender when he's not drenched in sweat underneath all the mine rescue gear. is a veteran of over a dozen district competitions and six provincial events. He said the last time Inco led the event was in 1983 and 1984. He said the competitions are extremely tough, the difference between a winning team and sec- ond best team being the most mi- nor of details. "Once you get in the mine res- cue field, you don't make any obvious mistakes. You wouldn't find anyone with improperly pre- pared gear or poor fitting mask. Nobody makes mistakes like that. The judging always comes down to the fine points." It's the minor details that more than three weeks of rehearsing were designed to catch during exercises in a makeshift "mine" on the floor of the Copper Cliff Curling Club. Jim said miners see Mine Res- cue in the same light as people outside the mining industry see firemen. "They rely on mine res- cue," he said. "They know that they are capable and ready to help if anyone gets into trouble." Despite the fact that mine res- cue membership is on a voluntary basis, there isn't enough room on Inco's teams for all those applying for the sometimes risky job. "lthinkthat'sagood indication of how people view mine rescue. At $25 extra a week on their pay cheques. it certainly isn't the money. "Nobody wants to see anyone get hurt." he said. "inco's mine rescue teams haven't been called out to a serious incident for some time. 1 figure that's due to the skill of our people and inco's safety standards and procedures." Competitions include not only such things as First Aid, fire fight- ing and basic mining conditions and techniques, but written exami- nations as well. "lt's usually about two hours on the floor, and you have one shot at it. Everybody has to get it right the first time." 3 Port celebrates Quarter Century 6 Truckin' in Mines Research 10 Bowlers hit the lanes Barbecue buddies Inco's Mine Rescue team spent three weeks rehearsing for the provincial Mine Rescue competitions at the Sudbury Arena last week. From left (rear) are Jim MacLellan, Rick Blum, Brian Valuer, Randy Naponse, Bill Peacock and (seated) Briefing Officer Hugh Currie, Leo Paul Seguin, and Team Technician Maurice Sanche.

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The Triangle 1

ISUDBi. ,. ', ' '


F; LL 1 i ___ '- ___ ___ __ ___


Vol 49No. 5

Nuclear chemist Malcolm Fowler hailsfrorrMay Ontario Division 1990 LosAlomos. Tofindoutwhathe'sdoinç

__________________________________________________________________________________________________ at Creighton Mine, turn to Pages 8 and 9

Inco lends financial supportto survey of Sudbury Basin

Maintenance mechanics Kim Qnrod, right, and Gerry Laframboise hamit up during the Frood-Stobie Mill annual barbecue. Cold weather and rainforced the barbecue indoors but failed to dampen the spirit of participants.For more on the mill barbecues see story and photos on Pages 4 and 5.

Inco Limited is participating in a research pro- the surface - anywhere from 112 to 4 km underground"gram consisting of a geophysical study of the Sud- Costs for the high resolution survey are estimated atburyBasinthatcouldeventuallyhelplocatenewore $190,000. inco and Falconbridge will contribute up toresources. Contrneed on Page /6

A high-resolution seismic survey, to be carriedout this coming winter, may provide structural infor-mation on the upper part of the earth's crust in theSudbury region.

This will complement a seismic survey at aregional scale being carried out at the same timeunder the federal government's five-year multidisci-plinary study of the earth's crust called Lithoprobe.

Barry Krause, Manager of Geophysics and Tech-nical Services for Inco Exploration and TechnicalServices, said a local group comprised of represen-tatives from Inco, Falconbridge and LaurentianUniversity played a key role in obtaining the initialagreement with Lithoprobe to include the SudburyBasin in its areas of exploration.

When Lithoprobe agreed to include Sudbury, thelocal group decided to promote a high resolutionseismic survey.

"Lithoprobe is a very deep scientific geologicalstudy of the Sudbury Basin that will provide struc-tirai data as far uiidcriourid 20 ui 30 kin," saidKrause. "But the areas nearer the surface will be leftout.

"By doing the high resolution survey we hope toobtain a more detailed look at the structures nearer

Artist at workLyn Goard, an Inco pensioner from the Mines EngineeringDepartment, is also a member of the Lively Walden ArtClub. For more on the club and other artisiic individualsat Inco see the story and photos on Page 13.

Inco's finest vie for Mine Rescue supremacyBeing Number I in the Mines

Rescue field is more than a ques-ti()n of vanity. It's a matter of lifeand death.

"Everybody is keyed up, eager

to go. Everybody wants to be firstplace," said Inco's Mines Rescueteam captain Jim MacLelland, "butdoing well means more than that. Ittells the the people on the job that

they have some protection, that weare there and ready in case ofemergencies."

Jim and his teammates werebusy late last month and early June

running through just about everypossible mine rescue scenario inpreparation for the provincial minerescue competitions jointly hostedby Falconbridge and Inco. Eight ofOntario's mining districts werescheduled to send their best rescuepeople to the event last week at theSudbury Arena.

Jim, a Crean Hill cage tenderwhen he's not drenched in sweatunderneath all the mine rescue gear.is a veteran of over a dozen districtcompetitions and six provincialevents.

He said the last time Inco ledthe event was in 1983 and 1984.

He said the competitions areextremely tough, the differencebetween a winning team and sec-ond best team being the most mi-nor of details.

"Once you get in the mine res-cue field, you don't make anyobvious mistakes. You wouldn'tfind anyone with improperly pre-pared gear or poor fitting mask.Nobody makes mistakes like that.The judging always comes down tothe fine points."

It's the minor details that morethan three weeks of rehearsing weredesigned to catch during exercisesin a makeshift "mine" on the floor

of the Copper Cliff Curling Club.Jim said miners see Mine Res-

cue in the same light as peopleoutside the mining industry seefiremen. "They rely on mine res-cue," he said. "They know thatthey are capable and ready to helpif anyone gets into trouble."

Despite the fact that mine res-cue membership is on a voluntarybasis, there isn't enough room onInco's teams for all those applyingfor the sometimes risky job.

"lthinkthat'sagood indicationof how people view mine rescue.At $25 extra a week on their paycheques. it certainly isn't themoney.

"Nobody wants to see anyoneget hurt." he said. "inco's minerescue teams haven't been calledout to a serious incident for sometime. 1 figure that's due to the skillof our people and inco's safetystandards and procedures."

Competitions include not onlysuch things as First Aid, fire fight-ing and basic mining conditionsand techniques, but written exami-nations as well.

"lt's usually about two hourson the floor, and you have one shotat it. Everybody has to get it rightthe first time."

3 Port celebrates Quarter Century 6 Truckin' in Mines Research 10 Bowlers hit the lanes

Barbecue buddies

Inco's Mine Rescue team spent three weeks rehearsing for the provincial Mine Rescuecompetitions at the Sudbury Arena last week. From left (rear) are Jim MacLellan, Rick Blum,Brian Valuer, Randy Naponse, Bill Peacock and (seated) Briefing Officer Hugh Currie, Leo PaulSeguin, and Team Technician Maurice Sanche.

2 May1990

Mike Demers, an electrical leader with Inco Construction, tooka turn behind the microphone to promote home safety.

Slogan contest proves popular

Radio ads stress home safety

Inco voices on the airwavesDuring May, Safety Month at

Inco, the slogan has been "CarrySafety Home."

Helping stress the importanceof off-the-job safety, employeeshave pitched in as radio announc-ers - lending their voices andpersonal safety slogans to our localadvertising campaign.

Mike Demers is no stranger toTriangle pages. This time, wecaught him taping a radio commer-cial.

When Mike says. "Don't usepower tools with frayed cords,"people should listen. An electrical

Central Utilities thinks safety

leader with the Inco Constructiondepartment. he knows what he'stalking about. And, his 21 years'service have given him the experi-ence to back up his words.

Choosing from the ranks

Mike and the other 'announc-ers foraday' agree that it's a goodidea "to use people from the ranks"for a campaign like this. After all.those are the people with the hands-on experience.

By now, employees will havereceived their Inco/USWA keychains, and will have taken home a

pamphlet entitled "Every Dog'sGuide to Home Safety."

Also, employees have been

shown a National Fi liii Board video

presentation that l'catures Wally the

Safety Dog. This humorous, ani-

mated treatment of a very serious

subject is geting rave reviews

throughout the Ontario Division.

An amhitiousjoint undertakingby Incoand The United Steelwork-ers of America. the "Carry SafetyHome" campaign has been ex-tremely well-received -- andshould pay big dividends, throughfewer off-the-job accidents.

When Maintenance Mechanic contests, one for each week of the EnvironmentalControl department " ' -Roy Edev gets enthused about month, and they would be open to screened 18(1 entries: / ,

-something. you really only have hourlyandstaffemployeesandtheir - Week Two. Process Tech- .1'

t\o choices: step aside - 01-get on families. nology judges had to go through J fthe hand agon. There wouldbe a major. worth- 211 suggested slogans; -

In May. his colleagues in Ccii- while pri7e foi each week's best --Week Three, Public Affairs '

tral Utilities took the second choice. slogan - as chosen by a panel of had to wade through 221 entries .

'Several weeks hack, the

'independent judges. (and it was anything but easy to

h '._s Occupational Safetydepartment

- -.

Overwhelming responsec oose.

. - -

and Health (O.S.ll.E.)(onimittee (.oordinating. collecting en- ----- -

"volunteered" Edev'and General Back at the 0.S.l-l.E. Commit- tries, and scouting for independent

Foi-cman Berno Wenzl as a sub- tee. agreement was unanimous, so judges. Roy and Berno ride herd

committee to come up with ideas they got busy right away with post- each week to make sure every sb-

br S ikts Month piomotion cr5 md entry torms an is reviewcd and that a lairThe response? decision is reached.

( ontest idea works . -Nothing short of inciedible!

-Be sure to watch for next

•. -..i A

I hc soon c lmc up v ith thc Considei i dcp irtment with a month s '1 ri inglt. coverage ot thc

notion ol i s ikts slo,an c ontcst totil of just under 160 people and live best Central Utilities slogans

itha new tsist. look at the nuniheis: - -- d the names of the winning SenoWenzl,len,andRoyEde,sltbehIndanlmpostngstack-

There would actually be he --- Week One, judges from the contnbutors. of entries to the Central Utilities Safety Slogan Contest.

Was reviving the Triangle a good idea?


Frams Vande Weghe. Proc-ess Engineer. Smelter Complex: "1like it. I take it home and cveii thekids enjo\ reading it. Its a good

av to let sour lamily know whatyoudoatsork. I rcadit.especiallv

hen theies people in it ou knosAs soon as it comes out and oulease it Oil \ our desk, people ask ilthe ness Triangle is out and they goget their own.


Jerr% Zanuttig.Ens'ironmental

Control: 'The Ti'iangle is good br

the company and the emloyees.

You get a sense otaecomplishment

shcn von see the different things

being none hthe company. There's

good human interest stories, and

you get the feeling that the employ-

ees are more than just a number."

!.Frank Nuxol!, auto mechanic,

Port Colhonie Refinery:"! missedthe Triangle when it was away. I'dlike to see more about Port Col-home in it - Port Colborne seems toslip by. But the magazine's inter-esting. For example, I'd seen achap's name in Sudbury that I'dknown in Saskatchewan. A champI scent to school with but I'd losthim over the years."

Brian Parker, support serv-ices at McCreedy: "I think so.There's always some interestingarticles in it. I always find some-thing to read. I knew that theTriangle wasn 'tout for a while, hutthese days everybody looks fore-ward to it. When it arrives here, itdisappears brom the boxes."


w - '

Jack Wessel, workman, Trans-portation: "1 think it was a goodidea. This is the first time I've everbeen approached by the Triangle in25 years with the company. I go tomy party (QuarterCentury) tonight.Reading the Triangle, you get toknow the things that other peopleare doing, around the company.You read about people you've losttouch with over the years."

Vaino Tenhunen, in-holedriller, Levack: " It was a good thingthat the Triangle was revived. It'sgood for seeing what's happeningaround Inco. I'm pretty busy so Ionly read it occasionally, but formost, it improves morale. Peoplefeel better about where they workwhen they know what's going on."

Mike Oshefl, mason, Mainte-nance: "Yes, it's a very good idea.I enjoy reading it and my familydoes, too. I think it's importantinformation for a lot of people inInco and outside. I bring one hometo my father and he enjoys readingit and he's never worked at Inco.The Triangle i5 interesting to read,especially today, with all thechanges going on."

Bert Pardy. in-hole driller,Levack: "It's a very good thing it'shack in print. Inco people are get-ting good coverage. I like the newstyle. The guys think it's importantto have. Most everybody picks itup when it comes out. I kind ofmissed it when it was cut for awhile."

Editor's Note: TheTriangle, in its currentformat, was revived on amonthly basis in Septemberof 1988. The last issue priorto that date was March!April/May 1987, while theTriangle was still beingpublished as a magazine.

Elaine Arnold, seeretary/su-pervisorof public affairs, Port Cob-borne Refinery: "I think it was agood idea. Triangle's a good wayfor the company to communicatewith its employees. With us downhere, wedon'thaveanyonetoeoverourstories. The majorconiplaint isthere's not enough iniriangleaboutPort Colb&ne. I like the humaninterest side ob'Triangle. I like toread about the hobbies. Those arethe things you don't really get toknow about people when you meetthem. They don't brag about theiraccomplishments. So Trianglegives Inco people another dimen-si on.

The TrangIe 3

Port members feted for 25 years with IncoLet us novv praise the Port

Colbonie Rd niery and its employ-ees.

That was the simple messagethat Bob Browne. vice-presidentol the Ontario Division' s in i inc.smelting and refining operationstook to 83 Port ('@1 borne employ-ees and their spouses early in May.

The Port ('olborne Refinery.

d course, merits a special chapter

in the Inco success story. espe-

cially over the past 25 years."

Browne told Port C'olhornc mem-

bers celebrating the 40th consecu-

tive lnco Quarter Century Club.

From its origins in 19 16, whenPort Colhornc was chosen becauseof its strategic closeness to primemarkets, the plant has enjoyed aremarkable history as a refiner ofnickel.'

Browne, who served as man-ager of the Port Colborne complexin the mid-I 970s when itsworkforce stood at about 1,700,said many of Inco's premium prod-ucts today, including S and R roundsand utility nickel were developedat the refinery during the employ-ees' careers.

Milestones reached

Since 1965. the face of thePort Colborne plant has changeddramatically. Many processes havechanged, buildings have gone andtrees and grass planted," he added.

In the quarter century sincethey'd joined the company, PortColborne notched several mile-stones.

In 1968, No. 3 research stationwas built and later piloted Port

Colbome's effluent treatment plant,the electro-cobalt process and thenew precious metals plant. Today,while it remains Inco 's distributionhub, Port Colborne researchers areworking to improve the new smelt-ing process at Copper Cliff as thecompany races to meet 1994 dead-lines on cutting sulphur dioxideemissions.

in the past decade, the Sud-bury-based VP said, the companyhas invested more than $60 millionat Port Colbome "because we rec-ognize the importance of this op-eration now and in the future of ourcompany."

"Being here tonight re-affirmsour belief that Inco's greatest assethas always been its people," he toldthis year's new members of theprestigious Quarter Century Club.



I - - 3'- \..

Larry Slow, a weigher in the Yard Sharing and ShippingDepartment, admires his Quarter Century pin with wife Doreen.

Husband and wife highlight Port inducteesAfter 25 years of working with ager Len Kowal and supervisor of don't have the time outside work to

your spouse for the same company public affairs at the refinery, pre- spend discussing Inco affairs.

in the same city, guess what you ceded Jim by five years since she We both pay golf.both like to

talk about at home? joined the company in May, 1960. travel. We have a house on the lake

Nope. "1 started in the steno pool right that we're always working on and

Not work. Certainly not in out of school," says Elaine who we boat." she said.

Elaine and Jim Arnold's home by orchestrated the refinery'sQuarterCommunication improves

thewateronLakeEneoutsidePort Century party at the Club Rhein-

Colbome. gold. "I've been in the presentjob lftheyhadtostartalloveragain.

"Actually, we never discuss maybe 10 years." they'd choose Inco as the place to

work because i'm in the front of- Jim, a shift operator in the re- develop their careers and along the

flee and Jim's out in the research searchstation,andElainefindthey way,they'venoticedsomemarked

station," says changes in the

Elaine, who Inco culture.

welcomed her "What I have

husband into - seen is the com-

P 0 r I munication be-

Colborne'sse- - tween the corn-.

lect circle of - pany and the un-

Quarter Cen- ion is friendly

tury Club ' I . now." says Elaine.

membersearly Thecommu-

in May. ' - , nication is l00 per

The Ar- .- .. , cent improved. As

nolds share a ..j far as I'm con-

unique distinc- , /1 cerned. my work-tion of being ' r ing for Inco has

the first hus- , . .J been good. It's

band and wife - . , -.-.alwaysbeeninter-

Quarter Cen-,

. - ., - •..j esting. I'veh d b''tury Club 1 - '-_


e jo s so. switc_

. '- •4 p..'-members from * , ,r

. .'- .

1, much. First Aid.


. Sd

purchasing and

Elaine, secre- . .. certainlynow.my

tary to Port . . . job has a wide va-Elaine and Jim Arnold are the first husband and wife Quarter .riet of dutiesC lbo orne man- Century Club members from Port Colborne.

y .

Bob Browne, vice-president of Milling, Smelting and Refining,second from right, and Len Kowal, Port Colborne Refinerymanager, welcome Janet Baggio, wife of stationary engineer3rd class Harold Bagglo, to the Quarter Century banquet.

Inco pensioner Ed Beck takes a picture of Quarter Century Club member Ton Webster and hiswife Phyllis. Tom is a craneman in the Yard Sharing and Shipping Department.

Christine Pauze, of the musical duo Hewlett and Pauze, beltsout a song for the newest members of the Port ColborneQuarter Century Club at the annual dinner.

4 May1990

Barbecued burgers still taste good

Maintenancehamburger pa RObjchaud right is oloy LandsHenry Bie,ansr0rnChefT

afld Rick m healthy helping ofBailey, opera oreman left


When is a cook-out not a cook-out?

When a bunch of hungry millworkers refuse to let Mother Na-ture postpone the start of barbecueseason.

Faced with an unexpected on-slaught of cold, wind and rain inearly May, workers at the CopperCliff and Frood-Stobie Mills wereforced to move their barbecuesindoors this year.

But while the 'uii'hine andwarmth may have hccn mi'ing.the food, fun and Irien(khip werein great supply.

The barbecue tlik \earexcellent, said F'rood Stchie Millsuperintendent Ralph Shore.

The anruial harhecue to kick

off May Safet\ Month i' 'some-

thing we get ui1anirnou positive

comments on ever year. The food

they eat here is not something they

Maintenance mechanic Marcel Lafontaine weighs his optionswhile choosing a soft drink at the Frood-Stobie Mill barbecue.

Maintenance mechanic Carmelo Filipone opens his hamburgerwide for some extra toppings at the Copper Cliff Mill barbecue.

The Triang'e 5

when you're forced to eat indoorshrin in their !unehpai I.

I (fCCd, hUi)Zfy woikej's Were

only too happy to pile UI) their

plates with succulent burgers andsandwiches 'served up by a numberol their loremen.

The idea of the annual harbecue is to promote the Safety Monththeme. said Gord Annis, processtoFeman at the Copper Cl fT M I I.

This year the theme is homesalety and with spring and sumer

coming the barbecue is symbolicof a family affair. The barbecue isia an outdoor activity enjoyed athome, although we didiit quitemake it outdoors this year.

Its also held to recognize thesafety achievements of our employ-ees for 1990.

I think everyone had a goodtime this year. The food was goodand there was plenty of it. The onlyunfortunate thing was the weather"


sa'ute durIng the

F roo&StOb Mi barbecue. Seated doWn the tab'e trom Romeo are conveyorman

Ray Lecuyel and instrumett man Ricilard %(ir%dand




conveyorman Tony PaWUc picks up a coup'e ot burgers from cet andtoreman Hen SIeans at the F roodt0b MIU barbecue. eind the

two Is

maintenaI genera' toreman LLOYd Landstl0m.



: -'

5reY Aain ot Continenta' catering serves up a burger to Euza aflonen,cost anaLYst tor Centra' MIUs, during the Copper CUfi MiU barbecue. waiting theirturn eind Eiza are eectrica toreman Ga uricki, efl, and instrument man

Jolin Dzimidot4 rigilt.

eieagent man George Strong appears to be contemplatingwhere to bite next during the Copper Cliff Mill barbecue.

Clem Carriere discovers that an empty pop carton makes anifty food carrier during the Copper Cliff Mill barbecue.

6 May1990

Mines Research keeps on truckin'

The old Little Stobie drift is dwarfed by new opening (foreground) to make room for the huge electric automatic haulage truck (right, top opposite page).

It's as big as a small house.works underground. hauls 70 tonsof ore at a time, rides like a tricycleon 16 wheels, doesn't pollute. andhas no driver.

It's Mines Research's newAutomatic Haulage Truck, and itmay the most graphic example yetof just how far mining has tun-nelled from the days of the pick.shovel and sure-footed mule.

"It'll he the only one of its kindwhen it starts hauling ore here,"said Project Planner John Larsenwhose job it is to prepare a stretchof Little Stobie drift to accommo-date the 45 ton colossus.

"The truck will replace a tracktram, and should greatly reducecosts of the constant track andequipment maintenance."

Trucks and other vehicles aren'tnew in the underground environ-ment. Underground fossil-fueledtransportation. equipment and orehaulage has been used for decades.Access to many mines is madepossible for smaller vehiclesthrough ramps. a kind of down-ward spiralling "highway" thatcnnects the surface to a limitednumber of underground levels.

One glance at the huge new

truck waiting at the Mines ResearchPrototype Shop at North Mine.however. and the most obviousproblem becomes clear: how to geta lOby lOby 35-foot truck squeezedinto a nine by lI-foot hole in theground.

To accommodate the truck.Little Stobie crews have been busysince January. 1989 widening. re-rockbolting and screening about1.350 feet of drift at the mine's2,000-foot level. When the proto-type vehicle begins undergroundtrials sometime this year, it'll haulore from the pass chute serving the1.600 and 1 .800 levels. creating anew main haulage level.

There are other drawbacks inoperating vehicles undergroundbesides size limitation. and the hugevehicle addresses many of them.

Air quality is a prime concernat a time when health. safety. andthe environment are high on Inco'sagenda. and the vehicle's electricdrive eliminates the exhaust prob-lems of the traditional fossil fuel-burning haulage vehicles. Onesmaller, 39 ton rear dump truckwill also be used in the experiment.Although the smaller truck willrequire a driver. the standard en-

gine will he replaced with an elec-tric motor powered by an overheadtrolley line.

"No doubtabout it." saidJohn,

"Exhaust from regular trucks cancreate an environmental hazardunderground. Although the risksare greatly reduced by underground

ventilation systems and stateof-the-art exhaust reduction equip-ment used on underground vehicles.electric power would virtuallyeliminate the problem."

He said electric equipment runsmuch quieter as well. greatly re-ducing the noise level created bypiston-driven vehicles.

Project Engineer Greg Baidensaid the Automatic Haulage Truckis the first of its kind undergroundanywhere. Not only would it beanimprovement in safety and theunderground environment, but itwould he more economical with itsbetter performance and lowerenergy consumption. Ventilationdemands for mines served by elec-tric vehicles would also he reduced.

"What we are trying to end upwith is a cleaner way of operatingunderground." said Greg.

The vehicle measures 35 feetlong by 10 feet high and 10 feetwide. An electric motor operates ahydraulic pump which in turn feedshydraulics to the wheels. Twoindependent power systems. eachone providing 200 horsepower. aresynchronized by a computer tomake the system work.

Greg chuckles when he's askedResearch assistant Joe Cappelletti at the makeshift controlstation used to simulate the trucks underground operation.


to be overcome. "All of 'em." hesaid. "Making the steering systemmechanism work with the com-puter was quite a teat. The machinehas four computer controlledspeeds. and keeping track of cx-actl\ where the truck was along thetrack at any given time also provedto he quite a problem.

Another problem unique to theproject was making a suspensionsystem work on the 16-wheel ve-hicle. "The computer system seesthe front eight wheels as one singlewheel and the rear eight wheels astwo sets of tour. The older systemof four tour-wheel sets caused thetruck to behave like a table withone of its legs shorter than theother, he said. "A valve was in-stalled toequalize the pressure, andnow the vehicle rides like a tri-cycle."

With initial development on theproject begun five years ago, thetruck began above ground trials'ust over a year ago and has alreadyaccumulated an impressive list ofstatistics. The huge vehicle has aturning radius of only 30 feet, andit has hauled a full load up a 20 percent grade. That's almost doublethe performance of traditionally-powered haulage trucks.

At the same time, the vehiclecan haul much more ore. "Typicalunderground equipment has a one-to-one ratio of payload to vehicleweight."saidGreg. "Thisonehasa.65 to one ratio."

Guided along its route by anoverhead beam, the truck is muscledby 575 volts, fed by a copper trackinstalled beside the beam.

"It's still only a prototype," hesaid. "It's one of a kind, and it'llhave to be tried out undergroundbefore we can say just how well itworks,"

For Greg and others involvedin the project, the work has been achance to do something different.

"No question. Working onsomething like this gives people a

hourly and salaried, have been veryenthusiastic. All the assembly,operation and trouble-shooting hasbeen done using our own staff of'

the design has largely been done byour own prototype shop designpeople.

They've done a good job, he

Ideas and imagination are necessary tools

lot of innovation, adaptation, andingenuity.

How soon will the vehicle be infull operation?

snags won't send crews back totheir work stations, but Greg hopesthe machine will he doing full op-erational haulage within two years.

Workers find project 'a challenge'George Langlois checks a hose

here, aconnection there with all thecareful attention you would expectto see at a road race pit stop.

"Spent a few years on 'er, put-ting the truck's hydraulics to-gether," said the hydraulics me-chanic from behind the huge under-carriage. "It's been building, test-ing, checking, and redoing. It'sbeen very interesting work, a niceproject...if it works."

George's head pops out frombehind one of the huge wheels ofthe 45 tonne Automatic HaulageTruck that towers above the otherequipment in the North Mine proto-type shop.

He gets high on the job. in fact,he stands almost erect at a job heoften does flat on his back withother vehicles.

The Inco-designed and builtelectrically-powered truck is thefirst of its kind, designed to haulhuge amounts of ore along spe-cially-designed and equippedunderground drifts.

The vehicle will be operated bycomputer, but the job of putting ittogether falls to people like George.

"It's been a challenge," he said."It's interesting working on some-thing like this. You get a chance totry new ideas. Imagination...that'swhat you need when you work onthis type of thing."

A lot of new ideas, technologyand innovation went into the truckas well as his hydraulics, he said,yet he hedges his bets about the endresult.

"I'm confident it'll work," hesaidwithjustthehintofagrin. "Atleast the hydraulics."

George won't say what he

thinks of driverless vehicles any-more than he would robot mechan-ics. "I put the hydraulics together."he said with a shrug, "but the

computer has to know what it's

doing. The work's only as good as

the guy....or computer that's driv-

ing it."

The Triangle 7

Hydraulics Mechanic George Langlois checks hydraulics on the Automatic Haulage Truck.

8 May1990

Sô1v1ñ2 secrets fthé unive


The #9 Shaft headframe towers behind a signto the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory excava

Bob Coulter, above, pointsto the sign at the entranceto the neutrino observatorydrift. Bob, a Mine Planner atCreighton, led theunderground tour.

At right, Ontario Divisionpresident Bill Clement and Dr.John Erskine from the U.S.Department of Energy, examinethe polished ore monumentunveiled during a ceremony inthe Creighton Mine warm room.

Below, a sign on the rock wall pointsthe way to the site of the SudburyNeutrino Observatory.

Its only a hole in the ground.hut some of the biggest names innuclear physics lined up to take alook last month.

When 50 of the worlds topscientists took the Creighton cagetrip to 6,800 foot level to see thesite of the Sudbury Neutrino Ob-servatory, it was with full knowl-edge that what they were looking atcould eventually write a new chap-ter in textbooks on nuclear phys-ics and the universe.

"Had to see it,' said nuclear

k chemist Malcolm Fowler as hezipped up his coveralls, ad-justed his hardhat and flicked

c his cap lamp on and off acouple of times at theCreighton amphitheatrebefore the undergroundtour.

"What can be discovered herecould prove or disprove a lot ofthings. There's nothing like it any-where else."

Fowler's home base is LosAlamos, New Mexico. a namesynonymous with the ManhattanProject that built the world's firstatomic bomb.

"These days, we're still intonational securitywork, hut not nearlyas much as before,'he said. "About 60percent of the researchdone covers a widerange of other things.like cold fusion. su- . -perconductivity. and •

other basic researchthat has nothing to dowith weapons.'

He sees the trendcontinuing. "If world (tensions continue todecrease as they have -in recent years. de-fence work will de-crease and basic re-search should pick ________


have today is well grounded. bLit itseems to have a flaw. Neutrinoflux (solar) is only a third of whatthe theory predicts it should he.That leaves a dilemma. This ex-periment could solve it.

He saftt the Sudhury facilityshould turn out to he about 40 timesas sensitive as the best 01 the otherexperiments already (lone. Andthe detector here will he sensitiveto all types of neutrinos (some theo-ries call br three types of neutri-nosL

For John Erskine of the Nu-clearPhysics Division of the UnitedStates Department of Energy. oneof the proJccts major spin-oftswill he the young minds it willcertainly stimulate.

"This kind of things hrins thebest young minds into physics.attracting students into a field wherethe action is, What we are doinghere is extremely interesting.' hesaid. "It s the most stimulating ofall Odds, and it needs to attract thebest minds.

His department will contrib-ute at least S 12 million to the proj-ect, mainly in the form of the high-tech photomultipliers.

I He welcomes , .•.

the change. point- , .'

ing to the manyproblems that need so- . , -

lutions, from neutral-izing toxic dump sites 1to general environ-mental problems. 1

Los Alamos, hesaid,isoneofthe many "research sites that will 'be directly involved /

'into ,

neutrino detec-

tion, and he talks ofneutrino flux, solardensities and flawedtheories.

"The theory we

a- -'a r•'........-t

. ':'-•-;-


rse at Crightôñ MIne

-. - -corclme to flUflCsuperintendentGary MacLean.

Once built.the facility willhe automatically

7 operated. But theconstruction periodwill demand minersand mining equip-ment share the cagewith photomultipl icrtubes and other ma-terials needed to con-struct the facility.

________ benwill, in ef-feet, be the -- /

..- ' 'elevator at-tendeni for the


I I duration, and 'there is littledoubt that the jobssill run smoothly.

"1 don't antici-pate any problems."

4 said Crcighton Com-plex Manager Ron ;uAeliek. "The scien- .lists are basicallykg

cration, timing andcaretul planningN -•" "V''""will be a must, ac-

Atomic Energy of CanadaLimited's vice-president of Phys-ics and I Icaith Sciences DouglasMilton said the prolect is a "shin-ing example'' ol cooperation notoul between governments, butnidustrv. scientihc and educational

/1estahl ishments.ALC'L contributed S00 miL

lion ss ortti of heavy water to theexpernnent and Milton said Cana-dians must participate and contrib-ute in basic research at the razor'sedge ol science. 4

''I hope that SNO won t hethe last of the major Canadianrescaich experiments," he said.

"It's also clear how muchsc owe lnco for doing theirpart. he said. The under- _______________

ground site provided bylnco ss ill, according to sci-entists, become the most radiation-tree spot on earth. Recreating suchan underground site without theadvantage ol tapping into an exist-ing mine site would add at last $50mill ioi i U the cost o I the project.

I nco' s contribution to the proj-ect v. ill include not only the exper-tise, skill and manpower to carveout of the 9(l-Ioot-high cavern, but

sharing their"homc"\ with guests who are

expected to stickaround br at least20 years.

A major concernbr I nco will be thesmooth operation ofb )th the observatory

('reighton is an op-

I' .

and the mine.

erating mine, andminers and scientistswill be rubbingshoulders on theirs 10 wort Coon-

''I job. and

;elcoming guests know they'll all beion kick-ofi. well trained."

ErnileCreighton minerMainville is

interviewed by Mid-CanadaTelevision reporter GordNicholls in front of the driftthat will house the neutrinoI1observatory. Onlookers studythe work being done.

At left, photomultiplier tubessuch as this one will record aflash of light when a neutrino

.' interacts with the heavy water.

Below, scientists, politicians and1,. ." medialeavethecagetobegintheir. underground tour at the 6,800 level/ of Creighton Mine.



The Triangle 9

In caseyou didn'tknow...

Sixty-seven thousand ton-nes of' rock occupy the spacewhere the Sudbury NeutrinoObservatory will be housed.

Two hundred trillion tril-lion trillion neutrinos are cre-ated at the suns core eachsecond.

Travelling at the speed oflight, neutrinos rarely interactwith mattet'. In fact, billionspass through a person everysecond, but only one or twowill stop inside the body in aIi fetime.

Most neutrinos wouldemerge unscathed after travel-ling through a wall of lead onelight year thick,

Neutrinos are one of threebasic building blocks of na-ture that cant be broken downany further. The other two areelectrons and quarks.

There are at least threekinds (or flavors) of neutrinos.Some scientists believe thatneutrinos may. change fromone flavor to another, SNOwill be checking this.

Earth receives about 100billion neutrinos in a squarecentimeter each second,mostly from our sun.

About 60(1 million tons ofhydrogen are burned each sec-ond in the fusion processes ofthe sun.

The core of the sun has adensity thirteen times that oflead, and a temperature of 15million degrees Celsius.

A typical neutrino, ab-sorbed in the heavy water ofthe SNO detector, will pro-duce a light flash which willreach about 30 of the 2,000light detectors (photo tubes.)

About 3,000 to 10,000 use-ful neutrino events will bemeasured each year in the SNOlaboratory.

Neutrinos were proven toexist in experiments carriedout about 30 years ago.

Exploding stars also pro-duce neutrinos. In 1987. sucha supernova led to a neutrinoburst seen by two laboratories.

Neutrinos are thought tohave no mass or electricalcharge. In some ways they aresimilar to the particles in alight ray - photons.

Jeannette Dudar, wife of geologist Mike Dudar, releases her shot, urges it on and jumps for joy as the pins fly at the Field Exploration bowling tournament.

p\e life in ti


anotherchange in sea-

son, and the folks atInco have packed away

curling brooms, hockey sticks andsnowmobiles and limbered up theirbowling arms.

Central Mills and Field Ex-

piorat ion weretwo organizations that

took to the lanes recently.The Central Mills Employees

Association was off the markquickly this year. with their sixthannual All Mills Bowling Tourna-ment that saw almost 150 bowlersturn out.

"We always get a good turn-out," said Clarabelle process clerkand association treasurer AngieGagnon. "It was another goodtime."

Angie has reason to be happy.The trophy for the winning millwas perched within her eyesight asshe spoke.

"Clarabelle won it of course,"laughed Angie.

Eight teams from each millcompeted three games each. Totalpoints were tabulated to crown thewinner.

The bowling tournament is justone of a number of annual eventsorganized to keep a little friendlycompetition alive between the threemills. The association hosts curl-

ing compeft-tionsinthewinteranda (retirement party in the fall.

Just under 100 people froniField Exploration, members of theFoot and Hanging Wall Society.took to the lanes for their 11thannual bowling competition.

"It was a good get-together,like always," said Ray Parisotto. ageological technician at FieldExploration.

The winning trophy went tothe team of Robert Leroux, Bruce

Lu Cod-erre, Donn6Courchesne, BobMartindale and AlSauerbrei. Other prizesincluded bottles of wine.

Draftseman Wes Maisaw andgeologist Doug Goodale organizedthe event..


10 May1990 ____

Danny Rodriguez, acontrol room operator atthe Frood-Stobje Millbalances himself withhis left hand whilereleasing the shot fromhis right hand during theCentral Mills EmployeesAssociation bowlingtournament.


Tug Parri, shift foreman at the Copper Cliff Mill, adjusts his new hat in front of Susan Benoit,Copper Cliff Mill pyro operator and chief organizer of the All Mills Bowling Tournament.


•;jj;j_____I, 4&.


Pirkko McCauley, mill clerk at the Frood- Clarabelle Mill maintenance mechanic Larry Albert Viton, process technology operatoratthe Frood-StobieStobie Mill, follows through on her shot. Talevi proudlydisplayshisteam identification. Mill, is a study In concentration as he lets go a shot.

______________________________________ The Triang'e 11

12 May1990

Ski council

In Your Yard...Ellen L. Heale, P.Ag.

Planning vital to landscape renovationThere are mans r isons wits an established landscape ma'.

require updating. Bekre removing and replacing aO\ plant materialor staning a construction project rminv factors will need In be as-sessed.

Renovation pro ccl'. may ranie front an individual plant to yourentire ard. The) ma'. he necessar) as a result iii huilding orconstruc-lion, a change in the esisting soil level, piling construction materialsat the base of trees or pI:ints daniaged h% vehicles or equipment.Damaee ma' result from improper planting. stakes that scrapebranches. '. ire or t'. inc that is kit on and girdles trunks or branches.planliiig leaving the containers on whetlierthev are plastic. lThre potsor hurlapt or planting at the incorrect depth (usually too deep).Inappropriate prunini techniques, such as shearing the tops otTslirul'is or topping trees alsocauses damage. It is imporlant to maintainthe natural shape and form of the tree or shrub.

Often an established landscape will look crowded or overgrownif the '.s rone '.ariet was initiall chosen. The mature sue of a shrubor tree lUtist be taken into account. l)iceased plants or trees damagedb vandalism ma require renovzilinn. Poplar and willow are 2 treesthat has e no place in residential landscaping. liter arc relativelsshort-li'. ed species and their rools get into water and sewer lines.

F'. aiim) inn and csessment

'our existing landscape must he thoroughly evaluated. I Iniqueproblems associated s ith our pripcrl cannot he v'd by a i'onericlandscape design. I : ii loss these cu idel i nes. > out mar then choose to diithe work nurself or consult a professional. The first step is In sketchour existing landscape on a large sheet of graph taper. L)ra'.s ii to

scale 1I" Si. Before and alter pictures will provide a usefulreference and will chari your progress.

The next step in the renovation process is to assess your existingplant material on an individual basis. Is it in gxxl condition. docs it needto be moved, can it be rescued or should it he replaced? In yourassessment consider if the plant is prone in insect or disease problems.is it overgrown, been improperly pruned or has it become a safetyha,ard'Y Short-lived, damaged trees may not he worth saving. One basicrule of pruning is to remove all dead, damaged or diseased plantmaterial. Todetermine if a branch isdeadcarcfully scratch the bark withyour thumbnail. liii is green underneath the plant is still living. Properpruning techniques are outlined in an Ontario Ministry of Agricultureand Food Publication #4S3 on Pruning Ornamentals, Rcjuvenativcpruning may be done riveT a I to 3 year period depending on the varietyand sue of shrub or tree.

Developing a plan is very important. This includes an actual sketchor design on paper and a schedule of activities related to removal andinstallation of plant material and construction features. Be realistic, takeinto account the time available to do the work, the amount of energyrequired (family and friends willing to help'?) and your budget. Plan todo your renovation work in stages. perhaps over a 3 to 5 year period.Considerations in designing landscape features are exposure to strongwinds, direct sun or deep shade, snow build-up and water run-off. Putstakes in the ground where you plan to put trees and pretend - do you likethe location, does it have the desired effect'? Look out from insidc yourhouse and in from outside. Similarly ifyou are planning to build a deck.patio or pathway - rope off an area and see how it works. is it the rightsue and in the proper location'? These exercises will help you to avoidrostir mistakes. Most p"operties houses and buildings are vet". angular.Curved flower or shrub beds and walkways help to soflen those lines.

Do not plant over or under utility or service lines, too close tobuildings tremember a plant's mature cudt or under eaves. Also, findnut where easements arc located. Are your house numbers visible andare the entrances safe. especiall'.' at night with proper lighting.

Next assess t 'tir e sisting plant material. ( )vcrall. do you like thelook? I ist an' prohienis associated s ith mdi'. idual plants. Questionsto he ans'.'. 'rcd include - is the plant in the appropriate location, is iitoo '.seI/drv. too shad /stiimv. soil too acidic, nutrient poor'? This marequire investigation into specific requirements. Is the plant hardy in)•Iifl area or does it stiflu,'r winter diehack!

\lan plants are prime to specific insect and disease problents.such as witches' broom on honeysuckle, rust on horsechestnur,aphids and blight on loses, birch Ical minor or spruce budwonu. Youmar no longer be willing tocontinually ti's' to control the problem. Inthat case replacement with another variety may bean alternative. Onerecurring concern is not taking into accotinu the mature spread and/orheight of plant material. This is especially evident with evergreenshrubs planted next to houses or under front witidows. For example.a 'Plit,er' juniper will grosu 1 .1m high and spread 2m.appropriateasii "tiller" in mati locations A' Tamarix' juniper grows O.5m highand spreads lni. fur use in a front shrub bed. A 'Blue Rug' juniper isa ground cover and till intatelr spreads out 3m. All junipcrs prefer hillsun. ('insult your local garden centre or nurser'. for intrmation onindividual ariet ies or plants for specific locations.

('onsulfation is reqUire(l

Make .i list of s hat you s ant to accompl cli or your future tiecds.It is important at this stage to consult with the other menibers of yourhousehold. Ideas to he discussed include the need for additionalprivacy, screening an objectionable view, building a knce, putting anaddition on your home or adding a deck or patio. lfyou will be sellingour home, renovation and landscaping mar be required to increaseour property salue or selling appeal.

Service areas ma he required for off-street parking. storage ofoutdoor furniture. garhae cans, equipment and garden tools and aplace l'or the clothesline. I .ook a! '.s here you will pile saltladen snow.Is the slope sale for cutting grass it should hut be steeper than 4: Ii.

Arc ihere plants rout especiall like or dislike or are allergic to?

Finall . do you like to spend time in your yard. gardening and doing

nut mi etiance or '.t ould ott just like it to "look ii ice" and he Ii iw.


Removing established plants is often hard work and you may wantto consider renting or hiring speciali,ed equipment and operators.Stumps of poplar and willow that are prone to sprouting should beremoved, Chemicals or other treatments to prevent suckering are nutnecessarily effective and there is a chance ol' soil or groundwatercontamination with excessive application. When renuoving large treessakt is a primary concern and art expert trained in large tree removalmay need to be consulted.

'One of' everything' seldom his in residential landscapes. Yourdesign will need some continuity or common katures, Contrasts areimportant as focal points and for variety - a plamul may have interestingblooms llowering almondi. colour tCrimsnn King maple), shape(weeping caraganaorcrahapplc) ortexture ( yew I, Careful use of varietyallows emphasis to he placed where it is desired. however, too mitchvariety causes confusion. Very few houses can suppon symmetrical.formal landscaping. A natural, informal design is easier to maintain andis more appealing. When planting shrub beds there is a tendency tooverplant (especially with small stock . You must allow for the sue ofthe plant material when it is mature. Purchase goxl quality plants fronta reputable grower or supplier.

Maintenance reduces the need for renovation,

Finally, develop a plan for properly maintaining your new land-scape. Fertili7ing and liming should always be based on soil testrccuimmcndations, formost efficient use ol'time and money. Inspect Iorinsect, disease and weed problems every time you cut the grass). Prunespritug-fluiwering shrubs after flowering and prune late summer or fall-flowering shrubs in early spring. Do not cut the central leaderofa shadetree, this will drastically alter its shape. Proper plant maintenance willreduce the need for landscape renovation.

For additional information refer to a new publication entitledl.andscape Rejuvenation by B. L. Appleton or consult your locallibrary. A new hicisheet front the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture andFood discusses Lawn Renovation. Information includes reasons brrenovating, repairing injury in snuall areas, soil compaction. tuethods ofrenovation and turl'grass selection,

thanks Incofor support

Another ski season has justconcluded and all of us in theSudburv Regional Ski Council aretaking a break before the last meet-ing of the 1990 season.

liii writing to thank Inco Lim-ited on behalfofourmemberclubs,from Levack to Espanola. for spon-soring the best race series in anyCanadian ski division.

There were two significanthighlights that made the past sea-son special.

Your Triangle Team. John Gastand Cory McPhee. provided topnotch coverage that everybodyenjoyed throughout the winter.Individual photos mean as much tosome families as medals do tooth-e rs.

And this year s Inco Cup Ban-quet had more than the usual highstandards. The choice of Diane andGord Acton as guest speakersproved lobe an unexpected benefitto parents and coaches. Youngskiers will remember these tworetired competitors for sharing theirknowledge.

Many thanks go to Inco andyour staff for a very good season.


Jeff GrieveChairmanSudbury RegionalSki Council

Neutrino addraws praise

Ihave just returned from ameet-ing of a committee dealing withScience Literacy that is suggestingsome of the directions that thePremier's Advisory Councils onScience and Technology may con-sider when they meet in Edmontonat the end of this month.

The night before I picked up acopy ofSatu,'dav Night. May 1990.and observed Inco's exemplaryadvertisement describing the Sud-bury Neutrino Laboratory. It wasideal for a point that I was makingon corporate support of scienceliteracy through advertising. Theexample was admired by a numberof educators and government offi-cials around the table.

I realize that this is not the firstof such ads that Inco has spon-sored, hut I certainly hope that youare a trendsetter in such areas for itis badly needed. All too oflen thepublic does not realize how all-encompassing science and technol-ogy is in the daily lives of Canadi-an s.

Your ad is superb and I hopethat you continue to keep themgoing.


Robert J. Crawford.Associate Dean (Research)Faculty of ScienceUniversity of AlbertaEdmonton

The Triang!e 13

Artistic talent alive at Inco


Vvorkno in his ol hce at thu

stile I ercoiitplcs. Barry Bowernian

tar cii 10 V CII I rot ii the he at ty andmatest\ ol Canadian wild I lie.

Bitt pot hini in thu basementsttidioollijs LivcI home and thosesame animals timp to lile in vividacryltes oil cans as.

Barry iS a sect on leader inPt' cc sFcclinokey whose secondeueer is that oti wildlife artist. Hetook art c lasses all throuuh highschool hut never titiliicd his talentsseriously itilti I onlmg thu LivelyWalden Art Club in I 9S..

Since then he has take a num-

ber ol courses on his craft, donated

his work to 1)ticks L nI im i ted and

the Kidney Fo tin dat ion and won

hon orahl e tile nt ion I or an en try in

the D art an I I carving corn pet it ion

in Sndbnry last year.

Tot.lay. he is president of aclub which enters the I 990s with arich history, a promising future anda decided l' I nco liavor.

199(1 marks the 20th anniver-sar\ or the Lively Walden ArtClub. The club was krrncd on AprilI 6. 197(1 and members used to meetm the basement ofSt. Plus X Churchm Lively.

'I xtav. they gatheronce a weekat the Bcnncu 'N. Moxam Commu-n ity Cci tre. I ormerly the WatersI A School. it s the most pernia-neni location we've ever had,'' saidBarry. "Ii meets all of our needsand t lice's no rental lee hr use ofthe space."

01 19 registered members svith

ific club 1(1 I c LlOC or iiidircct

connections to I nco. In addition to

Barry, oilier members with corn-

-w..,--Dawn Duff, daughter of instrumentation foreman Monty Duffin the Sulphur Products Department at the Nickel Refinery,poses with her work of art entitled Baseball Blues.

pany connections are RoyceSimpson. 26 years service in MinesConstruction at Creighton Mine;Jim Kiss, who retired fromCreighton Mine with l5yearsserv-ice; Lyn Goard, who retired fromMines Engineering with 34 yearsservice; Carenie Little, wife ofgeologist Terry Little; RonNadjiwon, husband of copper re-finery shipping clerk NancyNadjiwon; Shirley Cappelletti,wifeof retired Creighton Mine hoist-man 'Cap" Cappelletti; EllenGorecki. wife of Stephen Goreckiin Computer Services; Dawn Duff,daughter of Monty Duff at theCopper Cliff Nickel Refinery; andMargo Oliver, an original memberand the wife of Mines Researchengineer Phil Oliver.

Remaining club members areHelen Fischer, Peter Morden,Marianne Lepsin, Claude Regim-bal, Hazel Wismer, John Huang,Shirley Kenny, Donna Walker andLinda Dunn.

Serving the community

In addition to promoting andencouraging the arts, the LivelyWalden Art Club has a long historyof community service.

They hold workshops for areachildren at least once a year whenmembers help youngsters expresstheir artistic taleiits. They do facepainting at the Walden WinterCarnival aiid act as judges at theDaycare Centre's coloring contest.

In 1988, a Margo Oliver paint-ing was raffled off to raise fundsforthe Walden Community Libraryand Senior Citizens Centre. The

clubraised$1,000by selling 1,000tickets.

During weekly club meetings,menibers work on individual proj-ects, critique each others work, orlisten to guest artists.

The highlight of their seasonis the annual Spring Exhibit at theWalden Arena. It also provides thebest indicator of the club's strengthin the community.

This year. close to 400 peopleturned out for the April 22 show.That was down somewhat from the500 to 600 attendance figure of ayear ago, but still quite respectableconsidering the competition.

"This year we were up againsta well-publicized Earth Day andsome much nicer weather," saidBarry. "But we're still very pleasedwith the turnout.

"From an attendance stand-point the last two years have beenthe best shows in our club history.I think there's a greater awarenessand interest in art among the gen-eral public. People seem to be agreat deal more knowledgeable."

Although he said sales at theshow were "phenomenal," Barrystressed that marketing is not themain function of the club.

"At our exhibits there is nopressure to buy. We don't exist forthe sole purpose of selling. It'smore for the love of creating art."

That love prompted EllenGorecki to quit her job as an ele-mentary school teacher and pursuea career as a professional artist.

Ellen has been involved in artall her life. Her parents gave her aset of oil paints at age 13 and anuncle in the Netherlands was a well-respected artist. But a correspon-dence course in art proved tooexpensive to finish and Ellendropped her artistic aspirations tobecome a school teacher.

"I taught the occasional artclass in school but was never ableto paint much on my own until Ijoined the art club in 1983. Thatwas where I was really encouragedto paint with watercolors. Now, it'sthe only medium I use."

As a full-time artist, Ellenappreciates the support and under-

standing afforded by membershipin an art club.

"1 like the club concept,' shesaid. "1 think it's encouraging tofind other people interested in thesame things you are and to learnfrom these people.

"It's very hard for people to

exhibit in public on their own hut

the club offers them an opportunity

to do so as a group. Our niembers

are all at different skill levels aiid

we encourage everyone to exhibit,

whether they be experienced orq,

hegrnners."That' all for-one-and-one-for-

all" attitude is pervasive through-out the Lively Walden Art Club. itsgoal is not to discover the nextPicasso or Michelangelo. butmerely to provide a pleasureableand supportive working atniospherefor anyone wishing to explore theirartistic creativity.

"We don't restrict member-ship," said Barry. "The only thinga person has to have is a desire toJoin.

+ ',+,, +.,+;' .:

4 '1 '?

Royce Simpson, In Mines Construction at Creighton Mine,touches up a winter scene on canvas at his Lively home.

IAEllen Gorecki, left, wife of Stephen Gorecki in ComputerServices, discusses her paintings with onlookerJulie Maynardduring the Walden Lively Art Club's annual Spring Exhibit.

Barry Bowerman, section leader in process technology, holds a sample of his wildlife art.

Inco pensioner Lyn Goard, who retired from mines Engineeringwith 34 years service, works in his basement studio.

14 May1990

Heritage Threadsby Marty McAllister

Giving credit where credit's dueAmong the botn.luels and hrickhats this column receives, the most

common ;ucstion is: "Where do you find all that old stufl?" Some-times. when my memor is blessed with rare moments of clanty. I candig up things out of ni own past (and that's when I gel into troublet.Then there are the other, more reliable sources, and it's likely time togive a little credit where credit• s due.

Well-pknighed ground

One of the things ou learn very early in the study of men history- - or of any history. I suppose - - is that you 'i-c very rarely on virginground. Just when 'ini think you've uncovered some juicy hit ofoctogenarian gossip. nu discuvr that the stor has been told before.perhaps many times. Ever body likes to he first with something, anda writer uses for the big 'scoop'. hut that's a rare thing in the heritagehtisincss. Aciuall, once I got used iii the idea thai people have beenrelating our industry's historv since before the turn of the century, Istarted to make a little progress.

I've alread talked about the wonderful little diaries of John I).Fvans: over a hundred years old, they represent history in the making.

e also related boss much pleasure there is in combing through oldletters and newspapers: the bring alive things that we've only heardabout from parents and grandparents.

I nttilding a clipping, perhaps unread since before my late fatherwas born, can he a pretty moving esperience - - thanks to the peoplewho cared enough to save ii.

Although I poked a little ton at him in "The Secret Power". GeorgeSilv ester hroughi :i sharp memory and considerahle espellise to bearupon his chronicles of Canadian Copper's early growth. In the twen-ties an(l thirties, E.A. Collins became widely known as a learnedcompan historian. In scores of irreplaceable technical papers andspeeches. numerous indusir personnel recorded first-hand observa-tions of long-forgotten processes arid events.

More recent heritage heriws

Sadly, much has been lost to us forever some through lire orwater damage. caine through loss due to a perhaps-too-hasty urge toclean up. More remarkable. however, is the amount of information thathas survived, and I am delighted to he able to name a tw of the peoplewho helped save it.

Mans organiiational and physical changes occurred in the seven-ties around Copper ('lilt. and tons of records were in need of screeningand relocation. We are indebted to Bob Boudignon for the tenderloving care with which he helped segregate the archival material fromroutine business records (sure, records can become archival, hut Jerryss ants this to sta under a thousand words, and I'm hallway there

Inco adavailableas poster

already! kIn the capable custody of Ron Orasi. our Records Administrator.

our archives arc assured of a fighting chance at long-term survival.Now, if I could just get him to work nights!

Often ignored is the gold mine of historical drawings in theGeneral Engineering building. Be careful, though: some things (likethe Copper Cliff to Creighton streetcar line were never built.

Down in the Nw York office. Alice Riley spent an importantshare of her career collecting and protecting documents ol' every de-scription. Thanks to her faithful guarding of R.M. Thompson's scrap-hooks, for esample. the history of the Orford Company is much morethan a few financial entries in "the big picture".

Sometimes, I actually have to work to find an answer. It wasnagging at me to find out which is our oldest active facility. andl hada couple of suspicions, so I wrote to Wyn Williams at ('lydach. Hisprompt reply confirmed my deepest fear: the Clydach AdministrationBuilding.constructed in I 901 ,is still in use. Sorry. High Falls ---- lookslike you'll have to settle for the Continental belt!

Private treasure troves

Not all sources are internal. Of course there arc the public anduniversity libraries, shelves lined with both the flattering and the not-so-flattering views of our company. hut I find it most gratifying of allwhen someone shares a family treasure.

In 1933. The Sudhury Star published a special edition to mark the50th anniversary of the discove of nickel in this area. For ii coupleof years. 1 suffered through an incomplete, eleventh-hand photocopy.until Mrs. Anne Friel of Sudhury came to the rescue. Thanks to her.Heritage Threadsean rely on a pci-feel reproduction, complete with anInca advertisement referring to the new 160-gallon pure nickel kettlesin Campbell Soup's New Toronto plant.

An old friend, and a third-generation Inco man, George l'incomhehas an absolutely superb collection of photographs from the early daysat High Falls, including the building of the Big Ekly dam. Well. to hetruthful, the pictures belong to George's mother - hut she loans themto him once in a while, so he can take them to work for show and tell.

Mrs. Toots Smith of Sudbury. and Barry Nicholson, now Super-intendent at Crean Hill. each sent in turn-of-the-century photos ofCoppcrCliff. Hopefully, they (the photos, not the conirihutorst will hewelcome additions to the Copper Cliff Museum collection.

Don't let me suggest that i'm getting swamped. 1 will always bedelighted to see more, hut what has been shared with me so far hasprovided some wonderful material for the years to come.

So. that's where the "old stufl' comes from. Material really isn'tthe problem: what 'slacking is that ingredient that seems to run out forall of us: TIME.

You may have seen it inMacleans Magazine. or Time, orROB Magazine a striking pho-tograph of two Canada Geese andtheir five goslings swimming onour tailings pond.

Its Incos 1990 environmentaladvertisement and it has been soenthusiastically received thatToronto office public affairs hasproduced a limited number ofposter-size editions.

Ontario Division employeeswho would like a copy shouldcontact Public Affairs secretaryLise Philipow at 62-5425. Theposters will be available on a first-come. first-served basis until thesupply runs out.

Assman appointedto superintendent

Gail Assman has been ap-pointed to the position of superin-tendent, property and office serv-ices.

In her new position Gail willassume responsibility for mattersrelating to the acquistion and dis-posal of Ontario Division facilitiesand properties and will retain re-sponsibility for office services,including division communicationssystems.

She will report to Paul Parker.vice-president of human resourccsand administration.

In the occupational medicinedepartment Pamela Holmherg hasbeen appointed to the position ofsupervisor medical surveillance andJanet Martindale has been ap-pointed to the position of supervi-sor diability management.

Pamela will be responsible forsupervising the implementation andadministration of health surveil-lance and health promotions pro-grams for the Ontario Division.

Janet will be responsible forsu-pervising the medical activitiesrelated to Ontario Division injuryand early rehabilitation programsand for administration of the dia-bility management program.

Both will report to Dr. RobertFrancis, manager and medical di-rector, occupational medicine.

Five years accident-f rée• Workers In the Car Shop in the Transportation•Malntenante Department have good, reason to beP0U4 these days. They recently celebrated anImpressive five yeárs• working Without a lost-timeaccident. Workers who helped reach this signIfIcantsafety milestone, from Iett are: Don Brisebois,supervisorRichard RochOn, Mike O'Neill, Laird Morbin,Marco DeConti, Jeff Labelie, Rey Denomme (on car),CoinoNataIe(front), BemleBeauthamp, Gill Courville,Henry L'Heureux, Bernie Beaulne, shop supervisorGerry Geoftrey and superintendent Wayne Smith,Workers in the Car Shop had establIshed an earliermark of 10 years without a lost-tIme accIdent. "This Isa senior working group which obviously takes safetyseriously," said superintendent Wayne Smith.

The Triangle 15

Pencil and paper keep

John's\\iicn John \Vasviycia scails

the evenint! csspaper his cyes arcile sorjhiv drasvii to the 11051

widi used stapie in the ndustry.ihc iiiu shot.iti here, ai1loni the countless

heads a id shoulders I hat 1)01)11! a Icour countr s (Ia! lies, tilat Johil findsthe grist or his creative thu.

John. 64, san artist, though heas oids the tci'ili mr tear it nlightpiace u ildtic cx pectat loris on hiswork.

ihs sketches sviil lever appearin galleries, nor ss ill tlley p101111)1c ri Led Ct)! I ectors to l)id cnornlou ssums ol nlone\ at auction. Theydo, howes er, PF0V ide him withhours ot eniovnlent and qiuct relieu ti on ' a noble i-c ss ard lit its owlriehi.

Inspired by Friend

John began sketching in 1974

ss hi! c ss on', inc as a long hole driller

at Frood Mine. inspi-ed by thedrass ulgs of ai artist iniend, he

e nr& d lcd in a li gIlt coil rse at (anlbrian ('ol ieee despite having nocx perience in artistic cildeavors.

Thu course becail i ililoeeiltiyenough. 5511 h students sketching

live tllodcls ill traditional garillcnts.

iilnlgs cilailCe(i draillaticaiiv mid-

ss a iilrough tile coiue, ilowcvcr,

55 hen a ittide ss oman WLIs brought

hetore tile stinli ted ciass.

Joilri cracked a tilill smite re




ensioner happy

life is fieaiinlg the incident.


peopic intile class,evenly split

I) e t wee il

illeil and -WOi11C1I.Ile said. "Alot ol tile ia-dies told metiley diclil't -

likeit(haviilga nudeillodci )."

Ill 1975, -the Cambriancourse was drop-

pedbecause otiack 1

oi ihterest. hut John

coiltillued sketching

oil his own at hoille annOil tile i ob.

Oile day while unground at Frood ile notpicture of Ontario Divisionpresideilt Wint Newman in anissue of tile Triangle.

"I picked up tile picture andbegan sketching it on a piece of

haild towel, he said, "1 left tIle

sketch iylilg Oil a bench for a nlin-

ute and when I came back it was


JOilil ilever gave tile nlf)romptu drawing another thought

inltii a few moiltils iater whenNewnlail was visitiilg undei'grotiild

,.. -o

U of sketchy diat Frood.

Forenlail Gieiln Strutt brought

Newman to the area where Joilnwas workingat tiletiille, poiilted

i and said "Ihats theguy."

illan toid nle ile had seen ill sketcil.It secnls Gienn Strutt had picked itup, put it man envelope and broughtit to Newman's office iil CopperCii ff',

"1 said 'I'm sorry, I know Ishouldn't be doi lg that Oil the jobwiliic I'm supposed to be watchingmy machine.' But he just laughedand said, 'Don't worry, I hked it.Just keep practicing.'

John heeded that advice andhas beeil practicing ever since.

Seated in front of the teievision on his living room chester-fieid, John creates his sketches on a

pad 01' paper supported n Ihisknees and illuminated by a loilg

ianlp peekiilg

gicun pun

- / ,' cii case

I bnimillingwith various

- gi'ades of pei-cii and scattered

" about are ilewspa-

f . per clippings whichsuppiy iliill with his





"Wheil Iileard that I

I ho u g h I'Oil no.



-: r" ;17

do now,said John. "Tilat's wilen Mr. New

Inco pensioner John Wasylyciasketches a pair of hands clasped inprayer at a table in his Sudbury home.

Other faces that havegraced John's easelinclude Inco ExecutiveVice-President WalterCurlook, left, andformer United StatesPresident RonaldReagan, right.

Sketching celebrities

Given the source of his ilhsf)i'ration, it's not surprisi lg that nanyof John's sketches depict tile ta-

tailsillous and tile ilewsnlakers. in-

cluded il Ins private scrapbook arc

sketcilesofpohtieians such as BrianMuironey, Roilaid Reagail, John F.

Keniledy and Winstoil Churchill.

He also Ilas sketches of Ihisl'ourchiidren, his pansil priest andlilcos cxeeuttvc s'icc.presidentWalter Curlook.

Simply a hobby

"Most of ill ideas conlc fromilewspapers." ile said. "SoillctnllesI try to sketch llI fami lv hut theyjust iaitgil at ille wilell the picturesdon't turn out tile way they'd hke.

'But I don't care because I likeit. When i have a httie time toillysei Ii hke In) sketcll. ml not il itfor illOilC or taille, it's just nlyhobby."

Siilce his retii'cilleilt iil 1988after 35 years service, JoIln hasfouild plenty of ttne to ildulge thatilobby. At least twice a week hetakes Ihis place in tIle Ii vi ilg roonland adds to his scrapbook ofsketches.

''To tell \ ou tile truth, i ioilc of

these sketches arc as good as I'd

hke tilenl to he," he said.

"There's aiways a shade hereor a shade there i'll think needsc hang i 11g.

don't tilink any artist is eversatisfied with his work, The differcilee is 111111 some Ilave illore natu-rai taient than otilers.

Some of John's subjects include Canadian Prime MinisterBrian Mulroney, shown as a caricature above, and formerBritish Prime Minister Winston Churchill.



16 May1990

Salvation Army Red Shield Appeal off to flying start- Inco Limited started the 1990

- annual Red Shield campaign with a

_____flourish by donating $15,000.

The presentation of the cheque H- was made by Ontario Division

- presidentBill Clement, who is 1990• .,. 4 I honorary campaign chairman. -.

Celebrating its 95th year inSudbury, the Salvation Army has ..1,

setagoalof$180,000forthis years

. ',-

A total of $79,000 had beencollected by early May.

Looking over some campaignliterature at left are Salvation Armypublic relations director CaptainHarold Hosken, Bill Clement andGeoffrey Lougheed, chairman ofthe Salvation Army's Sudburyadvisory board.

At right. Harold Hoskenpresents Bill Clement with acommeorative plaque inrecognition of Inco Limited'scontinued support of the SalvationArmy in Sudbury. Inco remains theSalvation Armys major corporatebacker in the region.

Survey will nrobe earth's crustContinued froni Page t.550.0(X) each, while the Ministry ofNorthern Development and Mineswill provide up to $90,000. TheGeological Survey of Canada will


provide technical expertise and on-site supervision.

"During a seismic survey, en-ergy is shot down through the







Registration Kit (includesreunion momento. chance towin a T' VCR & 2 trips) $ 5.00

Friday -(Beerfest & entertainment) $ 6.00 []

Saturday -biggest high school dancefeaturing "1964" and Spyre(school grounds) $ 6.00

N.B. save $2.00 by attendingboth functions $10.00

Total Submitted _______


Copper Cliff High School Alumni AssociationP0. Box 879Copper Cliff, OntarioPOM 1NO

NAME _______________________ (MAIDEN) - _______

ADDRESS ______________________



earth's crust and reflects back whenit encounters changes in structureor density," said Krause.

"The time it takes for the en-ergy to travel through the earth'ssurface and reflect back is meas-ured and mppetl."

"In earlier days, such surveyswere conducted by detonatingdynamite in a drill hole and meas-uring the time it took for the energyto reflect back," said Krause.

"This particular seismic surveywill use a technology known asvibroseis."

Four large trucks, eachequipped with a large cylindricalplate, will travel the survey route ina convoy. As they proceed. theplates will be lifted and loweredonto the ground in rapid succes-sion, allowing vibratory energy tobe created at a well-controlled fre-quency.

An array of 128 geophones laidout along the survey route willmeasure the return energy. Oncedata is collected a furthersix monthswill be needed to adequately proc-ess the data.

"This survey could answer thequestion as to how the SudburyBasin was created,' said Krause.

"Inco geologists favor the con-cept of meteorite impact whilegeologists elsewhere favor the ideaof a natural volcanogenic forma-tion.

"Unfortunately, the scale ofthis survey is such that it won't dis-cover ore bodies." said Krause."The best that we could hope for isthat it might discoverenvironmentswhere ore bodies might exist."

Inco personnel will not be in-volved in the actual carrying out ofthe survey but will provide anylogistical assistance, geologicaldata or drilling information neces-sary.

"We'll be involved in the senseof watching and monitoring thesurvey specifications," said Krause."And we'll be very interested inthe results."

Share your knowledge about mining!!

Do you enjoy meeting people? Are you proud of NorthernOntario?

Big Nickel Mine is inviting you to share your stories andexperiences with vis.itors from around the world. there arevolunteer openings for hosts for above ground visitors andguides for the underground tours. Your resources will bean asset for the summer students.

Do you have three or four hours once a week? You pick theday and the time. We guarantee you will have a funsummer representing mining and Sudbury to visitors fromaround the world!!

Big Nickel Mine is open April 30 to October 9, 7 days aweek.

For more information call Volunteer Co-ordinator,Carol Lalande at 522-3701 or Big Nickel Mine Man-ager Brenda Tremblay at 673-5659.


MA! LI'POSTEt.,.da Foil Co,po,.lo, Sor,l t),0,e,,e 6,t poslel

Poolp po Por, pope

BIk Nbre2065Sudbury Ont,

S UDBtJ<Y PU :L i C L ICC CV,7 PACKEULI501), r,yj'-.fl A:1C A J A AP C

Manager Public Affairs Publications EditorJerry L. Rogers John Gast

Published monthly for employees and pensioners of the Ontario Division ofInco Limited. It is produced by the Public Affairs Department, members of theInternational Association of Business Communicators.

Letters and comments are welcomed and should be addressed to the editor atInco Limited, Public Affairs Department, Copper Cliff. Ontario POM I NO.Phone 705-682-5428